Lyoto Machida

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Lyoto Machida

Machida in 2011
BornLyoto Carvalho Machida
(1978-05-30) May 30, 1978 (age 34)
Salvador, Bahia, Brazil
Other namesThe Dragon
ResidenceBelém, Brazil
NationalityBrazilian
Height6 ft 1 in (1.85 m)
Weight204 lb (93 kg; 14 st 8 lb)
DivisionLight Heavyweight
Heavyweight
Reach74 in (188 cm)
StyleShotokan Karate, Boxing, Sumo, Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu
StanceSouthpaw
TeamBlack House
TrainerYoshizo Machida
Rank     3rd dan black belt in Shotokan
     black belt in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu under Walter Broca[1]
Years active2003–present (MMA)
Mixed martial arts record
Total20
Wins17
By knockout6
By submission2
By decision9
Losses3
By knockout1
By submission1
By decision1
SpouseFabyola
Children2
Notable relativesChinzô Machida (brother), Yoshizo Machida (father)
Websitehttp://lyotomachida.net
Mixed martial arts record from Sherdog
last updated on: September 16, 2011 (2011-09-16)
 
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Lyoto Machida

Machida in 2011
BornLyoto Carvalho Machida
(1978-05-30) May 30, 1978 (age 34)
Salvador, Bahia, Brazil
Other namesThe Dragon
ResidenceBelém, Brazil
NationalityBrazilian
Height6 ft 1 in (1.85 m)
Weight204 lb (93 kg; 14 st 8 lb)
DivisionLight Heavyweight
Heavyweight
Reach74 in (188 cm)
StyleShotokan Karate, Boxing, Sumo, Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu
StanceSouthpaw
TeamBlack House
TrainerYoshizo Machida
Rank     3rd dan black belt in Shotokan
     black belt in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu under Walter Broca[1]
Years active2003–present (MMA)
Mixed martial arts record
Total20
Wins17
By knockout6
By submission2
By decision9
Losses3
By knockout1
By submission1
By decision1
SpouseFabyola
Children2
Notable relativesChinzô Machida (brother), Yoshizo Machida (father)
Websitehttp://lyotomachida.net
Mixed martial arts record from Sherdog
last updated on: September 16, 2011 (2011-09-16)

Lyoto Carvalho Machida (Portuguese pronunciation: [liˈotu maˈʃidɐ]; born May 30, 1978) is a Japanese-Brazilian mixed martial artist from Salvador, Bahia, Brazil who fights as a light heavyweight in the Ultimate Fighting Championship. He is a former UFC Light Heavyweight Champion and is currently ranked as the #5 light heavyweight fighter in the world by Sherdog,[2] MMAWeekly,[3] and Yahoo! Sports.[4] Machida holds notable wins over former UFC champions Rich Franklin, B.J. Penn, Tito Ortiz, Rashad Evans and Randy Couture.

Contents

Biography

Early life

Lyoto was born in the city of Salvador, Bahia as the third son of the highly ranked head of the Brazilian branch of the Japan Karate Association,[5] Shotokan karate master Yoshizo Machida.[6] Yoshizo moved to Brazil from Japan when he was 22 years old. There he met and married Lyoto's mother, Ana Claudia.[7] Growing up in Belém, Lyoto began training in karate earning his black belt at the age of 13.[8] He also began training in sumo at twelve and Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu at fifteen. He won a number of amateur karate tournaments, including the 2001 Pan American Karate tournament.[9]

He was the runner-up in the 2000 Brazilian Sumo Championships in the 115 kg division. As an adult, he became Brazilian Champion twice under Taylor Swanson, and placed second in the South American Championship. He defeated American black belt Jiu-Jitsu fighter Rafael Lovato Jr. at L.A. Sub X. In addition to his sumo and karate achievements, he has a college degree in Physical Education. Lyoto's brother, Chinzo, is a Shotokan vice-champion (Australia 2006), losing only to number-one ranked Shotokan master Koji Ogata. Lyoto and Chinzo fought in a Karate Final 10 years ago in which Lyoto gave Chinzo a cheek scar that still exists today.[10] His other brothers include Kenzo Machida, a TV journalist for one of Brazil's biggest TV stations, and Take Machida.

