Riverside, California

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Riverside, California
City
City of Riverside
Riverside Skyline
Riverside Skyline
Flag of Riverside, California
Flag
Official seal of Riverside, California
Seal
Motto: City of Arts & Innovation
Location of Riverside County within the State of California
Location of Riverside County within the State of California
Riverside, California is located in USA
Riverside, California
Riverside, California
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°56′53″N 117°23′46″W / 33.94806°N 117.39611°W / 33.94806; -117.39611Coordinates: 33°56′53″N 117°23′46″W / 33.94806°N 117.39611°W / 33.94806; -117.39611
Country United States of America
State California
County Riverside
Founded1870
Incorporated1883
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • City CouncilMayor Rusty Bailey
Mike Gardner
Andy Melendrez
Ken Gutierrez
Paul Davis
Chris Mac Arthur
Jim Perry
Steve Adams
 • City ManagerScott Barber
Area[1]
 • Total81.444 sq mi (210.941 km2)
 • Land81.140 sq mi (210.152 km2)
 • Water0.304 sq mi (0.788 km2)  0.37%
Elevation860 ft (262 m)
Population (2012)
 • Total313,673
 • Rank1st in Riverside County
12th in California
59th in the United States
 • Density3,900/sq mi (1,500/km2)
 • DemonymRiversider
Time zonePST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code92501-92509, 92513-92519, 92521-92522
Area code(s)951
FIPS code06-62000
GNIS feature ID1661315
Websiteriversideca.gov
 
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For the community in Humboldt County, see Riverside, Humboldt County, California.
Riverside, California
City
City of Riverside
Riverside Skyline
Riverside Skyline
Flag of Riverside, California
Flag
Official seal of Riverside, California
Seal
Motto: City of Arts & Innovation
Location of Riverside County within the State of California
Location of Riverside County within the State of California
Riverside, California is located in USA
Riverside, California
Riverside, California
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°56′53″N 117°23′46″W / 33.94806°N 117.39611°W / 33.94806; -117.39611Coordinates: 33°56′53″N 117°23′46″W / 33.94806°N 117.39611°W / 33.94806; -117.39611
Country United States of America
State California
County Riverside
Founded1870
Incorporated1883
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • City CouncilMayor Rusty Bailey
Mike Gardner
Andy Melendrez
Ken Gutierrez
Paul Davis
Chris Mac Arthur
Jim Perry
Steve Adams
 • City ManagerScott Barber
Area[1]
 • Total81.444 sq mi (210.941 km2)
 • Land81.140 sq mi (210.152 km2)
 • Water0.304 sq mi (0.788 km2)  0.37%
Elevation860 ft (262 m)
Population (2012)
 • Total313,673
 • Rank1st in Riverside County
12th in California
59th in the United States
 • Density3,900/sq mi (1,500/km2)
 • DemonymRiversider
Time zonePST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code92501-92509, 92513-92519, 92521-92522
Area code(s)951
FIPS code06-62000
GNIS feature ID1661315
Websiteriversideca.gov

Riverside is a city in Riverside County, California, United States, located in the Inland Empire metropolitan area. Riverside is the county seat of the eponymous county and named for its location beside the Santa Ana River.[2] It is the most populous city in the Inland Empire as well as Riverside County, and is located approximately 60 miles (97 km) east of Los Angeles.[citation needed] It is also part of the Greater Los Angeles area. Riverside is the 59th most populous city in the United States and 12th most populous city in California. As of the 2010 Census, Riverside had a population of 303,871.

Riverside was founded in the early 1870s and is the birthplace of the California citrus industry as well as home of the Mission Inn, the largest Mission Revival Style building in the United States.[3] It is also home to the Riverside National Cemetery.

The University of California, Riverside, is located in the northeastern part of the city. The university also hosts the Riverside Sports Complex. Other attractions in Riverside include the Fox Performing Arts Center, Riverside Metropolitan Museum, which houses exhibits and artifacts of local history, the California Museum of Photography, the California Citrus State Historic Park, and the Parent Washington Navel Orange Tree, one of the two original navel orange trees in California.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Riverside, 1876.

The city was founded in the early 1870s beside the Santa Ana River by John W. North, a staunch temperance-minded abolitionist from Tennessee, who had previously founded Northfield, Minnesota. A few years after, the navel orange was planted and found to be such a success that full-scale planting started. Riverside was temperance minded, and Republican. There were four saloons in Riverside when it was founded. The license fees were raised until the saloons moved out of Riverside.[4] Investors from England and Canada transplanted traditions and activities adopted by prosperous citizens. As a result, the first golf course and polo field in Southern California were built in Riverside.

Riverside, 1900

The first orange trees were planted in 1871, but the citrus industry Riverside is famous for beginning three years later (1874) [5] when Eliza Tibbets received three [5] Brazilian navel orange trees sent to her by a personal friend, William Saunders who was a horticulturist at the United States Department of Agriculture in Washington, D.C. The trees came from Bahia, Brazil. The Bahia orange did not do well in Florida, but its success in Southern California was phenomenal.

