Richard Gere

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Richard Gere
Richardgere.jpg
Gere in Venice, Italy in October 2007.
Born(1949-08-31) August 31, 1949 (age 64)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
NationalityAmerican
EducationNorth Syracuse Central High School
Alma materUniversity of Massachusetts Amherst
OccupationActor
Years active1973–present
ReligionBuddhist
Spouse(s)Cindy Crawford (m. 1991; div. 1995)
Carey Lowell
 (m. 2002; separated 2013)
Children1
 
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Richard Gere
Richardgere.jpg
Gere in Venice, Italy in October 2007.
Born(1949-08-31) August 31, 1949 (age 64)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
NationalityAmerican
EducationNorth Syracuse Central High School
Alma materUniversity of Massachusetts Amherst
OccupationActor
Years active1973–present
ReligionBuddhist
Spouse(s)Cindy Crawford (m. 1991; div. 1995)
Carey Lowell
 (m. 2002; separated 2013)
Children1

Richard Tiffany Gere[1] (/ˈɡɪər/ GEER; born August 31, 1949) is an American actor. He began acting in the 1970s, playing a supporting role in Looking for Mr. Goodbar, and a starring role in Days of Heaven. He came to prominence in 1980 for his role in the film American Gigolo, which established him as a leading man and a sex symbol. He went on to star in several hit films, including An Officer and a Gentleman, Pretty Woman, Primal Fear, Arbitrage, and Chicago, for which he won a Golden Globe Award as Best Actor, as well as a Screen Actors Guild Award as part of the Best Cast.

Early life and education[edit]

Gere was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. His mother, Doris Ann (née Tiffany, born 1924),[1] was a homemaker. His father, Homer George Gere (born 1922),[1] was an insurance agent for the Nationwide Mutual Insurance Company, and had originally intended to become a minister.[2] Gere is their eldest son and second child.[1] His paternal great-grandfather had changed the spelling of the surname from "Geer".[1] His parents were both Mayflower descendants; Gere's ancestors include Pilgrims Francis Eaton, John Billington, George Soule, Richard Warren, Degory Priest, Francis Cooke, and William Brewster.[1]

In 1967, Gere graduated from North Syracuse Central High School, where he excelled at gymnastics and music, playing the trumpet.[2] He attended the University of Massachusetts Amherst on a gymnastics scholarship, majoring in philosophy, but did not graduate, leaving after two years.[2][3]

Career[edit]

Gere first worked professionally at the Seattle Repertory Theatre and Provincetown Playhouse on Cape Cod in 1971 where he starred in Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead. His first major acting role was in the original London stage version of Grease in 1973.[2] He began appearing in Hollywood films in the mid-1970s, co-starring in the thriller Looking for Mr. Goodbar (1977) and playing the leading role in director Terrence Malick's well-reviewed 1978 film, Days of Heaven.[2] In 1979 Gere was one of the first big-name Hollywood actors to play gay, starring as a homosexual Holocaust victim in the Broadway production of Bent. Gere won a Theatre World Award for his performance. In 1980 he became a major star with the film American Gigolo, followed in 1982 by the romantic drama An Officer and a Gentleman with Debra Winger, which grossed almost $130 million.[4]

Experiencing several box office failures since 1982,[5][6] Gere's career strengthened with the releases of Internal Affairs and Pretty Woman in 1990. His status as a leading man solidified and he went on to star in several successful films throughout the 1990s, including Sommersby (1993), Primal Fear (1996), and Runaway Bride (1999) (which reunited him with his Pretty Woman co-star Julia Roberts).[5] He also took a leading role in the 1997 action movie The Jackal, playing Declan Mulqueen.

Richard Gere was named People magazine's "Sexiest Man Alive" in 1999. In 2002, he appeared in three major releases: the horror thriller The Mothman Prophecies, the drama Unfaithful, and the Academy Award-winning film version of Chicago,[2] for which he won a Golden Globe as "Best Actor – Comedy or Musical". Gere's 2004 ballroom dancing drama Shall We Dance? was also a solid performer that grossed $170 million worldwide[7] though his next film, Bee Season (2005), was a commercial failure.[8]

By 2007, Gere was co-starring with Jesse Eisenberg and Terrence Howard in The Hunting Party (a thriller in which he played a journalist in Bosnia) as well as with Christian Bale, Heath Ledger, and Cate Blanchett in Todd Haynes' semi-biographical film about Bob Dylan, I'm Not There.

