Romney, West Virginia

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Romney, West Virginia
City
City of Romney
Hampshire County Courthouse.jpg
Nickname(s): West Virginia's Oldest Town
Location of Romney in West Virginia
Location of Romney in West Virginia
Coordinates: 39°20′42″N 78°45′25″W / 39.34500°N 78.75694°W / 39.34500; -78.75694Coordinates: 39°20′42″N 78°45′25″W / 39.34500°N 78.75694°W / 39.34500; -78.75694
CountryUnited States
StateWest Virginia
CountyHampshire
Government
 • MayorDaniel O. Hileman
Area[1]
 • Total0.96 sq mi (2.49 km2)
 • Land0.96 sq mi (2.49 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation820 ft (820 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total1,848
 • Estimate (2013)[3]1,796
 • Density1,925.0/sq mi (743.2/km2)
Time zoneEST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code26757
Area code(s)304
FIPS code54-70084
GNIS feature ID1560582[4]
WebsiteCity of Romney
 
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Romney, West Virginia
City
City of Romney
Hampshire County Courthouse.jpg
Nickname(s): West Virginia's Oldest Town
Location of Romney in West Virginia
Location of Romney in West Virginia
Coordinates: 39°20′42″N 78°45′25″W / 39.34500°N 78.75694°W / 39.34500; -78.75694Coordinates: 39°20′42″N 78°45′25″W / 39.34500°N 78.75694°W / 39.34500; -78.75694
CountryUnited States
StateWest Virginia
CountyHampshire
Government
 • MayorDaniel O. Hileman
Area[1]
 • Total0.96 sq mi (2.49 km2)
 • Land0.96 sq mi (2.49 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation820 ft (820 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total1,848
 • Estimate (2013)[3]1,796
 • Density1,925.0/sq mi (743.2/km2)
Time zoneEST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code26757
Area code(s)304
FIPS code54-70084
GNIS feature ID1560582[4]
WebsiteCity of Romney

Romney is a city in and the county seat of Hampshire County, West Virginia, USA.[5] The population was 1,940 at the 2000 census, while the area covered by the city's ZIP code had a population of 5,873. The population was 1,848 at the 2010 census. Originally settled in 1725 by hunters and traders, Romney was known as Pearsall's Flats and was the site of the French and Indian War stockade Fort Pearsall. Romney is the oldest town in West Virginia, chartered December 23, 1762. Named for the Cinque Ports town of Romney, Kent, England by Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron, the town still bears placenames and symbols from its colonial past such as its Marsham Street, named for Robert Marsham, 2nd Baron Romney. It is also home to the West Virginia Schools for the Deaf and Blind and the nation's First Confederate Memorial in Indian Mound Cemetery.

Geography[edit]

Romney is located at 39°20′42″N 78°45′25″W / 39.34500°N 78.75694°W / 39.34500; -78.75694 (39.344915, -78.756960).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.96 square miles (2.49 km2), all of it land.[1]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Romney has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
1810295
1850456
1880371
189045121.6%
190058028.6%
19101,11291.7%
19201,028−7.6%
19301,44140.2%
19402,01339.7%
19502,0592.3%
19602,2037.0%
19702,3647.3%
19802,094−11.4%
19901,966−6.1%
20001,940−1.3%
20101,848−4.7%
Est. 20131,796−2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
2013 Estimate[3]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 1,848 people, 843 households, and 410 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,925.0 inhabitants per square mile (743.2 /km2). There were 967 housing units at an average density of 1,007.3 per square mile (388.9 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.8% White, 2.7% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.4% of the population.

Early 20th Century view of Romney

There were 843 households of which 23.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 31.2% were married couples living together, 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 51.4% were non-families. 46.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 26.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.01 and the average family size was 2.83.

The median age in the city was 41.9 years. 23.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 20.3% were from 25 to 44; 23% were from 45 to 64; and 23.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 44.1% male and 55.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,940 people, 884 households, and 454 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,114.3 people per square mile (814.2/km²). There were 974 housing units at an average density of 1,061.5 per square mile (408.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.91% White, 1.91% African American, 0.05% Native American, 0.52% Asian, 0.21% from other races, and 0.41% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.67% of the population.

There were 884 households out of which 21.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.7% were married couples living together, 14.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 48.6% were non-families. 44.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 26.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.97 and the average family size was 2.72.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 20.1% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 26.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 76.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 68.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $22,261, and the median income for a family was $34,271. Males had a median income of $28,667 versus $20,000 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,765. About 17.2% of families and 24.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.5% of those under age 18 and 18.2% of those age 65 or over.

History[edit]

American Civil War[edit]

Historic sites[edit]

Boxwood
Davis History House
Kerns House
Liberty Hall
Romney Classical Institute (present-day West Virginia Schools for the Deaf and Blind Administration Building)
Romney Presbyterian Church

Parks and recreation[edit]

The Old Hampshire County Courthouse (1833)
Romney's New Century Hotel, East Main Street, 1948.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

City of Romney links[edit]

Old Romney High School, originally Romney Public School.
Houser's Tourist Court, a testament to Romney's past as a tourist destination on US 50

Romney maps & images[edit]

Media related to Romney, West Virginia at Wikimedia Commons