Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

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Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
RPI Coat of Arms
MottoKnowledge and Thoroughness
Established1824 (1824)
TypePrivate
Endowment$616 million (2013)[1]
PresidentShirley Ann Jackson
ProvostPrabhat Hajela[2]
Academic staff496[3]
Undergraduates5,394[3]
Postgraduates2,127
LocationTroy, New York, USA
CampusUrban, 275 acres (111 ha)
ColorsCherry and white[4]          
Athletics23 varsity teams
2 Division I
21 Division III
MascotPuckman and The Redhawk[5]
AffiliationsECAC Hockey, NCAA
Websitewww.rpi.edu
RPI Logo Small.svg
 
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Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
RPI Coat of Arms
MottoKnowledge and Thoroughness
Established1824 (1824)
TypePrivate
Endowment$616 million (2013)[1]
PresidentShirley Ann Jackson
ProvostPrabhat Hajela[2]
Academic staff496[3]
Undergraduates5,394[3]
Postgraduates2,127
LocationTroy, New York, USA
CampusUrban, 275 acres (111 ha)
ColorsCherry and white[4]          
Athletics23 varsity teams
2 Division I
21 Division III
MascotPuckman and The Redhawk[5]
AffiliationsECAC Hockey, NCAA
Websitewww.rpi.edu
RPI Logo Small.svg

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, or RPI, is a private research university located in Troy, New York. It was founded in 1824 by Stephen Van Rensselaer and Amos Eaton for the "application of science to the common purposes of life" and is the oldest technological university in the English-speaking world.[6] Built on a hillside, RPI's 275-acre (111 ha) campus overlooks the historic city of Troy and the Hudson River and is a blend of traditional and modern architecture. The institute operates an on‑campus business incubator and the 1,250-acre (510 ha) Rensselaer Technology Park, and is known for its success in the transfer of technology from the laboratory to the marketplace.[7] Along with New York Institute of Technology, it is one of the only two technological universities in New York.

Over the past century, RPI has grown into a university with five schools: The School of Architecture, The School of Engineering, The School of Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences, The School of Science, and the Lally School of Management & Technology. All together, the university offers around 140 degree programs in 60 fields leading to bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees. RPI consistently ranks in the top 50 among U.S. universities for overall academics and among the top 50 worldwide for technology.[8][9] Adopted by the Board of Trustees in 1995.[10]

The institute attracts students from every state and 92 countries. Among class of 2014, 83% were in the top 10% of their high school class.[11] The acceptance rate was 36.1% in 2011;[12] in 2012 it rose to 42.72%.[13] Rensselaer has been named as a "New Ivy" by Newsweek and Kaplan. It remains in the "Top 50 Universities" compiled by U.S. News & World Report.

History[edit]

1824–1900[edit]

Stephen Van Rensselaer established the Rensselaer School on November 5, 1824, with a letter to the Rev. Dr. Samuel Blatchford, in which van Rensselaer asked Blatchford to serve as the first president. Within the letter he set down several orders of business. He appointed Amos Eaton as the school's first senior professor and appointed the first board of trustees.[14] The school opened on Monday, January 3, 1825, at the Old Bank Place, a building at the north end of Troy.[15] Tuition was around $40 per semester.[14] The fact that the school attracted students from as far as Ohio and Pennsylvania is attributed to the reputation of Eaton. Fourteen months of successful trial led to the incorporation of the school on March 21, 1826, by the state of New York. In its early years, the Rensselaer School resembled a graduate school more than it did a college, drawing graduates from many older institutions.

Engraving of the original Rensselaer School
Engraving of RPI in 1876

During this period, the Rensselaer School, renamed the Rensselaer Institute in 1832, was a small but vital center for technological research. The first civil engineering degrees in the United States were granted by the school in 1835, and many of the best remembered civil engineers of that time graduated from the school. Important visiting scholars included Joseph Henry, who had previously studied under Amos Eaton, and Thomas Davenport, who sold the world's first working electric motor to the institute.[16] In 1847, alumnus Benjamin Franklin Greene became the new senior professor. Earlier he had done a thorough study of European technical schools to see how Rensselaer could be improved. In 1850 he reorganized the school into a three-year polytechnic institute with six technical schools.[17] In 1861, the name was changed to Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.[18] A severe conflagration of May 10, 1862, known as "The Great Fire" destroyed more than 507 buildings in Troy and gutted 75 acres (300,000 m2) in the heart of the city.[19] The "Infant School" building that housed the Institute at the time was destroyed in this fire. In response, the campus left the downtown for the hillside which offered potential for expansion.[19]

