Robert Trent Jones, Sr. (June 20, 1906 – June 14, 2000) was a golf course architect who designed (or re-designed) about 500 golf courses in at least 40 U.S. states and 35 other countries all around the world. It has been jokingly said that, "The sun never sets on a Robert Trent Jones golf course." [1 ]
He is sometimes confused with the famous amateur golfer and Grand Slam winner,
Bobby Jones, with whom he worked from time to time. Biography [edit ]
Ince-in-Makerfield, England, Robert Trent Jones accompanied his parents to the United States at the age of five. The family settled in East Rochester, New York where young Robert took a job becoming the first golf professional at Sodus Bay Heights Golf Club which is located in the Sodus Point, NY area. He became an avid and skilled golfer as a youth, but health problems prevented him from joining tournament competition.
Cornell University, where he designed his own course of study to become a professional golf course designer, taking courses in landscape architecture, agronomy, horticulture, hydraulics, surveying, public speaking, and economics. During his studies at Cornell, he designed the back nine of Cornell's Robert Trent Jones Golf Course. The course was not used until 1941. Jones later returned in 1954 to complete the front nine. At Cornell, he was a member of Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity.
The golf course at
Green Lakes State Park
in upstate New York was designed by Robert Trent Jones and opened in 1936.
After receiving his college degree, Jones formed a partnership with Canadian architect
Stanley Thompson, and helped design several courses in Canada, including Capilano in Vancouver and Banff in the Canadian Rockies. In the late 1930s he struck out on his own and began designing and building local golf courses in America. Many of these, such as the 1936 course at Green Lakes State Park (see photo), were built using labor provided by the Works Progress Administration. [2 ]
World War II, Jones got his first big assignment designing the Peachtree Golf Club in Atlanta in collaboration with golf legend Bobby Jones. Despite the similarity of their names, the two men were not related. In fact Robert began using the middle name "Trent" shortly afterward to avoid confusion.
Jones' courses are noted for their artistic landscaping, innovative use of bunkers, liberal use of water hazards, and deft placement of greens and hazards that encourage a high level of strategy. He believed that golf should be a
no risk; no reward sport and his designs encouraged daring play.
Jones continued working well past usual retirement age, often working on several courses at the same time. Following a period of failing health, he retired to his home in
Fort Lauderdale, Florida. He died there peacefully just a few days short of his 94th birthday. His sons Rees Jones and Robert Trent "Bobby" Jones, Jr., have followed in his footsteps and are now course designers. He sometimes collaborated with his sons. For example, his last design, The Marshes in Ottawa, Canada, is a collaboration with Robert Trent Jones, Jr. and was finished after his death in 2000.
Jones received the 1987
