Robert Silverberg (born January 15, 1935) is a prolific American author and editor, best known for writing science fiction. He is a multiple winner of both Hugo and Nebula Awards, a member of the Science Fiction Hall of Fame, a Grand Master of SF. [2 ] [3 ] [4 ] Biography [edit ] Early years [edit ]
Silverberg was born in
Brooklyn, New York. A voracious reader since childhood, he began submitting stories to science fiction magazines during his early teenage years. He attended Columbia University, receiving a B.A. in English Literature in 1956. During that time he wrote the juvenile novel , published by Revolt on Alpha C Thomas Y. Crowell in 1955 with the cover notice "A gripping story of outer space". and he won his first Hugo in 1956 as the "best new writer". [1 ] For the next four years, by his own count, he wrote a million words a year, mostly for magazines and [2 ] Ace Doubles. He used his own name as well as a range of pseudonyms during this era, and often worked in collaboration with Randall Garrett. (The Silverberg/Garrett collaborations also used a variety of pseudonyms, the best-known being Robert Randall.) From 1956 to 1959, Silverberg routinely averaged 5 published stories a month, and had over 80 stories published in 1958 alone. In 1959 the market for science fiction collapsed, and Silverberg turned his ability to write copiously to other fields, from carefully researched historical nonfiction to softcore pornography. Literary growth [edit ]
In the mid-1960s, science fiction writers were becoming more literarily ambitious.
Frederik Pohl, then editing three science fiction magazines, offered Silverberg carte blanche in writing for them. Thus inspired, Silverberg returned to the field that gave him his start, paying far more attention to depth of character development and social background than he had in the past and mixing in elements of the modernist literature he had studied at Columbia.
The novels he wrote in this period are considered far superior to his earlier work.
[ Perhaps the first book to indicate the new Silverberg was ] citation needed To Open the Sky, a fixup of stories published by Pohl in , in which a new religion helps people reach the stars. That was followed by Galaxy Magazine , a story containing echoes of material from Downward to the Earth Joseph Conrad's work, in which the human former administrator of an alien world returns after the planet's inhabitants have been set free. Other acclaimed works of that time include , in which the memories and personalities of the deceased can be transferred to other people; To Live Again , a look at an overpopulated future; and The World Inside , a tale of a telepath losing his powers. Dying Inside
was awarded the Hugo for best Nightwings novella. Silverberg won a Nebula award in 1970 for the short story , two the following year for his novel Passengers and the short story " A Time of Changes Good News from the Vatican", and yet another in 1975 for his novella "Born with the Dead". Later developments [edit ]
After suffering through the stresses of a
thyroid malfunction and a major house fire, Silverberg moved from his native New York to the West Coast in 1972, and announced his retirement from writing in 1975. In 1980 he returned, however, with , a panoramic adventure set on an alien planet, which has become the basis of the Lord Valentine's Castle Majipoor series—a cycle of stories and novels set on the vast planet Majipoor, a world much larger than Earth and inhabited by no fewer than seven different species of settlers.
