Religion in Peru

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The Peruvian government is closely allied with the Catholic Church. Article 50 of the Constitution recognizes the Catholic Church's role as "an important element in the historical, cultural, and moral development of the nation." [1] Catholic clergy and laypersons receive state remuneration in addition to the stipends paid to them by the Church. This applies to the country's 52 bishops, as well as to some priests whose ministries are located in towns and villages along the borders. In addition each diocese receives a monthly institutional subsidy from the Government. An agreement signed with the Vatican in 1980 grants the Catholic Church special status in Peru.[2] The Catholic Church receives preferential treatment in education, tax benefits, immigration of religious workers, and other areas, in accordance with the agreement. So Christianity could be considered the main religion of Peru.

Although the Constitution states that there is freedom of religion, the law mandates that all schools, public and private, impart religious education as part of the curriculum throughout the education process (primary and secondary).[3] Catholicism is the only religion taught in public schools. In addition, Catholic religious symbols are found in all government buildings and public places.

Other religions in Peru[edit]

Latter-day Saints[edit]

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints has seen rapid growth in Peru, and claims more than 480,000 members in Peru.[4][5] There are currently 766 congregations of the church that meet in Peru.

There are currently only one LDS temple in Peru, located at La Molina in Lima. However, Church leaders announced the building of a second temple in Trujillo on December 13, 2008, as well as a third temple to be built in Arequipa, announced October 6, 2012.[6]

Buddhism[edit]

Buddhism was introduced to Peru in 1899 when the ship Sakura Maru arrived at Callao, Peru, with 790 people from Japan. Japanese, Chinese, and Korean immigration to Peru during the 19th and 20th Century brought Mahayana Buddhism to Peru, and followers of that style of Buddhism remain largely concentrated within those ethnic groups. While Mahayana remains the largest school of Buddhism in Peru, other schools such as the Diamond form have begun to spread so that Peru has more than 50,000 practicing Buddhists.

Bahá'í Faith[edit]

(ba-HI)

The Bahá'í Faith in Peru begins with references to Peru in Bahá'í literature as early as 1916, with the first Bahá'ís visiting as early as 1919. A functioning community wasn't founded in Peru until the 1930s with the beginning of the arrival of coordinated pioneers from the United States[7] which progressed into finding national Peruvian converts and achieved an independent national community in 1961.[8] The Association of Religion Data Archives (relying mostly on the World Christian Encyclopedia) estimated some 41,000 Bahá'ís in 2005.[9]

Islam[edit]

La Mosque Bab ul Islam under construction (April 2007)

The statistics for Islam in Peru estimate a total Muslim population of 5,000, largely based in the capital of Lima, Peru;[10] a number which has remained static since 1980.[11]

Seax Wica[edit]

[12]

Introduced in 2001, by Seax Gesith Ariel Phoenice, Witan of the Mimir's Well Seax Coven Perú. Today exist two covens in Lima city and a coven in Arequipa City and Tacna City Bob.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ International Religious Freedom Report 2007; Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor; Published by U.S. State Department. Page 15
  2. ^ Kevin Boyle and Juliet Sheen, Freedom of religion and belief: a world report. Routledge; 1997. Page 144.
  3. ^ Michael Fleet and Brian H. SmithThe Catholic Church and democracy in Chile and Peru. University of Notre Dame Press; 1997. Page 201-202.
  4. ^ "LDS Newsroom -Peru". Beta-newsroom.lds.org. 2011-12-31. Retrieved 2012-10-20. 
  5. ^ "Peru". Church News. 2010-02-01. Retrieved 2012-10-20. 
  6. ^ "Trujillo Paru Temple". LDSChurchTemples.com. Retrieved 2012-10-20. 
  7. ^ Lamb, Artemus (November 1995). The Beginnings of the Bahá'í Faith in Latin America:Some Remembrances, English Revised and Amplified Edition. 1405 Killarney Drive, West Linn OR, 97068, United States of America: M L VanOrman Enterprises. 
  8. ^ The Bahá'í Faith: 1844-1963: Information Statistical and Comparative, Including the Achievements of the Ten Year International Bahá'í Teaching & Consolidation Plan 1953-1963. Haifa, Israel: Hands of the Cause Residing in the Holy Land. 1963. pp. 19, 22, 23, 36, 46, 52, 109. 
  9. ^ "Most Baha'i Nations (2005)". QuickLists > Compare Nations > Religions >. The Association of Religion Data Archives. 2005. Retrieved 2009-07-04. 
  10. ^ Shaikh, Farzana. "Islam and Islamic groups: a worldwide reference guide", 1992
  11. ^ "Islam in Latin America" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-10-20. 
  12. ^ http://worldwidewicca.wordpress.com/2011/11/22/informacion-de-la-religion-wicca-tradicion-sajona/

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