1900–present[edit]

Enrollment History:[18]
1825: 10 students
1850: 53 students
1900: 225 students
1910: 650 students[20]
1925: 1,240 students
1945: 1,604 students
1950: 3,987 students (dormitory construction on "Freshman Hill")
1965: 5,232 students
2009: 7,656 students[21]

RPI enjoyed a period of academic and resource expansion under the leadership of President Palmer Ricketts.[22] Named President in 1901, Ricketts liberalized the curriculum by adding the Department of Arts, Science, and Business Administration, in addition to the Graduate School. He also expanded the university’s resources and developed RPI into a true polytechnic institute by increasing the number of degrees offered from two to twelve; these included electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, biology, chemistry, and physics. During Rickett's tenure, enrollment increased from approximately 200 in 1900 to a high of 1,700 in 1930.[18]

Another period of expansion occurred following World War II. The "Freshman Hill" residence complex was opened in 1953 followed by the completion of the Commons Dining Hall in 1954, two more halls in 1958, and three more in 1968. In 1961, there was major progress in academics at the institute with the construction of the Gaerttner Linear Accelerator, then the most powerful in the world,[23] and the Jonsson-Rowland Science Center. The current Student Union building was opened in 1967.

The next three decades brought continued growth with many new buildings (see 'Campus' below), and growing ties to industry. The "H-building", previously used for storage, became the home for the RPI incubator program, the first such program sponsored solely by a university.[24] Shortly after this, RPI decided to invest $3 million in pavement, water and power on around 1,200 acres (490 ha) of land it owned 5 miles (8.0 km) south of campus to create the Rensselaer Technology Park.[25] In 1982 the New York State legislature granted RPI $30 million to build the George M. Low Center for Industrial Innovation, a center for industry-sponsored research and development.

In 1999, RPI gained attention when it was one of the first universities to implement a mandatory laptop computer program.[26] This was also the year of the arrival of President Shirley Ann Jackson, a former chairperson for the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. She instituted the "The Rensselaer Plan" (discussed below), an ambitious plan to revitalize the institute. Many advances have been made under the plan, and Jackson has enjoyed the ongoing support of the RPI Board of Trustees. However, her leadership style did not sit well with many faculty; on April 26, 2006, RPI faculty voted 149 to 155 in a failed vote of no-confidence in Jackson.[27] On October 4, 2008, RPI celebrated the opening of the $220 million Experimental Media and Performing Arts Center. That same year the national economic downturn resulted in the elimination of 98 positions across the Institute, about five percent of the workforce.[28] Campus construction expansion continued, however, with the completion of the $92 million East Campus Athletic Village and opening of the new Blitman Commons residence hall in 2009.

With nearly two centuries of history and a high tech future in store, the Princeton Review remarks, “Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute is simultaneously the oldest technological school in the country and the most modern school of technology in the U.S. It’s like George Jetson meets Archimedes.”[29]

Campus[edit]

RPI's 275-acre (111 ha)[30] landscaped campus sits upon a hill overlooking historic Troy, New York and the Hudson River. The surrounding area is mostly residential neighborhoods, with the city of Troy lying at the base of the hill. The campus is bisected by 15th Street, with most of the athletic and housing facilities to the east, and the academic buildings to the west. An iconic footbridge spans the street, linking the two halves. Much of the campus features a series of Colonial Revival style structures built in the first three decades of the 20th century. Overall, the campus has enjoyed four periods of expansion.[15]

1824–1905[edit]

RPI was originally located in downtown Troy but gradually moved to the hilltop that overlooks the city. Buildings that remain from this time include Winslow Chemical Laboratory, a building on the National Register of Historic Places. Located at the base of the hill on the western edge of campus, it currently houses the Social and Behavioral Research Laboratory.[15][31]

Ricketts Campus, 1906–35[edit]

Russell Sage Laboratory

President Palmer Ricketts supervised the construction of the school's "Green Rooftop" Colonial Revival buildings that give much of the campus a distinct architectural style. Buildings constructed during this period include the Carnegie Building (1906), Walker Laboratory (1907), Russell Sage Laboratory (1909), Pittsburgh Building (1912), Quadrangle Dormitories (1916–1927), Troy Building (1925), Amos Eaton Hall (1928), Greene Building (1931) and Ricketts Building (1935). Also built during this period was "The Approach" (1907), a massive ornate granite staircase found on the west end of campus. Originally linking RPI to the Troy Union Railroad station, it again serves as an important link between the city and the university.[32]

Post-war expansion, 1946–60[edit]