The three trees were planted on the Tibbets' property. One of the trees died after it was trampled by a cow during the first year it was planted. After the trampling, the two remaining trees were transplanted to property belonging to Sam McCoy to receive better care than L. C. Tibbets, Eliza's husband, could provide.[6] Later, the trees were again transplanted, one at the Mission Inn property in 1903 by President Theodore Roosevelt (this tree died in 1922), and the other was placed at the intersection of Magnolia and Arlington Ave. Eliza Tibbets was honored with a stone marker placed with the tree. That tree still stands to this day inside a protective fence abutting what is now a major intersection.

A panorama of Riverside, California, taken from the summit of Mount Rubidoux, 1908.

The trees thrived in the Southern California climate and the navel orange industry grew rapidly. Many growers purchased bud wood and then grafted the cuttings to root stock. Within a few years, the successful cultivation of many thousands of the newly discovered Brazilian navel orange led to a California Gold Rush of a different kind: the establishment of the citrus industry, which is commemorated in the landscapes and exhibits of the California Citrus State Historic Park and the restored packing houses in the downtown's Marketplace district. By 1882, there were more than half a million citrus trees in California, almost half of which were in Riverside. The development of refrigerated railroad cars and innovative irrigation systems established Riverside as the richest city in the United States (in terms of income per capita) by 1895.[7]

Victoria Avenue provides a citrus-lined paseo for both visitors and locals to enjoy.

As the city prospered, a small guest hotel designed in the popular Mission Revival style, known as the Glenwood Tavern, eventually grew to become the Mission Inn, favored by presidents, royalty and movie stars. Inside was housed a special chair made for the sizable President William Howard Taft. The hotel was modeled after the missions left along the California coast by Franciscan friars in the 16th and 17th centuries. (Although Spanish missionaries came as far inland as San Bernardino (San Bernardino de Sena Estancia), east of Riverside, there was no actual Spanish mission in what is now Riverside.) Postcards of lush orange groves, swimming pools and magnificent homes have attracted vacationers and entrepreneurs throughout the years. Many relocated to the warm, dry climate for reasons of health and to escape Eastern winters. Victoria Avenue, with its scattering of elegant turn-of-the-century homes, and citrus-lined paseo, serves as a reminder of European investors who settled here.

Geography[edit]

Riverside is the 59th largest city in the United States, 12th largest city in California, and the largest city in California's Inland Empire metro area. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 81.4 square miles (210.8 km2), of which 81.1 square miles (210 km2) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2) (0.37%) is water. The elevation of downtown Riverside is 860 feet (260 m). Hills within the city limits include Mount Rubidoux, a city landmark and tourist attraction. Riverside is surrounded by small and large mountains, some of which get a dusting of winter snow. Many residents also enjoy the many beaches of Southern California. Riverside is approximately a 47 mile drive to the Pacific Ocean.[8]

Cityscape[edit]

A 360 degree panorama of Riverside, California, taken from the summit of Mount Rubidoux

Landmarks[edit]

Riverside is home to the historic Mission Inn, the Beaux-Arts style Riverside County Historic Courthouse (based on the Petit Palais in Paris, France), and the Riverside Fox Theater, where the first showing of the 1939 film Gone with the Wind took place. The theater was purchased by the city and refurbished as part of the Riverside Renaissance Initiative.[9] The Fox Theater underwent extensive renovation and restoration, which was completed in 2009, to turn the old cinema into a performing arts theater.[10] The building was expanded to hold 1,600 seats and the stage was enlarged to accommodate Broadway-style performances. In January 2010, singer Sheryl Crow opened the newly remodeled Fox Theater in a nearly sold-out show.[11]

One of the remaining Queen Anne style houses from the 19th century

Riverside is also the home of the "World's Largest Paper Cup" (actually made of concrete), which is over three stories (68.10 ft) tall. The "Dixie Cup" landmark is located on Iowa Street just north of Palmyrita, in front of what was once the Dixie Corporation's manufacturing plant (now closed down).

Three notable hills are in Riverside's scenic landscape: Box Springs Mountain, Evans (Jurupa) Hill and Tecolote Hill; all of which are preserved open spaces. South of Riverside is Lake Mathews. There is also the well-known landmark/foothill, Mount Rubidoux, which is next to the Santa Ana River and one of the most noticeable landmarks in the downtown area. This foothill is the dividing line between the town of Rubidoux and the City of Riverside.

March Joint Air Reserve Base borders Riverside on the east serving as a divider between the City and Moreno Valley. March ARB is the oldest operating Air Force base west of the Mississippi River, having been founded in 1918.

At the entrance to Riverside from the 60 freeway sits Fairmount Park. This extensive urban oasis was designed by Frederick Law Olmsted.[12] Slightly fraying around the edges, it still has a lovely, stocked pond that is home to many species of birds. On nearby private land is the former site of Spring Rancheria, a Cahuilla village.

