Rolls-Royce Silver Spirit

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Rolls-Royce Silver Spirit
Rolls-Royce .jpg
Overview
ManufacturerRolls-Royce Motors
Also calledSilver Spur
Flying Spur
Silver Dawn
Production1980–1999
AssemblyCrewe, Cheshire, England, UK
DesignerKole Vaman (1974)[1]
Body and chassis
ClassFull-size luxury car
Body style4-door saloon
LayoutFR layout
RelatedBentley Eight
Bentley Mulsanne
Chronology
PredecessorRolls-Royce Silver Shadow II
Rolls-Royce Silver Wraith II
SuccessorRolls-Royce Silver Seraph
 
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This article is about the car. For the cruise ship, see Silver Spirit (ship).
Rolls-Royce Silver Spirit
Rolls-Royce .jpg
Overview
ManufacturerRolls-Royce Motors
Also calledSilver Spur
Flying Spur
Silver Dawn
Production1980–1999
AssemblyCrewe, Cheshire, England, UK
DesignerKole Vaman (1974)[1]
Body and chassis
ClassFull-size luxury car
Body style4-door saloon
LayoutFR layout
RelatedBentley Eight
Bentley Mulsanne
Chronology
PredecessorRolls-Royce Silver Shadow II
Rolls-Royce Silver Wraith II
SuccessorRolls-Royce Silver Seraph

The Silver Spirit is a British saloon motor car that was made by Rolls-Royce Motors, in Crewe, England. It was launched in 1980 as the first model in the SZ series.

The Silver Spur is a long-wheelbase version of the Silver Spirit, produced at the same time. The Spirit was the first car to feature the retractable Spirit of Ecstasy. The spring-loaded Mascot sank into the radiator shell if dislodged from its position.

Mark I[edit]

Mark I
Rolls-Royce Silver Spur (Ste. Anne De Bellevue Veteran's Hospital '10).jpg
Overview
Also calledSilver Spirit
Silver Spur
Production1980–1989

The Silver Spirit, introduced by Rolls-Royce in 1980, was the first of a new generation of models for the company. It formed the basis for the Flying Spur, Silver Dawn, Touring Limousine, Park Ward and apart from branding differences and a different radiator housing also Bentley for the Mulsanne/Eight series.

The Spirit/Spur was not entirely new – it continued to use the basic design of the Silver Shadow as well as that motor car's 6.75 L (6750 cc/411 in³) V8 engine and GM sourced THM 400 3-speed automatic transmission. The Spur / Spirit continued the emphasis toward a high degree of ride quality by utilising the self-leveling suspension from the previous model Silver Shadow, though in this application using a Girling automatic hydraulic ride height control system and gas-charged shock absorbers.

1982 Rolls-Royce Silver Spirit (North America) 
1982 Rolls-Royce Silver Spur (Europe) 
1985 Silver Spirit 

Mark II[edit]

Mark II
Overview
Also calledSilver Spirit II
Silver Spur II
Production1989–1993
Powertrain
Engine6.75 L L410 V8
Transmission3/4-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase3,061 mm (120.5 in) (Silver Spirit)
3,162 mm (124.5 in) (Silver Spur)
Length5,278 mm (207.8 in) (Silver Spirit)
5,380 mm (211.8 in) (Silver Spur)
Width1,887 mm (74.3 in)
Height1,486 mm (58.5 in)

The Silver Spirit II and Silver Spur II were introduced at the 1989 Frankfurt Motor Show. It was in the area of the suspension that the main changes occurred, with "Automatic Ride Control" introduced; a fully automatic system that worked by adjusting the dampers at all four wheels in real time.[2] The dashboard was also updated to modernize the interior, with two additional 'bull's eyes' ventilation outlets added to the fascia. Other updates included the adoption of ABS and fuel injection as standard for all models.

Originally retaining the three-speed Turbo Hydramatic GM400 transmission from earlier Spirits/Spurs,[3] a four-speed unit (the GM 4L80E) was introduced in the winter of 1991.[2]

Mark III[edit]

Mark III
Rolls-Royce Silver Spur III 1995.jpg
Overview
Also calledSilver Spirit III
Silver Spur III
Flying Spur
Silver Dawn
Production1994–1998
Powertrain
Engine6.75 L Rolls-Royce V8
Transmission4-speed GM 4L80E automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase3,061 mm (120.5 in) (Spirit)
3,162 mm (124.5 in) (Spur)
3,772 mm (148.5 in) (Touring Limousine)
Length5,268 mm (207.4 in) (Silver Spirit)
5,370 mm (211.4 in) (Flying Spur)
5,380 mm (211.8 in) (Silver Spur)
5,979 mm (235.4 in) (Touring Limousine)
Width1,887 mm (74.3 in)
(w/mirrors: 2,009 mm (79.1 in))
Height1,486 mm (58.5 in) (Spirit/Spur/Dawn)
1,534 mm (60.4 in) (Touring Limousine)

The Silver Spirit III and Silver Spur III, introduced in 1993, introduced improvements to the engine and some cosmetic updates. A new design of intake manifold and cylinder heads increased the power output, although it was still stated simply as "adequate" in company literature Template:Citation needed - contemporary literature simply makes no reference to power output - urban myth? . Dual airbags were introduced, and independent adjustment of the rear seats. The parameters of the active suspension system were also modified to increase reliability and provide for easier maintenance .[citation needed]

Flying Spur[edit]

The 1994–1995 Flying Spur is a turbocharged, higher performance version of the Silver Spur III. 134 cars were produced.