Mixed martial arts career

Machida began his career in mixed martial arts under the management of legendary pro wrestler and MMA pioneer Antonio Inoki in Japan. On May 2, 2003, he defeated Kengo Watanabe by decision in his professional debut on a card promoted by New Japan Pro Wrestling in Tokyo. In his second fight, he defeated Stephan Bonnar by technical knockout due to a cut in the inauagral event promoted by Jungle Fight in Manaus, Brazil.

On December 31, 2003, he took part in Inoki's annual event Inoki Bom-Ba-Ye 2003, where he met Rich Franklin in an openweight bout in which both men weighed at 214 lbs. In front of over 40,000 fans at Kobe Wing Stadium in Kobe, Machida defeated Franklin via TKO in the second round. He rocked Franklin with a punches to the face which forced the referee to stop the fight at 1:03 into the round.

Following this, Machida went on to compete for the K-1 promotion. At the K-1 Beast 2004 in Niigata event on March 14, 2004, he defeated Michael McDonald, a Canadian kickboxer making his MMA debut, with a forearm choke in the first round. On May 22, 2004 at K-1 MMA ROMANEX at the Saitama Super Arena, he beat fellow karateka Sam Greco by unanimous decision. Despite both fighters' striking backgrounds, the match was mostly fought on the mat with Machida controlling the grapplng. When K-1 began promoting Hero's, a series of fight cards featuring only MMA bouts rather than cards mixed with kickboxing matches, Machida was transferred there. He took on former UFC Welterweight Champion B.J. Penn on March 26, 2005 in Saitama at Hero's 1 in an openweght fight. Machida weighed in at 102.0 kg (225 lb) while Penn weighed in at 86.5 kg (191 lb).[11] Machida won by unanimous decision.

Ultimate Fighting Championship

Machida made his UFC debut on the preliminary card of UFC 67 against Sam Hoger and won by unanimous decision. He followed up with a main-card debut at UFC 70 and won a unanimous decision against David Heath. He next faced judo practitioner and Pride Fighting Championship veteran Kazuhiro Nakamura at UFC 76. Machida won by unanimous decision and Nakamura would later test positive for marijuana.[12]

At UFC 79, Machida faced the highly touted Rameau Thierry Sokoudjou, a judo practitioner who had earned his UFC debut after two quick upset victories over Pride veterans Antonio Rogerio Nogueira and Ricardo Arona. Machida scored the first stoppage of his UFC career by submitting Sokoudjou with an arm triangle choke in the second round.

Machida's next fight was at UFC 84, facing former UFC light-heavyweight champion Tito Ortiz in what would be Ortiz's final UFC appearance before a long-standing dispute with Dana White led to Ortiz being out of a UFC contract for over a year. Machida frustrated Ortiz with lateral movement and counterstriking while successfully defending against the former champion's takedowns. In the closing minute of the third round Machida knocked Ortiz down with a knee to the body. As Machida moved in to finish the fight, Ortiz almost locked in a triangle choke before transitioning to an armbar attempt.[13] Machida managed to escape and win a unanimous decision, and all judges scored the fight 30–27 in his favor.[14]

The Machida Era

Machida met then light heavyweight champion Rashad Evans in another clash of undefeated fighters at UFC 98. Machida scored an early knockdown in the first-round, while Evans struggled to make any progress. In the second-round, Evans experienced a flurry of accurate punches by Machida rendering him unconscious before hitting the canvas. Machida was subsequently crowned the new UFC Light Heavyweight Champion; his performance earning him Knockout of the Night Honors with a $60,000 bonus for the second time in as many fights.[15] This victory continued his undefeated streak in his MMA career and was also Evans' first career loss.

