River Ouse, Yorkshire

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The River Ouse
River
The River Ouse in York
CountryEngland
StateYorkshire
SourceRiver Ure
 - locationCuddy Shaw Reach, near Linton-on-Ouse
 - elevation10 m (33 ft)
 - coordinates54°2′4″N 1°16′30″W / 54.03444°N 1.275°W / 54.03444; -1.275
MouthHumber Estuary
 - locationTrent Falls
 - elevation0 m (0 ft)
 - coordinates53°42′8″N 0°41′46″W / 53.70222°N 0.69611°W / 53.70222; -0.69611
Length84 km (52 mi)
Basin3,315 km2 (1,280 sq mi)
 
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Coordinates: 53°42′8″N 0°41′46″W / 53.70222°N 0.69611°W / 53.70222; -0.69611
The River Ouse
River
The River Ouse in York
CountryEngland
StateYorkshire
SourceRiver Ure
 - locationCuddy Shaw Reach, near Linton-on-Ouse
 - elevation10 m (33 ft)
 - coordinates54°2′4″N 1°16′30″W / 54.03444°N 1.275°W / 54.03444; -1.275
MouthHumber Estuary
 - locationTrent Falls
 - elevation0 m (0 ft)
 - coordinates53°42′8″N 0°41′46″W / 53.70222°N 0.69611°W / 53.70222; -0.69611
Length84 km (52 mi)
Basin3,315 km2 (1,280 sq mi)
River Ouse, Yorkshire
Urban continuation backward
River Ure
Unknown BSicon "ueGRENZE"
Cuddy Shaw Reach
Unknown BSicon "uxABZlf"Urban track turning from right
Unknown BSicon "uxWEIRg"Unknown BSicon "uLock5"
Linton Lock
Unknown BSicon "uxABZrg"Waterway turning to right
Urban straight trackScenic interest
Beningbrough Hall
Urban continuation to rightUnknown BSicon "uABZlg"
River Nidd
Waterway under railway bridge
Skelton BridgeECML
Waterway under major road
A1237
Waterway under minor road
Clifton Bridge
Waterway under railway bridge
Scarborough Bridge
Waterway under minor road
Lendal Bridge
Waterway under minor road
Ouse Bridge
Waterway under minor road
Skeldergate Bridge
Urban junction from leftUrban continuation to left
River Foss
Waterway under track or footbridge
Millennium Bridge
Waterway under major road
A64
Unknown BSicon "uemKRZu"
Naburn Swing Bridge
Unknown BSicon "uJUNCld"Unknown BSicon "uMARINAl"
Naburn Marina
Unknown BSicon "uxABZlf"Urban track turning from right
Unknown BSicon "uxWEIRg"Unknown BSicon "uLock5"
Naburn Lock
Unknown BSicon "uxABZrg"Waterway turning to right
Urban continuation to rightUnknown BSicon "uABZlg"
River Wharfe
Waterway under minor road
Cawood Bridge
Waterway under major road
A19
Waterway under railway bridge
Selby Swing Bridge
Urban continuation to rightWaterway T-junction to right
Selby Canal
Waterway under major road
A63
Urban junction from leftUrban continuation to left
River Derwent
Urban continuation to rightUnknown BSicon "uABZlg"
River Aire
Waterway under major road
A14Boothferry Bridge
Waterway under motorway
M62
Unknown BSicon "uISLAND"
Howden Dyke Island
Waterway under railway bridge
Goole Bridge
Urban continuation to rightWaterway T-junction to right
Goole Docks
Urban continuation to rightUnknown BSicon "uABZlg"
Dutch River
Urban continuation to rightUnknown BSicon "uABZlg"
River Trent
Unknown BSicon "ueGRENZE"
Trent Falls
Urban straight track
River Humber

The River Ouse (play /ˈz/ OOZ) is a river in North Yorkshire, England. The river is formed from the River Ure at Cuddy Shaw Reach near Linton-on-Ouse, about 6 miles downstream of the confluence of the River Swale with the River Ure. It then flows through the city of York and the towns of Selby and Goole before joining with the River Trent at Trent Falls, near the village of Faxfleet, to form the Humber Estuary. The length of the Ouse is about 84 km (52 mi) and the combined Ure/Ouse river is about 208 km (129 mi) making it the sixth longest river in the UK.

The Ouse's system of tributaries (which includes the Derwent, Aire, Don, Wharfe, Rother, Nidd, Swale, Ure, and Foss) drains a large upland area of Northern England, including much of the Yorkshire Dales and North York Moors.

The Ouse valley is a wide, flat plain; heavy rainfall in the river's catchment area can bring severe flooding to nearby settlements. In recent years both York and Selby, and villages in between, have been very badly hit. The river has two weirs with locks, at Linton-on-Ouse and Naburn, so that boats of 45.7 m length and 4.6 m beam can reach York. The Ouse is tidal up to Naburn Locks.

In the 18th and 19th centuries there was considerable commercial traffic on the river, mainly from Selby, which then had a custom house, downstream, but after 1826 with the opening of the Aire and Calder Navigation most traffic was concentrated on the port of Goole, which continues until today, though the coal trade which formed its backbone has ceased.

Contents

Meaning

The word 'ouse' is a very common name for rivers in England - it derives from the Celtic word 'Usa', from *udso-, which simply means 'water'. 'River Ouse' therefore actually means 'River Water', etymologically.[1]

It has been suggested that the 'Ouse' was once all known as the 'Ure', but there seems to be no supporting evidence for this claim. In fact, more credence is given to the assertion that the name derives from the Old Celtic word for 'Ure', 'Isara', which over time evolved into 'Isure', 'Isurium', 'Isis' and finally the Saxon 'Ouse'. This linguistic evolution also goes some way to explaining how the little tributary 'Ouse Gill Beck' which enters at Linton-on-Ouse usurps the name of the much larger river 'Ure'.[2]

Settlements

Boats on the River Ouse at Lendal Bridge in York
The River Ouse in the city of York, viewed from Skeldergate Bridge with Ouse Bridge in the background

(From the confluence of Swale and Ure)

(Joins Trent to form Humber)[clarification needed]



See also

References

  1. ^ A. Room (ed.) 1992: Brewer's Dictionary of Names, Oxford: Helicon, p. 396-7.
  2. ^ Ekwall,E. "English River Names"(Oxford University Press:1928). Waite, Alice "Exploring the Yorkshire Ouse" (Countryside Productions:1988)

External links