Ribes

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Ribes
Ribes divaricatum 5391.JPG
Ribes divaricatum (Spreading Gooseberry)
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
(unranked):Angiosperms
(unranked):Eudicots
(unranked):Core eudicots
Order:Saxifragales
Family:Grossulariaceae
DC.[1]
Genus:Ribes
L.
Species

See text.

Grossulariaceae Distribution.svg
The range of Ribes.
 
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This article is about the genus of flower plant. For the commune in southern France, see Ribes, Ardèche. For the region in Catalonia, see Vall de Ribes.
Ribes
Ribes divaricatum 5391.JPG
Ribes divaricatum (Spreading Gooseberry)
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
(unranked):Angiosperms
(unranked):Eudicots
(unranked):Core eudicots
Order:Saxifragales
Family:Grossulariaceae
DC.[1]
Genus:Ribes
L.
Species

See text.

Grossulariaceae Distribution.svg
The range of Ribes.

Ribes /ˈrbz/ is a genus of about 150 species of flowering plants native throughout the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. It is usually treated as the only genus in the family Grossulariaceae. Seven subgenera are recognized.

Sometimes Ribes is instead included in the family Saxifragaceae. A few taxonomists place the gooseberry species in a separate genus of Grossularia.

Cultivation[edit]

The genus Ribes includes the edible currants (blackcurrant, redcurrant, white currant), gooseberry, and several hybrid varieties. It should not be confused with the dried currant used in cakes and puddings, which is a cultivar of small grape (Zante currant). It gives its name to the popular blackcurrant cordial Ribena.

The genus also includes the group of ornamental plants collectively known as the flowering currants, for instance R. sanguineum.

There are restrictions on growing some Ribes species in some U.S. states, as they are a host for White Pine Blister Rust.

Medicinal[edit]

Blackfoot Indians used blackcurrant root (Ribes hudsonianum) for the treatment of kidney diseases and menstrual and menopausal problems. Cree Indians used the fruit of Ribes glandulosum as a fertility enhancer to assist women in becoming pregnant.

Currant root and seeds are high in gamma-Linolenic acid (GLA). GLA has been clinically verified as an effective treatment for pre-menstrual syndrome.[2]

Ecology[edit]

Currants are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera-Butterfly species.

Selected species[edit]