In 2008, Gere co-starred with Diane Lane in the romantic drama Nights in Rodanthe. The film was widely panned by critics[9] (making #74 on The Times Worst Films of 2008 list),[10] but grossed over $84 million worldwide.[11]

Late in his career, Gere was honored twice for his lifetime achievement.[citation needed] Regarding his performance in Arbitrage, Lou Lumenick of the New York Post said "Richard Gere gives the best performance of his career".[12][13] He received an award from the 34th Cairo International Film Festival in December 2010.[14]

Personal life and activism[edit]

Gere presented with a Khata by the 14th Dalai Lama, October 17, 2007

Gere was married to supermodel Cindy Crawford from 1991 to 1995. In November 2002, he married model and actress Carey Lowell.[15] They have a son, Homer James Jigme Gere, who was born in February 2000 and is named after Gere's and Lowell's fathers, as well as the Tibetan name Jigme.[2][16] In September 2013, the two separated after 11 years due to lifestyle differences, and plan to get divorced.[17]

Gere was raised attending a Methodist church.[18][19] His interest in Buddhism began when he was in his twenties.[20] He first studied Zen Buddhism[20] under Kyozan Joshu Sasaki.[20] After having studied Zen for five or six years,[20] in 1978 he traveled with the Brazilian painter, Sylvia Martins[21] to Nepal, where he met many Tibetan monks and lamas.[21] He then met the 14th Dalai Lama in India[20] and became a practicing Tibetan Buddhist of the Gelugpa school of Tibetan Buddhism[20] and an active supporter of the political figure of free Tibet movement Dalai Lama.[2] Gere visits Dharamsala, the headquarters of the Tibetan government-in-exile, regularly.[22]

Gere is also a persistent advocate for human rights in Tibet; he is a co-founder of the Tibet House, creator of The Gere Foundation, and he is Chairman of the Board of Directors for the International Campaign for Tibet. Because he strongly supports the Tibetan Independence Movement, he is permanently banned from entering the People's Republic of China.[23][24] Gere was banned as an Academy Award presenter in 1993 after he denounced the Chinese government in his capacity as presenter.[25][26] In September 2007, Gere called for the boycott of the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games to put pressure on China to make Tibet independent. He starred in Free Tibet-themed Lancia commercial featuring the Lancia Delta.[27] On June 27, 2011, Richard Gere meditated in Borobudur temple,[28] in Indonesia.

Gere visits USAID HIV/AIDS "Operation Lighthouse" Project in Mumbai.

Gere actively supports Survival International, an organization dedicated to protecting the rights and lands of tribal peoples throughout the world.[21] He contributed some of his writing for the book, We Are One: A Celebration of Tribal Peoples, released in October 2009.[29] Richard Gere discusses the persecution and loss of land of the Jummas, as an example of a tragic story that repeats itself in different continents of the world. He calls attention to the crime against their peaceful culture and how it reflects on our own relationship with nature and capacity to survive.[30] The royalties from the sale of this book go to the indigenous rights organization, Survival International.

Gere campaigns for ecological causes and AIDS awareness. He currently serves on the Board of Directors for Healing the Divide, an organization that supports global initiatives to promote peace, justice and understanding.[31] He helped to establish the AIDS Care Home, a residential facility in India for women and children with AIDS, and also supports campaigns for AIDS awareness and education in that country. In 1999, he created the Gere Foundation India Trust to support a variety of humanitarian programs in India.[32]

On April 15, 2007, Gere appeared at an AIDS awareness rally in Jaipur, India. During a live news conference to promote condom use among truck drivers, he embraced Bollywood superstar Shilpa Shetty, dipped her, and kissed her several times on the cheek.[33] As a result of that gesture, a local court ordered the arrest of Gere and Shetty, finding them in violation "public obscenity" laws. Gere, who quickly fled the country, has said the controversy was "manufactured by a small hard-line political party." About a month later, a two-judge bench headed by the Chief Justice of India, KG Balakrishnan, described the case as "frivolous" and believed that such complaints (against celebrities) were filed for "cheap publicity" and have brought a bad name to the country. They ruled that "Richard Gere is free to enter the country. This is the end of the matter."[34]

In June 2008, Gere appeared in a Fiat commercial for the European market, driving a new Lancia Delta from Hollywood to Tibet. The commercial concluded with a tagline of "New Lancia Delta: the power to be different". The commercial was reported in Chinese newspapers, and Fiat apologized to the PRC.[35] Branding expert John Tantillo argued that Fiat had foreseen the controversy the ad would cause and hoped to benefit from press coverage it would receive, labeling it "adpublitizing".[36]

Honors and awards[edit]

