Metrolink (Southern California)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Metrolink
Newmetrolinklogo.svg
Metrolink888.jpg
A Metrolink train at Los Angeles Union Station
Background
OwnerSouthern California Regional Rail Authority
LocaleSouthern California
Transit typeCommuter rail
Number of lines7
Number of stations55
Daily ridership41,000
Chief executiveJohn E. Fenton
HeadquartersMTA Building, Los Angeles
WebsiteMetrolink official website
Operation
Began operationOctober 26, 1992
Operator(s)Amtrak
(under contract to the SCRRA)
Reporting marksSCAX
Technical
System length512 mi (824 km)
Track gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
System map

Metrolink system diagram.svg

 
  (Redirected from SCRRA)
Jump to: navigation, search
Metrolink
Newmetrolinklogo.svg
Metrolink888.jpg
A Metrolink train at Los Angeles Union Station
Background
OwnerSouthern California Regional Rail Authority
LocaleSouthern California
Transit typeCommuter rail
Number of lines7
Number of stations55
Daily ridership41,000
Chief executiveJohn E. Fenton
HeadquartersMTA Building, Los Angeles
WebsiteMetrolink official website
Operation
Began operationOctober 26, 1992
Operator(s)Amtrak
(under contract to the SCRRA)
Reporting marksSCAX
Technical
System length512 mi (824 km)
Track gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
System map

Metrolink system diagram.svg

Metrolink (reporting mark SCAX) is a commuter rail system serving Los Angeles and the surrounding area of Southern California; it currently consists of seven lines and 55 stations using 512 miles (824 km) of track.[1]

The system operates in Los Angeles County, San Diego County, Orange County, Riverside County, San Bernardino County and Ventura County.[2] It connects with the Los Angeles County Metro Rail system, the San Diego Coaster and Sprinter commuter rail services, and with Amtrak's Pacific Surfliner, Coast Starlight, Southwest Chief and Sunset Limited intercity rail services.[3]

The system, founded in 1991 as the Southern California Regional Rail Authority (SCRRA) and quickly adopting "Metrolink" as the marketing and user friendly moniker, started operation in 1992. Average weekday ridership rose to 41,000 by May 2011.

Contents

Rail lines

In addition to several suburban communities and cities, Metrolink also serves several points of interest such as Downtown Los Angeles, Bob Hope Airport, California State University, Los Angeles, Angel Stadium, and the San Clemente Pier.[4] Special service has also been extended to the Pomona Fairplex,[5] the Ventura Fairgrounds,[6] and the Auto Club Speedway[6] for certain events.

The rail system experiences its peak ridership during weekday mornings and afternoons.[7] More trains operate during the morning between 5 a.m. and 9 a.m. and between 3 p.m. and 9 p.m.[8] However, the agency's recent success providing trains to U2 Concerts at Honda Center (formerly the Pond) has rekindled interest in providing more service to other venues near stations, and inspired AEG, in its effort to build the Farmer's Field NFL football stadium at LA Live, to cite the possibility of selling Metrolink fare media at the time of purchasing tickets for events at the stadium to meet environmental concerns regarding increased vehicular traffic should the stadium be built.[9] [10]

Line[8]SeriesTerminiOperationRouting[2]
     91 Line700[11]Los Angeles
San Bernardino
WeekdaysSoutheast from Union Station, then east along the Riverside Freeway.
     Antelope Valley Line200[12]Los Angeles
Lancaster
DailyNorthwest from Union Station, roughly following Interstate 5. Turns east, then north, to parallel State Route 14.
     Inland Empire–Orange County Line800[13]San Bernardino
Oceanside
DailySouthwest from the Santa Fe Depot to follow the Riverside Freeway west. Turns south to parallel Interstate 5.
     Orange County Line600[14]Los Angeles
Oceanside
DailyNorthwest from the Oceanside Transportation Center along Interstate 5. Deviates slightly from the interstate in north Orange and southeast Los Angeles counties.
     Riverside Line400[15]Los Angeles
Riverside
WeekdaysNorthwest from the Downtown Riverside Metrolink / Amtrak station, eventually paralleling State Route 60.
     San Bernardino Line300[16]Los Angeles
San Bernardino
DailyWest from the Santa Fe Depot between Interstate 10 and Interstate 210. Runs in the Interstate 10 median starting near El Monte.
     Ventura County Line100[17]
900[18]
Los Angeles
East Ventura
WeekdaysEast from the East Ventura Metrolink station roughly following State Route 118. Turns south at Bob Hope Airport towards Union Station. Trains with 900-series numbers run between Union Station and Bob Hope Airport.