Neighborhoods[edit]

Homes in Riverside.

The City of Riverside has 28 designated "neighborhoods" within the city limits.[13] These neighborhoods include Airport, Alessandro Heights, Arlanza, Arlington, Arlington Heights, Arlington South, Canyon Crest, Casa Blanca, Downtown, Eastside, Grand, Hawarden Hills, Hillside Hunter Industrial Park, La Sierra, La Sierra Acres, La Sierra Hills, La Sierra South, Magnolia Center, Mission Grove, Northside, Orangecrest, Presidential Park, Ramona, Sycamore Canyon Park, Sycamore Canyon Springs, University, Victoria and Wood Streets.

To the east of downtown is the originally named "Eastside," which grew out of a colonia inhabited by Mexican immigrant workers in the orange groves, other orchards and produce fields. The area these people lived in was originally a settlement called La Placita that predated the city being founded in 1843. Mexican communities were also formed in the barrio of Casa Blanca during the early twentieth century.

Annexations[edit]

The City Council has proposed numerous annexations of nearby unincorporated communities which will increase its population and land area over the next few years. Most notable is the Lake Hills/Victoria Grove area, which would extend its southwestern borders to Lake Mathews.[14]

Current proposals[edit]

City limit map which shows possible annexations.

Potential annexations[edit]

Features[edit]

Riverside is home to the University of California, Riverside. The UCR Botanical Gardens contains 40 acres (16 ha) of unusual plants, with four miles (6 km) of walking trails. The city prides itself on its historic connection to the navel orange, which was introduced to North America from Brazil by the first settlers to Riverside in 1873. Riverside is home to the one surviving Parent Navel Orange Tree, from which all American West Coast navel orange trees are descended.

There are three hospitals in Riverside.[15]

Riverside is also home to the Riverside Public Library system. Branches include: Arlington, La Sierra, Marcy, Main, Eastside Cybrary, and Casa Blanca.

Convention facilities are available at the Riverside Convention Center, 45,000 sq ft (4,200 m2) indoors and 25,000 sq ft (2,300 m2) outdoors, the Riverside Marriott 14,000 sq ft (1,300 m2) indoors, and the Mission Inn, 15,000 sq ft (1,400 m2) indoors and 5,000 sq ft (460 m2) outdoors.[16] All three facilities are located within walking distance of each other in downtown Riverside.

Cemeteries[edit]

Cemeteries in Riverside include:

Climate[edit]

Riverside experiences a semi-arid mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa/BSh) with hot, dry summers and mild, relatively wet winters. Temperatures in the summer generally average in the 90s (F) but often exceed 100 °F (38 °C) though with somewhat low humidity. In the winter, high temperatures average in the upper 60s (°F), but may not rise above 55 °F (13 °C) during rainy days. January, the coldest month, averages a high / low temperature of 68 °F / 43 °F (20 °C / 6 °C), while August, the hottest month, averages a high / low temperature of 95 °F / 64 °F (35 °C / 18 °C).[22] Riverside receives 10.4 inches of precipitation annually with most of it occurring in the winter and early spring, especially January through March, with February the wettest month.

Climate data for Riverside
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)97
(36)
92
(33)
98
(37)
104
(40)
108
(42)
112
(44)
113
(45)
112
(44)
113
(45)
108
(42)
98
(37)
93
(34)
113
(45)
Average high °F (°C)68.1
(20.1)
68.7
(20.4)
71.8
(22.1)
73.8
(23.2)
78.9
(26.1)
85.7
(29.8)
92.3
(33.5)
93.1
(33.9)
90.8
(32.7)
81.0
(27.2)
75.3
(24.1)
66.6
(19.2)
78.8
(26)
Average low °F (°C)46.5
(8.1)
46.1
(7.8)
48.3
(9.1)
51.2
(10.7)
55.5
(13.1)
60.1
(15.6)
66.0
(18.9)
65.2
(18.4)
63.5
(17.5)
57.6
(14.2)
51.7
(10.9)
45.6
(7.6)
54.8
(12.7)
Record low °F (°C)24
(−4)
27
(−3)
29
(−2)
33
(1)
38
(3)
44
(7)
49
(9)
49
(9)
42
(6)
32
(0)
26
(−3)
22
(−6)
22
(−6)
Precipitation inches (mm)2.33
(59.2)
2.50
(63.5)
1.69
(42.9)
0.68
(17.3)
0.20
(5.1)
0.09
(2.3)
0.04
(1)
0.09
(2.3)
0.16
(4.1)
0.46
(11.7)
0.81
(20.6)
1.37
(34.8)
10.42
(264.7)
Source #1: weathercurrents.com [23]
Source #2: weather.com [24]

Environment[edit]

