Roxburghshire

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Roxburgh
County (until circa 1890)
CountryScotland
County townJedburgh
Area
 • Total1,722 km2 (665 sq mi)
 Ranked 13th
Chapman codeROX
 
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Roxburgh
County (until circa 1890)
CountryScotland
County townJedburgh
Area
 • Total1,722 km2 (665 sq mi)
 Ranked 13th
Chapman codeROX

Roxburghshire or the County of Roxburgh (Scottish Gaelic: Siorrachd Rosbroig) is a registration county of Scotland. See Registers of Scotland, Land Register Counties. [1]

The County of Roxburgh (held with Ettrick and Lauderdale) is a Lieutenancy areas of Scotland.

Roxburghshire borders Dumfries to the west, Selkirk to the north-west, and Berwick to the north. To the south-east it borders Cumbria and Northumberland in England. [2]

It was named after the Royal Burgh of Roxburgh. The ancient royal burgh of Roxburgh had fallen into decay by the fifteenth century.

The term Teviotdale was used in the past to define an area which was drained by the River Teviot, the River Tweed and their tributaries, and it is very close to Roxburghshire.[3]

Local Government District Council[edit]

Burghs in Roxburghshire, 1975

Until 1975, Roxburghshire was governed by a county council from 1890, and contained four burghs and four districts:

The county council was based in Newtown St Boswells.

The Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 created the new Borders Region. Borders was divided into four districts, one of which was named Roxburgh.

Roxburgh District Council area consisted of the superseded council area less the Melrose area (which was included in Ettrick and Lauderdale District), plus the parish of Nenthorn from Berwickshire.

The regional and four district councils were superseded in 1996, by merging to form the present Scottish Borders council area.

Roxburghshire is now within the Scottish Borders council area.

Coat of arms[edit]

Arms of the County of Roxburgh

The County of Roxburgh was the first Scottish county to receive a grant of arms. This was made by Lord Lyon King of Arms on July 9, 1798. The coat of arms seems to have been granted for the use of the volunteer and militia units then being organised under the authority of the county's lord lieutenant.

When the county Local Government council was formed in 1890, the arms passed to them.

The shield depicted a unicorn: this is a national symbol of Scotland. At the top of the shield was a hunting horn between two helmets: probably a reference to the border reivers, one of whom featured in the arms of the royal burgh of Jedburgh.

The crest above the shield was an armoured arm brandishing a scimitar.

The Latin motto was Ne Cede Malis Sed Contra Audentior Ito or Yield not to misfortunes (evil things) but go on more boldly against them., it was a quotation from Virgil's Aeneid 6, 95.[4]

On May 6, 1975 the coat of arms was regranted to Roxburgh District Council, without the crest.[5]

When the district council was abolished in 1996, the arms reverted to The Crown.

Civil parishes[edit]

Roxburghshire Civil Parish map. c.1854 http://archive.org/stream/imperialgazettee02wilsuoft#page/n737/mode/1up Boundaries outlined in red
civil parishes of Roxburghshire c 1930

In 2001, according to the website of the General Register Office for Scotland, there were 871 civil parishes.[6] List of civil parishes in Scotland

Civil parishes are still used for some statistical purposes, and separate census figures are published for them. As their areas have been largely unchanged since the 19th century this allows for comparison of population figures over an extended period of time.

Following the boundary changes carried out under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889, the county of Roxburgh contained 30 civil parishes:


Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Registers of Scotland. Publications, leaflets, Land Register Counties. http://www.ros.gov.uk/public/publications/leaflets.html
  2. ^ http://www.bordersfhs.org.uk/counties.asp
  3. ^ "The Setting: Where is Teviotdale?". Retrieved 2012-07-03. 
  4. ^ R. M. Urquhart, Scottish Burgh and County Heraldry, London, 1973
  5. ^ R. M. Urquhart, Scottish Civic Heraldry, London, 1979
  6. ^ 2001 Census - Geography Classifications
  7. ^ http://www.morebattle.bordernet.co.uk/history/hownam.html
  8. ^ http://www.morebattle.bordernet.co.uk/history/linton.html
  9. ^ http://www.bordersfhs.org.uk/makerstoun.asp
  10. ^ http://www.bordersfhs.org.uk/sprouston.asp
  11. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963. 

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Coordinates: 55°30′N 2°30′W / 55.500°N 2.500°W / 55.500; -2.500