Fares

A monthly pass

Metrolink's fare structure is based on a flat fee for boarding the train and an additional cost for distance with fares being calculated in 25-cent increments between stations.

Metrolink riders can ride most buses in Los Angeles and Orange County, as well as the Metro Rail, free with their valid ticket or pass, and monthly pass holders in Orange, Los Angeles, and Ventura Counties can use Amtrak Pacific Surfliner and Thruway Coach services through the Rail 2 Rail program.[19]

Fare increases normally occur annually in July, to coincide with increased fuel and labor expenses, and have generally averaged between 3.5% and 5% per year (although the restructuring caused a larger jump in rates).[20] The oil price increases since 2003 are partly to blame for consistently increasing fares, as Metrolink trains are powered by diesel fuel.[21]

History

Metrolink trains approaching and leaving Union Station during the evening rush hour

The member agencies of the SCRRA purchased 175 miles of track, maintenance yards, and stations and other property from Southern Pacific for $450 million in 1990. The rights to use Los Angeles Union Station were purchased from Union Pacific for $17 million in the same year (Union Station has since been purchased by and is owned by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority).[22][23] The Authority was formally founded in 1991.[24] It began operation of the Ventura, Santa Clarita, and San Bernardino Lines on October 26, 1992 (the Santa Clarita Line later became the Antelope Valley Line)[25] which were operated by Amtrak.

In 1993 service was expanded to include the Riverside and Orange County Lines in 1994. The Inland Empire-Orange County Line opened in 1995, becoming the first suburb to suburb commuter rail line in the country. In 1995 more trains on the Orange County service were funded.[26] The system gained its current form in 2002 with the addition of the 91 Line.[27]

From July 2004, Metrolink fares were changed from zone based to one based on distance. In 2005 a five year operational contract was awarded to Connex Railroad/Veolia Transport. In 2005, the Orange County Transportation Authority approved a plan to increase frequencies to 76 trains daily on the Orange County and Inland Empire-Orange County Lines by 2009,[28] and funding for increased Metrolink service was included in the renewal of the Measure M sales tax for transportation approved by voters in November 2006.[29] A proposed station in Yorba Linda was canceled in 2005 due to local opposition.

In July 2008 it was announced that ridership had risen 16% over the previous year.[30][31] Following the 2008 Chatsworth train collision in which 26 people died and 126 were injured a number of safety measures were taken; in the fall of 2009, inward-facing video cameras were installed in locomotives in order to ensure that staff were complying with regulations, in particular a ban on use of mobile phones,[32] $200 million of funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act was provided to implement the positive train control crash avoidance system[33], and in 2010, the first of 117 energy absorbing passenger carriages (which lessen the toll on passengers in the case of an accident) were received by the operator.[34] Amtrak regained the contract to operate Metrolink beginning in July 2010.[35] Average weekday ridership for the fourth quarter of 2009 was 38,400.[30]

In 2010, to save money in the face of funding cuts, the Metrolink board voted to reduce mid-day service on the Inland Empire–Orange County Line, as well as weekend service on both the Orange County and Inland Empire–Orange County lines.[36]

Average weekday ridership is 41,000 by May 2011. A survey found that 90% of users during a typical weekday in 2009 would have previously driven alone or carpooled and the system replaced an estimated that 25,000 vehicle trips.[1] During a weekend closure of Interstate 405 in July 2011 the system recorded its highest-ever weekend ridership of 20,000 boardings which was 50% higher than the same weekend in 2010 and 10% higher than the previous weekend ridership record which occurred during U2 360° Tour in June 2011.[37]

Expansion

Metrolink has grown in popularity and there are a number of planned extensions of the system and new stations. Station parking capacity has also been strained.[38]

The proposed Perris Valley Line extension to the 91 Line will link Riverside and Perris by 2012.[39][40]