Silverberg received a Nebula award in 1986 for the novella
Sailing to Byzantium, which takes its name from the poem by William Butler Yeats; a Hugo in 1987 for the novella , set in the Gilgamesh in the Outback universe of Heroes in Hell Bangsian Fantasy; a Hugo in 1990 for Enter a Soldier. Later: Enter Another. The [2 ] Science Fiction and Fantasy Hall of Fame inducted Silverberg in 1999, its fourth class of two deceased and two living writers, and the [3 ] Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America made him its 21st SFWA Grand Master in 2005. [4 ]
Silverberg has been married twice. He and Barbara Brown married in 1956, separated in 1976, and divorced a decade later. Silverberg and science fiction writer
Karen Haber married in 1987. They live in the San Francisco Bay Area. Selected works [edit ] Novels [edit ]
By publication date except
Majipoor (1980 to present) Invaders from Earth (1958)
(1955) Revolt on Alpha C The 13th Immortal (1956) Master of Life and Death (1957) (1957) (with The Shrouded Planet Randall Garrett, as Robert Randall) Invaders from Earth (1958) Stepsons of Terra (1958) Aliens from Space (1958) (as David Osborne) Invisible Barriers (1958) (as David Osborne) (1958) (as Ivar Jorgenson) Starhaven (1958) Starman's Quest The Plot Against Earth (1959) (as Calvin M. Knox) (1959) (with The Dawning Light Randall Garrett, as Robert Randall) The Planet Killers (1959) Lost Race of Mars (1960) (1961) Collision Course (1962) The Seed of Earth Recalled to Life (1962) The Silent Invaders (1963) (1964) Time of the Great Freeze Regan's Planet (1964) One of Our Asteroids is Missing (1964, as Calvin M. Knox) (1965) Conquerors from the Darkness (1967) The Gate of Worlds (1967) Planet of Death (1967) Nebula Award nominee, 1967; Thorns Hugo Award nominee, 1968 [5 ] [6 ] (1967) Those Who Watch (1967) The Time Hoppers To Open the Sky (1967) World's Fair 1992 (1968) (1968) The Man in the Maze (1968) Hawksbill Station (1968) Nebula nominee, 1968 The Masks of Time [6 ] (1970) Locus SF nominated, 1971 Downward to the Earth [7 ] (1969) Across a Billion Years (1969) Hugo Award winner 1969 Nightwings Three Survived (1969) (1969) To Live Again (1969) Nebula Award nominee, 1969; Up the Line Hugo Award nominee, 1970 [8 ] [9 ] (1970) Nebula Award nominee, 1970; Tower of Glass Hugo and Locus SF nominee, 1971 [9 ] [7 ] (1971) Son of Man (1971) The Second Trip (1971) Hugo nominated, 1972 The World Inside [10 ] (1971) Silverberg's first Nebula winner, 1972; Hugo and Locus SF nominee, 1972 A Time of Changes [10 ] (1972) Nebula Award nominee, 1972; The Book of Skulls Hugo and Locus SF Award nominee, 1973 [10 ] [11 ] (1972) Nebula Award nominee, 1972; Dying Inside Hugo and Locus SF Awards nominee, 1973 [10 ] [11 ] The Stochastic Man (1975) Nebula Award nominee, 1975; Hugo, Locus SF, and John W. Campbell Memorial Awards nominee, 1976 [12 ] [13 ] (1976) Nebula nominee, 1976 Shadrach in the Furnace Hugo nominee, 1977 [13 ] [14 ] Homefaring (1982) (novella), Hugo and Nebula nominee, 1983 Lord of Darkness (book) (1983) (1984) Gilgamesh the King Sailing to Byzantium (1984) (novella), Nebula winner 1985 Tom O'Bedlam (book) (1985) Star of Gypsies (1986) At Winter's End (1988) Project Pendulum (1989) Letters From Atlantis (1990) The New Springtime (1990) (aka The Queen of Springtime) (1990) To the Land of the Living (1990), Silverberg and Nightfall Isaac Asimov – expansion of the 1941 novelette "Nightfall" by Asimov Thebes of the Hundred Gates (1991) (1991) The Face of the Waters Child of Time (Gollancz, 1991); US edition, (Doubleday, 1992), Silverberg with Asimov – expansion and revision of the 1958 novelette "Lastborn" by Asimov The Ugly Little Boy [1 ] (1992) Kingdoms of the Wall (1992), Silverberg with Asimov – based on the 1976 novelette The Positronic Man The Bicentennial Man by Asimov Hot Sky at Midnight (1994) (1996) Starborne The Alien Years (1997) Locus SF nominee, 1999 [15 ] The Longest Way Home (2002) (2003) Roma Eterna The Last Song of Orpheus (2010) (novella) Majipoor [edit ] Short story collections [edit ] (1958) written