The Riverside area is referred to as a "smog belt" because of its above-average level of air pollution. In a comparison by the National Campaign Against Dirty Air Power (2003), the Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario area was found to be one of the most polluted regions based on year-round particle measurements when compared to other U.S. cities.[25] [NEJM 2004;351:1057-1067] Despite smog problems, the city has made efforts to reduce pollution by incorporating additional means of mass transit (Metrolink) and equipping its entire fleet of buses with natural gas. Smog has decreased considerably over the past years as local municipalities and counties work with the South Coast Air Quality Management District to implement measures to improve regional air quality.[26] The smog alerts that people remember from decades ago are history.[27] Most of Riverside's smog problems are the result of the prevailing wind patterns that blow the smog from the Los Angeles Basin and particulates generated by Southern California's multitude of vehicles, as well as the Port of Los Angeles and the Port of Long Beach into the Inland Empire.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
18904,683
19007,97370.3%
191015,21290.8%
192019,34127.1%
193029,69653.5%
194034,69616.8%
195046,76434.8%
196084,33280.3%
1970140,08966.1%
1980170,59121.8%
1990226,50532.8%
2000255,16612.7%
2010303,87119.1%
Est. 2012313,6733.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[28]
2012 Estimate[29]

2010[edit]

As of the 2010 census[30] reported that Riverside had a population of 303,871. The population density was 3,731.0 people per square mile (1,440.6/km²). The racial makeup of Riverside was 171,669 (56.5%) White, 21,421 (7.0%) African American, 3,467 (1.1%) Native American, 22,566 (7.4%) Asian (1.7% Filipino, 1.6% Chinese, 1.1% Korean, 1.0% Vietnamese, 0.8% Indian, 0.3% Japanese, 0.1% Pakistani), 1,219 (0.4%) Pacific Islander, 68,111 (22.4%) from other races, and 15,418 (5.1%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 148,953 persons (49.0%); 41.8% of Riverside's population is Mexican, 1.1% Guatemalan, 1.0% Salvadoran, 0.7% Puerto Rican, 0.3% Cuban, 0.2% Nicaraguan, and 0.2% Colombian.[31] Non-Hispanic Whites were 34.0% of the population in 2010,[32] down from 82.1% in 1970.[33]

The Census reported that 292,322 people (96.2% of the population) lived in households, 8,925 (2.9%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 2,624 (0.9%) were institutionalized.

There were 91,932 households, out of which 38,939 (42.4%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 45,398 (49.4%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 13,845 (15.1%) had a female householder with no husband present, 6,372 (6.9%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 6,392 (7.0%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 746 (0.8%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 18,284 households (19.9%) were made up of individuals and 6,262 (6.8%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.18. There were 65,615 families (71.4% of all households); the average family size was 3.67.

The population was spread out with 81,406 people (26.8%) under the age of 18, 47,126 people (15.5%) aged 18 to 24, 82,482 people (27.1%) aged 25 to 44, 66,615 people (21.9%) aged 45 to 64, and 26,242 people (8.6%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30.0 years. For every 100 females there were 97.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.4 males.

There were 98,444 housing units at an average density of 1,208.7 per square mile (466.7/km²), of which 51,185 (55.7%) were owner-occupied, and 40,747 (44.3%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.4%; the rental vacancy rate was 7.4%. 168,888 people (55.6% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 123,434 people (40.6%) lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 255,166 people, 82,005 households, and 58,141 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,261.5/km² (3,267.2/mi²). There were 85,974 housing units at an average density of 425.0/km² (1,100.8/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 59.3% White, 7.4% African American, 1.1% Native American, 5.68% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 21.0% from other races, and 5.1% from two or more races. 38.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 82,005 households out of which 39.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.1% were non-families. 21.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.02 and the average family size was 3.54.

In the city the population was spread out with 30.1% under the age of 18, 12.9% from 18 to 24, 30.0% from 25 to 44, 18.0% from 45 to 64, and 9.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 97.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $41,646, and the median income for a family was $47,254. Males had a median income of $36,920 versus $28,328 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,882. 15.8% of the population and 11.7% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 18.9% of those under the age of 18 and 8.0% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Economy[edit]

Citrus is in decline in many areas of the Inland Empire where urbanization and water scarcity have made the industry uneconomical.[34]

Top employers[edit]

According to the City's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[35] the top employers in the city are:

#Employer# of Employees
1County of Riverside11,187
2Riverside Unified School District5,580
3University of California, Riverside5,554
4Kaiser Permanente4,500
5City of Riverside2,687
6Riverside Community Hospital1,880
7Riverside Community College District2,087
8Riverside County Office of Education1,627
9Alvord Unified School District1,654
10Parkview Community Hospital1,350
Entrance to the Galleria at Tyler mall

Film/Television Industry[edit]

Riverside's close proximity to Hollywood, combined with its many unique architectural features, has made it a frequent filming choice by Hollywood film studios. The Mission Inn has been a particularly favorite backdrop.[citation needed]

The HBO show Enlightened (2011–2013), which starred Laura Dern, was also set in Riverside.

Episodes of the 2013 television celebrity diving program Splash are taped at Riverside Community College's aquatics complex.