A new Metrolink station which in Placentia will serve the 91 Line's north Orange County passengers is currently in its final design phase. Construction on the Placentia station will begin in 2012 or 2013; it will be the only station on the 91 Line not shared by another Metrolink line.[41]

The Redlands Corridor, a 9-mile (14 km) eastward extension from San Bernardino to Redlands and Mentone is planned by the San Bernardino Associated Governments. The association is considering whether to extend commuter rail along the corridor or to install either bus rapid transit or light rail lines.[42]

The Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority has proposed adding commuter rail service along the Harbor Subdivision corridor offering services to Inglewood, Los Angeles International Airport, the South Bay, the Port of Los Angeles, and/or the Port of Long Beach. A decision whether to employ commuter rail, light rail, or bus rapid transit in this corridor has not yet been reached.[43]

In 2008, lobbyists pushed for a rail line to Temecula in southwestern Riverside County via the 91 Line's La Sierra station.[44] While this proposed line could follow the route of an abandoned freight line, it would require significant money, as freight service ceased almost 30 years ago. Despite this, the Riverside County Transportation Commission's 2008 Commuter Rail Feasibility Study still lists this route as one possibility being considered.[45]

The cities of the Coachella Valley (Palm Springs, Cathedral City, Palm Desert, and Indio) have requested commuter rail service from Los Angeles and Orange County, but the Union Pacific Railroad opposes further passenger service on its tracks.[46] Nonetheless, as recently as 1999, the Coachella Valley Association of Governments was investigating the possibility of two daily round trips via the 91 Line from Los Angeles's Union Station through Fullerton and Riverside to stations in Palm Springs and Indio (with a possible stop near Palm Desert),[47] possibly through a partnership with Amtrak. What effect these might have on the 91 Line's Perris Valley extension (or vice versa) is not discussed. This extension would likewise require significant money for infrastructure improvements: at least $500 million, according to the California State Rail Plan of 2005.[46]

Governance

Interior of a Hyundai Rotem bi-level car.

The SCRRA is a joint powers authority governed by five county-level agencies: the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority, the Orange County Transportation Authority, the Riverside County Transportation Commission, the San Bernardino Associated Governments, and the Ventura County Transportation Commission.[24] Ex officio members include the Southern California Association of Governments, the San Diego Association of Governments, and the state of California.[1] It is headquartered at the MTA Building at Union Station in Los Angeles where Metro (LACMTA) is headquartered.[48]

The Metrolink system is operated under five year contracts.[citation needed] For 2010 it was allotted an operating budget of $168.1 million.[1]

Maintenance facilities

The upper level of a Metrolink Bombardier bi-level passenger car.

Central Maintenance Facility

Metrolink's Central Maintenance Facility (CMF) is located on the east bank of the Los Angeles River near the intersection of the 5 and 110 Freeways, just south of the location of the former Southern Pacific Taylor Yard.[49] The facility is operated by Metrolink's equipment maintenance contractor, Bombardier Transportation.[50]

Stuart Mesa Maintenance Facility

Coaster's Stuart Mesa Facility is located between San Clemente Pier and Oceanside at the southwest end of Camp Pendleton. This yard is owned by the North County Transit District and also services Metrolink trains.[50]

Eastern Maintenance Facility

Metrolink's Eastern Maintenance Facility is located in Colton. Metrolink's first crash-resistant cars were displayed at the facility at an event in May 2010.[51]

Rolling stock

Metrolink F59PH 860.
Late afternoon train passing through Lake Forest, California
Metrolink F59PHI.

The Metrolink fleet consists of 52 locomotives and 171 Bombardier BiLevel Coaches (Sentinel Fleet) with 117 Hyundai Rotem Bi-level cars (Guardian Fleet) with cab cars that can absorb energy in case of a collision. An additional order of 36 Rotem cars was ordered after Metrolink obtained a loan from the LACMTA, although this still leaves Metrolink about 32 cars short of its goal of completely replacing its entire Bombardier fleet. With Metrolink continuing to receive its new Rotem cars, the agency has returned all its leased equipment to their owners. Around 2009, the authority leased 10 cars from the Utah Transit Authority, which operates the FrontRunner service.[52]

With the delivery of many of the new Rotem cars (Guardian Fleet), Metrolink now has sufficient numbers of cars that have enabled recently appointed CEO John Fenton to introduce new services on board trains. All weekday trains now include at least one Quiet Car (designated as the 2nd car from the locomotive) and some legacy Bombardier cars have had all seats removed from the first level to create Bicycle Cars as in-line on some trains.[53][54] Future Bicycle cars will be retrofitted legacy Bombardiers as the Rotem's seats have been cited by Metrolink as an integral part of the safety features of the new Guardian Fleet and cannot be removed. Both new services have had positive reaction from the public.