In 1995 he was the President of the Jury at the 19th Moscow International Film Festival.[37]

On May 17, 2012, Albanian President, Bamir Topi awarded the "Medal of Gratitude" to Richard Gere with the citation: "With gratitude and honor outstanding personality of the world art, great humanist and activist for the protection of human rights, which unmasked and the American public made known, and further, inhuman crimes, ethnic cleansing in Kosovo, in 1999, the Serbian military machine against the Albanian civilian population living in its land".[38] On February 16, 2012, George Eastman House International Museum for Photography and Film honored Gere with the George Eastman Award for distinguished contribution to the art of film.[39]

Political views[edit]

Invasion of Iraq[edit]

In 2010 Gere stated that the decision to go to war in Iraq was one that the American people were not in support of and that the administration at the time "bullied" Americans into the decision. He blamed the situation on a very "poor president".[40]

"I'm very sorry about what the U.S. has done in Iraq. This war has been a tragedy for everyone. I hope that the people of Iraq can rebuild their country," Gere said in a press conference, held on the sidelines of the 34th Cairo International Film Festival.[41]

Filmography[edit]

YearTitleRoleNotes
1975Report to the CommissionerBilly
1976Baby Blue MarineRaider
1977Looking for Mr. GoodbarTony Lo Porto
1978BloodbrothersThomas Stony De Coco
1978Days of HeavenBill
1979YanksMatt Dyson
1980American GigoloJulian Kaye
1982An Officer and a GentlemanZack Mayo
1983The Honorary ConsulDr. Eduardo Plarr
1983BreathlessJesse Lujack
1984The Cotton ClubDixie Dwyer
1985King DavidDavid
1986No MercyEddie Jillette
1986PowerPete St. John
1988Miles from HomeFrank Roberts, Jr.
1990Internal AffairsDennis Peck
1990Pretty WomanEdward Lewis
1991Rhapsody in AugustClark
1992Final AnalysisDr. Isaac Barr
1993Mr. JonesMr. Jones
1993SommersbyJohn Robert 'Jack' Sommersby
1993And the Band Played OnThe Choreographer
1994IntersectionVincent Eastman
1995First KnightLancelot
1996Primal FearMartin Vail
1997The JackalDeclan Joseph Mulqueen
1997Red CornerJack Moore
1999Runaway BrideIke Graham
2000Dr. T & the WomenDr. T
2000Autumn in New YorkWill Keane
2002The Mothman PropheciesJohn Klein
2002UnfaithfulEdward Sumner
2002ChicagoBilly Flynn
2004Shall We Dance?John Clark
2005Bee SeasonSaul Naumann
2007The HoaxClifford Irving
2007The Hunting PartySimon
2007I'm Not ThereBob Dylan as Billy The Kid
2007The FlockAgent Erroll Babbage
2008Nights in RodantheDr. Paul Flanner
2009AmeliaGeorge Putnam
2009Hachi: A Dog's TaleParker Wilson
2010Brooklyn's FinestEddie Dugan
2011The DoublePaul Shepherdson
2012ArbitrageRobert Miller
2013Movie 43BossSegment "iBabe"
2014Cosmos: A Spacetime OdysseyClair Cameron Patterson (voice)[42]Episode "The Clean Room"
2014The Best Exotic Marigold Hotel 2GuyPost-production
2014FrannyPost-production
2015Time Out Of MindFilming

Awards and nominations[edit]

YearNominated workAwardResult
1978Days of HeavenDavid di Donatello Award for Best Foreign ActorWon
1982An Officer and a GentlemanGolden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture DramaNominated
1990Pretty WomanGolden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or ComedyNominated
1993And the Band Played OnPrimetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Miniseries or a MovieNominated
1997Red CornerNational Board of Review Freedom of Expression AwardWon
2000Dr. T & the WomenSatellite Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion PictureNominated
2000Autumn in New YorkGolden Raspberry Award for Worst Screen Combo (shared with Winona Ryder)Nominated
2002ChicagoBroadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best CastWon
2002ChicagoGolden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or ComedyWon
2002ChicagoScreen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion PictureWon
2002ChicagoPhoenix Film Critics Society Award for Best CastNominated
2002ChicagoScreen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading RoleNominated
2007The HoaxSatellite Award for Best Actor – Motion PictureNominated
2007I'm Not ThereIndependent Spirit Robert Altman AwardWon
2012ArbitrageGolden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture DramaNominated