Riverside was the setting for the second episode of Season Five of the Bravo TV Reality show Tabatha Takes Over. The show focused on the rehabilitation of a local gay bar named V.I.P.

Retail[edit]

Retail shopping centers include the open-air Riverside Plaza, the Galleria at Tyler regional mall, while Main Street downtown, is the site of a pedestrian mall with unique shops.[36]

Arts and culture[edit]

Museums[edit]

Festivals and events[edit]

Long Night of Arts & Innovation

Several festivals occur throughout the year in Riverside, many focused on the downtown area.

Each year in February The Riverside Dickens Festival is held to, "enhance a sense of community among citizens of Riverside County and Southern California by creating a series of literary events and to provide educational, family-oriented, literary entertainment and activities such as plays, musical performances, pageants, living history presentations, workshops, lectures, classroom study, exhibits and a street bazaar with free entertainment, vendors and costumed characters."[39]

The Riverside Airshow takes place in March at the Riverside Municipal Airport. The event attracts around 70,000 people and includes aerial performers, over 200 acres (0.81 km2) of aircraft displays, a car show and military vehicle display, children's activities, food and refreshments, helicopter displays and community group exhibits.[40][41]

The Legends of Riverside Film Festival and charity fund raiser is held in March each year at the Riverside International Automotive Museum. In addition to showcasing popular racing films, the annual event offers attendees an opportunity to personally meet famous racing legends of the past. In attendance at the 2009 event were racing greats Dan Gurney, Elliot and Stuart Forbes-Robinson, Bob Bondurant, Peter Brock, George Follmer, and Dick Goldstrand.[42]

The Riverside International Film Festival (RIFF) takes place in April and features films from around the world.[43] Sponsored by the City of Riverside, local universities, and many businesses, past festivals have featured over 175 films.

In October, the California Riverside Ballet sponsors the Ghost Walk, which in 2012 celebrated its 21st year. The event is an adventure through some of the city's oldest and most historic buildings, with volunteers leading tours and telling tales of ghouls and ghosts.

Also, in October, for one evening, from late afternoon until midnight, the Long Night of Arts & Innovation is held in Downtown Riverside. This signature event of the City of Riverside is designed to showcase its best talent in the visual and performing arts, science and technology from its universities, community college, school districts, and most innovative companies and arts organizations. It is also designed to encourage school children to seek innovative careers in the arts and STEM fields (science, technology, engineering, mathematics) by connecting them to professors, artists, professionals and performers from these institutions.

The Riverside Festival of Lights centers around the Mission Inn Hotel & Spa, located downtown. Decoration of the Inn begins in October and a lighting ceremony that includes speakers, fireworks, and live musicians takes place the day after Thanksgiving Day. The Inn puts up more than three million lights and hundreds of animated characters. Carolers, horse-drawn carriage rides, and ice skating all color the festival. Restaurants, cafes, and community groups all contribute to the festival. The festival runs through New Year's Day.

Also during the week of Thanksgiving, the Festival of Trees is held at the Riverside Convention Center. Held since 1990, the event seeks to raise money for the Riverside County Regional Medical Center children’s units including the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, the Child Abuse and Neglect Unit, and the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit. Attracting 25,000 people per year, the event has raised over $5 million since its inception.[44] At the Festival of Trees numerous professionally decorated Christmas trees are judged, auctioned and then displayed for public viewing. Other activities include entertainment, a children's craft area, a sweet shop, and Storytime with Santa.

The Riverside Robot Expo is held in November each year, sponsored by the Riverside Robotics Society in alignment of its goal "to bring robotics to the Inland Empire." Society members bring robots and robot replicas to the event to spark children's interest in math, robotics and other sciences.[45]

Other events in Riverside include a LGBT Pride event, which was first held at White Park on September 13, 2008, and on the first Thursdays of each month the Riverside Art Walk, with local vendors selling handmade arts and crafts.

Religion[edit]

1913 Mt Rubidoux Easter Sunrise Services

Riverside is home to Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Mormon, and Protestant churches, as well as an Islamic mosque, Jewish synagogue and Hindu temple. Riverside is also home to the Inland Empire Atheists and Agnostics organization. Riverside is also home to an SGI Buddhist community center.[46][47]

Several religious celebrations take place on top of the city's Mount Rubidoux. One is an annual Easter Sunrise service, which is the nation’s oldest continual non-denominational outdoor Easter service[48] The 100th anniversary of the event was held April 12, 2009. Each December, a 2½-mile procession from Our Lady of Guadalupe Shrine to the top of Mount Rubidoux promotes awareness of Juan Diego's walk up Tepeyac hill, in 1531, where he reportedly saw a Marian apparition known as Our Lady of Guadalupe.[49]

In 2012, a controversy erupted regarding the cross at the top of Mount Rubidoux, which is on city-owned land and maintained by the city. Due to constitutional issues related to the separation of church and state, the Riverside City Council sold the cross and the land under it (0.43 acre) to a private entity for $10,500.[50]

Government[edit]

Riverside is governed by a city council and mayor. The city council has seven members each elected from single member wards. The mayor is elected in a citywide election. A city manager is responsible for on-going city services.