In addition, the extra equipment has allowed Metrolink to add express service on the Antelope Valley Line and the San Bernardino Line as pilot programs. If they are successful (currently reducing travel times upwards of 45 minutes), Metrolink will make express service permanent and add express service to other lines to gauge if such service should also be permanent on those lines.

Several of the surplus legacy Bombardier cab cars and in-line cars are stored just outside Union Station along the track used by Pacific Surfliner, OC Line, and 91 Line trains along the Los Angeles River. It is not certain at this time what Metrolink's long-term plan is for these cars as their original goal was to replace all Bombardier cars with the Guardian Fleet (Rotem cars), but will be short of that goal, until they are able to place additional orders.

ModelManufacturedRoad NumbersNumber In FleetNotes
Locomotives
EMD F40PH19818001[1][2]
EMD F59PH1992–1993851–87323[3]
EMD F59PHI1994874–8818
EMD F59PHI1995882, 8832[4]
EMD F59PHI2001884–8874[5]
MPI MPXpress MP36PH-3C2008–2009888–90215[6]
Passenger cars
Bombardier BiLevel Generation 11992–1993101–16362
Bombardier BiLevel Generation 21997164–18218[7]
Bombardier BiLevel Generation 32002183–21026[8][9]
Hyundai Rotem bilevel cars2010–2011211-26050, 60 on order[10]
Cab cars
Bombardier BiLevel Generation 11992–1993601–63130[11][12]
Bombardier BiLevel Generation 21997632–6376[13][14]
Hyundai Rotem bilevel cars2010–2011638–68648, 62 on order[15]

Livery

Hyundai Rotem cab car, in the new livery.

Most Metrolink-owned units are painted in the Metrolink livery, white with blue streaks. The agency is currently in the process of rolling out a new blue and green "ribbons" design. Locomotives are being given the new livery during downtime for maintenance and the new Rotem Bi-level cars are coming from the factory with the updated designed already applied.[35][57]

Horns

Throughout the agency's history, at least three types of horns have been used. When trains first began running in 1992, Nathan-AirChime Ltd. K5LA horns were used. These are the same horns used by Amtrak and other commuter agencies. The horns, however, generated sound complaints by residents along the lines during early morning runs. In an attempt to reduce complaints, the K5LAs were replaced by Ohio Brass Air Whistles around 1994. These, too, generated sound complaints. Around 2000, the whistles were replaced by Nathan P2 horns, which are quieter, but hated by railfans who believe they sound ugly.

Whenever the P2 horn on a locomotive or Bombardier cab car is malfunctioning, the old K5LAs are used instead. Sometimes, both the P2 and the K5LA are used at the same time. More recently, though, the trains have started using the K5LA horns more often.

Amtrak trains running on many of the same tracks still use K5LA horns. However, Amtrak Pacific Surflner trains begin their runs in the later hours of the morning. It was Metrolink trains operating roughly between the hours of 4:30 A. M. - 6:30 A.M. that were the source of loud horn complaints.

With a re-build by Motive Power, Inc, several of the F59PH engines have received an upgraded cooling and electrical system, necessitating the removal of the roof-mounted K5LA.

Beginning with an order of Generation 2 Bombardier cabcars in 1997, Metrolink began using Nathan K2H horns, composed of the #1 and #3a chimes from a Nathan K5LA. However, the location in which these horns were mounted--only a couple feet above the railhead, near the plow--caused them to frequently be fouled and/or silenced with debris.

With the purchase of the Hyundai Rotem fleet in 2011, Metrolink began installing the Nathan K2H horns beneath the frame of the car--setting them several feet behind the plow--and fit steel mesh over the flare of the chimes to prevent debris from fouling the horn. However, several Rotem Cabcars, have an experimental setup in which the K2H mounted in an alcove below the numberboard.

