WKNR

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WKNR
WKNR logo.png
City of licenseCleveland, Ohio
Broadcast areaGreater Cleveland
BrandingESPN 850 WKNR
Frequency850 kHz
First air dateNovember 13, 1926
FormatSports radio
Power50,000 watts (daytime)
4,700 watts (nighttime)
ClassB
Facility ID28509
Transmitter coordinates41°19′0.00″N 81°43′51.00″W / 41.3166667°N 81.7308333°W / 41.3166667; -81.7308333
Callsign meaningNone
Former callsignsWLBV (1926–28)
WJW (1928–85)
WRMR (1985–2001)
Former frequencies1210 kHz (1926–43)
AffiliationsCleveland Browns
ESPN Radio
Lake Erie Monsters
Notre Dame Falcons
Ohio State Buckeyes
OwnerGood Karma Broadcasting
(Good Karma Broadcasting)
Sister stationsWWGK
WebcastListen Live
Websiteespncleveland.com
 
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WKNR
WKNR logo.png
City of licenseCleveland, Ohio
Broadcast areaGreater Cleveland
BrandingESPN 850 WKNR
Frequency850 kHz
First air dateNovember 13, 1926
FormatSports radio
Power50,000 watts (daytime)
4,700 watts (nighttime)
ClassB
Facility ID28509
Transmitter coordinates41°19′0.00″N 81°43′51.00″W / 41.3166667°N 81.7308333°W / 41.3166667; -81.7308333
Callsign meaningNone
Former callsignsWLBV (1926–28)
WJW (1928–85)
WRMR (1985–2001)
Former frequencies1210 kHz (1926–43)
AffiliationsCleveland Browns
ESPN Radio
Lake Erie Monsters
Notre Dame Falcons
Ohio State Buckeyes
OwnerGood Karma Broadcasting
(Good Karma Broadcasting)
Sister stationsWWGK
WebcastListen Live
Websiteespncleveland.com

WKNR (850 AM) – branded ESPN 850 WKNR – is a commercial sports radio station licensed to Cleveland, Ohio, serving Greater Cleveland. Owned by Good Karma Broadcasting, WKNR is the primary Cleveland affiliate for ESPN Radio; together with sister station WWGK, WKNR is often referred to as ESPN Cleveland. WKNR also serves as: a co-flagship station for both the Cleveland Browns and the Lake Erie Monsters; and the Cleveland affiliate for Ohio State football and men's basketball. The WKNR studios are located in the Galleria at Erieview in Downtown Cleveland, while the station transmitter resides in the Cleveland suburb of North Royalton. In addition to a standard analog transmission, WKNR is available online.

History[edit]

WJW (AM)[edit]

WKNR began broadcasting as WLBV in Mansfield, Ohio on November 13, 1926 under the ownership of John F. Weimer.[1] In 1928, the call letters were changed to WJW, reflecting the owner's initials.[2] By 1931, the station had been sold to Mansfield Broadcasting Association, and it was broadcasting at 1210 kHz with 100 watts.

WJW moved to Akron in 1932.[1] By 1936, the station was owned by WJW, Inc., with studios located at 41 South High Street.[3] On March 29, 1941, WJW, like most stations around the country changed its frequency with the implementation of the North American Radio Broadcasting Agreement. By 1942, the station was broadcasting at 1210 kHz with 250 watts.

On November 13, 1943, William M. O'Neill purchased the station and moved it to Cleveland, with facilities in the Guardian Building (now the National City–East 6th Building at 619 Euclid). Marvin Cade signed on the station that Saturday and was the evening news announcer. On the 11 of June 1985, Marvin Cade was invited to sign off WJW Radio for the final time when it switched over to WWWE at 1100 kHz.[1] WJW became Cleveland's fifth radio station after WHK, WTAM, WGAR (AM) and WCLE. The frequency was moved to 850 kHz, and power was increased to 5,000 watts. The station became an affiliate of the Blue Network, soon to be ABC. WJW also brought the Metropolitan Opera radio broadcasts to Cleveland. The station also featured news commentary by Dorothy Fuldheim, and for a short period in the early 1950s was home to a disc jockey called Soupy Hines, later known as Soupy Sales.[4]

