Royal Gorge Bridge

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Royal Gorge Bridge
Total length1,260 ft (380 m)
Width18 ft (5.5 m)
Longest span880 ft (270 m)
Clearance below955 ft (291 m)
Construction endNovember 1929
Construction cost$350,000
Coordinates38°27′42″N 105°19′30″W / 38.46167°N 105.325°W / 38.46167; -105.325Coordinates: 38°27′42″N 105°19′30″W / 38.46167°N 105.325°W / 38.46167; -105.325
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Royal Gorge Bridge
Total length1,260 ft (380 m)
Width18 ft (5.5 m)
Longest span880 ft (270 m)
Clearance below955 ft (291 m)
Construction endNovember 1929
Construction cost$350,000
Coordinates38°27′42″N 105°19′30″W / 38.46167°N 105.325°W / 38.46167; -105.325Coordinates: 38°27′42″N 105°19′30″W / 38.46167°N 105.325°W / 38.46167; -105.325
Royal Gorge Bridge
Royal Gorge Bridge
Locationcrosses the Arkansas River in Fremont County, Colorado
Nearest cityCañon City
Area6.9 acres (2.8 ha)
Architectural styleSuspension bridge
Governing bodyLocal
NRHP Reference #83001303[1]
Added to NRHPSeptember 2, 1983

The Royal Gorge Bridge is a tourist attraction near Cañon City, Colorado, within a 360-acre (150 ha) theme park. The bridge deck crosses the Royal Gorge 955 feet (291 m) above the Arkansas River,[2] and held the record of highest bridge in the world from 1929 until 2001, when it was surpassed by the Liuguanghe Bridge in China. It is a suspension bridge with a main span of 938 feet (286 m). The bridge is 1,260 feet (384 m) long and 18 feet (5.5 m) wide, with a wooden walkway with 1292 planks. The bridge is suspended from towers that are 150 feet (46 m) high. It remains among the ten highest bridges in the world and is the highest in the United States.

A brief summary about the construction and location[edit]

The bridge was constructed in six months, between June 5, 1929, and late November 1929, at a cost of $350,000. To pay for construction, it was built as a toll bridge. It was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1983. The bridge was not constructed for transportation purposes; instead, it was built with the intent that it serve as a tourist attraction, and has continued to be one of the most-visited tourist attractions in Colorado since its construction. The road is designated as Fremont County Road 3A. The Royal Gorge Route Railroad runs under the bridge along the base of Royal Gorge.

Measuring Up[edit]

Sign on the Royal Gorge Bridge showing its height

Measuring from deck to the river below, the Royal Gorge Bridge held the record of highest bridge in the world from 1929 to 2003, with a height of 956 ft. In 2003 it was surpassed by the Beipanjiang River 2003 Bridge with its height of 1,201 ft; however, the Royal Gorge is still the highest bridge in the United States. The cable-stayed Viaduc de Millau, completed in December 2004, is currently the tallest bridge in the world, at 1,118 feet (341 m), measured from the ground to the top of the bridge piers. However, its deck is only 885 feet (270 m) above the River Tarn.[citation needed]


History[edit]

1920s[edit]

The bridge was built in 1929.

1980s[edit]

In 1980, the bridge hosted the television show That's Incredible! for a different kind of jumping. On the show, a group of British bungee jumpers from the Oxford Dangerous Sports Club set, at the time, world records for the highest bungee jump.[citation needed] The record setting jump went 800 feet (240 m) into the 955-foot (291 m) canyon.

In 1981, the bridge was featured in a General Motors (GM) Super Bowl commercial in which several hundred one-gallon gas cans were suspended under the bridge to demonstrate the amount of gas GM's new car would save.

The bridge was closed to vehicle traffic from 1982–83 for significant renovations. During this time, new cable anchors were installed. The original rusting cable ends were replaced by new multi-strand cables and then each of the 2,100 strands of existing suspension cable were spliced together with the new anchor cables. The bridge also got new floor timbers, wind cabling, and improvements to the bridge towers. The cost of the renovations was $2.8 million or about 140% of the original purchase price, accounting for inflation.

2000s[edit]

In October 2003, while performing a proximity demonstration, wingsuiter Dwain Weston was killed attempting to fly over the bridge.[3] Weston was wearing a wingsuit, a skydiving suit with fabric extended below the arms to the body and between the legs to catch air allowing for horizontal travel when skydiving. He was to go over the bridge while fellow skydiver Jeb Corliss was to go under it. Miscalculating his distance from the bridge, Weston struck a railing while traveling an estimated 120 mph, dismembering him and killing him instantly. Cleanup from his impact took two full days, and many parts of Dwain Weston's body were never recovered.

June 2013 wildfire[edit]

On June 12, 2013, the Royal Gorge Bridge and Park was devastated by a wildfire. While the bridge suffered only minimal damage (some wooden deck planks burned), all but four of the park's 52 buildings were destroyed.[4] The Incline Railway was severely damaged and the Aerial Tram was destroyed.[5] Park executives announced on June 13 that the bridge will be repaired and the park rebuilt, but there was no timeline for reopening the bridge and/or park.[6]

Attractions lost in fire[edit]

Note- The following 3 lists are compiled as a result of aerial photos: Many of the park's attractions were lost in the fire. They include:

Attractions damaged in fire[edit]

The following are damaged but repairable structures within the park:

Attractions that are still standing[edit]

Still remaining standing after the fire:

Rides and attractions at the Royal Gorge Bridge and Park[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  2. ^ Rappold, R. Scott (March 4, 2010). "Arizona man topples Royal Gorge Bridge's lofty claim". The Gazette (Colorado Springs, CO: Freedom Communications). Archived from the original on March 4, 2010. Retrieved March 4, 2010. "(Eric Sakowski) stood on (the bridge) in 2005 and pointed his range finder at the bottom. He was shocked to discover it was 955 feet to the river below, 98 feet less than had been claimed."   "After (learning that), Royal Gorge officials measured the bridge themselves and discovered it is 969 feet to the water."
  3. ^ "Stunt Attempt Proves Fatal for Skydiver". Los Angeles Times. October 6, 2003. Retrieved 2010-08-29. 
  4. ^ "Officials talk about moving forward for Royal Gorge Bridge and Park". 2013-06-13. Retrieved 2013-06-13. 
  5. ^ "Gorge bridge OK; park engulfed". 2013-06-13. Retrieved 2013-06-13. [dead link]
  6. ^ "Official: Royal Gorge Bridge damaged by fire but intact". 2013-06-13. Retrieved 2013-06-13. 

External links[edit]