Major accidents

Placentia, April 2002

Two people died and 22 were seriously injured on April 23, 2002 when a BNSF Railway freight train collided head-on with a Metrolink train in Placentia, near the Atwood Junction, at the intersection of Orangethorpe Avenue and Richfield Road. Both trains were on the same east–west track moving toward one another. The Metrolink had the right-of-way; it was supposed to switch to a southbound track. The BNSF train was supposed to slow and stop just before the switch while the Metrolink passed, but the crew missed a signal one and a half miles back warning them to slow down. By the time the crew saw the red "stop" signal at the switch and the Metrolink train, they were going too fast to avoid a collision. Although there was speculation that the signals alerting the BNSF to slow and stop had malfunctioned, an investigation later concluded that it was human error by the crew that caused the accident.[58]

Glendale, January 2005

The 2005 Glendale crash aftermath.

Eleven people were killed (including an off-duty sheriff's deputy and a train conductor) and over 100 people were injured, about 40 seriously on January 26, 2005 when a Metrolink passenger train collided with a vehicle parked on the tracks, which then jackknifed and struck a stationary freight locomotive and a Metrolink train moving in the opposite direction. The man who parked the vehicle on the tracks, Juan Manuel Alvarez, was apprehended and charged with 11 counts of first-degree murder with special circumstances, including murder by train wrecking.[59][60] On June 26, 2008, Alvarez was convicted on the 11 murder counts and sentenced to life imprisonment without the possibility of parole.[61]

It was this accident that motivated Metrolink to work with the NTSB and FRA to design a new rail car from the ground up that would incorporate the latest in Crash Energy Management (CEM) technology (impact absorption) and other safety features that included a radical redesign of the cab cars, crumple zones, steel beams to redirect impact forces around the car, high back seats, and tables designed to break away during strong impact as the only two fatalities of the Placentia crash were the result of internal injuries as they were thrust into the edge of the table that was designed not to break away during impact. The result was the Guardian Fleet, a car that could not be modified from "off the shelf" existing passenger rail fleet, but had to be constructed from the ground up according to Metrolink specifications. Although Hyundai/Rotem had by far the lowest bid (and won the contract beating out highest bidder Kawasaki and middle bidder Bombardier), at $2 million per car it still cost Metrolink twice as much as the legacy Bombardier cars. However, it is believed to have cost Hyundai/Rotem more than that to manufacture as they also experienced several delays during construction faced with the challenges of building a custom specification new generation of rail cars with never before implemented safety features in what is now a state of the art passenger rail car for safety, but those delays also resulted in the first Guardian Fleet cars being delivered to Metrolink over a year late.

Chatsworth (Los Angeles), September 2008

26 people were killed and 135 injured when a Metrolink commuter train carrying 222 persons[62] collided head on with a Union Pacific freight train, toppling one of the passenger cars and the locomotive onto its side in the Chatsworth district of Los Angeles.[63] and 135 people were injured, with 81 transported to hospitals in serious or critical condition.[64] The speed of the trains was fast enough that the Metrolink locomotive telescoped into the first passenger car.[64]