WJW opened an FM outlet WJW-FM at 104.1 MHz in 1948.[5] The new FM station went on the air just as the Cleveland Indians began their world championship season. WJW was the flagship of a six-station Ohio network that carried the games in 1947 and 1948. However, the full games were often carried on WJW-FM, since the AM outlet did not have available air time due to its ABC network commitments. As a result, Cleveland became an FM hot bed, and more FM radio sets sold in Cleveland than in any other market in the country in 1948.[6]

O'Neil sold WJW to Storer Broadcasting on November 17, 1954. Storer also purchased television station WXEL and changed the call letters to WJW-TV. Within two years, radio and television operations were consolidated at new studios at 1630 Euclid Avenue, near Playhouse Square, in a remodeled Georgian building that formerly housed the Esquire Theater. WJW dropped its ABC Radio Network affiliation in 1957, and became an independent station, although the station later had a brief affiliation with NBC before becoming independent again. By 1959, WJW broadcast with 10,000 watts daytime and 5,000 watts at night, which would last for the next forty years.

Alan Freed[edit]

A young disc jockey named Alan Freed joined WJW in 1951 from WAKR in Akron, Ohio. Shortly thereafter, Alan began making broadcasting history with his shows in which he was known as the "Moondog." Freed played rhythm-and-blues music by black artists for a largely white teen-age audience. He is purported to have given the music the name by which it is known today – rock and roll.

In addition to his radio program, Freed also organized local concerts by early rock artists, called the Moondog Coronation Ball, which many consider to be the first rock concert in American history. The concert on March 21, 1952 at the Cleveland Arena turned into a riot when far too many listeners filled the hall, causing Freed to apologize on the air the next day.

Freed left WJW in September 1954 for WINS New York, but he had established WJW as the premier rock and roll outlet.[7]

Pete "Mad Daddy" Myers[edit]

In January 1958, Pete "Mad Daddy" Myers joined the station from WHKK 640 AM in Akron. His "Mad Daddy" persona later was adapted by Ernie Anderson for his "Ghoulardi" character on sister station WJW-TV in 1963. Myers' show was heard nightly from 8 pm to 12:30 am. Myers had a brief but meteoric career at WJW, lasting only until May 13, 1958, when he resigned to go to Metromedia's WHK which was establishing itself as the new Top 40 powerhouse in Cleveland.

WJW enforced a 90-day noncompete clause, and "Mad Daddy" could not be heard on WHK until August 10. To keep his name in front of the public while he was off the air, Myers concocted a publicity stunt on June 14, 1958, parachuting from a Piper Cub 2200 feet over Lake Erie, and composing a poem on his way down.

He was fished out the waters shortly thereafter, and handed out copies of the 45 record "Zorro" to hundreds of fans who greeted him when he got to shore. Some initial reports of the stunt incorrectly stated that Myers did not survive the jump, but they were quickly revised.

"Mad Daddy" reached the peak of his popularity at WHK, hosting record hops and live after-midnight shows dressed in a Dracula costume. In July 1959 he moved to WHK's sister station in New York, WNEW 1130 AM, where "Mad Daddy" was not well received. He played it straight as Pete Myers there until 1963, when he moved to WINS and resumed the "Mad Daddy Show." This show was syndicated to other stations until WINS changed format to all-news in 1965.

As again just Pete Myers, he returned to WNEW once more. Myers lived until November 4, 1968, when he took his own life in New York City, shortly after he had been informed that his show was to be moved from afternoons to evenings at WNEW.[1][8]

Later years[edit]

After losing both Freed and Myers in successive fashion, WJW turned to a young Casey Kasem, then known on-air as "Casey at the Mike", for the evening shift. With both WHK and KYW on the rise, however, WJW would abandon its rock and roll format and settled into a format featuring news, talk and middle-of-the-road music during the 1960s, with personalities such as Ed Fisher in the morning hours. In the late 1960s, WJW-FM was spun off to become WCJW, and now operates today as adult-contemporary WQAL.