Old Tom Morris Award from the Golf Course Superintendents Association of America, GCSAA's highest honor. He was also inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame in 1987 as well. Courses designed [edit ] Original [edit ] Midvale, Penfield, New York, 1931 Chamonix, France, 1934 Green Lakes State Park GC, Fayetteville, New York, 1935 Amsterdam Municipal GC, Amsterdam, New York, 1937 Pottawatomie Golf Course, St. Charles, Illinois, 1939 Punta Borinquen Golf Club, Aguadilla, Puerto Rico, 1940 Hancock Golf Course, Hancock, New York, 1941 Casperkill Golf Course, Poughkeepsie, New York, 1944 San Andrés Golf Club, Bogotá, Colombia, 1945 RockRimmon Country Club front 9, Stamford, Connecticut, 1949 Lido Golf Club, Lido Beach, New York, 1947 The Patterson Club, Fairfield, Connecticut, 1947 Tamiment Golf Club, Pocono Mountains, Tamiment, Pennsylvania, 1947 [3 ] Peachtree, Atlanta, Georgia, 1948 West Point Golf Course, West Point, New York, 1948 Dunes Golf & Beach Club, Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, 1949 Raymond Memorial Golf Course, Columbus, Ohio, 1952 Stumpy Lake Golf Course, Virginia Beach, Virginia, 1953 Robert Trent Jones Golf Course at Cornell University, 1954 RockRimmon Country Club back 9, Stamford, Connecticut, 1954 Old Warson Country Club, Ladue, Missouri St. Louis County, Missouri, 1955 Wiltwyck Golf Club, Kingston, New York, 1955 Duke University Golf Club, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, 1957 Seven Oaks Golf Course at Colgate University, 1956 The Tuxedo Club, Tuxedo Park, New York, 1956 Glendora Country Club, Glendora, California, 1957 Portsmouth Country Club, Greenland, New Hampshire, 1956 Houston Country Club, Houston, Texas, 1956 Dorado Beach, Dorado, Puerto Rico, 1958 Point O'Woods, Benton Harbor, Michigan, 1958 Yellowstone Country Club, Billings, Montana, 1958 Bellerive CC, Town and Country, Missouri, 1959 Timberlane Country Club, Gretna, Louisiana, 1959 [4 ] North Hills, Manhasset, New York, 1961 [5 ] [6 ] Wilmington Country Club (South Course), Wilmington, Delaware, 1960 London Hunt Club, London, Ontario, Canada, 1960 Turtle Point Yacht and Country Club, Killen, Alabama , 1961 Sugarbush Golf Club, Warren, Vermont, 1961 Club De Golf La Hacienda, Estado de Mexico, Mexico, 1962 Hazeltine National GC, Chaska, Minnesota, 1962  Apollo Beach Golf and Sea Club, Apollo Beach, Florida, 1962 Royal Ka'anapali Golf Course, Maui, Hawaii, 1962 Fallsview Resort and Spa Ellenville, New York, (nine hole), 1963 Marine Park Golf Course, [7 ] Brooklyn, New York, 1963 Hominy Hill Golf Course, Colts Neck, New Jersey, 1964 Otter Creek Golf Course, Columbus, Indiana, 1964 Golden Horseshoe (Gold Course), Williamsburg, Virginia, 1964 Sotogrande-Old, Cadiz, Spain, 1964 Tecolote Canyon Executive Golf Course, San Diego, California, 1964 Mauna Kea Beach, Kamuela, Hawaii, 1965 Link Hills Country Club, Greeneville, Tennessee, 1965 Valencia Country Club, 1965 Broadmoor Golf Club, West Course, Colorado Springs, Colorado, 1965 Bel Meadow Golf Club, Mount Claire, West Virginia, 1965 [8 ] Spyglass Hill, Pebble Beach, California, 1966 Salmon Falls Country Club (9 holes) Hollis, Maine, 1966 Mission Viejo Country Club, Mission Viejo, California, 1967 Black Hall Club, Old Lyme, Connecticut, 1967 Eugene, Eugene, Oregon, 1967 Golf du Bercuit, Grez-Doiceau, Belgium, 1967 Birnam Wood Golf Club. (Santa Barbara, CA) Boyne Highlands (The Heather), Harbor Springs, Michigan, 1968 Crestview Country Club North Course, Wichita, KS 1969 Crestview Country Club South Course, Wichita, KS 1969 Glen Oak Golf Course (originally Ransom Oaks Country Club, with son Rees Jones), East Amherst, New York, 1969 Firestone-North, Akron, Ohio, 1969 Ferncroft Country Club (formerly Topsfield Country Club), [9 ] Middleton, Massachusetts, 1969 Lyman Orchards, Robert Trent Jones Course, Middlefield, Connecticut, 1969 Port Royal Golf Course, Southampton, Bermuda, 1970 [10 ] The Southern California Golf Association, Murrieta, California, 1970 Spring Valley Lake Golf CC, Spring Valley Lake, California, 1970 Chaska Par 30, Chaska, Minnesota, 1971 Crag Burn Golf Club, East Aurora, New York, 1969 Carolina Trace Country Club (Lake Course, 1971/Creek Course, 1979) [11 ] Springs Course, House on