Reuben sandwich

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Reuben sandwich
Katz's Deli - Lunch.jpg
Reuben on rye from Katz's Delicatessen
TypeMain course
Place of origin
 United States
Main ingredients
Corned beef; sauerkraut; Swiss cheese; rye bread; and either Russian dressing, Thousand Island dressing, or possibly Dijon mustard
Cookbook:Reuben sandwich  Reuben sandwich
 
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Reuben sandwich
Katz's Deli - Lunch.jpg
Reuben on rye from Katz's Delicatessen
TypeMain course
Place of origin
 United States
Main ingredients
Corned beef; sauerkraut; Swiss cheese; rye bread; and either Russian dressing, Thousand Island dressing, or possibly Dijon mustard
Cookbook:Reuben sandwich  Reuben sandwich

The Reuben sandwich is a hot sandwich of corned beef, Swiss cheese with Russian dressing, and sauerkraut. These are grilled between slices of rye bread. Several variants exist.[1]

Possible origins[edit]

Reuben Kulakofsky: Omaha, Nebraska[edit]

One account holds that Reuben Kulakofsky (sometimes spelled Reubin, or the last name shortened to Kay), a Lithuanian-born grocer residing in Omaha, Nebraska, was the inventor perhaps as part of a group effort by members of Kulakofsky's weekly poker game held in the Blackstone Hotel from around 1920 through 1935. The participants, who nicknamed themselves "the committee", included the hotel's owner, Charles Schimmel. The sandwich first gained local fame when Schimmel put it on the Blackstone's lunch menu, and its fame spread when a former employee of the hotel won a national contest with the recipe.[2]

Reuben's Delicatessen: New York City[edit]

Variations[edit]

Corned beef Rachel sandwich

Rachel sandwich[edit]

The Rachel sandwich is a variation on the standard Reuben sandwich, substituting pastrami for the corned beef, and coleslaw for the sauerkraut.[6] Other recipes for the Rachel call for turkey instead of corned beef or pastrami.[7][8] In some parts of the United States, especially Michigan, this turkey variant is known as a "Georgia Reuben" or "California Reuben", which sometimes uses barbecue sauce instead of Russian or Thousand Island.

Ishmael sandwich[edit]

The Ishmael sandwich is a variation on the standard Reuben sandwich, substituting donkey meat for the corned beef, and sometimes supplementing the Russian dressing or Thousand Island dressing with chopped garlic, cilantro, and green bell pepper. This variation was created in Beijing, China by American expatriates who were inspired by the local Donkey Burger and the difficulty in obtaining corned beef. The name is taken from the biblical reference to Ishmael as a "wild donkey of a man" in Genesis 16:12.[dubious ]

West Coast Reuben[edit]

The West Coast Reuben is a variation on the standard Reuben sandwich, substituting Dijon mustard as the dressing. This variation is often a menu item in restaurants in Las Vegas.[7]

Montreal Reuben[edit]

The Montreal Reuben substitutes Montreal smoked meat for corned beef.

Reuben egg rolls[edit]

Reuben egg rolls, sometimes called "Irish egg rolls" or "Reuben balls", use the standard Reuben sandwich filling of corned beef, sauerkraut, and cheese inside a deep-fried egg roll wrapper. Typically served with thousand island dressing as an appetizer or snack, they originated at Mader's, a German restaurant in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, where chef Dennis Wegner created them for a summer festival in about 1990.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Reuben", Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd ed.
  2. ^ a b Rader, Jim. "The Reuben Sandwich". Reuben Realm. 
  3. ^ Jared Ingersoll (2006). "Toasted Reuben sandwich". Danks Street Depot. Murdoch Books. p. 115. ISBN 9781740455985. 
  4. ^ Craig Claiborne. The New York Times Food Encyclopedia. See also Arnold Reuben interview, American Life Histories: Manuscripts from the Federal Writers' Project, 1936–1940, quoted on What's cooking America site.
  5. ^ Sobel, Bernard (1953). Broadway Heartbeat: Memoirs of a Press Agent. New York City: Hermitage House. p. 233. OCLC 1514676. 
  6. ^ Mary-Lane Kamberg (2004). "Grilled Reuben sandwich variation: Grilled Rachel sandwich". The I Don't Know How to Cook Book: 300 Great Recipes You Can't Mess Up. Adams Media. p. 42. ISBN 9781593370091. 
  7. ^ a b Popik, Barry (November 13, 2004). "Reuben Sandwich (and Rachel Sandwich, Celebrity Sandwiches)". The Big Apple. Retrieved November 2, 2013. 
  8. ^ Rombauer, Irma S.; Becker, Marion Rombauer; Becker, Ethan (2006). "Reuben Sandwich". Joy of Cooking (75th Anniversary ed.). Scribner. p. 181. ISBN 978-0-7432-4626-2. "For a Rachel, substitute turkey for the corned beef." 
  9. ^ Zeldes, Leah A. (March 10, 2010). "Irish' food in Chicago isn't quite so in Ireland: Who played a role in the reuben egg roll?". The Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved March 15, 2010. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]