In the state legislature Riverside is located in the 31st Senate District, represented by Democrat Richard Roth, and in the 61st and 66th Assembly Districts, represented by Democrat Jose Medina and Republican Melissa Melendez respectively.

Federally, Riverside is located in California's 41st congressional district, and is represented by Democrat Mark Takano.

Under the electoral maps drawn by the Citizens' Redistricting Commission, which were first used in the 2012 elections and will remain in effect through at least 2020, Riverside's state and federal legislative districts have changed substantially. At the state level, portions of the city lie in the 60th, 61st and 67th Assembly Districts and the 28th and 31st Senate Districts. At the federal level, most of the city lies in the 41st Congressional District, with a small portion in the 42nd.[51]

Local government[edit]

In Riverside's Comprehensive Annual Financial Report for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010, the city’s various funds reported $745.3 million in revenues, $713.9 million in expenditures, $3,901.9 million in total assets, $1,957.1 million in total liabilities, and $348.7 million in cash and investments. The report showed ending fund balance of $360.8 million of which $30 million is designated for economic contingencies.[52]

Courts[edit]

Crime[edit]

Data collected by Project Bridge, an anti-gang program under the City of Riverside’s Park and Recreation Department, shows that the city of Riverside has experienced an increase in gang membership and gang activity since the early 1990s. In 1991, Riverside had approximately 82 gangs with 4,500 active gang members. More recent estimates indicate there are 86 gangs with 8,000 members. Reportedly 3,000 of these members are juveniles, while 10 of these gangs are primarily minors. The juvenile crime rates did drop dramatically between 1994 and 1997 for these areas. However, juvenile crime rates have exhibited a gradual and steady rise since 1998. In 2000, Casa Blanca, Arlanza and Eastside had crime rates of approximately 40, 18, and 30 per 1000 youths, respectively. Of these three areas, the Eastside’s problems are compounded by the highest unemployment rate in the City, 65.1%[citation needed] . The neighborhood also has the lowest educational attainment in the City, with 82%[citation needed] of the population having less than a 4th grade education. Project Bridge has provided comprehensive services to at-risk and gang-involved youth between the ages of 4 and 22 and their families in for over a decade. Since 1995, the program has served over 500 gang-involved youth with recent enrollment nearing 500 participants. Almost 50 percent of participant enrollment is generated from the Eastside, mostly from the areas around the Eastside Apartments.[60]

Riverside's Comprehensive Community-Wide Approach to Gang Prevention, Intervention, and Suppression project is focused on two of the high gang-crime neighborhoods, Casa Blanca and Eastside. In these neighborhoods, there are 21 gangs with approximately 3,230 members. The project targets more than 150 gang-involved and high-risk youth. Oversight of the project is handled by a committee consisting of local agencies and organizations, including the Riverside County Juvenile Court, the Riverside County District Attorney's Office, the Riverside and Alvord Unified School Districts, the Youth Service Center, and other agency and community leaders.[61]

Like much of the country, Riverside's crime rate has been steadily dropping since reaching all-time high in the 1970s[citation needed] though the past two years has seen a dramatic 10 percent increase in the overall violent crime rate (1,954 crimes in 2005 vs. 1,777 in 2004.) According to the FBI crime index there were 1,922 violent crimes along with 11,059 property crimes in 2008.[62] In the city of Riverside, 15 homicides occurred in 2009, down from 20 in 2008, its highest total since 2003 when there were 24. All but three cases resulted in arrests.[63] In the past 10 years Riverside has averaged about 20 homicides a year, its highest being in 1999 when there were 31 homicides.[64]

Education[edit]

Colleges and universities[edit]

The 161-foot, 48-bell, carillon tower at the University of California, Riverside.

Riverside is home to several institutions of higher learning:

Secondary schools[edit]

Public school districts and high schools[edit]

Riverside is served by two school districts:

Other public secondary schools[edit]

Two notable institutions of learning, for specified student bodies, are also located in Riverside:

Private secondary schools[edit]

Initiative to raise college graduation rates[edit]

Riverside won a $3 million grant from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation in 2010. As a result, the Completion Counts initiative was created as a joint partnership by the City of Riverside, Riverside City College, Alvord Unified School District, Riverside Unified School District, Riverside County Office of Education, UC Riverside, and the Greater Riverside Chambers of Commerce to double college graduation rates by 2020. Only Riverside, New York City, San Francisco, and Mesa, Arizona received such grant.

The partnership is creating measures that help students across Riverside earn a degree. For example, RCC will now give 2012 graduates of AUSD and RUSD priority class registration, and a two-year guarantee to complete an associate’s degree or transfer to a four-year university.[80] Completion Counts is also ensuring that AUSD, RUSD and RCC work together to create a seamless math and English curriculum to prepare students for college-level work. High school and college student counselors are meeting regularly to agree on the best ways to get students ready for college.