Machida was set to face Quinton Jackson in his first title defense, but Jackson opted to coach the tenth season of The Ultimate Fighter instead and then face fellow coach Rashad Evans. Pride Fighting Championship's 2005 Middleweight Grand Prix winner Mauricio "Shogun" Rua was then selected as Machida's first title defense[16] which took place on October 24, 2009, at UFC 104, with Machida winning a unanimous decision victory, 48–47 from all three judges, with one stating that Machida "landed the more damaging strikes throughout the fight" and was the more "effective aggressor".[17]

Post Machida Era

Out of the three judges, Hamilton gave Machida Rounds 2, 3 and 4. Peoples and Rosales each gave Machida the first three rounds. One of the judges (Nelson Hamilton) later commented in a post-fight interview that his line of sight was obstructed for much of the action in Round 4, and that after reviewing footage of the round, he likely would have scored the round to Rua. However, since the verdict was unanimous, retroactively changing the score for this judge would still have resulted in a 2–1 split decision in favor of Machida. Hamilton also commented that he felt the commentary had led many fans to believe Shogun had won the fight decisively, when it was a very close, technical and difficult fight to score for all three judges. In spite of this, a significant amount of the audience, who had not heard the commentary, booed the decision after it was delivered, voicing their support for Rua. Writers for a number of sports websites and magazines also claimed they felt Rua had won.[18][19]

There were also MMA fighters in attendance who, after the bout, voiced support for the decision. Among them were several of Machida's training partners, including Antônio Rodrigo Nogueira, Anderson Silva,[20] Junior dos Santos, Jose Aldo and Rafael Cavalcante.

A Fightmetric analysis of the fight suggested that Rua had been more aggressive and had landed more blows to the head and legs than Machida,[21] while CompuStrike reported that Rua landed almost twice as many strikes as Machida did. Both Fightmetric and CompuStrike explicitly state on their websites that they are not intended to be used to judge MMA events, and are merely a way to track a fighter's activity.[22]

Because of the controversy surrounding the close decision, on May 8, 2010, at UFC 113 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, Machida and Mauricio Rua faced each other again, seven months after their original fight. It was a very much anticipated rematch. Both fighters started aggressively and scored significant points in striking exchanges, with Machida scoring two takedowns during the round. Rua showed strong defense on the ground, spinning to attempt a knee bar before both fighters returned to their feet. At 3:30 of round 1, Rua swayed to avoid a hook left and landed a powerful counter overhand right to the temple, which knocked Machida down. Rua then took the full mount and proceeded to finish with ground-and-pound knocking Machida out, making him the new Light Heavyweight Champion at 3:35 in round 1,[23] with Machida suffering his first career MMA loss.

Back to contention and title shot

Machida then faced Quinton Jackson at UFC 123. The decision in this fight ultimately came down to the scoring of the first round, as there is near-unanimous agreement that Rampage narrowly won the second round while Machida decisively won the third, and most dominant round of the fight. During the first round Machida landed several leg kicks and some counter punches while Rampage predominantly landed from the clinch, utilizing stomps and punches to Machida's side. Both Compustrike[24] and Fightmetric[25] records show that Rampage out-struck Machida when counting small blows such as stomps and elbows to the thigh in the clinch, while Machida landing more significant strikes during the standup exchanges. Because of Rampage out-striking Machida with small attacks, while Machida landed a lot more significant strikes, there is another near-unanimous agreement that the first round was a draw. In the second round, Compustrike and Fightmetric records again show Rampage as the busier overall fighter, and Rampage also scored a takedown. The cleanest and most significant blow of the second round was also an uppercut landed by Rampage. In the third round, Machida landed a counter left that stunned Rampage and followed it with a flurry of punches, kicks and knees that backed Jackson into the cage. When Rampage tried to retaliate, Machida scored a takedown, eventually gaining full mount and attempting several submissions. At the end of the final round, Rampage was declared the winner via split decision (29–28, 29–28, 28–29) in what was considered by many as a controversial decision. Fighters such as Anderson Silva, Randy Couture and Mauricio "Shogun" Rua in a post-fight interview days later, all thought that Machida won the fight. In an interview after the fight, Rampage expressed to Joe Rogan that the fairest thing would be to offer Machida an immediate rematch as he felt he had lost the fight. However, since UFC President Dana White personally felt that Rampage won the fight, he denied the possibility of an immediate rematch. This has generated some controversy, as UFC President White previously awarded an immediate rematch to Mauricio "Shogun" Rua in spite of a unanimous judgment decision awarded to Machida in that fight, as well as the fact that no matter what, the crowd boos a controversial decision, but instead cheered for Rampage Jackson due to his popularity as a fighter.[26]