the Rock Resort, Spring Green, Wisconsin, 1971  Pevero Golf Club - Costa Smeralda - Sadinia, Italy, 1972 Witch's Cove Golf Course, Lake Ozark, Missouri, 1973 [12 ] Playa Dorada - Puerto Plata - Dominican Republic, 1976 Radisson Greens Golf Club, Baldwinsville, New York, 1978 Crumpin-Fox, Bernardston, Massachusetts, 1978, 1990 Troia, Setubal, Portugal, 1979 Kananaskis Country, Kananaskis Village, Alberta, Canada, 1983 (Mount Lorette and Mount Kidd courses) Stonemont Course, Stone Mountain, Georgia, 1977 The Country Club of North Carolina Cardinal Course, Pinehurst, North Carolina, 1981 Metedeconk National, Jackson, New Jersey, 1987 Golf Club Castelconturbia, Agrate Conturbia, Piemonte, Italy, 1987  MetroWest Golf Club, Orlando, Florida, 1987 Chateau Whistler, Whistler, British Columbia, 1989 Robert Trent Jones Golf Club, Gainesville, Virginia, 1991 Robert Trent Jones Golf Trail, Alabama, 1992-2005 - 2 New courses added by his company after his death. [13 ] Fox Hollow Golf Course, New Port Richey, Florida, 1994 Adare Golf Club, Limerick, Ireland 1995 Celebration, Orlando, Florida, 1996 Eagle Point Golf Course, Eagle Point, Oregon, 1996  Dominican Republic, Playa Grande, 1997 Madeline Island Golf Club, La Pointe, Wisconsin The Marshes Golf Club, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada Tanglewood Park (Championship Course), Winston-Salem, North Carolina Gleannloch Farms County Club, Spring, Texas Santa Maria, Baton Rouge, Louisiana Carambola Golf Resort, [14 ] St. Croix, United States Virgin Islands Dyrham Park Country Club, Hertfordshire, England, date unknown Masterpiece Course at Treetops Resort, Gaylord, Michigan Robert Trent Jones Golf Course, Hilton Head Island, South Carolina Cacapon Resort State Park, Berkeley Springs, West Virginia [15 ] Spain, Valencia Costa Del Sol, Spain Marbella Golf CC, Marbella, Spain Los Naranjos Golf Club, Marbella, Spain, 1975 Las Brisas, Marbella, Spain La Cañada, Cádiz, Spain Valderrama, Cádiz, Spain Sotogrande, Cádiz, Spain Mijas Golf, Spain Los Olivos Los Lagos Mijas Costa Willow Lakes, Bellevue, Nebraska Hilldale Golf Club, Hoffman Estates, Illinois Rivershore Golf Links, (Kamloops, British Columbia) 1981 Stockley Park Golf Club, Middlesex, England 1993 Osprey Meadows, Donnelly, Idaho The Chanticleer Course (Greenville Country Club), Greenville, SC [16 ] the only course in Germany, Bavaria, Lindau, Lake of Constanz: Golf Club Bodensee Weissensberg, 1985- 86 http://www.gcbw.de rated for the 5th most difficult golf course in Germany Palmer Coolum Resort, Mount Coolum, Queensland, Australia, 1998 Asia [edit ] Re-designs [edit ] Durand-Eastman Golf Course, Rochester, New York, 1933 Valley View Golf Course, Utica, New York, 1939 Champions of Columbus (formerly Winding Hollow Country Club), Columbus, Ohio, 1948 Galloping Hill Golf Course, Union, New Jersey, 1949 Augusta National Golf Club, Augusta, Georgia, 1947, 1950 Congressional Country Club (Blue), Bethesda, Maryland, 1959, 1964 Oakland Hills-South, Bloomfield Township, Michigan, 1950, 1972, 1984 The Country Club of North Carolina Dogwood Course, Pinehurst, North Carolina, 1980 Baltusrol Golf Club (Lower), Springfield, New Jersey, 1952 Olympic Club (Lake), San Francisco, California, 1954 Oak Hill-East, Rochester, New York, 1955, 1967 Southern Hills, Tulsa, Oklahoma, 1957 Tavistock Country Club, Tavistock, New Jersey, 1958 Rockleigh Golf Course, Rockleigh, New Jersey, 1964 Rockland Country Club, Sparkill, New York, 1965 Montauk Downs, Montauk, New York, 1968 Firestone-South, Akron, Ohio, 1969 Rio Rico Golf Resort, Rio Rico, Arizona [17 ] The Greens at North Hills, Sherwood, Arkansas [18 ] References [edit ] Los Naranjos Golf Club. External links [edit ]