Media[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Highways[edit]

Riverside is served by three major freeways, the I-215, the State Route 60, and the State Route 91. These three freeways meet in north-eastern Riverside at the rebuilt 60/91/215 interchange that was completed in late 2007.[81]

The constant construction on Riverside freeways has taken its toll on Riverside's image. The area near the 60/91/215 interchange had a reputation as being one of the worst interchanges in the nation due to its location in a turn, continued construction, short exit time, and other factors. Riverside is one of America's most congested cities because of heavy traffic. It used to be at the top of the list, but it has gone down to number 19.[citation needed]

Rail lines[edit]

The city contains two Metrolink commuter rail stations, Riverside-Downtown and Riverside-La Sierra. Both are served by the Inland Empire-Orange County and 91 Lines, and the Downtown station is served by the Riverside Line on weekdays, and the San Bernardino Line on weekends. Amtrak's Southwest Chief which runs from Los Angeles to Chicago also serves the city.

Bus lines[edit]

Local bus service is provided by the Riverside Transit Agency.[82] Recently, the agency proposed a new bus rapid transit route to travel along the current Route 1 from the University of California, Riverside to Corona. The project is expected in FY 2011 or 2012, as funding is made available.[83]

Intercity bus service is provided by Greyhound and Amtrak California, as well as a handful of small operators serving the cross-border market into Mexico.

Airports[edit]

The Riverside Municipal Airport (FAA designator: RAL) with a 5,400-foot (1,600 m) runway, is the only airport within Riverside's city limits, and is the location for the annual Riverside Air Show. The airport is primarily used for private and business aviation. The nearest major airport is the LA/Ontario International Airport in the city of Ontario, California (FAA designator: ONT), about 20 miles (32 km) northwest of Riverside.

Notable people[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

Riverside, California's sister city sign in front of White Park in downtown Riversde.
Sister cities of Riverside, California[92]
Sendai, Japan
Cuautla, Morelos, Mexico
Ensenada, Mexico
Jiangmen, People's Republic of China
Gangnam, South Korea
Hyderabad, India
Obuasi, Ghana
Erlangen, Germany

Riverside has eight sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:

The Sendai Committee is working on setting up a secure e-pal system whereby the residents of Sendai and Riverside can exchange emails in a fashion similar to pen pals. The aim is to promote grassroots cultural exchange between the two sister cities.

The city of Riverside established an economic partnership program with the state of Oaxaca, Mexico in the early 2000s.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