The Voorhees Computing Center

After World War II, the campus again underwent major expansion. Nine dormitories were built at the east edge of campus bordering Burdett Avenue, a location which came to be called "Freshman Hill". The Houston Field House (1949) was reassembled, after being moved in pieces from its original Rhode Island location. West Hall, which was originally built in 1869 as a hospital, was acquired by the Institute in 1953. The ornate building is an example of French Second Empire architecture.[33] It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1973. Another unique building is the Voorhees Computing Center (VCC). Originally built as St. Joseph’s Seminary chapel in 1933, it was once the institute's library, until the completion of the Folsom Library in 1976.[34] Interestingly, the new library, built adjacent to the computing center, was designed to match colors with the church, but is very dissimilar architecturally; it is an excellent example of the modern brutalist style – a style that has invited comparisons with a parking garage. The university was unsure of what to do with the church, or whether to keep it at all, but in 1979 the institute decided to preserve it and renovate it into a unique place for computer labs and facilities to support the institute's computing initiatives and today serves as the backbone for the institute's data and telephony infrastructure.

Modern campus, 1961–present[edit]

The modern campus features the Jonsson-Rowland Science Center (J-ROWL) (1961), Materials Research Center (MRC) (1965), Rensselaer Union (1967), Cogswell Laboratory (1971), Darrin Communications Center (DCC) (1973), Jonsson Engineering Center (JEC) (1977), Low Center for Industrial Innovation (CII) (1987), a public school building which was converted into Academy Hall (1990), and the Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies (2004).[15] Tunnels connect the Low Center, DCC, JEC and Science Center. A tenth dormitory named Barton Hall was added to Freshman Hill in August 2000, featuring the largest rooms available for freshmen.[35]

On October 4, 2008, the university celebrated the grand opening of the Experimental Media and Performing Arts Center (EMPAC) situated on the west edge of campus.[36] The building was constructed on the precipice of the hill, with the main entrance on top. Upon entering, elevated walkways lead into a 1,200 seat concert hall. Most of the building is encased in a glass exoskeleton, with an atrium-like space between it and the "inner building". Adjacent to and underneath the main auditorium there is a 400-seat theater, offices, and three studios with 40-foot (12 m) to 60-foot (18 m) ceilings.[37]

In October 2007, tentative plans were announced by President Jackson for a major addition to the Jonsson-Rowland Science Center, which would add 100,000 square feet (9,300 m2) to 120,000 square feet (11,000 m2) of lab space.[38] Design mock-ups showed a new adjacent building built next to the Science Center, with a glass-enclosed atrium spanning the space between the old building and the new.[38][39] The plans were further elaborated on by Jackson at the 2008 Town Meeting.[40] It was announced that under the plan the Hirsch Observatory would be renovated as well.[41] Vice President Claude Rounds said the budget had not been worked out in full but the project should cost somewhere between $70 to $75 million.[41] Since 2008, no further official announcements on the project have been made and the status of the project is unknown.

In 2008, RPI announced the purchase of the former Rensselaer Best Western Inn, located at the base of the hill, along with plans to transform it into a new residence hall. After extensive renovations, the residence hall was dedicated on May 15, 2009, as the Howard N. Blitman, P.E. ’50 Residence Commons.[42] It houses about 300 students in 148 rooms and includes a fitness center, dining hall, and conference area.[42] The new residence hall is part of a growing initiative to involve students in the Troy community and help revitalize the downtown. RPI owns and operates three office buildings in downtown Troy, the Rice and Heley buildings and the historic W. & L.E. Gurley Building.[43] RPI also owns the Proctor's Theater building in Troy which was purchased in 2004, with the intention of converting it into office space.[44] Due to the historic nature of the building, there was resistance by the Troy community and RPI has not done any redevelopment. Advocates are hoping to restore the building back to its original use.[45][46][47]

Other campuses[edit]

The Institute runs a 15-acre (6.1 ha) campus in Hartford, Connecticut, and a distance learning center in Groton, Connecticut. These centers are used by graduates and working professionals and are managed by the Hartford branch of RPI, Rensselaer at Hartford. At Hartford, graduate degrees are offered in business administration, management, computer science, computer and systems engineering, electrical engineering, engineering science, mechanical engineering and information technology. There are also a number of certificate programs and skills training programs for working professionals.