Redcurrant, berries
  • Ribes acerifolium T.J Howell
    Maple Currant, Mapleleaf Currant
  • Ribes achurjani Mulk.
  • Ribes aciculare Sm.
    Needle-spined Gooseberry
  • Ribes acidum Turcz. ex Pojark.
  • Ribes acuminatum Wall. ex G.Don
  • Ribes affine Kunth
  • Ribes albifolium Ruiz & Pav.
  • Ribes albinervium Michx.
  • Ribes alpestre Wall. ex Decne.
  • Ribes alpestris (Decne) A.Berger
    Hedge Gooseberry
  • Ribes alpinum L.
    Alpine Currant
  • Ribes altamirani Jancz.
  • Ribes altissimum Turcz. ex Pojark.
    Tall Currant
  • Ribes amarum McClatchie
    Bitter Gooseberry
  • Ribes ambiguum Maxim.
  • Ribes americanum Mill.
    American Blackcurrant, Wild Blackcurrant
  • Ribes amictum Greene
  • Ribes andicola Jancz.
  • Ribes aridum Greene
  • Ribes armenum Pojark.
  • Ribes ascendens Eastw.
  • Ribes atropurpureum C.A.Mey.
  • Ribes aucheziense Jancz.
  • Ribes aureum Pursh
    Buffalo Currant, Clove Currant, Golden Currant. Includes well-known cultivar 'Gwen.'
  • Ribes austroecuadorense Freire-Fierro
  • Ribes bethmontii Jancz.
  • Ribes binominatum A.Heller
    Ground Gooseberry
  • Ribes bracteosum Douglas ex Hook.
    Stink Currant
  • Ribes burejense F.Schmidt
  • Ribes californicum Hook. & Arn.
    Hillside Gooseberry, California Gooseberry, Monterey Gooseberry
  • Ribes canthariforme Wiggins
    Moreno Currant
  • Ribes cereum Douglas
    Squaw Currant, Wax Currant, White Field Currant, Whiskey Currant
  • Ribes ciliatum Humb. & Bonpl.
  • Ribes colandina Weigend
  • Ribes coloradense Cov.
    Colorado Currant
  • Ribes cruentum Greene
    Shinyleaf Currant, Oregon Currant
  • Ribes curvatum Small
    Granite Gooseberry
  • Ribes cynosbati L.
    Prickly Gooseberry, Eastern Prickly Gooseberry, Dogberry, Dog Bramble
  • Ribes diacanthum Pall.
    Siberian Currant
  • Ribes dikuscha Fisch. ex Turcz.
  • Ribes distans Jancz.
    Scarlet Currant
  • Ribes divaricatum Douglas
    Spreading Gooseberry, Wild Gooseberry, Coast Gooseberry, Coastal Black Gooseberry, Parish's Gooseberry
  • Ribes echinellum (Cov.) Rehder
    Miccosukee Gooseberry
  • Ribes emodense Rehder
    Smooth Rock Currant
  • Ribes erythrocarpum Coville & Leiberg
    Crater Lake Currant
  • Ribes fasciculatum Siebold & Zucc.
    Japanese Currant
  • Ribes floridum L'Hér..
  • Ribes fragrans Pall.
    Fragrant-flowered Gooseberry, Sweet-flowered Gooseberry
  • Ribes fuscescens (Jancz.) Jancz.
  • Ribes futurum Jancz.
  • Ribes gardonianum Lem.
  • Ribes gayanum (Spach) Steud.
    Leather-leaved Gooseberry
  • Ribes giraldii Jancz.
  • Ribes glabricalycinum L.T.Lu
  • Ribes glabrifolium L.T.Lu
  • Ribes glaciale Wallich
    Glacier Currant
  • Ribes glanduliferum A.Heller
  • Ribes glandulosum Grauer ex Weber
    Skunk Currant, Fetid Currant
  • Ribes glaucescens Eastw.
  • Ribes glutinosum Benth.
  • Ribes gongshanense T.C.Ku
  • Ribes goodingii M.E.Peck
  • Ribes gracile Michx.
  • Ribes grande Rose
  • Ribes grantii A.Heller
  • Ribes graveolens Bunge.
  • Ribes greeneianum A.Heller
  • Ribes griffithii Hook.f. & Thomson
  • Ribes grossularia L.
    [ Synon. of R.uva-crispa ]
  • Ribes grossularioides Maxim.
    Japanese Gooseberry, Catberry
  • Ribes guangxiense C.Z.Gao
  • Ribes hallii Jancz.
  • Ribes haoi C.Y.Yang & Han
  • Ribes hartwegianum Jancz.
  • Ribes hendersonii C.L.Hitchc.
  • Ribes henryi Franch.
  • Ribes hesperium McClatchie
  • Ribes heterotrichum C.A.Mey.
  • Ribes himalense Royle ex Decne.
  • Ribes hirtellum Michx.
    North American Gooseberry, Hairystem Gooseberry, Currant Gooseberry
  • Ribes hirticaule J.F.Macbr.
  • Ribes hirtum Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.
  • Ribes hispidulum (Jancz.) Pojark.
  • Ribes hittellianum Eastw.
  • Ribes holocericeum Otto & A.Dietr.
  • Ribes horridum Rupr.
    Thorny Currant
  • Ribes houghtonianum Jancz.
  • Ribes howellii Greene
  • Ribes hudsonianum Richards
    Northern Blackcurrant, Hudson Bay Currant, Western Blackcurrant