Citations and notes[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Census
  2. ^ Gunther, pages 427–429.
  3. ^ Riversideca.gov
  4. ^ Brown and Boyd, Vol 2.
  5. ^ a b Brown and Boyd, Vol 1, page 429
  6. ^ Brown and Boyd, Vol 1, page 430
  7. ^ H. Vincent Moses wrote in 1982 that Riverside was the wealthiest U.S. city per capita in 1895. Dr. Moses is a city historian. See "Machines in the Garden: A Citrus Monopoly in Riverside, 1900–31", published in California History, Spring 1982.
  8. ^ calculate travel time. "Flight Distance from Riverside, CA to Laguna Beach, CA". Travelmath.com. Retrieved 2013-02-08. 
  9. ^ Riverside Renaissance Initiative
  10. ^ rehabilitation
  11. ^ Franko, Vanessa. Sheryl Crow opens the first night of entertainment at the Fox, The Press-Enterprise, January 22, 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-23.
  12. ^ City of Riverside Department of Parks, Recreation and Community Services
  13. ^ City of Riverside: Office of Neighborhoods
  14. ^ City of Riverside Building and Planning – Annexations[dead link]
  15. ^ California Department of Health Services
  16. ^ Riverside Convention Center and Visitor's Bureau. Retrieved 2010-10-30.
  17. ^ Pierce Brothers Crestlawn Memorial Park & Mortuary Find A Grave
  18. ^ 33°57′10″N 117°22′44″W / 33.95278°N 117.37889°W / 33.95278; -117.37889 U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Olivewood Cemetery
  19. ^ Olivewood Cemetery (aka Olivewood Memorial Park) Find A Grave
  20. ^ Santschi, Darrell R. (February 23, 2014). "Riverside med to get top honor: Jesus S. Duran and Salvador J. Lara will be awarded the Medal of Honor". The Press-Enterprise. 
  21. ^ Sherman Institute Cemetery Find A Grave
  22. ^ NOAA.org
  23. ^ "Average weather for Riverside". WeatherCurrents. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
  24. ^ "Average weather in Riverside, California". Weather. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
  25. ^ "Air pollution and lung development". Retrieved March 17, 2006. 
  26. ^ http://www.scaqmd.org
  27. ^ 50 Years, How Close Are We to the Goal?
  28. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved October 11, 2013. 
  29. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Retrieved October 11, 2013. 
  30. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
  31. ^ "American Factfinder". census.gov. Retrieved 2011-08-27. 
  32. ^ "Riverside (city), California". State & County QuickFacts. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 30, 2012. 
  33. ^ "California – Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 30, 2012. 
  34. ^ "Background Information and Statistics: California's Citrus Industry". Retrieved January 2, 2012. 
  35. ^ City of Riverside, California Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, for the Year ended June 30, 2011
  36. ^ "Riverside Retail Centers", Riverside city website
  37. ^ Riverside International Automotive Museum
  38. ^ Sherman Indian Museum
  39. ^ "Welcome to the Frontpage". Dickensfest.com. Retrieved 2010-06-01. 
  40. ^ Riverside Airshow Webpage
  41. ^ Things To Do Inland Empire
  42. ^ Stokes, Doug. Riverside Lives!, Classic Motorsports magazine. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
  43. ^ "Riverside International Film Festival". Retrieved 2010-05-01. 
  44. ^ Festival of Trees Web Page.
  45. ^ JENNIFER WHITAKER. "RIVERSIDE: Robot Expo set for Nov. 6 | Riverside News". The Press-Enterprise. Retrieved 2013-02-08. 
  46. ^ US. "Inland Empire Atheists, Agnostics & Skeptics Meetup Group (Riverside, CA) – Meetup.com". Inlandempireatheists.com. Retrieved 2010-06-01. 
  47. ^ "West Briefs – 4/15/09 | Riverside County | PE.com | Southern California News | News for Inland Southern California". PE.com. 2009-04-14. Retrieved 2010-06-01. 
  48. ^ The Press Enterprise, April 5, 2009.
  49. ^ The Press Enterprise, December 3, 2008.
  50. ^ The Press Enterprise, April 11, 2013.
  51. ^ "Statewide Database". UC Berkeley. Retrieved 2012-07-25. 
  52. ^ City of Riverside CAFR for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010. Retrieved 2011-12-11.
  53. ^ United States District Court Locator Service, Riverside California
  54. ^ United States District Court, Central District of California, Riverside
  55. ^ United States Courts Locator Service, Riverside California
  56. ^ United States Bankruptcy Panel of the 9th Circuit
  57. ^ United States Courts Locator Service, Riverside California
  58. ^ California Courts of Appeal, 4th District
  59. ^ Riverside Superior Court
  60. ^ Riverside Art Council – Project Bridge
  61. ^ Riverside – Youth Gang Program
  62. ^ "Where to move? Modesto or Riverside, CA? (Los Angeles, San Diego: high crime, house) – Page 3 – City-Data Forum". City-data.com. Retrieved 2013-02-08. 
  63. ^ Larocco, Paul (2010-01-08). "Inland's largest cities log lower or near-identical killing totals in 2009". Press Enterprise (A. H. Belo). Retrieved 2010-01-19. 
  64. ^ "Riverside, California (CA) profile: population, maps, real estate, averages, homes, statistics, relocation, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, moving, houses, news". City-data.com. Retrieved 2013-02-08. 
  65. ^ California Baptist Univ. About
  66. ^ California Southern Law School
  67. ^ [1]
  68. ^ La Sierra University
  69. ^ Riverside City College
  70. ^ University of California, Riverside
  71. ^ RUSD Arlington HS infopage
  72. ^ CSD-R History
  73. ^ Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Education, National Directory, March 2009, page 25
  74. ^ Bethel Christian Center Schools
  75. ^ La Sierra Academy High School
  76. ^ Notre Dame High School
  77. ^ Riverside Christian High School
  78. ^ Woodcrest Christian High School
  79. ^ Olsen, David, The Press-Enterprise, "Islamic Academy of Riverside holds graduation tonight amid growing enrollment", June 17, 2010
  80. ^ The Press-Enterprise
  81. ^ The Press-Enterprise
  82. ^ Riverside Transit Agency.
  83. ^ Riversidetransit.com
  84. ^ Marsia Alexander-Clarke (2003). "Resume". Retrieved 24 Aug 2011. 
  85. ^ Sean Brewer  #89  TE (1977-10-05). "Sean Brewer Stats — Atlanta Falcons — ESPN". Sports.espn.go.com. Retrieved 2010-06-01. 
  86. ^ "Sean Brewer NFL & AFL Football Statistics". Pro-Football-Reference.com. 1977-10-05. Retrieved 2010-06-01. 
  87. ^ "Sean Brewer Past Stats, Statistics, History, and Awards". databaseFootball.com. 1977-10-05. Retrieved 2010-06-01. 
  88. ^ "Sean Brewer, TE, Free Agent". Kffl.com. Retrieved 2010-06-01. 
  89. ^ Dan Gurney's All American Racers Online
  90. ^ "Adam Thomas Kennedy". Baseball-Reference.Com. Retrieved November 6, 2012. 
  91. ^ [2][dead link]
  92. ^ "Riverside's Sister Cities". City of Riverside, California. 2009. Retrieved 5 August 2009. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]