Academics[edit]

Academy Hall

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute has five schools: the School of Architecture, the School of Engineering, the School of Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences, the Lally School of Management & Technology, and the School of Science. The School of Engineering is the largest by enrollment, followed by the School of Science, the School of Management, the School of Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences, and the School of Architecture. There also exists an interdisciplinary program in Information Technology that began in the late 1990s, programs in prehealth and prelaw, Reserve Officers' Training Corps (ROTC) for students desiring commissions as officers in the armed forces, a program in cooperative education (Co-Op), and domestic and international exchange programs. All together, the university offers around 140 degree programs in nearly 60 fields that lead to bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees. In addition to traditional majors, RPI has around a dozen special interdisciplinary programs, such as Games and Simulation Arts and Sciences (GSAS), Design, Innovation, and Society (DIS), Minds & Machines, and Product Design and Innovation (PDI).[48] RPI is a technology-oriented university; all buildings and residence hall rooms have hard-wired high speed internet access, most of the campus buildings have wireless, and all incoming freshmen have been required to have a laptop computer since 1999.[49] In 2004, Forbes ranked RPI first in terms of wireless as the "most connected campus".[50] Nationally, RPI is a member of the National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities (NAICU) and the NAICU's University and College Accountability Network (U-CAN).

Rensselaer Plan[edit]

View of RPI from downtown Troy

With the arrival of the president, Shirley Ann Jackson, came the "Rensselaer Plan" announced in 1999. Its goal is to achieve greater prominence for RPI as a technological research university.[51] Various aspects of the plan include bringing in a larger graduate student population and new research faculty, and increasing participation in undergraduate research, international exchange programs, and "living and learning communities". Financially speaking, the plan uses half its money for research, a quarter for scholarships, and a quarter for campus platforms, such as athletic facilities.[52] So far, there have been a number of changes under the plan: new infrastructure such as the Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies and Computational Center for Nanotechnology Innovations (CCNI) was built to support new programs, and application numbers have increased.[53] In fact, in the three years between 2005 and 2008 application numbers doubled from 5,500 to 11,000.[54] According to Jared Cohon, president of Carnegie Mellon University “Change at Rensselaer in the last five years has occurred with a scope and swiftness that may be without precedent in the recent history of American higher education.”[55] Although the number of doctoral students has increased,[53] the plan has not increased the overall number of graduate students. The number of graduates on the Troy campus has dropped from a high of 2,617 in 1999 to 1,228 in 2007, a decrease of more than 50%.[56][57][58] These pages show a decrease from 1,839 in 1999 to 1,228 in 2007, a decrease of 36% (Hartford students were not included in the 1999 figure).

The ability to attract greater research funds is needed to meet the goals of the plan, and the university has set a goal of $100 million annually. In 2006, research expenditures reached $90 million per annum. The university recognizes the relatively small size of its endowment compared to its competition (cf. Case Western Reserve U., University of Rochester, etc.). To help raise money the university mounted a $1 billion capital campaign, of which the public phase began in September 2004 and was expected to finish by 2008. In 2001, a major milestone of the campaign was the pledging of an unrestricted gift of $360 million by an anonymous donor, believed to be the largest such gift to a U.S. university at the time. The university had been a relative stranger to such generosity as the prior largest single gift was $15 million.[59] By September 2006, the $1 billion goal has been exceeded much in part to an in-kind contribution of software commercially-valued at $513.95 million by the Partners for the Advancement of Collaborative Engineering Education (PACE). In light of this, the board of trustees announced a new goal of $1.4 billion by June 30, 2009. The new goal was met by October 1, 2008.[60]

Faculty[edit]

The number of faculty has been steadily growing since the implementation of the Rensselaer Plan in 1999.[53] Among them are members of the National Academies, a Nobel laureate, and 40 NSF Faculty Early Career Development Award winners.[61] In 2006 there are 400 full-time and 81 part-time faculty members, yielding a student-faculty ratio of 14:1.[11] Well-known faculty members include:

Troy Building, which houses the president's office

Rankings[edit]

RPI ranks among the top 50 national universities in the United States according to U.S. News & World Report.[8] The same source ranks RPI 24th for "Best Value" in undergraduate education.[63] In 2005, the School of Engineering was ranked 16th in the nation for undergraduates, and 34th in the nation for graduates.[64] Four of the graduate engineering programs are ranked in the top 20 (electrical engineering, materials science and engineering, industrial engineering and mechanical engineering), seven of 11 are ranked in the top 25, and all are ranked in the top 40 in the nation.[65] In 2006 U.S. News put the graduate applied mathematics program at 20th.[66]

The Leiden Ranking (2011/2012) placed RPI at 23 among 500 world universities according to the proportion of top 10% most frequently cited publications of a university. The Leiden Ranking 2011/2012 explained that the ranking "is based on publications in Thomson Reuters’ Web of Science database in the period 2005–2009. Only publications in the sciences and the social sciences are included... Furthermore, only publications of the Web of Science document types article, letter, and review are considered in the Leiden Ranking." Therefore the result is normalized by university size. If ranked by number of publications in that period, RPI is at 258/500.[67]

