Renault Twizy

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Renault Twizy
Twizy-IMG 6827.JPG
Overview
ManufacturerRenault
Also calledNissan New Mobility Concept
Production2012–
AssemblyValladolid, Spain (Renault Spain)
Powertrain
TransmissionSingle gear
Battery7 kWh lithium-ion battery
Electric range100 km (62 mi)
Dimensions
Length2.32 m (91 in)
Width1.19 m (47 in)
Height1.46 m (57 in)
Curb weight450 kg (992 lb)
 
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Renault Twizy
Twizy-IMG 6827.JPG
Overview
ManufacturerRenault
Also calledNissan New Mobility Concept
Production2012–
AssemblyValladolid, Spain (Renault Spain)
Powertrain
TransmissionSingle gear
Battery7 kWh lithium-ion battery
Electric range100 km (62 mi)
Dimensions
Length2.32 m (91 in)
Width1.19 m (47 in)
Height1.46 m (57 in)
Curb weight450 kg (992 lb)


The Renault Twizy is a battery-powered two-seated electric vehicle, legally classified in Europe as a heavy quadricycle (light quadricycle for the lower-powered Urban 45 model) produced by Renault and manufactured entirely in Valladolid, Spain.[1][2] The Twizy has a maximum range of 100 km (62 mi).

The Twizy was released for sales in France in March 2012 and in the UK and several other European countries the following month.[3] The car is available with three models, starting at €6,990 up to €8,490 (in the UK: GB£6,990 to GB£7,400). The sales price does not include the batteries, which will be leased for a monthly fee that includes a replacement guarantee – in case of battery breakdown or insufficient capacity – and roadside assistance.[4][5]

The Twizy was the top-selling plug-in electric vehicle in Europe during 2012.[6] Since March 2012, over 10,000 units were sold through May 2013,[7] with Germany, France and Italy as the top selling markets.[8]


Concept[edit]

The 2009 concept

The concept car was unveiled at the 2009 Frankfurt Motor Show.[9]

Designed by Luciano Bove.

In May 2011, Renault announced that they would produce the Twizy, and began taking reservations.

In November 2010, Japanese carmaker Nissan announced a rebadged concept, called the New Mobility Concept, or NMC.

Specifications[edit]

Construction and safety[edit]

The Twizy is an ultra-compact vehicle, with a length of 2.32 metres (7 ft 7 in), a width of 1.19 metres (3 ft 11 in) and a height of 1.46 metres (4 ft 9 in).

The vehicle's frame and body offer occupants extra protection with its deformable structure, while the outboard position of the four wheels and the lateral beams located either side of the chassis provide protection in case of a side-on impact. The safety retention systems include a driver's airbag, a four-point safety belt at the front and a three-point one at the rear.

Models[edit]

The Twizy model is electric, and it therefore is part of Renault's Zero Emissions programme.

Twizy Technic – doors are optional

Twizy Urban[edit]

Twizy Urban 45[edit]

The Twizy range starts with the light quadricycle-classed Urban 45 that is priced at €6,990 in Europe with a monthly battery lease charge of €50.[10] It has a motor power of 4 kW (5 hp), a maximum speed of 45 km/h (28 mph) and can thus be driven in most European countries by drivers from 14 years old with a special driving licence (France, Italy, Spain) or with a moped licence (Belgium, Germany, Netherlands, Austria).[11]

Twizy Urban 80[edit]

The heavy quadricycle-classed Urban 80 model features a 13 kW (17 hp) electric motor and can drive up to 80 km/h (50 mph). It is priced at €7,690.

