Reuters

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Reuters
TypeDivision
IndustryNews agency
FoundedOctober 1851
HeadquartersLondon, United Kingdom
Owner(s)Thomson Reuters
Websitewww.reuters.com
 
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Reuters
TypeDivision
IndustryNews agency
FoundedOctober 1851
HeadquartersLondon, United Kingdom
Owner(s)Thomson Reuters
Websitewww.reuters.com

Reuters (pronounced /ˈrɔɪtərz/) is an international news agency headquartered in London, United Kingdom and a division of Thomson Reuters. Until 2008, the Reuters news agency formed part of an independent company, Reuters Group plc, which was also a provider of financial market data. Since the acquisition of Reuters Group by The Thomson Corporation in 2008, the Reuters news agency has been a part of Thomson Reuters, forming part of its Financial and Risk Division.

Contents

History

The Reuter agency was established in 1851 by Paul Julius Reuter in Britain at the London Royal Exchange. Paul Reuter worked at a book-publishing firm in Berlin and was involved in distributing radical pamphlets at the beginning of the Revolutions in 1848. These publications brought much attention to Reuter. He later developed a prototype news service in 1849 in which he used electric telegraphy and carrier pigeons. The Reuter’s Telegram Company was later launched. The company initially covered commercial news, serving banks, brokerage houses and business firms.[1]

The first newspaper client to subscribe was the London Morning Advertiser in 1858. Newspaper subscriptions subsequently expanded.

Over the years Reuter's agency has built a reputation in Europe and the rest of the world as the first to report news scoops from abroad. Reuters was the first to report Abraham Lincoln’s assassination among other major stories. Almost every major news outlet in the world currently subscribes to Reuters. Reuters operates in more than 200 cities in 94 countries in about 20 languages.

The last surviving member of the Reuters family founders, Marguerite, Baroness de Reuter, died at age 96 on 25 January 2009, after having suffered a series of strokes.[2]

Journalists

Reuters employs several thousand journalists, sometimes at the cost of their lives. In May 2000, Kurt Schork, an American reporter, was killed in an ambush while on assignment in Sierra Leone. In April and August 2003, news cameramen Taras Protsyuk and Mazen Dana were killed in separate incidents by US troops in Iraq. In July 2007, Namir Noor-Eldeen and Saeed Chmagh were killed when they were fired upon by a US military Apache helicopter in Baghdad[3] after having been mistakenly identified as carrying weapons.[4] During 2004, cameramen Adlan Khasanov in Chechnya and Dhia Najim in Iraq were also killed. In April 2008, cameraman Fadel Shana was killed in the Gaza Strip after being hit by an Israeli tank using flechettes.[5] The first Reuters journalist to be taken hostage in action was Anthony Grey. Detained while covering China's Cultural Revolution in Peking in the late 1960s, it was said to be in response to the jailing of several Chinese journalists by the colonial British government of Hong Kong.[6] He was considered to be the first political hostage of the modern age and was released after almost 2 years of solitary confinement. Awarded an OBE by the British Government in recognition of this, he went on to become a best selling author.

Fatalities

NameNationalityLocationDate
Kurt SchorkAmericanSierra Leone24 May 2000
Taras ProtsyukUkrainianIraq8 April 2003
Mazen DanaPalestinianIraq17 August 2003
Adlan KhasanovRussianChechnya9 May 2004
Dhia NajimIraqiIraq1 November 2004
Waleed KhaledIraqiIraq28 August 2005
Namir Noor-EldeenIraqiIraq12 July 2007[7]
Saeed ChmaghIraqiIraq12 July 2007[7]
Fadel Shana'aPalestinianGaza Strip16 April 2008
Hiro MuramotoJapaneseThailand10 April 2010
Sabah al-BazeeIraqiIraq29 March 2011

Criticism and controversy

Policy of objective language

Reuters has a strict policy towards upholding journalistic objectivity[citation needed]. This policy has caused comment on the possible insensitivity of its non-use of the word terrorist in reports, including the 11 September attacks. Reuters has been careful to only use the word terrorist in quotes, whether quotations or scare quotes. Reuters global news editor Stephen Jukes wrote, "We all know that one man's terrorist is another man's freedom fighter, and that Reuters upholds the principle that we do not use the word terrorist." The Washington Post media critic Howard Kurtz responded, "After the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing, and again after the attacks on the World Trade Center and Pentagon, Reuters allowed the events to be described as acts of terror. But as of last week, even that terminology is banned." Reuters later apologised for this characterisation of their policy,[8] although they maintained the policy itself.

The 20 September 2004 edition of The New York Times reported that the Reuters Global Managing Editor, David A. Schlesinger, objected to Canadian newspapers' editing of Reuters articles by inserting the word terrorist, stating that "my goal is to protect our reporters and protect our editorial integrity".[9]

However, when reporting the 7 July 2005 London bombings, the service reported, "Police said they suspected terrorists were behind the bombings." This line appeared to break with their previous policy and was also criticised.[10] Reuters later clarified by pointing out they include the word "when we are quoting someone directly or in indirect speech," and the headline was an example of the latter.[11] The news organisation has subsequently used "terrorist" without quotations when the article clarifies that it is someone else's words.