The Newsweek/Kaplan 2007 Educational College Guide named Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute one of the 25 "New Ivies", a group of 25 schools described as providing an education equivalent to schools in the Ivy League.[68]

The Lally School of Management and Technology’s entrepreneurship programs ranked 21st in the USA, and its technological entrepreneurship program was ranked sixth by Entrepreneur magazine.[66] The Lally School's corporate strategy program was ranked eleventh in the nation by BusinessWeek.[69]

The electronic arts program is one of the highest ranked departments at RPI. For four years in a row, 2003, 2004, 2005 and 2006, U.S. News ranked the iEAR program 8th in the USA.[66] The Master of Fine Arts in multimedia/visual communications program was ranked 6th in 2008 and 2009 by U.S. News.[70]

In 2008, a new ranking called America's Best Colleges released by Forbes.com placed RPI at 49,[71] and then at 42 a year later in 2009.[72] In 2009, Forbes and Payscale.com reported that among U.S. colleges, RPI had the 9th highest average starting salary and 13th highest average mid-career salary for graduates, based on actual earnings information.[73] The 2008 Times Higher Education–QS World University Rankings ranks RPI at 174 among the top 200 universities worldwide for overall academics,[74] and number 50 among the top 50 universities for technology.[9] The 2010–2011 Times Higher Education rankings show RPI moving up to 104 among the world's top 200 universities.[75] The Global University Ranking, which utilizes a combination of major international ranking systems, ranked RPI in the range 74-77 in 2009.[76] In 2012, RPI was ranked as the 4th best engineering school in the world by Business Insider.[77]

Research and development[edit]

RPI has established six areas of research as institute priorities: biotechnology, energy and the environment, nanotechnology, computation and information technology, and media and the arts.[78] Advances in these fields have the potential to effect dramatic transformations in 21st century society.

Some notable research centers operated by RPI are the Terahertz Research Center, Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies, Rensselaer Nanotechnology Center, New York State Center for Polymer Synthesis, Darrin Fresh Water Institute, Center for Automation Technologies and Systems, and the Lighting Research Center.[79] The Lighting Research Center (LRC) is the leading university-based research center devoted to lighting, offering the world's only master's degree in lighting. Since 1988, it has built an international reputation as a reliable source for objective information about lighting technologies, applications, and products. The LRC provides training programs for government agencies, utilities, contractors, lighting designers, and other lighting professionals.

RPI conducts nuclear research at the 60MeV Gaerttner Linear Accelerator (LINAC) Laboratory. The LINAC is used primarily for the testing of materials, but there is also ongoing research in neutron generation and other technologies. The lab made the news with discoveries regarding bubble fusion[80] and portable pyroelectric fusion devices.[81] Other important research facilities include the geotechnical centrifuge, used for civil engineering simulations, and RPI's array of six subsonic, supersonic and hypersonic wind tunnels.[82]

In May 2006, RPI announced a partnership with IBM and the state of New York to create the Computational Center for Nanotechnology Innovations, a supercomputing center to be used for nanotechnology research. In June 2013, the Blue Gene system at the center was the 76th most powerful supercomputer in the world.[83] In January 2013, IBM said that RPI will receive a successor version of its Watson computer. It will be housed at the Institute's technology park and be available to researchers and students.[84]

RPI has the United States' first on-campus business incubator,[24] which has helped start over 180 companies in its lifetime, with a survival rate of about 80%.[85] One of the largest companies to have originated in the incubator is MapInfo, a major publisher of mapping and geographic information systems software. Others incubator success stories include Vicarious Visions, a well known maker of video games, and CORESense, Inc., a leading provider of multi-channel retail software. RPI operates the Rensselaer Technology Park, which is home to over 50 technologically oriented companies. The 1,250-acre (510 ha) park is about 5 miles (8.0 km) south of the campus along the Hudson River.[86] Park tenants collaborate with faculty and students on research projects and hire students for internships, co-ops and employment.