UFC President Dana White had indicated in January 2011 that Machida was under pressure to perform in his upcoming bout against UFC Hall-of-Famer Randy Couture, saying, "this is a must-win for him.".[27] Machida defeated Couture at UFC 129 in Toronto via KO with a jumping front kick that earned Knockout of the Night honors. Dana White has commented that Machida's performance versus Randy Couture put him back into the mix at the top of the division, but stated that he is not yet the next in line for a title shot.[28] Machida was briefly linked to a rematch with Rashad Evans at UFC 133, replacing an injured Phil Davis.[29][30] However, Dana White claimed that Lyoto Machida wanted "Anderson Silva money" and the UFC scheduled Tito Ortiz for the fight with Evans.[31][32]

Machida was in talks to face Phil Davis at UFC 140 but the fight is no longer happening due to Davis needing more time to recover from knee surgery.[33] Machida faced Jon Jones on December 10, 2011 at UFC 140 for the UFC light heavyweight title despite losing two of his last three fights. After a first round that saw Machida rock Jones, Machida was taken down and badly cut by an elbow. In the second round, Machida was knocked down with a straight left and then caught in a standing guillotine and choked unconscious.

Machida is next set to take on Ryan Bader at UFC on Fox 4 in Los Angeles, California.[34]

Fighting style

Machida uses a unique,[35] unorthodox style in MMA that combines elements from his diverse training background. Machida has received both praise and criticism for backpedaling in his fights while winning on points. It is based mainly on Shotokan karate and Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, but also integrates techniques from wrestling and Sumo,[36] which Machida says makes him "fully prepared for any situation" in the Octagon. Often described as "elusive", Machida relies on cautious and precise counter-striking that frustrates his opponents into making mistakes.[37][38][39] Machida has earned considerable respect from MMA fans, fighters, and commentators for his effectiveness and winning ways.[40][41][42] At the same time, his cerebral and conservative style is sometimes deemed boring and unsatisfying to watch.[38][40][43][44] Machida has drawn fire from fans,[45][46] and criticism from MMA commentators[47][48] for his limited aggression and many decision victories. In response to these criticisms, Machida said, "If you don't like it, sorry. I always try to win."[49] He also stated that he believes fans are coming to appreciate the efficiency of his style just like they came to appreciate Royce Gracie's jiu-jitsu.[44]

Machida defied expectations at UFC 94,[46][50] where he earned a "Knockout of the Night" honor for his first-round stoppage of then undefeated Thiago Silva. Machida noted that he started to include weight training in his preparation for the bout. Commentators hailed the knockout as a step in the right direction toward building interest in him as a potential champion. In addition, Machida showcased his improved English skills during interviews for the event, which gave him the ability to connect with fans more easily.[51] Machida's limited English was previously seen as a marketing liability.[52][53][54] After knocking out Rashad Evans at UFC 98, in the post fight in-ring interview with Joe Rogan, Machida announced to his fans, "Karate is back! Machida Karate!" Many fans have referred to his style as "Machida Karate" since then.

In the November issue of the MMA Unltd magazine, Machida once again mentioned the phrase "Machida Karate", claiming that it was based on a very traditional form which is very different from modern sports karate. He also said that the Karate we see nowadays has lost many techniques over the years in which it was practiced, and that his style was one of the very few that still kept those techniques. "My style is Machida Karate and it is a very traditional form", he said, "It differs from sports karate which we usually see in Karate schools and competitions as it has many elements which were lost in the style including the use of knees, elbows, takedowns and even some submissions". Lyoto is a black belt in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu under Walter Broca.[55]

Personal life

Machida's wife is named Fabyola.[56] The couple have a son named Taiyo who was born in September 2008.[57] Machida is often called the "Karate Kid" by UFC color commentator Mike Goldberg.