In the fall of 1976, Storer sold WJW radio – then known on-air as JW Radio 85 – to Lake Erie Broadcasting, which was headed primarily by Cleveland Browns owners Art Modell and Al Lerner, with WEWS TV sportscaster Gib Shanley as minority owner. Storer retained WJW-TV whose calls were changed to WJKW. The new owner continued the format highlighting talk shows and adult popular music. The adult standards music format continued under General Manager Richard Bremkamp and Program Director Dick Conrad featuring several Cleveland broadcasters, including Conrad, Carl Reese, and David Mark.

WJW was sold to Booth American Broadcasting in 1985, and its news/talk format moved over to WWWE, which Lake Erie simultaneously acquired from Gannett in the process. As a condition of the prior sale from Storer, the WJW calls were exchanged in favor of WRMR on June 11, 1985.[9] With the abandonment of the historic three-letter call sign by the AM outlet, the television station was able to change its call letters from WJKW back to WJW-TV, then to just WJW shortly after it became a Fox owned-and-operated station.

WRMR (850 AM)[edit]

Station logo as WRMR

Under the ownership of Booth Broadcasting, the new music format for WRMR was initially middle of the road, aimed at the 40–49 year-old age group; it soon flopped. In 1988, Booth Broadcasting convinced programmer Jim Davis – formerly of WWWE and WBBG – to return to the Cleveland airwaves with his version of the "Music of Your Life". The Davis mixture of 1940s, 50s and 60s ballads, standards, big band tunes and Broadway and Movie Musicals, including newer artists like Harry Connick, Jr. and Diana Krall, proved successful. Davis himself served as both program director and an on-air host. The station changed owners – a transfer from Booth Broadcasting to Embrescia Broadcasting – while becoming a top-performing AM station in the Cleveland market. During this period Davis, also serving as the Director of Operations for the nationally syndicated Al Ham "Music of Your Life" format (1991–96), brought such legendary personalities as Bill Randle, Carl Reese, Ted Hallaman, Ronnie Barrett, Rick Majors, Chris "Daniels" Eicher, Ray Marshall, Frank Macek and Ted Alexander into the on-air talent stable.[10][11]

On May 15, 1999, WRMR upgraded its daytime signal to 50,000 watts with a new transmitter pattern built at the old WJW/WRMR site in North Royalton. The station's daytime signal remains present in much of northern Ohio, though the station must protect the signal of WKGE 850-AM in Johnstown, Pennsylvania, impairing the signal to the south and as close in as Cuyahoga Falls and Akron.[12]

On August 12, 1998, Chancellor Media Corporation of Texas announced the purchase of WRMR and WDOK from Independent Group Ltd., along with five other Cleveland radio stations – WZJM, WZAK, WQAL, WJMO (1490 AM) – all for $275 million. This was, at the time, the largest deal in Cleveland radio history.[13] On July 13, 1999, Chancellor Media merged with WKNR (1220 AM) owner Capstar Broadcasting to form AMFM, Inc.; the new company was, for a time, the nation's largest owner of radio stations with 465. On July 20, 2000, as part of a required divestiture following AMFM, Inc.'s merger with Clear Channel Communications, WRMR and WKNR (1220 AM) were sold to Salem Communications; and WDOK was sold to Infinity Broadcasting Corporation (now CBS Radio).[14]

Under Salem ownership, Jim Davis returned to WRMR to head programming, as well as an on-air shift. WRMR started to segue into playing more contemporary ballads, billed as "easy-listening oldies." WRMR also started to air long blocks of brokered talk shows in the evenings and weekends, most of which were carried over from brokered talk station WERE (1300 AM).