In conjunction with the incubator, Professor Gina O'Connor launched the Radical Innovation Project (RIP) at RPI, which is a project to create innovative new products out of new technologies.[87] The approach is to start with a new technology, and then find radical innovations and product concepts, rather than the usual approach which starts with a problem and then looks for a technological solution.[88] All projects originate out of research and development projects. The study of those projects is expected to provide insight on how to manage the "fuzzy front end": the earliest, most unclear stage of product innovation when innovators do not know what will eventually be the product. It was found that early product research generally does not employ a highly structured process as in the case of managing incremental NPD processes, but they follow logical processes. Such ultra-early stage are more exploratory and less customer driven. Possibly prototypes are developed at an early stage, preceding opportunity analysis, market research, and financial analysis.[88] The Radical Innovation Project approach has been the subject of several research publications.[89][90]

Students[edit]

RPI's "Quad" dormitory on the central campus

In the 2008–2009 academic year, RPI's enrollment included 5,534 resident undergraduate, 1,055 resident graduate, 722 graduate students on the Hartford campus, and 71 distance learning graduate students.[11] The institute attracts students from every state and 92 countries.[91] Among the class of 2014, 80% were in the top 10% of their high school class.[11] The average high school GPA of the class of 2013 was a 3.9 and the average SAT score was 1420.[11] The acceptance rate dropped between 2005–11 and in 2011 was 37.1%.[12] The yield rate (percentage of admitted students who attend) was 20.5% in 2012.[92]

Around 17% of students received the RPI medal/scholarship in high school, which is a merit scholarship of $15,000 a year.[11][93] Altogether about 90% of students receive either need-based or merit-based financial aid.[94]

Gender ratio[edit]

RPI became coeducational in 1942. In 1966, the male-to-female ratio was 19:1, in the 1980s it reached as high as 8:1, and in the early 1990s the ratio was around 5:1. In 2009, RPI had a ratio of 2.5:1 (72% male / 28% female),[95][96] Both the class of 2011 and the class of 2012 have a ratio of about 2.3:1, or about 30% female.[12]

Athletics[edit]

RPI Athletics logo

The RPI Engineers are the athletic teams for the university. RPI currently sponsors 23 sports, 21 of which compete at the NCAA Division III level in the Liberty League; men's and women's ice hockey compete at the Division I level in ECAC Hockey. The official nickname of some of the school's Division III teams was changed in 1995 from the Engineers to the Red Hawks. However, the hockey, football, cross-country, tennis and track and field teams all chose to retain the Engineers name. The Red Hawks name was, at the time, very unpopular among the student body; a Red Hawk mascot was frequently taunted with thrown concessions and chants of "kill the chicken!". The nickname has since been changed back to Engineers. In contrast, the official ice hockey mascot, known as Puckman, has always been very popular. Puckman is an anthropomorphic hockey puck with an engineer's helmet.

During the 1970s and 1980s, one RPI cheer was:

E to the x, dy/dx, E to the x, dx
Cosine, secant, tangent, sine
3.14159
Square root, cube root, log of pi
Disintegrate them, RPI![97][98]

Ice hockey (men's)[edit]

The Puckman Mascot

RPI has a competitive Division I ice hockey team, the Engineers, who won NCAA national titles in 1954 and 1985. Depending on how the rules are interpreted, the RPI men's ice hockey team may have the longest winning streak on record for a Division I team; in the 1984-85 season it was undefeated for 30 games, but one game was against the University of Toronto, a non-NCAA team. Continuing into the 1985-86 season, RPI continued undefeated over 38 games, including two wins over Toronto.[99] Adam Oates and Daren Puppa, two players during that time, both went on to become stars in the NHL. Joe Juneau, who played from 1987 to 1991, and Brian Pothier, who played from 1996 to 2000, also spent many years in the NHL. Graeme Townshend, who also played in the late 1980s, had a brief NHL career. He is the first person of Jamaican ancestry to play in the National Hockey League.

The ice hockey team plays a significant role in the campus's culture, drawing thousands of fans each week to the Houston Field House during the season. The team's popularity even sparked the tradition of the hockey line, where students lined up for season tickets months in advance of the on-sale date. Today, the line generally begins a week or more before ticket sales.[100] Another tradition since 1978 has been the "Big Red Freakout!" game held close to the first weekend of February. Fans usually dress in the schools colors red and white, and gifts such as T-shirts are distributed en masse. In ice hockey, the RPI's biggest rival has always been the upstate engineering school Clarkson University. In recent years RPI has also developed a spirited rivalry with their conference travel partner Union College, with whom they annually play a nonconference game in Albany for the Mayor's Cup.

Ice hockey (women's)[edit]

The women's ice hockey team moved to the NCAA Division I level in 2005. During the 2008-09 season the team set the record for most wins in one season (19-14-4). On February 28, 2010, Rensselaer made NCAA history. The Engineers beat Quinnipiac, 2-1, but it took five overtimes. It is now the longest game in NCAA Women's Ice Hockey history. Senior defenseman Laura Gersten had the game-winning goal. She registered it at 4:32 of the fifth overtime session to not only clinch the win, but the series victory.[101]

Lacrosse (men's)[edit]

The lacrosse team won the national championship in 1952.[102] The lacrosse team also represented the United States in the 1948 Olympics in London. Ned Harkness coached the lacrosse and ice hockey teams, winning national championships in both sports.