  • Ribes humile Jancz.
  • Ribes hunanense Chang Y.Yang & C.J.Qi
  • Ribes huronense Rydb.
  • Ribes hysterix Eastw.
  • Ribes incarnatum Wedd.
  • Ribes incertum J.F.Macbr.
  • Ribes indecorum Eastw.
    White-flowered Currant
  • Ribes inebrians Lindl.
  • Ribes inerme Rydb.
    Whitestem Gooseberry, Klamath Gooseberry
  • Ribes integrifolium Phil.
  • Ribes intermedium Tausch
  • Ribes irriguum Douglas
  • Ribes janczewskii Pojark.
  • Ribes japonicum Maxim.
    Japanese Blackcurrant, Thornless Blackcurrant
  • Ribes jessoniae Stapf.
  • Ribes jorullense Kunth
  • Ribes kansuense K.S.Hao
  • Ribes kialanum Jancz.
  • Ribes koehneanum Jancz.
  • Ribes kolymense (Trautv.) Kom.
  • Ribes komarovii Pojark.
  • Ribes kunthii Berland.
  • Ribes laciniatum Hook.f. & Thomson
  • Ribes lacustre (Pers.) Poir.
    Black Gooseberry, Prickly Currant, Black Swamp Gooseberry
  • Ribes lasianthum Greene
    Alpine Gooseberry
  • Ribes latifolium Jancz.
    Broadleaf Currant
  • Ribes laurifolium Jancz.
    Evergreen Currant
  • Ribes laxiflorum Pursh
    Trailing Blackcurrant
  • Ribes lehmannii Jancz.
  • Ribes leiobotrys Koehne
  • Ribes lentum (M.E.Jones) Coville & Rose
  • Ribes leptanthum A.Gray
    Trumpet Gooseberry
  • Ribes leptosma (Coville) Fedde
  • Ribes leptosmum (Coville) Standl.
  • Ribes leucoderme A.Heller
  • Ribes lindeni Jancz.
  • Ribes liouanum Kitag.
  • Ribes lioui C.Wang & Chang Y.Yang
  • Ribes lobbii A.Gray
    Gummy Gooseberry
  • Ribes longeracemosum Franch.
    Tibet Thornless Blackcurrant
  • Ribes longiflorum Nutt.
  • Ribes lucarense Phil.
  • Ribes luridum Hook. & Thoms.
    Purple Currant
  • Ribes luteynii Weigend
  • Ribes macrobotrys Ruiz & Pav.
  • Ribes macrocalyx Hance
  • Ribes macrostachyum Jancz.
  • Ribes magellanicum Poir.
  • Ribes malvaceum Sm.
    Chaparral Currant
  • Ribes malvifolium Pojark.
  • Ribes mandschuricum (Maxim.) Komarov
    Manchurian Redcurrant
  • Ribes mariposanum Congdon
  • Ribes marshallii Greene
    Hupa Gooseberry
  • Ribes maximowiczianum Kom.
  • Ribes maximowiczii Batal.
  • Ribes melananthum Boiss. & Hohen.
  • Ribes melancholicum Siev. ex Pall.
  • Ribes menziesii Pursh
    Canyon Gooseberry, Menzies' Gooseberry
  • Ribes mescalerium Coville
    Mescalero Currant
  • Ribes mexicanum Spreng.
  • Ribes meyeri Maxim.
    Meyer's Currant
  • Ribes micranthum Phil.
  • Ribes microphyllum Kunth
  • Ribes migratorium Suksd.
  • Ribes missouriense Nutt.
    Missouri Gooseberry
  • Ribes mogollonicum Greene
  • Ribes molle (A.Gray) Howell
  • Ribes montanum Howell
  • Ribes monticola K.Koch
  • Ribes montigenum McClat.
    Gooseberry Currant
  • Ribes moupinense Franch.
  • Ribes multiflorum Kit.
    Manyflower Currant
  • Ribes nanophyllum Freire-Fierro & L.Endara
  • Ribes neglectum Rose
  • Ribes nelsonii Coville & Rose
  • Ribes nemorosum Phil.
  • Ribes nevadense Kellogg
    Sierra Currant, Jaeger's Currant, Nevada Currant
  • Ribes nigrum L.
    Blackcurrant, European Blackcurrant
  • Ribes nitidissima Neger.
  • Ribes niveum Lindl.
    Snow Gooseberry, Slender-branched Gooseberry
  • Ribes non-scriptum (A.Berger) Standl.
  • Ribes occidentale Hook. & Arn.
  • Ribes odoratissimum M.McMahon ex True
  • Ribes odoratum H.L.Wendl.
    [ Synon. of R.aureum var. villosum. Includes famous cultivar 'Crandall' ]
  • Ribes oligacanthum Eastw.
  • Ribes orientale Desf.
    Siberian Currant
  • Ribes orizabae Rose
  • Ribes ovalifolium Jancz.
  • Ribes ovallei Phil.
  • Ribes oxyacanthoides L.
    American Mountain Gooseberry, Canadian Gooseberry, Stream Gooseberry, Henderson's Gooseberry, Idaho Gooseberry
  • Ribes pachyadenium Hand.-Mazz.
  • Ribes pachysandroides Oliv.
  • Ribes palczewskii (Jancz.) Pojark.
    Palczjewski's Ribes
  • Ribes pallidiflorum Pojark.
  • Ribes palmeri Vasey & Rose
  • Ribes panctatum Ruiz & Pav.
  • Ribes parviflorum Wedd.
  • Ribes parvifolium Phil.
  • Ribes parvulum (A.Gray) Rydb.
