Return to Innocence

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"Return to Innocence"
Single by Enigma
from the album The Cross of Changes
ReleasedJanuary 4, 1994
FormatCD, cassette, 12" (30 cm)
Recorded1993 A.R.T. Studios, Ibiza
GenreNew Age, Worldbeat
Length4:03 (243 sec)
LabelVirgin / EMI
Writer(s)Michael Cretu (Curly M.C.), Kuo Ying-nan, Kuo Hsiu-chu
Producer(s)Michael Cretu
CertificationGold (RIAA)
Enigma singles chronology
"Carly's Song"
(1993)
"Return to Innocence"
(1994)
"The Eyes of Truth"
(1994)
 
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"Return to Innocence"
Single by Enigma
from the album The Cross of Changes
ReleasedJanuary 4, 1994
FormatCD, cassette, 12" (30 cm)
Recorded1993 A.R.T. Studios, Ibiza
GenreNew Age, Worldbeat
Length4:03 (243 sec)
LabelVirgin / EMI
Writer(s)Michael Cretu (Curly M.C.), Kuo Ying-nan, Kuo Hsiu-chu
Producer(s)Michael Cretu
CertificationGold (RIAA)
Enigma singles chronology
"Carly's Song"
(1993)
"Return to Innocence"
(1994)
"The Eyes of Truth"
(1994)

"Return to Innocence" is a song by German musical group Enigma. The single was the first from their chart-topping second album, The Cross of Changes.

It became one of the project's most popular international singles, reaching number one in over 10 countries (including Greece, Norway, Sweden and Ireland), number three on the UK Singles Chart, the Top 5 in Austria, Canada,[1] Germany, New Zealand, Netherlands, Switzerland and South Africa. It reached the Top 20 in Italy and France. It was also the project's biggest hit in America, reaching number two on the US Modern Rock Tracks chart, number four on the US Hot 100, and number six on the U.S Top 40 Mainstream.[2]

History[edit]

The song's main vocals are provided by Angel X (Andreas Harde), while an Amis chant is repeated. The chant was sampled from the "Jubilant Drinking Song" without the singers' permission. Kuo Ying-nan (born Difang Duana) (郭英男) and Kuo Hsiu-chu (郭秀珠), both Amis, were in a cultural exchange program in Paris in 1988 when their performance of the song was recorded by the Maison des Cultures du Monde and later distributed on CD. The producer of Enigma, Michael Cretu, later obtained the CD and proceeded to sample it. In addition, the drum beat of the song was sampled from the Led Zeppelin song "When the Levee Breaks."[3]

The song was used to promote several types of media in the mid-1990s, including film and TV commercials. In fall 1994, the song was featured in an episode of the TV show My So-Called Life. In 1995, the song was used as the closing theme in Disney's live-action film Man of the House, as well as in the opening and closing of an Outer Limits episode. In 1996, the song was further popularized when it was used in a television advertisement to promote the 1996 Summer Olympics.

Julien Temple directed the video, which depicts a man's life in reverse, starting with him dying and ending with his birth. (See also List of Enigma videos#The Cross of Changes).

Legal dispute[edit]

In March 1998, Kuo Ying-nan and Kuo Hsiu-chu sued Cretu, Virgin Records, and a number of recording companies for unauthorised usage of their song without credit.[4][5] The case was settled out of court for an undisclosed amount of money and all further releases of the song were credited (including royalties) to the Kuos.[6] Cretu has stated that he had been led to believe that the recording was in the public domain, and that he did not intentionally violate the Kuos' copyright.[7]

Single track listing[edit]

4-track CD single
  1. "Radio Edit" – 4:03
  2. "Long & Alive Version" (remixed by Curly M.C. and Jens Gad) – 7:07
  3. "380 Midnight Mix" (remixed by Jens Gad) – 5:55
  4. "Short Radio Edit" – 3:01
5-track CD single
  1. "Radio Edit" – 4:03
  2. "Long & Alive Version" (remixed by Curly M.C. and Jens Gad) – 7:07
  3. "380 Midnight Mix" (remixed by Jens Gad) – 5:55
  4. "Short Radio Edit" – 3:01
  5. "Sadeness (Part I) (Radio Edit)" – 4:17