Baseball[edit]

The Red Hawk baseball squad is perennially atop the Liberty League standings, and has seen 8 players move on to the professional ranks, including 4 players selected in the MLB draft. The team is coached by the ex‑New York Yankee Karl Steffen (Ithaca '78) with Steve "Smoke" Allard (Massachusetts '87) as associate head coach and Kyle Meyer (Marist '09) as assistant coach. The Red Hawks play their home games at the historic Robison Field.

American football[edit]

Since 1903, RPI and nearby Union College have been rivals in football, making it the oldest such rivalry in the state. The teams play for the Dutchman's Shoes. RPI Football had their most successful season in 2003, when they finished 11-2 and lost to St. Johns (Minn.) in the NCAA Division III semi final game.[103]

Athletic facilities[edit]

Houston Field House
East Campus Athletic Village, under construction

The Houston Field House is a 4,780‑seat multi-purpose arena located on the RPI campus. It opened in 1949 and is home to the RPI Engineers men's and women's ice hockey teams. The Field House was renovated starting in 2007 as part of the major campus improvement project to build the East Campus Athletic Village. The renovations included locker rooms upgrades, addition of a new weight room, and a new special reception room dedicated to Ned Harkness.[104] Additionally, as part of the renovations through a government grant, solar panels were installed on the roof to supply power to the building.

As part of the Rensselaer Plan, the Institute recently completed a major project to improve its athletic facilities with the East Campus Athletic Village. The plan included construction of a new and much larger 4,842‑seat football stadium, a basketball arena with seating for 1,200, a new 50-meter pool, an indoor track and field complex, new tennis courts, new weight rooms and a new sports medicine center.[105] The Institute broke ground on August 26, 2007, and construction of the first phase is expected to last two years.[106] The estimated cost of the project is $78 million for phase one and $35–$45 million for phase two.[107] Since the completion of the new stadium, the bleachers on the Class of '86 football field on the central campus have been removed and the field has become an open space. In the future the new space could be used for expansions of the academic buildings, but for now members of the campus planning team foresee a "historic landscape with different paths and access ways for students and vehicles alike".[108]

Student life[edit]

Student Union

The students of RPI have created and participate in a variety of student-run clubs and organizations funded by the Student Union. The Union is unusual in that it is entirely student-run and its operations are paid for by activity fees. About 170 of these organizations are funded by the Student Union, while another thirty, which consist mostly of political and religious organizations, are self-supporting.[109] In 2006 the Princeton Review ranked RPI second for "more to do on campus."[110]

Phalanx is RPI's Senior Honor Society.[111] It was founded in 1912, when Edward Dion and the Student Council organized a society to recognize those RPI students who had distinguished themselves among their peers in the areas of leadership, service and devotion to the alma mater. It is a fellowship of the most active in student activities and has inducted more than 1,300 members since its founding.[112]

Greek organizations are popular with about 30 social fraternities and five sororities. There are two co‑ed fraternities, Psi Upsilon, a social fraternity, while the other, Alpha Phi Omega, is a service fraternity. As such, about a third of men are in fraternities and about a fifth of women are in sororities. (See the List of RPI fraternities and sororities.)

RPI has around twenty intramural sports organizations, many of which are broken down into different divisions based on level of play. Greek organizations compete in them as well as independent athletes. There are also thirty-nine club sports.

Given the university's proximity to the Berkshires, Green Mountains and Adirondacks, the Ski Club and the Outing Club are some of the largest groups on campus. The Ski Club offers weekly trips to local ski areas during the winter months,[113] while the Outing Club offers trips on a weekly basis for a variety of activities.[114]

The Rensselaer Polytechnic is the student-run weekly newspaper.[115] The Poly prints about 7,000 copies each week and distributes them around campus. Although it is the Union club with the largest budget, The Poly receives no subsidy from the Union, and obtains all funding through the sale of advertisements. There was also a popular student-run magazine called Statler & Waldorf which has since ceased printing.[116]

RPI has an improvisational comedy group, Sheer Idiocy, which performs several shows a semester.[117] There are also several music groups ranging from a cappella groups such as the Rensselyrics, the Rusty Pipes, Partial Credit and Duly Noted,[118] to several instrumental groups such as the Orchestra, the Jazz Band and a classical choral group, the Rensselaer Concert Choir.