In 2011, the Journal of Applied Business Research published research by Henry I. Silverman, of Roosevelt University which concluded that 'Reuters engages in systematically biased storytelling in favor of the Arabs/Palestinians.[12] Reuters denied the allegations.[13]

Photograph controversies / Accusations of anti-Israel bias

Reuters was accused of bias against Israel in its coverage of the 2006 Israel-Lebanon conflict, in which the company used two doctored photos by a Lebanese freelance photographer Adnan Hajj.[14] On 7 August 2006, Reuters announced[15] it had severed all ties with Hajj and said his photographs would be removed from its database.

In 2010, Reuters was criticised again for 'anti-Israeli' bias when it cropped the edges of photos, removing commando's knives held by activists and a naval commando's blood from photographs taken aboard the Mavi Marmara during the Gaza flotilla raid, a raid which left 9 Turkish Activists dead. It has been alleged that in two separate photographs, knives held by the activists were cropped out of the versions of the pictures published by Reuters.[16] The knife in the photo[17] is a commando knife and appears similar to the Israeli 'Predator'.[18] Reuters said it is standard operating procedure to crop photos at the margins, and replaced the cropped images with the original ones after it was brought to the agency's attention.[16][19]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "Britannica Online Encyclopedia". Britannica.com. http://www.britannica.com/. Retrieved 2012-11-03.
  2. ^ "Baroness de Reuter, last link to news dynasty, dies". Reuters. ABC News (Australia). 26 January 2009. http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2009/01/26/2474298.htm. Retrieved 21 February 2009.
  3. ^ (YouTube) “Collateral Murder - Wikileaks - Iraq”—“Wikileaks has obtained and decrypted this previously unreleased video footage from a US Apache helicopter in 2007. It shows Reuters journalist Namir Noor-Eldeen, driver Saeed Chmagh, and several others as the Apache shoots and kills them in a public square in Eastern Baghdad.”
  4. ^ TimesOnline, April 6, 2010: “Profiles: Iraq journalists killed by US gunships”Retrieved on 25-07-2011.
  5. ^ News.Yahoo.com Yahoo! News[dead link]
  6. ^ "Foreign Correspondents:The Tiny World of Anthony Grey". Time. 20 December 1968. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,844706,00.html. Retrieved 22 May 2010.
  7. ^ a b Tyson, Ann Scott, "Military's Killing Of 2 Journalists In Iraq Detailed In New Book", The Washington Post, 15 September 2009, p. 7.
  8. ^ "Reuters Terrorist Explanation". Homepage.mac.com. http://homepage.mac.com/bkerstetter/writersblock/reutersexplanation.html. Retrieved 3 October 2010.
  9. ^ Austen, Ian (20 September 2004). "Reuters Asks a Chain to Remove Its Bylines". The New York Times. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=FA0917F63F5D0C738EDDA00894DC404482. Retrieved 22 May 2010.
  10. ^ "The Wall Street Journal Online – Best of the Web Today". Opinionjournal.com. http://www.opinionjournal.com/best/?id=110006927#bbc. Retrieved 3 October 2010.
  11. ^ "Reuters – About Reuters – About us". Market Update & News Provided by Reuters.com. http://about.reuters.com/aboutus/editorial/.
  12. ^ http://sites.roosevelt.edu/hsilverman/files/2011/11/Reuters-article-JABR.pdf
  13. ^ http://www.thejc.com/news/world-news/60862/study-says-reuters-biased-favour-palestinians
  14. ^ Reuters admits altering Beirut photo, Ynetnews, Retrieved on 3 June 2008
  15. ^ "Reuters toughens rules after altered photo affair Photos". Reuters.com. http://www.reuters.com/article/2007/01/18/idUSL18678707. Retrieved Jan 2007.
  16. ^ a b Mozgovaya, Natasha (8 June 2010). "Reuters under fire for removing weapons, blood from images of Gaza flotilla". Haaretz. http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/reuters-under-fire-for-removing-weapons-blood-from-images-of-gaza-flotilla-1.294780. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
  17. ^ http://www.haaretz.com/polopoly_fs/1.294777!/image/2791466015.jpg
  18. ^ "The Predator- Commando Tactical Knife". Zahal.org. http://www.zahal.org/products/the-predator-commando-tactical-knife. Retrieved 2012-11-03.
  19. ^ Thornton, Maggie (2010-06-08). "Maggie's Notebook: Reuters Crops Terrorist Knife in Flotilla Photo: Reuters Hides IDF Soldiers Blood". Maggiesnotebook.blogspot.co.uk. http://maggiesnotebook.blogspot.co.uk/2010/06/reuters-crops-terrorist-knife-in.html. Retrieved 2012-11-03.

References

Further reading

External links