See also

People

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Fact Sheet". Metrolink. 2010. http://www.metrolinktrains.com/documents/About/Fact_Sheet_2009_10_2Q.pdf. Retrieved 26 March 2010. 
  2. ^ a b "Metrolink Routes". Metrolink. 15 February 2010. http://www.metrolinktrains.com/documents/Stations/MetrolinkMap.pdf. Retrieved 28 March 2010. 
  3. ^ "Los Angeles". Amtrak California. http://www.amtrakcalifornia.com/rail/go/amtrak/stations/l_p/los-angeles/index.cfm. Retrieved 28 March 2010. 
  4. ^ "Stations". Metrolink. http://www.metrolinktrains.com/stations/. Retrieved 3 April 2010. 
  5. ^ "Metrolink to Make Special Stops at Fair". Metrolink. http://www.metrolinktrains.com/news/?id=237. Retrieved 3 April 2010. 
  6. ^ a b "Metrolink to Again Offer Service to Ventura County Fair". Metrolink. http://www.metrolinktrains.com/news/?id=212. Retrieved 3 April 2010. 
  7. ^ Schiermeyer, Carl (1996). "As Fuel Prices Increase, Metrolink Ridership Soars". Daily News. The Free Library. http://www.thefreelibrary.com/AS+FUEL+PRICES+INCREASE,+METROLINK+RIDERSHIP+SOARS.-a083961853. Retrieved 2 April 2010. 
  8. ^ a b "Schedules". Metrolink. http://www.metrolinktrains.com/schedules/. Retrieved 28 March 2010. 
  9. ^ "METROLINK QUARTERLY REPORT (2011)". LA Metro. http://www.metro.net/board/Items/2011/09_September/20110915OPItem56.pdf. Retrieved 14 March 2012. 
  10. ^ Arnold, Shayna Rose. "Metrolink, AEG Form Partnership". Los Angeles Magazine. Los Angeles Magazine. http://www.lamag.com/citythinkblog/blogentry.aspx?BlogEntryID=10255698. Retrieved 14 March 2012. 
  11. ^ "91 Line". Metrolink. http://www.metrolinktrains.com/schedules/html.php?id=781. Retrieved 31 March 2010. 
  12. ^ "Antelope Line". Metrolink. http://www.metrolinktrains.com/schedules/html.php?id=681. Retrieved 31 March 2010. 
  13. ^ "Inland Empire-Orange County Line". Metrolink. http://www.metrolinktrains.com/schedules/html.php?id=801. Retrieved 31 March 2010. 
  14. ^ "Orange County Line". Metrolink. http://www.metrolinktrains.com/schedules/html.php?id=761. Retrieved 31 March 2010. 
  15. ^ "Riverside Line". Metrolink. http://www.metrolinktrains.com/schedules/html.php?id=741. Retrieved 31 March 2010. 
  16. ^ "San Bernardino Line". Metrolink. http://www.metrolinktrains.com/schedules/html.php?id=721. Retrieved 31 March 2010. 
  17. ^ "Ventura County Line". Metrolink. http://www.metrolinktrains.com/schedules/html.php?id=941. Retrieved 31 March 2010. 
  18. ^ "Burbank-Bob Hope Airport Line". Metrolink. http://www.metrolinktrains.com/schedules/html.php?id=701. Retrieved 31 March 2010. 
  19. ^ "Metrolink Considering Raising Fares Due to Higher Fuel Costs". Metrolink. 26 April 2005. http://www.metrolinktrains.com/fares/?id=6. Retrieved 27 March 2010. 
  20. ^ "Metrolink Board approves increase to systemwide and Group Travel Program fares". Metrolink. 25 April 2008. http://www.metrolinktrains.com/news/?id=2321. Retrieved 27 March 2010. 
  21. ^ "EZ transit pass program". Metrolink. http://www.metrolinktrains.com/news/?id=403. Retrieved 27 March 2010. 
  22. ^ "LACTC to acquire Union Pacific property and trackage rights for planned five-county commuter rail system. (Los Angeles County Transportation Commission)". Southern California Business. 1 September 1991. http://www.accessmylibrary.com/article-1G1-11377072/lactc-acquire-union-pacific.html. Retrieved 28 March 2010. 
  23. ^ Middleton, William D. (1 November 1992). "California gets it together. (rail systems)". RailwayAge. http://www.accessmylibrary.com/article-1G1-12907311/california-gets-together-rail.html. Retrieved 28 March 2010. 
  24. ^ a b "About Metrolink". Metrolink. http://www.metrolinktrains.com/about/. Retrieved 26 March 2010. 
  25. ^ "Metrolink Train Service Begins Monday, Oct. 26". The Free Library. 22 October 1992. http://www.thefreelibrary.com/METROLINK+TRAIN+SERVICE+BEGINS+MONDAY,+OCT.+26-a012686400. Retrieved 2 April 2010. 