Charts and certifications[edit]

Charts[edit]

Chart (1994)Peak
position
Australia (ARIA)[8]16
Austria (Ö3 Austria Top 40)[9]4
Belgium (Ultratop 50 Flanders)[10]16
Canada Top Singles (RPM)[11]4
France (SNEP)[12]11
Germany (Media Control AG)[13]5
Ireland (IRMA)[14]1
Italy (FIMI)[15]12
Netherlands (Mega Single Top 100)[16]8
New Zealand (Recorded Music NZ)[17]5
Norway (VG-lista)[18]1
Sweden (Sverigetopplistan)[19]1
Switzerland (Schweizer Hitparade)[20]5
UK Singles (The Official Charts Company)3
U.S. Billboard Hot 100[21]4
U.S. Billboard Adult Contemporary[22]40

Certifications[edit]

RegionCertificationSales/shipments
Germany (BVMI)[23]Gold250,000^
United Kingdom (BPI)[24]Silver200,000^
United States (RIAA)[25]Gold500,000^

^shipments figures based on certification alone

References[edit]

  1. ^ Canadian RPM Singles Chart [1] (Week of April 11, 1994)
  2. ^ Enigma Album & Song Chart History | Billboard.com. Retrieved October 25, 2009.
  3. ^ http://www.allmusic.com/album/r198552
  4. ^ Channel News Asia (1998-03-28). Taiwan Aborigines Sue Enigma, Music Companies at the Wayback Machine (archived October 27, 2009). Channel News Asia.
  5. ^ Craig Rosen (1999-03-04). Enigma Sued By Aboriginal Couple Over Song Rights. LAUNCHcast.
  6. ^ Richard F. Roper (1999-06-23). Taiwanese Settle Lawsuit Claiming Their Original Composition Was Stolen; They Will Now Set Up Foundation. Business Wire.
  7. ^ http://www.geocities.com/enigmalair/rtiarticle5.html RTI Article (archived), EnigmaLair, Geocities.com
  8. ^ "Australian-charts.com – Enigma – Return to Innocence". ARIA Top 50 Singles.
  9. ^ "Enigma – Return to Innocence – Austriancharts.at" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40.
  10. ^ "Ultratop.be – Enigma – Return to Innocence" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50.
  11. ^ Canada peak
  12. ^ "Lescharts.com – Enigma – Return to Innocence" (in French). Les classement single.
  13. ^ "Enigma - Return to Innocence". Charts.de. Media Control.
  14. ^ "Irish Singles Chart – Search for song". Irish Recorded Music Association. Retrieved July 6, 2011. 
  15. ^ "Hit Parade Italia - Indice per Interprete: E". Hit Parade Italia. Retrieved July 6, 2012. 
  16. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Enigma – Return to Innocence" (in Dutch). Mega Single Top 100.
  17. ^ "Charts.org.nz – Enigma – Return to Innocence". Top 40 Singles.
  18. ^ "Norwegiancharts.com – Enigma – Return to Innocence". VG-lista.
  19. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – Enigma – Return to Innocence". Singles Top 60.
  20. ^ "Enigma – Return to Innocence – swisscharts.com". Swiss Singles Chart.
  21. ^ Billboard.com
  22. ^ Top Adult Contemporary 1961-2001 by Joel Whitburn (Billboard Books, 2002)
  23. ^ "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Enigma; 'Return to Innocence')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. 
  24. ^ "British single certifications – Enigma – Return to Innocence". British Phonographic Industry.  Enter Return to Innocence in the field Search. Select Title in the field Search by. Select single in the field By Format. Click Go
  25. ^ "American single certifications – Enigma – Return to Innocence". Recording Industry Association of America.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Single, then click SEARCH

External links[edit]