2001 "frequency swap"[edit]

On July 3, 2001, WRMR was one of seven Northeast Ohio radio stations involved in a complex exchange between three radio companies. Although generally reported as a "frequency swap", in reality these seven radio stations mostly traded callsigns along with their respective formats and staffs – all to facilitate the transfers of ownership of four of the seven stations. As part of this complex exchange, Salem Communications changed the WRMR callsign to WKNR; changed the station's format to sports radio; rebranded the station SportsTalk 850 AM; and reassigned on- and off-air staff. In effect, this new WKNR (850 AM) licensed to Cleveland became the successor to the previous WKNR (1220 AM) licensed to Cleveland.[15]

Sportstalk 850 AM[edit]

Much of the WRMR brokered talk programming remained for the next several months. Soon, however, the local new WKNR on-air hosts included the midday team of Greg Brinda and Kendall Lewis; Kenny Roda; Bruce Drennan; the late John Antus; Bob Karlovec; and Ken Silverstein. The station's program director at the time was Steve Legurski, who had held the same post at WKNR (1220 AM) from 1999 to 2001.

A series of budget cutbacks by Salem in January 2004 led to the dismissal of Brinda, Lewis, Silverstein, Legurski and several other staffers, with Micheal Luczak taking over as program director. Bruce Drennan was reassigned to the midday slot, while ESPN Radio's flagship program Mike and Mike in the Morning took Drennan's place. Greg Brinda was then brought back to the station one week after his dismissal to do fill-in work and host several specialty shows, but wound up taking Drennan's slot following his sudden departure in October 2004.

A number of divestures and format changes with other Salem-owned sports talk stations in the past few years (such as WBOB in Cincinnati and KHHO in Tacoma, which was LMA'ed to Clear Channel) left WKNR the only remaining sports station in Salem Communications' portfolio.

On July 2006, ESPN Radio cancelled its affiliation with WKNR with a 90-day notice effective that October 8, following Beaver Dam, Wisconsin-based Good Karma Broadcasting's purchase of WABQ and new affiliation deal. With that change, WKNR then became the Cleveland affiliate for Fox Sports Radio that October,[16] while WABQ relauched as "ESPN Radio 1540" WWGK. Several weeks later, Good Karma would end up purchasing WKNR for $7 million weeks later on December 4, 2006, which now formed a two-station duopoly.[17] A local marketing agreement immediately began for WKNR, with the deal officially being closed on January 2007.

ESPN 850 WKNR[edit]

On February 23, 2007, it was made official that WKNR would regain its former ESPN Radio affiliation and be rebranded as ESPN 850 WKNR. As a result, Fox Sports Radio then switched over to WWGK, which is now known as ESPN 1540 KNR2 (a play on ESPN2).[18]

Since then, the station made a series of schedule overhauls, adding now former longtime WJW-TV sports director (and former WHK show host) Tony Rizzo in the late morning slot, former WMMS/WMJI sports director Mark "Munch" Bishop in afternoon drive, and former Cavaliers TV play-by-play voice Michael Reghi to host their post-game call in show. On July 6, 2010, Former Buckeye and Brown LeCharles Bentley and former Super Bowl winner Je'Rod Cherry were added as co-hosts of the evening show. Bentley would depart from the station on September 29, 2011.[19]

On July 29, 2011, WKNR announced a partnership with the Browns to air the daily hour long program Cleveland Browns Daily. The team produced program features longtime NFL.com writer Vic Carrucci as host.

On March 12, 2012, WKNR hired former longtime Plain Dealer Browns beat writer Tony Grossi to be their Browns beat reporter. He appears on all local programming as an analyst, writes for the station's website, and covers all the team's games (home and away).

The studios for WKNR and WWGK were officially moved from WKNR's former transmitter site in Broadview Heights, Ohio on October 29, 2007 under a $500,000 combined facility at The Galleria at Erieview,[20] effectively ending 30 years of continuious use by WKNR and by WGAR (AM).