Silver Dawn[edit]

The Silver Dawn is a special edition of the Silver Spur III with several additional options such as Electronic Traction Assistance System and rear seat heaters.

Rolls-Royce Silver Dawn (US)

The radiator height is reduced by 51 mm (2 in) and the size of the Spirit of Ecstasy was reduced by 20 percent. The new front was later inherited by the Mark IV series.

Silver Dawn appeared one year earlier on the American market.[4]

Mark IV[edit]

Mark IV
'96 Rolls-Royce Silver Dawn (Hudson).JPG
Overview
Also calledNew Silver Spirit
New Silver Spur
Silver Spirit
Silver Spur
Silver Spirit IV
Silver Spur IV
Park Ward
Production1995–1999
Powertrain
Engine6.75 L Rolls-Royce V8
Transmission4-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase3,162 mm (124.5 in)
3,772 mm (148.5 in) (Silver Spur Touring Limousine)
Length5,395 mm (212.4 in) (Silver Spur)
5,370 mm (211.4 in) (Silver Spur)
1,887 mm (74.3 in) (w/mirrors: 2,007 mm (79.0 in))
Width1,887 mm (74.3 in) (w/mirrors: 2,111 mm (83.1 in))
Height1,486 mm (58.5 in)

Designed in the autumn of 1992, the final revision of the Silver Spirit and Silver Spur was introduced late in 1995.

The model was marketed as the New Silver Spirit/New Silver Spur but the sign at the trunk/luggage compartment lid was unchanged as Silver Spirit/Silver Spur as per previous versions. As well as being consistent with previous updates; additionally a marketing decision was taken that the cars should not get a "series IV" designation because the suffix "IV" was found to be inappropriate in some Far Eastern countries where it is a symbol of death.[5]

Major changes included the introduction of a wooden column running down the center of the dashboard, the replacement of the previous Bosch engine management systems with a Zytec one, updated integrated front and rear bumpers, and the introduction of new sixteen-inch wheels. As of 1997, the long wheelbase was standard on all models, with the limousine models offering the extra-long only. Another major change that year was the introduction of a Garrett turbocharger on all models.

The Silver Spirit production closed with the model year 1997.

Park Ward Limousine[edit]

The Park Ward is a limited edition and extended wheelbase Silver Spur / Spirit mark IV. It has a 610-millimetre (24 in) extended wheelbase and a raised roof by 51 mm (2 in). The Park Ward replaced the Silver Spur / Spirit Touring Limousine.

The full title of this model was Rolls-Royce Park Ward Limousine. In the middle of model year 1998 the name changed to Rolls-Royce Silver Spur Park Ward. The model nomenclature on the badge on the trunk / luggage compartment lid says Park Ward.

Standard equipment on this model included a bar cabinet with crystal decanters and goblets, intercom, an electrically operated division and a backseat sunroof.

Rolls-Royce Park Ward Limousine should not be confused with succeeding stretched Rolls-Royce Silver Seraph Park Ward 2000-2002.

The Official Touring Limousines[edit]

Different touring limousine versions were built during production by Rolls-Royce, in cooperation with coach builder Mulliner Park Ward, London. Robert Jankel was responsible for the design.

The first Silver Spur Limousine was produced in 1982. 16 cars had the 910-millimetre (36 in) extended wheelbases, 84 cars with 1,100-millimetre (42 in) extended wheelbases were produced in 1984 and later. One car had 360-millimetre (14 in) wheelbase extension. These cars were extended at the B-pillar, between the front and rear doors.

From 1991 on, 99 units of the Touring Limousine with 610-millimetre (24 in) wheelbase extension were produced. The car was lengthened at the C-pillar with an opera window added, in a style reminiscent of Rolls-Royce's Phantom V and Phantom VI models. Like these earlier models, most of the cars had fold-down occasional seats in the rear passenger area.

The Park Ward Limousine was the last one to be officially extended (610 mm or 24 in, again at the C-pillar) with 70-unit production commencing in 1996 and concluding in 1999.

1994 Rolls-Royce Silver Spur III Armoured Touring Limousine 
1993 Silver Spur II Touring Limousine 

Production[edit]

Years are the model years based on the VIN (not the years of manufacturing).[6]

Mark I[edit]

Mark II[edit]

Mark III[edit]

Mark IV[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ R-R Silver Spirit 2nd Edition: Rolls-Royce Silver Spirit & Silvre Spur ... - Malcolm Bobbitt - Google Boeken. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2012-08-18. 
  2. ^ a b Büschi, Hans-Ulrich, ed. (5 March 1992). Automobil Revue 1992 (in German/French) 87. Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag AG. p. 501. ISBN 3-444-00539-3. 
  3. ^ Büschi, Hans-Ulrich, ed. (8 March 1990). Automobil Revue 1990 (in German/French) 85. Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag AG. p. 539. ISBN 3-444-00495-8. 
  4. ^ "Car Design Consultancy". SHADO. 2009-09-10. Retrieved 2012-08-18. 
  5. ^ Rijkers, Marinus. "Rolls-Royce Silver Spur 1996 - 2000". Rolls-Royce Silver Spirit. Retrieved 28 May 2013. 
  6. ^ Rijkers, Marinus. "The Silver Spirit models". Rolls-Royce Silver Spirit. Retrieved 27 May 2013. 

External links[edit]