  26. ^ Berkman, Leslie (14 July 1995). "Metrolink Adds 2 More Trains Per Day for Orange County". Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/1995-07-14/local/me-24009_1_orange-county. Retrieved 27 March 2010. 
  27. ^ "Metrolink Milestones". Metrolink. http://www.metrolinktrains.com/about/?id=5. Retrieved 27 March 2010. 
  28. ^ Radcliffe, Jim (14 November 2005). "Metrolink daily O.C. service to nearly double". Orange County Register. http://www.ocregister.com/articles/service-30056-county-metrolink.html. 
  29. ^ "Measure M2". Orange County Transportation Authority. http://www.octa.net/M2Home.aspx?entryid=332. Retrieved 27 March 2010. 
  30. ^ a b "Public Transportation Ridership Report: Fourth Quarter 2009". American Public Transportation Association. 2 March 2010. p. 5. http://www.apta.com/resources/statistics/Documents/Ridership/2009_q4_ridership_APTA.pdf. Retrieved 25 March 2010. 
  31. ^ Hymon, Steve (August 2008). "Metrolink sets ridership record, candidates don't talk traffic and sales tax: Ramping up, August 18". Los Angeles Times. http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/bottleneck/2008/08/take-the-olympi.html. 
  32. ^ Willon, Phil (6 October 2009). "Metrolink adds video cameras to locomotives". Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/2009/oct/06/local/me-metrolink-cameras6. 
  33. ^ [CA*CNT:06071 "Positive Train Control"]. Onvia, Inc.. 18 August 2009. http://www.recovery.org/projectdetails.aspx?pid=ANT:10922757&gloc=San%20Bernardino%20[CA]*CNT:06071. Retrieved 2 April 2010. 
  34. ^ Groff, Joann (12 March 2010). "Metrolink receives passenger cars specially designed to absorb a crash". Camarillo Acorn. http://www.thecamarilloacorn.com/news/2010-03-12/Community/Metrolink_receives_passenger_cars_specially_design.html. Retrieved 2 April 2010. 
  35. ^ a b "Metrolink Matters". Metrolink. March/April 2010. http://www.metrolinktrains.com/includes/metrolink_matters/MetrolinkMattersMarchAprilWEB.pdf. Retrieved 25 March 2010. 
  36. ^ Connell, Rich (8 January 2010). "Metrolink cuts some weekend trains, but fares stay put". Los Angeles Times. http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/lanow/2010/01/metrolink-cuts-some-weekend-service-but-fares-stay-put-for-now.html. Retrieved 26 March 2010. 
  37. ^ "Metrolink sets weekend ridership recording during 405 closure". The Source. http://thesource.metro.net/2011/07/21/metrolink-sets-weekend-ridership-recording-during-405-closure/. Retrieved 21 July 2011. 
  38. ^ Reyes, David (July 5, 2008). "Metrolink growth strains station parking capacity". The Los Angeles Times. http://www.latimes.com/news/local/orange/la-me-stations5-2008jul05,0,5218936.story. Retrieved 2008-07-07. 
  39. ^ "Project Schedule". Riverside County Transportation Commission. http://www.perrisvalleyline.info/schedule.asp. Retrieved 25 March 2010. 
  40. ^ http://www.pe.com/localnews/perris/stories/PE_News_Local_W_perrisline13.35e697d.html
  41. ^ "Placentia Metrolink Station". Orange County Transportation Authority. 28 January 2009. http://www.octa.net/pdf/Placentia_MetrolinkFactsheet.pdf. Retrieved 27 March 2010. 
  42. ^ "Passenger Rail Extension to Redlands". San Bernardino Associated Governments. http://www.sanbag.ca.gov/projects/redlands-transit.html. Retrieved 27 March 2010. 
  43. ^ "Metro Harbor Subdivision Transit Corridor Alternatives Analysis Report – Final". Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority. November 2009. http://www.metro.net/projects_studies/harbor_subdivision/images/AA_study/03-Alternatives.pdf. Retrieved 25 March 2010. 
  44. ^ "I-15 Commuter Rail Feasibility Study". Wilbur Smith Associates. 29 June 2007. http://www.rctc.org/downloads/railfeasibilitystudy_2008.pdf. Retrieved 27 March 2010. 