WKNR fired three on-air personalities in late August 2013: Kenny Roda, Will Burge and T.J. Zuppe. In addition, Michael Reghi's on-air role at the station became limited to work with the Cleveland Browns.[21]

Current programming[edit]

Local weekday programming on WKNR includes The Really Big Show with Tony Rizzo, Aaron Goldhammer, and Casey Kulas late mornings; Hooley & Je'Rod with Bruce Hooley, Je'Rod Cherry, and Emmitt Golden in afternoon drive;[22][21] and Munch on Sports with Mark "Munch" Bishop early evenings.[22]The Really Big Show ranks 72nd in the "2012 Heavy Hundred of Sports Talk" published by Talkers magazine. Syndicated weekday programs (all from ESPN Radio) include Mike and Mike in the Morning in morning drive, Sedano & Stink with Jorge Sedano and Mark "Stink" Schlereth evenings, The Freddie Coleman Show late evenings, and SportsCenter overnight.[23] Cleveland Browns Daily with Nathan Zegura, Vic Carrucci and Michael Reghi from the Browns Radio Network airs middays.[21][24][25][26][27]

Local seasonal programming includes The Golf Show hosted by Greg Brenda and local PGA pro Jimmy Hanlin Saturday mornings; The 10th Inning with Greg Brinda following Cleveland Indians games during baseball season;[22] KNR Overtime with Greg Brinda after Cleveland Cavaliers games during basketball season;[22] Falcons Football Weekly with Mark "Munch" Bishop Saturday mornings during football season covering Notre Dame College football,[28] Buckeye Gameday with Mark "Munch" Bishop & Matt Wilhelm and Buckeye Wrap Up hosted by Greg Brinda before and after OSU Radio Network game day coverage respectively,[29] and The 5th Quarter with Greg Brinda and Matt Wilhelm following Browns games.

As the home of the Browns and the Buckeyes, WKNR also carries programming from the respective teams' radio networks, such as Buckeyes Roundtable Monday nights, and head coach Urban Meyer's program Thursday nights from the OSU Radio Network.[29][28] And from the Browns Radio Network, WKNR is the exclusive flagship home of the network pregame show, the year-round Cleveland Browns Daily, and a weekly preview show on Wednesday nights. It also (along with co-flagship WKRK-FM) airs head coach Rob Chudzinski's weekly program Thursday nights.[30]

