Rosanna (song)

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"Rosanna"
Single by Toto
from the album Toto IV
B-side"It's a Feeling"
Released1982
Format7", CD single
Recorded1982
GenreBlues rock, pop rock, soft rock
Length5:31
4:02 (7" version)
LabelColumbia
Writer(s)David Paich
ProducerToto
Toto singles chronology
"Live for Today"
(1981)
"Rosanna"
(1982)
"Make Believe"
(1982)
 
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"Rosanna"
Single by Toto
from the album Toto IV
B-side"It's a Feeling"
Released1982
Format7", CD single
Recorded1982
GenreBlues rock, pop rock, soft rock
Length5:31
4:02 (7" version)
LabelColumbia
Writer(s)David Paich
ProducerToto
Toto singles chronology
"Live for Today"
(1981)
"Rosanna"
(1982)
"Make Believe"
(1982)

"Rosanna" is a song written by David Paich and performed by the American rock band Toto, the opening track and the first single from their 1982 album Toto IV. This song won the Record of the Year Grammy Award in the 1983 presentations. Rosanna was also nominated for the Song of the Year award. In musician circles, the song is known for its highly influential namesake half-time shuffle, as well as the ending guitar solo played by guitarist Steve Lukather.[citation needed]

The song Rosanna peaked at No. 2 on the Billboard Hot 100 for five consecutive weeks,[1] and also peaked at No. 12 on the UK Singles Chart.[citation needed]

The B-side of the vinyl single was the song "It's a Feeling", which is also on the album Toto IV.

Composition and lyrics[edit]

The song was written by David Paich, who has said that the song is based on numerous girls he had known. As a joke, the band members initially played along with the common assumption that the song was based on Rosanna Arquette, who was dating Toto keyboard player Steve Porcaro at the time and coincidentally had the same name.[2]

The drum pattern is known as a "half-time shuffle", and shows "definite jazz influence".[3] Featuring ghost notes and derived from the combination of what Jeff Porcaro calls the "Bernard Purdie half time shuffle" (Purdie shuffle) and the "John Bonham beat" (from "Fool in the Rain") with the well-known Bo Diddley beat.[4]

Music video[edit]

The video (directed by Steve Barron) is set in a stylized urban streetscape, with Rosanna shown as a dancer whose bright red dress contrasts with her grey surroundings. The band plays within a chain-link fence enclosure. Cynthia Rhodes is featured as the lead dancer, which led to her being cast in Staying Alive the following year.[citation needed] It also featured Thomas Guzman-Sanchez of the dance group Chain Reaction as one of the male dancers. He did the Boogaloo/Popping body wave leaping over another dancer.[citation needed] New bassist Mike Porcaro appears in this video, as original Toto bass player David Hungate left before the video was made. A young Patrick Swayze can be seen as one of the dancers.

Personnel[edit]

Toto
Guest musicians

Charts and certifications[edit]

Chart (1982)Peak
position
Australian Kent Music Report[5]16
Austrian Top 40[6]11
Belgian Singles Chart22
Canadian RPM Adult Contemporary Tracks7
Canadian RPM Top Singles4
Dutch Singles Chart3
Europarade20
French Singles Chart46
German Singles Chart[6]24
Irish Singles Chart11
Italian Singles Chart13
New Zealand Singles Chart[6]22
Norwegian Singles Chart[6]2
South African Singles Chart3
Spanish Radio Chart31
Swiss Singles Chart[6]3
U.K. Singles Chart[7]12
U.S. Billboard Hot 1002
U.S. Billboard Hot Adult Contemporary Tracks17
U.S. Billboard Mainstream Rock Tracks8

Year-End Chart[edit]

Chart (1982)Peak
position
U.S. Billboard Hot 10014
South African Singles Chart15
Canadian RPM Top Singles27
Italian Singles Chart30
Dutch Top 4031
Australian Kent Music Report74

Sales and certifications[edit]

RegionCertificationSales/shipments
Canada (Music Canada)[8]Gold50,000^
United States (RIAA)[9]Gold500,000^

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone
xunspecified figures based on certification alone

Sample usage[edit]

Art of Noise used a one second sample of "Rosanna" on their 1983 track "Beat Box (Diversion One)," featured on both Who's Afraid of the Art of Noise? and Daft.

Covers/Parodies[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2004). The Billboard Book of Top 40 Hits, 8th Edition (Billboard Publications)
  2. ^ Tegnér, Anders. Toto Interview 1988, YouTube. Retrieved June 15, 2012.
  3. ^ Strong, Jeff (2006). Drums for Dummies, p.183. ISBN 0-471-79411-2.
  4. ^ "Jeff Porcaro: The Rosanna Shuffle", DrummerWorld.com.
  5. ^ Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0-646-11917-6. 
  6. ^ a b c d e "Rosanna" chart history, Swedishcharts.com. Retrieved 25 May 2012.
  7. ^ http://www.everyhit.co.uk
  8. ^ "Canadian single certifications – Toto – Rosanna". Music Canada. 
  9. ^ "American single certifications – Toto – Rosanna". Recording Industry Association of America.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Single, then click SEARCH
  10. ^ Perpetuum Jazzile: Rosanna. YouTube. Accessed on September 15, 2012.

External links[edit]