  45. ^ "2008 Commuter Rail Feasibility Study". Riverside County Transportation Commission. 2008. http://www.rctc.org/2008commuterrailstudy.asp. Retrieved 27 March 2010. [dead link]
  46. ^ a b "Coachella Valley Rail Service". Riverside County Transportation Commission. http://rctc.geoclients.com/coachellavalleyrailservice.asp. Retrieved 27 March 2010. [dead link]
  47. ^ "Coachella Valley Passenger Rail Feasibility Study". Schiermeyer Consulting Services. February 1999. http://www.rctc.org/downloads/1999%20Coachella%20Valley%20Rail%20Study.pdf. Retrieved 27 March 2010. 
  48. ^ "Contact Us". Metrolink. http://www.metrolinktrains.com/contact/. Retrieved 5 April 2010. 
  49. ^ "Taylor Yard History". The River Project. http://www.theriverproject.org/tayloryard/history.html. Retrieved 27 March 2010. [dead link]
  50. ^ a b "Bombardier Transportation in the USA". Bombardier. http://www.bombardier.com/en/transportation/about-transportation/worldwide-presence?docID=0901260d8000ede1#. Retrieved 27 March 2010. 
  51. ^ "Metrolink Matters". Metrolink Communications Department. June/July 2010. http://www.metrolinktrains.com/includes/metrolink_matters/MetrolinkMattersJuneJulyWEB.pdf. Retrieved 29 June 2010. 
  52. ^ "Metrolink Matters". Metrolink. June 2009. http://www.metrolinktrains.com/pdfs/MetrolinkMatters/MLMattersJune09.pdf. Retrieved 4 February 2012. 
  53. ^ "Metrolink adding quiet cars to weekday trains". KABC-TV. Wednesday, September 21, 2011. http://abclocal.go.com/kabc/story?section=news/state&id=8363007. Retrieved 14 March 2012. 
  54. ^ Watt, Brian (Oct. 8, 2011). "Metrolink rolls out 10 new 'bicycle cars'". KPCC/ Southern California Public Radio. http://www.scpr.org/news/2011/10/08/29327/mertolink-rolls-out-10-new-bicycle-cars-time-cicla/. Retrieved 14 March 2012. 
  55. ^ "Metrolink Roster". Rapid Transit Press. 19 December 2009. http://www.rapidtransit-press.com/metrolink.html. Retrieved 27 March 2010. 
  56. ^ "Metrolink tests Hyundai commuter cars". Trains Magazine. 26 May 2010. http://www.trains.com/trn/default.aspx?c=a&id=6870&r=rss. Retrieved 26 May 2010. 
  57. ^ Connell, Rich (3 May 2010). "Metrolink's crash-resistant cars are unveiled". Los Angeles Times. http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/lanow/2010/05/metrolinks-new-crashresistant-cars-unveiled.html. Retrieved 6 May 2010. 
  58. ^ "Railroad Accident Report- Collision of Burlington Northern Santa Fe Freight Train With Metrolink Passenger Train- Placentia, California- April 23, 2002" (PDF). National Transportation Safety Board. 2003-10-07. http://www.ntsb.gov/doclib/reports/2003/RAR0304.pdf. Retrieved 2005-11-22. 
  59. ^ Muskal, Michael; Sanchez, Jesus (26 January 2005). "Man Faces Charges in Metrolink Collision". Los Angeles Times. http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/nation/wire/la-012605crash_lat,0,7433465.story. Retrieved 2 April 2010. 
  60. ^ Simmons, Ann M.; Leonard, Jack (27 June 2008). "Verdict in train wreck: murder". Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/2008/jun/27/local/me-metrolink27. Retrieved 2 April 2010. 
  61. ^ Simmons, Ann M. (21 August 2008). "Metrolink killer gets 11 life terms, no parole". Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/2008/aug/21/local/me-metrolink21. Retrieved 2 April 2010. 
  62. ^ "Commuters killed in head-on train crash". KABC-TV. 2008-09-12. http://abclocal.go.com/kabc/story?section=news/local&id=6388256. Retrieved 2008-09-12. 
  63. ^ Hymon, Steve; Oldham, Jennifer; Simmons, Ann M. (16 September 2008). "L.A. train crash death toll at 26". Chicago Tribune. http://archives.chicagotribune.com/2008/sep/16/nation/chi-train_tuesep16. Retrieved 2 April 2010. 
  64. ^ a b "Death toll from L.A. train collision reaches 25". Associated Press. 2008-09-13. http://www.signonsandiego.com/news/state/20080913-1631-ca-traincollision.html. Retrieved 2008-09-13. 

External links