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Roberts, Gary Boyd. "#74 Royal Descents, Notable Kin, and Printed Sources: The New England Ancestry of Actor Richard [Tiffany] Gere". New England Historic Genealogical Society. Retrieved January 10, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Stated in interview on Inside the Actors Studio, 2002
  3. ^ "Richard Gere Biography", Carey Latimore, The Biography Channel. Retrieved May 1, 2008.
  4. ^ "An Officer and a Gentleman". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 4, 2009. 
  5. ^ a b "Richard Gere". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 4, 2009. 
  6. ^ "Richard Gere". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved May 4, 2009. 
  7. ^ "Shall We Dance". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 4, 2009. 
  8. ^ "Bee Season". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 4, 2009. 
  9. ^ "Nights in Rodanthe (2008)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved May 4, 2009. 
  10. ^ "Turkeys! The 100 Worst Movies of 2008". The Times. December 8, 2008. Retrieved May 4, 2009. 
  11. ^ "Nights in Rodanthe". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 4, 2009. 
  12. ^ Christopher Rosen (January 22, 2012). "Richard Gere in 'Arbitrage': Sundance Film Festival's First Oscar Contender?". moviefone. Retrieved 30 March 2014. 
  13. ^ Lou Lumenick (January 21, 2012). "Sundance 2012 Oscar Watch: Gere soars in 'Arbitrage'". New York Post. Archived from the original on January 25, 2012. Retrieved March 30, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Gere, Binoche honored at CIFF opening". Daily News Egypt. November 30, 2010. Retrieved December 1, 2010. [dead link]
  15. ^ "Passages: Gere, Lowell Get Married". People. November 15, 2002. Retrieved September 25, 2013. 
  16. ^ Jewel, Dan (February 21, 2000). "Role Change". People. Retrieved September 25, 2013. 
  17. ^ Fay Strang (September 25, 2013). "Richard Gere and wife Carey Lowell set for divorce as they split after 11 years of marriage due to lifestyle differences". The Daily Mail. Retrieved 25 September 2013. 
  18. ^ Jones, Chris (December 27, 2002). "Richard Gere: On guard". BBC News. Retrieved May 22, 2010. 
  19. ^ http://www.thecinemasource.com/blog/interviews/richard-gere-interview-for-bee-season/#commentspage
  20. ^ a b c d e f "Richard Gere: My Journey as a Buddhist". Shambhala Sun. Retrieved May 27, 2012. 
  21. ^ a b c "Richard Gere Biography". The Biography Channel. Retrieved May 12, 2007. 
  22. ^ "Richard Gere in Bodh Gaya to attend Dalai Lama's discourse". Daily News and Analysis. Retrieved May 27, 2012. 
  23. ^ Yahlin Chang, 'Red Corner,' Newsweek November 10, 1997:'‘Gere has already been banned from entering China for his pro-Tibet activities.'
  24. ^ Laurence Caracalla, Harrison Ford, Silverback Books, 2007 p.93
  25. ^ An in-depth look at your favourite celebrity personalities – hellomagazine.com, HELLO!
  26. ^ Richard Gere: Man of masks
  27. ^ Lancia Delta “Richard Gere” TV Commercial
  28. ^ Richard Gere Ingin Kembali ke Candi Borobudur
  29. ^ Survival International – We Are One
  30. ^ Eede, Joanna (2009). We are One: A Celebration of Tribal Peoples. Quadrille Publishing. ISBN 1-84400-729-4. 
  31. ^ Healing The Divide
  32. ^ The Gere Foundation. Retrieved May 12, 2007.
  33. ^ YouTube – Richard Gere kissing Shilpa Shetty[dead link]
  34. ^ "Richard Gere cleared of obscenity". BBC News. March 14, 2008. Retrieved May 22, 2010. 
  35. ^ "Fiat apologizes to China for Richard Gere Commercial" Auto Blog. June 20, 2008.
  36. ^ "Richard Gere Fiat Ad Is Just The Latest Saga In the Risky New World Of Global Branding" Marketing Doctor Blog. June 25, 2008.
  37. ^ "19th Moscow International Film Festival (1995)". MIFF. Retrieved March 16, 2013. 
  38. ^ President Topi dekoron zotin Riçard Gir me “Medaljen e Mirënjohjes”, President of Albania, 2012-05-17 (in Albanian)
  39. ^ AP
  40. ^ "Juliette Binoche and Richard Gere greet the press". Al-Masry Al-Youm. December 1, 2010. 
  41. ^ "Seeing the stars in Cairo". Egyptian Gazette. December 27, 2010. 
  42. ^ This Week's TV: A Disturbingly Sexy French Comic Book Comes To TV!

External links[edit]