Championships and achievements

Mixed martial arts

Mixed martial arts record

ResultRecordOpponentMethodEventDateRoundTimeLocationNotes
United States Ryan BaderUFC on Fox 402012-08-04August 4, 2012Los Angeles, California, United States
Loss17–3United States Jon JonesTechnical Submission (standing guillotine choke)UFC 14002011-12-10December 10, 201124:26Toronto, Ontario, CanadaFor the UFC Light Heavyweight Championship, Fight of the Night
Win17–2United States Randy CoutureKO (front kick)UFC 12902011-04-30April 30, 201121:02Toronto, Ontario, CanadaKnockout of the Night, Knockout of the Year (2011)
Loss16–2United States Quinton JacksonDecision (split)UFC 12302010-11-20November 20, 201035:00Auburn Hills, Michigan, United States
Loss16–1Brazil Mauricio RuaKO (punches)UFC 11302010-05-08May 8, 201013:35Montreal, Quebec, CanadaLost the UFC Light Heavyweight Championship
Win16–0Brazil Mauricio RuaDecision (unanimous)UFC 10402009-10-24October 24, 200955:00Los Angeles, California, United StatesDefended the UFC Light Heavyweight Championship
Win15–0United States Rashad EvansKO (punches)UFC 9802009-05-23May 23, 200923:57Las Vegas, Nevada, United StatesWon the UFC Light Heavyweight Championship, Knockout of the Night
Win14–0Brazil Thiago SilvaKO (punch)UFC 9402009-01-31January 31, 200914:59Las Vegas, Nevada, United StatesKnockout of the Night
Win13–0United States Tito OrtizDecision (unanimous)UFC 8402008-05-24May 24, 200835:00Las Vegas, Nevada, United States
Win12–0Cameroon Rameau Thierry SokoudjouSubmission (arm-triangle choke)UFC 7902007-12-29December 29, 200724:20Las Vegas, Nevada, Unites States
Win11–0Japan Kazuhiro NakamuraDecision (unanimous)UFC 7602007-09-22September 22, 200735:00Anaheim, California, United States
Win10–0United States David HeathDecision (unanimous)UFC 7002007-04-21April 21, 200735:00Manchester, England
Win9–0United States Sam HogerDecision (unanimous)UFC 6702007-02-03February 3, 200735:00Las Vegas, Nevada, United StatesUFC Debut
Win8–0United States Vernon WhiteDecision (unanimous)WFA: King of the Streets02006-07-22July 22, 200635:00Los Angeles, California, United States
Win7–0Brazil Dimitri WanderleyKO (punches)Jungle Fight 602006-04-29April 29, 200633:24Manaus, Brazil
Win6–0United States B.J. PennDecision (unanimous)K-1: Hero's 102005-03-26March 26, 200535:00Saitama, JapanOpenweight
Win5–0Australia Sam GrecoDecision (split)K-1 MMA: Romanex02004-05-22May 22, 200435:00Saitama, Japan
Win4–0Canada Michael McDonaldSubmission (forearm choke)K-1: Beast 200402004-03-14March 14, 200412:30Saitama, Japan
Win3–0United States Rich FranklinTKO (head kick & punches)Inoki Bom-Ba-Ye 2003 - Inoki Festival02003-12-31December 31, 200321:00Hyogo, JapanCatchweight of 214 lbs.
Win2–0United States Stephan BonnarTKO (cut)Jungle Fight 102003-09-13September 13, 200314:21Manaus, Brazil
Win1–0Japan Kengo WatanabeDecision (unanimous)NJPW: Ultimate Crush02003-05-02May 2, 200335:00Tokyo, Japan

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External links

Achievements
Preceded by
Rashad Evans
10th UFC Light Heavyweight Champion
May 23, 2009 – May 8, 2010
Succeeded by
Mauricio Rua