Ronald McNair

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Ronald Ervin McNair
Ronald mcnair.jpg
NASA Astronaut
NationalityAmerican
StatusDied during mission
Born(1950-10-21)October 21, 1950
Lake City, South Carolina
DiedJanuary 28, 1986(1986-01-28) (aged 35)
Cape Canaveral, Florida
Other occupation
Physicist
Time in space
7d 23h 15m
Selection1978 NASA Group
MissionsSTS-41-B, STS-51-L
Mission insignia
Sts-41-b-patch.png STS-51-L-patch-small.png
AwardsCongressional Space Medal of Honor
 
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Ronald Ervin McNair
Ronald mcnair.jpg
NASA Astronaut
NationalityAmerican
StatusDied during mission
Born(1950-10-21)October 21, 1950
Lake City, South Carolina
DiedJanuary 28, 1986(1986-01-28) (aged 35)
Cape Canaveral, Florida
Other occupation
Physicist
Time in space
7d 23h 15m
Selection1978 NASA Group
MissionsSTS-41-B, STS-51-L
Mission insignia
Sts-41-b-patch.png STS-51-L-patch-small.png
AwardsCongressional Space Medal of Honor

Ronald Ervin McNair, Ph.D. (October 21, 1950 – January 28, 1986) was a physicist and NASA astronaut. McNair died during the launch of the Space Shuttle Challenger on mission STS-51-L.

Background[edit]

Born in Lake City, South Carolina, he was raised by his parents, Pearl M. and Carl C. McNair, and had two brothers, Carl S. and Eric A. McNair.

In the summer of 1959, he refused to leave the segregated Lake City Public Library without being allowed to check out his books. After the police and his mother were called, he was allowed to borrow books from the library, which is now named after him.

A child's book, Ron's Big Mission, offers a fictionalized account of this event.[1] McNair graduated as valedictorian of Carver High School in 1967.[2][2]

In 1971 he received a bachelor's degree in engineering physics, magna cum laude, from North Carolina A&T State University in Greensboro, North Carolina.[3] McNair was a member of Omega Psi Phi Fraternity.[3] In 1976, he received a Ph.D. in physics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under the guidance of Prof. Michael Feld, becoming nationally recognized for his work in the field of laser physics.

He received three honorary doctorates, a score of fellowships and commendations and achieved a black belt in karate.

After graduation from MIT, he became a staff physicist at the Hughes Research Lab in Malibu, California. McNair was a member of the Bahá'í Faith.[4]

Astronaut candidates Ron McNair, Guy Bluford, and Fred Gregory wearing Apollo spacesuits, May 1978

Astronaut[edit]

In 1978, Dr. McNair was selected as one of thirty-five applicants from a pool of ten thousand for the NASA astronaut program. He flew on STS-41-B aboard Challenger from 3–11 February 1984, as a mission specialist becoming the second African American and the first Bahá'í to fly in space.

Following this mission, Dr. McNair was selected for STS-51-L, which launched on 28 January 1986, and was subsequently killed when Challenger disintegrated nine miles above the Atlantic Ocean just 73 seconds after liftoff.[5]

Music in Space project[edit]

McNair was an accomplished saxophonist.

Before his fateful last space shuttle mission he had worked with the composer Jean Michel Jarre on a piece of music for Jarre's then-upcoming album Rendez-Vous. It was intended that he would record his saxophone solo on board the Challenger, which would have made McNair's solo the first original piece of music to have been recorded in space[6] (although the song "Jingle Bells" had been played on a harmonica during an earlier Gemini 6 spaceflight). However, the recording was never made as the flight ended in disaster and the deaths of its entire crew. The last of the Rendez-Vous pieces, (Last Rendez-Vous) had the additional name "Ron's Piece". Ron McNair was supposed to take part in the concert through a live feed.

Public honors[edit]

Dr. Ronald E. McNair memorial in his hometown, Lake City, South Carolina
Dr. Ronald E. McNair tomb in his hometown, Lake City, South Carolina
Ronald McNair Park in Brooklyn, New York City
Ronald E. McNair South Central Police Station of the Houston Police Department in Houston, Texas

A variety of public places and people have been renamed in honor of McNair.

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Astronaut's Brother Recalls A Man Who Dreamed Big". January 28, 2011. Retrieved November 18, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c Smith, Bruce (2011-01-28). "Small SC town pauses to remember astronaut son". TheState.com. Retrieved 2011-01-29. 
  3. ^ a b "Ronald E. McNair Bio". jsc.nasa.gov. NASA. Retrieved 25 March 2014. 
  4. ^ Venters, Louis E., the III (2010). Most great reconstruction: The Baha'i Faith in Jim Crow South Carolina, 1898-1965 (Thesis). Colleges of Arts and Sciences University of South Carolina. ISBN 978-1-243-74175-2. UMI Number: 3402846. 
  5. ^ NASA Biography
  6. ^ Synth History
  7. ^ http://www.ellago-tx.gov/misc/park-pics.html, last accessed September 16, 2013
  8. ^ Hague, Jim. "In a Class By Itself". Jersey City Magazine, Spring & Summer 2011. page 55
  9. ^ http://www.mwphglmd.org/Fourth-Masonic-District.html
  10. ^ [1]
  11. ^ Ronald McNair Academy, accessed January 28, 2011.
  12. ^ Dr. Ronald E. McNair Park, Crown Heights, Brooklyn
  13. ^ "Historical Sign Listings : NYC Parks". Nycgovparks.org. Retrieved 2012-05-18. 
  14. ^ "Dr. Ronald McNair Playground". Retrieved 2012-11-23. 
  15. ^ "TRIO - Ronald E. McNair Postbaccalaureate Achievement Program - Home Page". Ed.gov. 2012-05-09. Retrieved 2012-05-18. 

External links[edit]