Another notable organization on campus is WRPI, the campus radio station. WRPI differs from most college radio in that it serves a 75-mile (121 km) radius[119] including the greater Albany area. With 10 kW of broadcasting power, WRPI maintains a stronger signal than nearly all college radio stations and some commercial stations. WRPI currently broadcasts on 91.5 FM in the Albany area.

The RPI Playhouse

The RPI Players is an on‑campus theater group that was formed in 1929. The Players resided in the Old Gym until 1965 when they moved to their present location at the 15th Street Lounge. This distinctive red shingled building had been a USO hall for the U.S. Army before being purchased by RPI. The Players have staged over 275 productions in its history.[120]

RPI songs[edit]

There are a number of songs commonly played and sung at RPI events.[121][122] Notable among them are:

First Year Experience and CLASS programs[edit]

Another notable aspect of student life at RPI is the "First-Year Experience" (FYE) program. Freshman begin their stay at RPI with a week called "Navigating Rensselaer and Beyond" or NRB week. The Office of the First-Year Experience provides several programs that extend to not only freshman, but to all students. These include family weekend, community service days, the Information and Personal Assistance Center (IPAC), and the Community Advocate Program.[123] Recently the FYE program was awarded the 2006 NASPA Excellence Gold Award, in the category of "Enrollment Management, Orientation, Parents, First-Year, Other-Year and related".[124]

Since 2008, Jackson's administration has led an effort to form the CLASS Initiative ("Clustered Learning Advocacy and Support for Students"), which requires all sophomores to live on campus and to live with special "residence cluster deans".[125] The transition to this program began in early 2010 among some resistance from some fraternities and students who had planned to live off campus.[126][127]

Notable alumni[edit]

According to the Rensselaer Alumni Association, there are around 90,000 RPI graduates currently living in the United States, and another 4,378 living abroad.[128] In 1995, the Alumni Association created the Rensselaer Alumni Hall of Fame.[129]

Several notable 19th century civil engineers graduated from RPI. These include the visionary of the transcontinental railroad, Theodore Judah, Brooklyn Bridge engineer Washington Roebling, George W. G. Ferris (who designed and built the original Ferris Wheel) and Leffert L. Buck, the chief engineer of the Williamsburg Bridge in New York City.[129]

Many RPI graduates have made important inventions, including Allen B. DuMont ('24),[130] creator of the first commercial television; Keith D. Millis ('38),[131] inventor of ductile iron; Ted Hoff ('58),[132] father of the microprocessor; Raymond Tomlinson ('63),[133] often credited with the invention of e-mail; inventor of the digital camera Steven Sasson[134] and Curtis Priem ('82), designer of the first graphics processor for the PC, and co-founder of NVIDIA.

In addition to NVIDIA, RPI graduates have also gone on to found or co-found major companies such as John Wiley and Sons, Texas Instruments, Fairchild Semiconductor, PSINet, MapInfo, Adelphia Communications, Level 3 Communications, Garmin, and Bugle Boy. Several RPI graduates have played a part in the U.S. space program: George Low (B.Eng. 1948, M.S. 1950) was manager of the Apollo 11 project and served as president of RPI, and astronauts John L. Swigert, Jr., Richard Mastracchio, Gregory R. Wiseman, and space tourist Dennis Tito are alumni.

Political figures who graduated from RPI included federal judge Arthur J. Gajarsa (B.S. 1962), DARPA director Tony Tether, Representative John Olver of Massachusetts's 1st congressional district, and Senators Mark Shepard of Vermont and George R. Dennis of Maryland.

Notable ice hockey players include NHL Hockey Hall of Famer and 5-time NHL All Star Adam Oates (1985), Stanley Cup winner and former NHL All Star Mike McPhee (1982), two-time Calder Cup winner Neil Little (1994), former NHL All Rookie Joé Juneau (1991), and former NHL All Star Daren Puppa (1985).

Other notable alumni include 1973 Nobel Prize in Physics winner Ivar Giaever (Ph.D. 1964);[135] director of Linux International Jon Hall (M.S. 1977); NCAA president Myles Brand (B.S. 1964);[136] adult stem cell pioneer James Fallon; Michael D. West, gerontologist and stem cell scientist, founder of Geron, now CEO of BioTime (1976); director Bobby Farrelly (1981),[137] and David Ferrucci, lead researcher on IBM's Watson/Jeopardy! project.

See also[edit]

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Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°43′48″N 73°40′39″W / 42.7300°N 73.6775°W / 42.7300; -73.6775