  • Ribes pauciflorum Turcz. ex Pojark.
    Few-flowered Ribes
  • Ribes pensylvanicum Lam.
  • Ribes pentlandii Britton
  • Ribes peruvianum Jancz.
  • Ribes petiolare Fisch.
  • Ribes petraeum Wulf.
    Rock Currant, Rock Redcurrant, Bieberstein's Rock Currant
  • Ribes pinetorum Greene
    Orange Currant
  • Ribes polyanthum Phil.
  • Ribes polystachyum A.Berger
  • Ribes praecox J.F.Macbr.
  • Ribes pringlei Rose
  • Ribes procumbens Pall.
    Trailing Redcurrant
  • Ribes propinquum Turcz.
  • Ribes pseudofasciculatum K.S.Hao
  • Ribes pulchellum Turcz.
  • Ribes purpurascens A.Heller
  • Ribes purpusii Koehne ex Blank.
  • Ribes quercetorum Greene
    Rock Gooseberry
  • Ribes reclinatum L.
  • Ribes recurvatum Michx.
  • Ribes reniforme Nutt.
  • Ribes repens A.I.Baranov
  • Ribes roezlii Reg.
    Sierra Gooseberry, Roezl's Gooseberry
  • Ribes rosthornii Diels
  • Ribes rotundifolium Michx.
    Appalachian Gooseberry, Round-leaved Gooseberry
  • Ribes rubrisepalum L.T.Lu
  • Ribes rubrum L.
    Redcurrant
  • Ribes rugosum Coville & Rose
  • Ribes ruizii Rehder.
  • Ribes sachalinense (F.Schmidt) Nakai
  • Ribes sanguineum Pursh
    Flowering Currant, Redflower Currant, Blood Currant, Sticky Blood Currant, Blackseed Blood Currant, Winter Currant
  • Ribes sardoum Martelli
    Sardinian Currant
  • Ribes sativum Syme
    [ Synon. of R.silvestre ]
  • Ribes saxatile Pall.
  • Ribes saximontanum E.E.Nelson
  • Ribes saxosum Hook.
  • Ribes scandicum Hedl.
  • Ribes scuphamii Eastw.
  • Ribes senile (Coville) Standl.
  • Ribes sericeum Eastw.
    Lucia Gooseberry
  • Ribes setchuense Jancz.
  • Ribes setosum Lindl.
    Missouri Currant
  • Ribes silvestre (Lam.) Mert. & Koch
    Woodland Currant
  • Ribes sinanense F.Maek.
    Chinese Gooseberry
  • Ribes soulieanum Jancz.
  • Ribes spathianum Koehne
  • Ribes speciosum Pursh
    Fuchsia-flowered Gooseberry
  • Ribes spicatum Robson
    Nordic Redcurrant, Nordic Currant, Downy Currant
  • Ribes stanfordii Elmer
  • Ribes steinbachiorum Weigend & Binder
  • Ribes stenocarpum Maxim.
    Narrow-fruited Currant
  • Ribes subvestitum Hook. & Arn.
  • Ribes sucheziense Jancz.
  • Ribes suksdorfii A.Heller
  • Ribes takare D.Don
  • Ribes tenue Jancz.
  • Ribes tenuiflorum Lindl.
  • Ribes texense (Coville & A.Berger) Standl.
  • Ribes thacherianum (Jeps.) Munz
  • Ribes tianquanense S.H.Yu & J.M.Xu
  • Ribes tolimense Cuatrec.
  • Ribes tortuosum Benth.
  • Ribes tricuspe Nakai
  • Ribes trifidum Michx.
  • Ribes trilobum Meyen.
  • Ribes tripartitum Batalin
  • Ribes triste Pall.
    Northern Redcurrant or Swamp Redcurrant, Wild Redcurrant
  • Ribes tularense (Coville) Fedde.
    Tulare Gooseberry
  • Ribes turbinatum Pojark.
  • Ribes uniflorum T.C.Ku
  • Ribes urceolatum Tausch
  • Ribes ussuriense Jancz.
    Korean Blackcurrant
  • Ribes utile Jancz.
  • Ribes uva-crispa L.
    Gooseberry, Wild Gooseberry, European Gooseberry, English Gooseberry
  • Ribes valdivianum Phil.
  • Ribes valicola Greene ex Rydb.
  • Ribes van-fleetianum (A.Berger) Standl.
  • Ribes velutinum Greene
    Desert Gooseberry, Gooding's Gooseberry
  • Ribes viburnifolium A.Gray
    Island Gooseberry
  • Ribes victoris Greene
    Victor's Gooseberry
  • Ribes vilmorinii Jancz.
  • Ribes villosum Wall. ex Roxb.
  • Ribes viscosissimum Pursh
    Sticky Currant
  • Ribes viscosum Ruiz & Pav.
  • Ribes vitifolium Host
  • Ribes vulgare Lam.
  • Ribes warszewiczii Jancz.
    Downy Currant
  • Ribes watkinsii Eastw.
  • Ribes watsonianum Koehne
    Spring Gooseberry
  • Ribes weberbaueri Jancz.
  • Ribes weddellianum Jancz.
  • Ribes wolfii Rothr.
    Wolf's Currant
  • Ribes xizangense L.T.Lu

References[edit]

  1. ^ Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III" (PDF). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x. Retrieved 2013-07-06. 
  2. ^ Edible and Medicinal Plants of the West, Gregory L. Tilford, ISBN 0-87842-359-1

External links[edit]