Twizy Colour and Technic[edit]

The Colour model is a colourful and 'fun' Twizy available for both the 45 and 80 trims.[citation needed]

The Technic model brings additional design elements while sharing the technical features with the Urban. It is priced at €8,490, and it is available for both the 45 and 80 trims.[citation needed]

Twizy Cargo[edit]

In June 2013 Renault announced the introduction of the Twizy Cargo, a model designed for hauling goods. The space destined for the seat of the second passenger was replaced with a cargo box with a volume of 180 L (6.4 cu ft) and maximum weight capacity of 75 kg (170 lb).[12][13]

Twizy Cargo 45[edit]

The Cargo 45 has 4 kW of power and top speed is limited to 45 km/h (28 mph). Pricing starts at €6,750 (US$8,839) plus VAT and the monthly battery lease fee that starts at €50 (US$65.50).[12]

The Nissan New Mobility Concept, a rebadged version of the Twizy, was deployed for the "Choimobi Yokohama" carsharing program in Japan in 2013.
Twizy Cargo 80[edit]

The Cargo 80 delivers a top speed of 80 km/h (50 mph). Pricing starts at €7,350(US$9,625) plus VAT and the monthly battery lease fee that starts at €50 (US$65.50).[12]

Nissan NMC[edit]

A rebadged version of the Twizy was launched in Japan as the Nissan New Mobility Concept (NMC). The electric vehicle was deployed in Yokohama on 11 October 2013 for service on a one-way carsharing program called "Choimobi Yokohama" (Choimobi means "easy mobility" in Japanese). During its first month on the market, over 2,700 customers sign-up for the service.[14][15] A total of 45 units were registered through the end of October 2013.[16]

Battery[edit]

Twizy with charging wire out.

The 6.1 kWh (22 MJ) lithium-ion battery is located underneath the front seat. Both motor variants carry the same weight of 474 kg (1,045 lb),[17] including batteries of 100 kg (220 lb). The range is homologated at 100 km (62 mi). In real conditions, Renault announces around 80 km (50 mi). In worst conditions (high speed, no eco-driving), Twizy can reach 50 km (31 mi).

The battery can be charged with an extendable spiral cable stored beneath a flap at the front of the vehicle. The integrated charger is compatible with roadside battery charging facilities as well as the standard 220 V 10 A household electrical supply. Charging an empty battery takes around three-and-a-half hours.

A planned Renault battery plant near Paris was delayed due to technical constraints. Construction will start in the second quarter of 2012 and production of batteries is expected to begin in 2014 or 2015. In the meantime Renault intends to buy batteries for its EV range from a joint venture between Nissan Motor and NEC as well as LG Chem of South Korea.[18]

Twizy is only supplied with LG Chem modules. Batteries are assembled in Renault Valladolid plant.

Sales[edit]

Since its market launch in March 2012, global sales reached 9,020 units during 2012,[19] of which, 9,015 units were sold in Europe,[19] making the Twizy the best-selling plug-in electric vehicle in Europe during that year.[6] In France, a total 1,551 units were registered through June 2012, including 1,212 Twizy 80s and 339 Twizy 45s, representing a market share of 89% in the heavy quadricycle segment, and a market share of 28.5% among all categories of electric vehicles sold in France during the first half of 2012, surpassing the Bollore Bluecar, the top selling highway-capable all-electric car during this time period.[20]

Cumulative sales reached 10,287 units through May 2013, and the best-selling markets are Germany with 2,802 units and France with 2,482 units, followed by Italy with 1,725 units, Spain with 1,025, Switzerland with 662, and Belgium and Luxembourg with 539 units delivered.[8]

Carsharing program[edit]