under the pen-name Calvin M. Knox Lest We Forget Thee Earth Needle in a Timestack (1966) The Calibrated Alligator (1969) Dimension Thirteen (1969) (1970) The Cube Root of Uncertainty Moonferns & Starsongs (1971) Valley Beyond Time (1972) The Reality Trip and Other Implausibilities (1972) Unfamiliar Territory (1973) Sunrise On Mercury (1975) The Feast of St. Dionysus: Five Science Fiction Stories (1975), Scribners The Best of Robert Silverberg (1976) The Shores of Tomorrow (1976) Next Stop The Stars (1977) Capricorn Games (1979) World of a Thousand Colors (1982) The Conglomeroid Cocktail Party (1984) Beyond the Safe Zone (1986) The Collected Stories of Robert Silverberg: Secret Sharers (1992) Phases of the Moon (2004) In the Beginning (2006) To Be Continued: The Collected Stories Volume 1 (2006) To the Dark Star: The Collected Stories Volume 2 (2007) A Little Intelligence (with Randall Garrett) (2009) Something Wild Is Loose: The Collected Stories Volume 3 (2008) Trips: The Collected Stories Volume 4 (2009) The Palace at Midnight: The Collected Stories Volume 5 (2010) Multiples: The Collected Stories Volume 6 (2011) We Are for the Dark: The Collected Stories Volume 7 (2012) Hot Times in Magma City: The Collected Stories Volume 8 (2013)
The Millennium Express: The Collected Stories Volume 9 (2014) Anthologies edited [edit ] Non-fiction [edit ] Treasures Beneath the Sea (1960) Sir Winston Churchill (1961, as Edgar Black) First American into Space (1961) (1962) Lost Cities and Vanished Civilizations Philosopher of Evil (1962, as Walter Drummond) The Fabulous Rockefellers (1963) Sunken History: The Story of Underwater Archaeology (1963) How to Spend Money (1963, as Walter Drummond) Fifteen Battles That Changed the World (1963) Empires in the Dust: Ancient Civilizations Brought to Light (1963) Home of the Red Man: Indian North America Before Columbus (1963) The History of Surgery (1963, as L. T. Woodward) The Great Doctors (1964) Man Before Adam: The Story of Man in Search of His Origins (1964) Akhnaten: The Rebel Pharaoh (1964) 1066 (1964, as Franklin Hamilton) The Loneliest Continent: The Story of Antarctic Discovery (1964, as Walker Chapman) The Man Who Found Nineveh: The Story of Austen Henry Layard (1964) Great Adventures in Archaeology (1964) Socrates (1965) Scientists And Scoundrels: A Book of Hoaxes (1965) Men Who Mastered the Atom (1965) Niels Bohr: The Man Who Mapped the Atom (1965) The Old Ones: Indians of the American Southwest (1965) The Great Wall of China (1965) The World of Coral (1965) The Crusades (1965, as Franklin Hamilton) Antarctic Conquest: The Great Explorers in Their Own Words (1966, as Walker Chapman) The Long Rampart: The Story of the Great Wall of China (1966) Rivers: A Book to Begin On (1966, as Lee Sebastian) Forgotten by Time: A Book of Living Fossils (1966) Frontiers in Archeology (1966) Kublai Khan: Lord of Xanadu (1966, as Walker Chapman) Leaders Of Labor (1966, as Roy Cook) Bridges (1966) To the Rock of Darius: The Story of Henry Rawlinson (1966) The Hopefuls: Ten Presidential Campaigns (1966, as Lloyd Robinson) The Morning of Mankind: Prehistoric Man in Europe (1967) The Golden Dream: Seekers of El Dorado (1967, as Walker Chapman) The Auk, the Dodo and the Oryx (1967) The World of the Rain Forests (1967) The Dawn of Medicine (1967) The Adventures of Nat Palmer (1967) Challenge for a Throne: The Wars of the Roses (1967, as Franklin Hamilton) Men Against Time: Salvage Archeology in the United States (1967) Light for the World: Edison and the Power Industry (1967) The Search for Eldorado (1967, as Walker Chapman) Sophisticated Sex Techniques in Marriage (1967, as L. T. Woodward) Mound Builders of Ancient America: The Archeology of a Myth (New York Graphic Society, 1968); reprint (Ohio University Press, 1986) – Silverberg's fourth-most widely held work in WorldCat libraries The World of the Ocean Depths (1968) The Stolen Election: Hayes vs. Tilden, 1876 (1968, as Lloyd Robinson) Four Men Who Changed the Universe (1968) Sam Houston (1968, as Paul Hollander) The South Pole: A Book to Begin