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In financial accounting, reserve is any part of shareholders' equity, except for basic share capital. In nonprofit accounting, an "operating reserve" is the unrestricted cash on hand available to sustain an organization, and nonprofit boards usually specify a target of maintaining several months of operating cash or a percentage of their annual income, called an Operating Reserve Ratio. 
There are different types of reserves used in financial accounting like capital reserves, revenue reserves,statutory reserves, realized reserves, unrealized reserves.
Equity reserves are created from several possible sources:
Reserve is the profit achieved by a company where a certain amount of it is put back into the business which can help the business in their rainy days.
Sometimes reserve is used in the sense of provision. This is inconsistent with the terminology suggested by International Accounting Standards Board. For more information about provisions, see provision (accounting).
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