Renault tested a carsharing program called Twizy Way in Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines, France, beginning in late June 2012. During the testing phase the program operated with a fleet of 50 Renault Twizys distributed over a pilot area covering around 27 km2 (10 sq mi), and around 200 were allowed to sign up for testing.[4] Twizy Way opened the service to the general public in December 2012.[21]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Renault Twizy". Renault.com. Renault. Retrieved 8 May 2013. 
  2. ^ "Renault ultima la primera hornada de su vehículo 100 % eléctrico, 'made in Spain'" (in Spanish). 24 February 2012. 
  3. ^ King, Danny (2012-06-15). "Twizy Way brings Renault's tiny EV car-sharing in France". Autoblog Green. Retrieved 2012-06-15. 
  4. ^ a b Loveday, Eric (2011-08-12). "After driving the Renault Twizy, reviewer calls it "the only EV I could imagine owning"". AutoblogGreen. Retrieved 2011-08-13. 
  5. ^ Pulman, Ben (2010-09-30). "Renault Twizy (2011): the tandem-seat electric city car". Car Magazine. Retrieved 2011-08-13. 
  6. ^ a b Eric Loveday (2013-02-15). "Video: Twizy Twists Its Way Through Renault’s Indoor Technocentre". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2013-06-21. 
  7. ^ Mark Kane (2013-06-21). "Sales of Renault Electric Vehicles on the Decline in 2013; Only Zoe Shows Promise". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2013-06-21. 
  8. ^ a b Renault (2013-04-17). "Ventes Mensuelles" [Monthly Sales] (in French). Renault.com. Retrieved 2013-06-21.  Click on Ventes mensuelles (XLS), décembre 2012  , 294 Ko to download 2012 figures, and Ventes mensuelles (XLS), mai 2013  , 199 Ko to download 2013 figures through May 2013, and open the TWIZY sheet.
  9. ^ Pulman, Ben. "Renault Twizy ZE electric concept at 2009 Frankfurt motor show". Car Magazine. Retrieved 19 May 2011. 
  10. ^ "Nissan Leaf sales begin in Spain". The Independent. 2011-05-12. Retrieved 2011-05-18. 
  11. ^ "Renault Twizy will be launched over a year and will cost €5,000". Fantasi Cars. Retrieved 19 May 2011. 
  12. ^ a b c Mark Kane (2013-06-24). "Renault Unveils Twizy Cargo Electric Delivery Vehicle". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2013-06-26. 
  13. ^ Michaël Torregrossa (2013-06-24). "Twizy Cargo – Renault lance une version utilitaire du Twizy pour les professionnels" [Twizy Cargo - Renault launches a utility version of the Twizy for professionals] (in French). Association pour l'Avenir du Véhicule Electrique Méditerranéen (AVEM). Retrieved 2013-06-26. 
  14. ^ Danny King (2013-09-27). "Nissan New Mobility Concept enters carsharing service in Japan". Autoblog Green. Retrieved 2013-11-30. 
  15. ^ "More than 2,700 sign up in first month of “Choimobi Yokohama" Car Sharing Service using NISSAN New Mobility CONCEPT Ultra-Compact EV". House of Japan. 2013-11-18. Retrieved 2013-11-30. 
  16. ^ Jose Pontes (2013-11-30). "Japan October 2013". EV Sales. Retrieved 2013-11-30. 
  17. ^ [1]
  18. ^ Beresford, Helen (2011-06-15). "Renault says battery plant project delayed". Reuters. 
  19. ^ a b "Ventes Mensuelles" [Monthly Sales] (in French). Renault. 2013-01-18. Retrieved 2013-01-18.  Click on Ventes mensuelles (XLS), décembre 2012  , 294 Ko to download, and open the TWIZY sheet.
  20. ^ "Véhicules électriques – Les immatriculations en France au premier semestre 2012" [Electric Vehicles – Registrations in France in the first half of 2012] (in French). Association pour l'Avenir du Véhicule Electrique Méditerranéen (AVEM). 2012-07-12. Retrieved 2012-07-18. 
  21. ^ "Twizy Way : retours d’expérience et ouverture d’une boutique" [Twizy Way: feedback and opening a boutique] (in French). Automobile Propre. 2012-12-04. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 

External links[edit]

Popular culture[edit]

In the music video of David Guetta's song Rest of my Life, a Twizy was shown in one of the scenes where it is seen in a tunnel, and it also appeared in David Guetta's video for the song Play Hard.