On (1968, as Lee Sebastian) Stormy Voyager (1968) Ghost Towns of the American West (1968) Vanishing Giants: The Story of the Sequoias (1969) Wonders of Ancient Chinese Science (1969) The Challenge of Climate: Man and His Environment (1969) Bruce of the Blue Nile (1969) The World of Space (1969) If I Forget Thee, O Jerusalem (1970) The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World (1970) Mammoths, Mastodons and Man (1970) The Mound Builders (1970) The Pueblo Revolt (1970) Clocks for the Ages: How Scientists Date the Past (1971) To The Western Shore: Growth of the United States 1776–1853 (1971) Before The Sphinx: Early Egypt (1971) Into Space: A Young Person's Guide to Space (1971, with Arthur C. Clarke) The Realm of Prester John (1972) The Longest Voyage: Circumnavigation in the Age Of Discovery (1972) John Muir, Prophet Among the Glaciers (1972) The World Within the Ocean Wave (1972) The World Within the Tide Pool (1972) Drug Themes in Science Fiction (1974) Reflections and Refractions: Thoughts on Science Fiction, Science and Other Matters (1997) Asimov's Science Fiction: Reflections [edit ] See also [edit ] References [edit ] ^ a b c Robert Silverberg at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database ( ISFDB). Retrieved 2013-03-26. Select a title to see its linked publication history and general information. Select a particular edition (title) for more data at that level, such as a front cover image or linked contents. ^ a b c "Silverberg, Robert". The Locus Index to SF Awards: Index to Literary Nominees. Locus Publications. Retrieved 2013-03-26. ^ a b "Science Fiction and Fantasy Hall of Fame". Mid American Science Fiction and Fantasy Conventions, Inc. Retrieved 2013-03-26. This was the official website of the hall of fame to 2004. ^ a b "Damon Knight Memorial Grand Master". Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America (SFWA). Retrieved 2013-03-26. ^ "1967 Award Winners & Nominees | Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Books by Award | WWEnd". Worldswithoutend.com . Retrieved 2011-10-13. ^ a b "1968 Award Winners & Nominees | Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Books by Award | WWEnd". Worldswithoutend.com . Retrieved 2011-10-13. ^ a b "1971 Award Winners & Nominees | Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Books by Award | WWEnd". Worldswithoutend.com . Retrieved 2011-10-13. ^ "1969 Award Winners & Nominees | Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Books by Award | WWEnd". Worldswithoutend.com . Retrieved 2011-10-13. ^ a b "1970 Award Winners & Nominees | Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Books by Award | WWEnd". Worldswithoutend.com . Retrieved 2011-10-13. ^ a b c d "1972 Award Winners & Nominees | Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Books by Award | WWEnd". Worldswithoutend.com . Retrieved 2011-10-13. ^ a b "1973 Award Winners & Nominees | Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Books by Award | WWEnd". Worldswithoutend.com . Retrieved 2011-10-13. ^ "1975 Award Winners & Nominees | Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Books by Award | WWEnd". Worldswithoutend.com . Retrieved 2011-10-13. ^ a b "1976 Award Winners & Nominees | Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Books by Award | WWEnd". Worldswithoutend.com . Retrieved 2011-10-13. ^ "1977 Award Winners & Nominees | Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Books by Award | WWEnd". Worldswithoutend.com . Retrieved 2011-10-13. ^ "1999 Award Winners & Nominees | Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Books by Award | WWEnd". Worldswithoutend.com . Retrieved 2011-10-13. ^ "1981 Award Winners & Nominees | Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Books by Award | WWEnd". Worldswithoutend.com . Retrieved 2011-10-13. Further reading [edit ]
Sandra Miesel, "Dreams Within Dreams" in Darrell Schweitzer (ed).
Exploring fantasy Worlds: Essays on Fantastic literature San Bernardino, CA: Borgo Press, April 1985, pp. 35–42. (On the novel Son of Man). External links [edit ]