Robert Hathaway

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Robert Hathaway
Seigneur of Sark
Personal details
BornRobert Woodward Hathaway
(1887-10-20)20 October 1887
East Orange, New Jersey
Died15 December 1954(1954-12-15) (aged 74)
Sark
Spouse(s)Sybil Hathaway
Alma materYale University
 
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Robert Hathaway
Seigneur of Sark
Personal details
BornRobert Woodward Hathaway
(1887-10-20)20 October 1887
East Orange, New Jersey
Died15 December 1954(1954-12-15) (aged 74)
Sark
Spouse(s)Sybil Hathaway
Alma materYale University

Robert Woodward "Bob" Hathaway (20 October 1887 – 15 December 1954) was jure uxoris seigneur of Sark from 1929 until his death. An American by birth, his rule spanned the reigns of four overlords: George V, Edward VIII, George VI and Elizabeth II.

Early life and career[edit]

Hathaway was born in East Orange, New Jersey, the third of four sons of the Wall Street banker Charles Hathaway and his wife Cora (née Southworth Rountree).[1][2][3][4] After graduating from Yale University,[3] Hathaway and a number of other Yale alumni moved to Canada in order to serve in the Royal Flying Corps. He soon became a flying instructor.[5] After the war, he took up residence in London as chief of the city's branch of the sports equipment firm Spalding, eventually becoming a naturalised British citizen.[6]

Rule[edit]

Aerial view of Sark

In 1929, he met the three years older Sibyl Beaumont, dame of Sark in the Channel Islands and widowed mother of six children. The couple dated for twelve days before marrying at St Marylebone Parish Church on 5 November 1929.[6][7][8] They immediately moved to her native island, where Hathaway was astonished to learn that, according to the feudal custom, he had become jure uxoris seigneur of the island upon their marriage.[4][9] Due to her strong personality, the dame nevertheless remained the island's effective ruler and influenced Hathaway's decisions during Chief Pleas meetings.[4] The marriage was very happy,[2] but the Yankee Seigneur, as he was called, was troubled by the fact that the island he ruled was not large enough for any sort of golf course.[6]

Shortly after the German occupation of France during World War II, Sark too was occupied. The Hathaways decided not to flee their territory, but allowed inhabitants to do so; a vast majority remained.[5] The seigneur was deported to the continent and interned into a Nazi concentration camp in Germany, where he spent three years.[2][3][7] His eldest stepson, the Royal Air Force officer Francis William Beaumont, was killed during the Liverpool Blitz, which left the seigneur's stepgrandson, John Michael Beaumont, as heir apparent.[3]

Death and succession[edit]

The seigneur died on 15 December 1954, leaving his widow as sole ruler. She ruled until her death in 1974, when her grandson succeeded her.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Leonard, John William (1910). History of the City of New York, 1609–1909: From the Earliest Discoveries to the Hudson-Fulton Celebration; Together with Brief Biographies of Men Representative of the Business Interests of the City. Journal of commerce and commercial bulletin. 
  2. ^ a b c Books and Bookmen. Hanson Books. 1977. 
  3. ^ a b c d Proceedings of the New Jersey Historical Society. New Jersey Historical Society. 1948. 
  4. ^ a b c Commire, Anne (2000). Women in World History. Gale. ISBN 0787640662. 
  5. ^ a b Marshall, Michael (1967). Hitler invaded Sark. Paramount-Lithoprint. 
  6. ^ a b c Wood, Alan; Wood, Mary Seaton (1975). Islands in danger: the story of the German occupation of the Channel Islands, 1940–1945. Elmfield Press. 
  7. ^ a b Hathaway Family Association (1970). Hathaways of America. Gazette Print. Co. 
  8. ^ Collings Hathaway, Sibyl (1975). Dame of Sark, an autobiography. Heinemann. 
  9. ^ Beatty, Jerome (1940). Americans All Over. John Day Company. 
  10. ^ Hawkes, Ken (1977). Sark. David & Charles. 
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Sibyl Hathaway
as sole ruler
Seigneur of Sark
1929–1954
with Sibyl Hathaway
Succeeded by
Sibyl Hathaway
as sole ruler