WKNR airs a range of play-by-play programming. It shares flagship duties for the Cleveland Browns with WKRK-FM and WNCX, is the co-flagship for Lake Erie Monsters hockey with WHKW, and serves as the Cleveland affiliate for Ohio State football and men's basketball;[29] MLB on ESPN Radio; NBA on ESPN Radio; NFL on ESPN Radio; and NASCAR coverage via Motor Racing Network (MRN) and Performance Racing Network (PRN). In addition, WKNR airs coverage of the Mid-American Conference (MAC) men's and women's basketball tournaments; NCAA football and men's basketball from ESPN Radio, and a high school football game of the week Friday nights during the season.[31][32][33][34]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "WJW-AM timeline". Cleve-Radio.com. Mike Olszewski & SofTrends, Inc. 2002. Retrieved January 1, 2007. 
  2. ^ Dyer, Bob (August 7, 1988). "Mystery of WJW Call Letters Solved: Grandfather's Initials Launched Station, Woman Says". Akron Beacon Journal (Beacon Journal Publishing Co.). p. B2. 
  3. ^ "Index of Historic QSL Cards and Letters: WJW - Cleveland, OH - 1210 - September 10, 1934". NRCDXAS.org. National Radio Club. March 2005. Retrieved January 1, 2007. 
  4. ^ http://www.cleve-radio.com/index2.htm#WJW-AM
  5. ^ "U. S. FM Stations as of 1948". History of American Broadcasting. Jeff Miller Web Pages. 2007. Archived from the original on June 15, 2007. Retrieved January 1, 2007. 
  6. ^ Van Tassel, David D.; Grabowski, John J. (1996). The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History (2nd ed.). Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press. ISBN 978-0-25333-056-7. 
  7. ^ "Alan Freed Biography". AlanFreed.com. Judith Fisher Freed. 2010. Retrieved April 29, 2007. 
  8. ^ Hinkley, David (April 7, 2005). "Man Out of Time: Mad Daddy". New York Daily News via WNEW1130.com. WNEW1130.com. Archived from the original on October 15, 2009. Retrieved January 1, 2007. 
  9. ^ Dyer, Bob (June 12, 1985). "Dial's on Radio Changes". Akron Beacon Journal (Beacon Journal Publishing Co.). p. C7. 
  10. ^ http://ech.case.edu/ech-cgi/article.pl?id=W9
  11. ^ http://www.cleve-radio.com/index2.htm#WRMR-AM
  12. ^ Fybush, Scott (February 12–19, 2004). "Cleveland's Parma/Brecksville/Seven Hills Tower Farm". Fybush.com. Scott Fybush. Retrieved January 1, 2007. 
  13. ^ "Company News; Chancellor Media to Buy Six Cleveland Radio Stations". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). August 13, 1998. Retrieved January 1, 2007. 
  14. ^ "#415: 07-20-00 JUSTICE DEPARTMENT REQUIRES CLEAR CHANNEL AND AM FM TO DIVEST 99 RADIO STATIONS IN 27 MARKETS Required Sale is Largest Radio Divestiture Ever". Usdoj.gov. 2000-07-20. Retrieved 2012-11-08. 
  15. ^ Quinn, Jim (June 29, 2001). "It's time to reset your radio dial: Seven stations will get new frequencies Tuesday". Akron Beacon Journal (Beacon Journal Publishing Co.). p. B1 - Entertainment. 
  16. ^ Brown, Roger (2006-10-06). "With Rosburg, Browns are special". The Plain Dealer. p. 4. Retrieved 2006-10-08. 
  17. ^ Booth, John (2006-12-04). "Good Karma buys WKNR". Crain's Cleveland Business. Retrieved 2006-12-27. 
  18. ^ Thomas, George M. (2007-02-24). "New beginning for sports talk radio station". Akron Beacon Journal. p. 4. Retrieved 2007-02-27. [dead link]
  19. ^ Twitter. Twitter. Retrieved on 2013-07-13.
  20. ^ Booth, John (2006-12-26). "Good Karma for downtown". Crain's Cleveland Business. Retrieved 2007-01-04. 
  21. ^ a b c http://morningjournal.com/articles/2013/08/20/sports/doc52140b957c1d5403080390.txt?viewmode=fullstory
  22. ^ a b c d http://espncleveland.com/page.php?page_id=125
  23. ^ http://espn.go.com/espnradio/schedule
  24. ^ ESPN 850 WKNR and ESPN 1540 KNR2 - ESPN Cleveland - Munch in the Morning. ESPN Cleveland. Retrieved on 2013-07-13.
  25. ^ "2012 TALKERS Heavy Hundred of Sports Talk". Talkers.Com. Retrieved 2012-11-08. 
  26. ^ http://espncleveland.com/common/more.php?m=49&post_id=19971
  27. ^ http://www.ohio.com/blogs/sports-media/on-sports-media-1.353657/wknr-shuffles-deck-chairs-to-maximize-coverage-1.422644?localLinksEnabled=false&utm_source=twitterfeed&utm_medium=twitter
  28. ^ a b ESPN 850 WKNR and ESPN 1540 KNR2 - ESPN Cleveland - Weekly Broadcast Schedule - WKNR. ESPN Cleveland (2013-06-26). Retrieved on 2013-07-13.
  29. ^ a b c http://espncleveland.com/common/more.php?m=49&post_id=20111
  30. ^ http://www.clevelandbrowns.com/media-center/browns-programming.html
  31. ^ News & Features. lakeeriemonsters.com. Retrieved on 2013-07-13.
  32. ^ Yarborough, Chuck (September 2, 2011). "WKRK FM/92.3 The Fan Replaces Rock with Sports Talk". Cleveland.com. Cleveland Live LLC. Retrieved March 10, 2012. 
  33. ^ Grossi, Tony (March 28, 2013). "ESPN 850 WKNR is the new radio home of the Cleveland Browns". ESPNCleveland.com. ESPN Internet Ventures and Good Karma Broadcasting, Inc. Retrieved March 28, 2013. 
  34. ^ The Haslam Era: The Cleveland Browns Will Have a New Broadcasting Home in 2013. Buckeyestatesports.com (2013-03-29). Retrieved on 2013-07-13.

External links[edit]