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SWIFT or Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication provides a network to allow financial and non-financial institutions (e.g. corporates) to transfer financial transactions through a 'financial message'.
SWIFT messages consist of five blocks of data including three headers, message content, and a trailer. Message types are crucial to identifying content.
All SWIFT messages include the literal "MT" (Message Type). This is followed by a 3-digit number that denotes the message category, group and type. Consider the following example, which is an order to buy or sell via a third party:
The first digit (3) represents the category. A category denotes messages that relate to particular financial instruments or services such as Precious Metals (6), Treasury (3), or Travelers Cheques (8). The category denoted by 3 is Treasury Markets.
The second digit (0) represents a group of related parts in a transaction life cycle. The group indicated by 0 is a Financial Institution Transfer.
The third digit (4) is the type that denotes the specific message. There are several hundred message types across the categories. The type represented by 4 is a notification.
Overview of SWIFT MT Categories:
|MT1xx||Customer Payments and Cheques|
|MT2xx||Financial Institution Transfers|
|MT4xx||Collection and Cash Letters|
|MT6xx||Treasury Markets - Metals and Syndications|
|MT7xx||Documentary Credits and Guarantees|
|MT9xx||Cash Management and Customer Status|
Although ISO 15022 Message Types are different in their structure than the SWIFT MT, the naming convention remains the same. The following example will illustrate:
As with SWIFT MTs, the first digit (3) denotes the category. As above, this denotes Treasury Markets.
As with SWIFT MTs, the second digit (0) represents a group of related parts in a transaction life cycle. The group indicated by 0 is a Financial Institution Transfer.
Finally, the third digit (7) denotes the specific message. In this case, similar to the MT 304, the 7 denotes ‘Notification’. The SWIFT MT 304 and the ISO 15022 MT 307 are equal but were created for different financial groups using different standards.
A new message type expressed in XML syntax, which is more flexible and easier to implement than the previous generation of message types (MT). These message types are developed in accordance with ISO 20022 standard.
Current syntax is as following: xxxx.nnn.aaa.bb, where
Consider the following example: TREA.001.001.02
SWIFT Standards for MX Messages:
|pacs.xxx.xxx.xx||Payments Clearing and Settlement|
|tsmt.xxx.xxx.xx||Trade Services Management|