Rehoboth Beach, Delaware

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City of Rehoboth Beach
City
Rehoboth Avenue EB past First Street.JPG
Rehoboth Avenue, looking toward the Atlantic Ocean
seal
CountryUnited States
StateDelaware
CountySussex
Coordinates38°42′57″N 75°04′59″W / 38.71583°N 75.08306°W / 38.71583; -75.08306
Area1.6 sq mi (4.1 km2)
 - land1.1 sq mi (3 km2)
 - water0.5 sq mi (1 km2)
Population1,327 (2010)
Density1,206.4 / sq mi (466 / km2)
Founded1873
 - Incorporated1891
MayorSamuel R. Cooper
TimezoneEST (UTC-5)
 - summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP Code19971
Area code302
Location of Rehoboth Beach in Delaware
Location of Delaware in the United States
Website: www.cityofrehoboth.com
 
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Coordinates: 38°42′57″N 75°04′59″W / 38.71583°N 75.08306°W / 38.71583; -75.08306
City of Rehoboth Beach
City
Rehoboth Avenue EB past First Street.JPG
Rehoboth Avenue, looking toward the Atlantic Ocean
seal
CountryUnited States
StateDelaware
CountySussex
Coordinates38°42′57″N 75°04′59″W / 38.71583°N 75.08306°W / 38.71583; -75.08306
Area1.6 sq mi (4.1 km2)
 - land1.1 sq mi (3 km2)
 - water0.5 sq mi (1 km2)
Population1,327 (2010)
Density1,206.4 / sq mi (466 / km2)
Founded1873
 - Incorporated1891
MayorSamuel R. Cooper
TimezoneEST (UTC-5)
 - summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP Code19971
Area code302
Location of Rehoboth Beach in Delaware
Location of Delaware in the United States
Website: www.cityofrehoboth.com

Rehoboth Beach is a city along the Delaware Beaches in eastern Sussex County, Delaware, United States. According to the 2010 census, the population is 1,327, a decrease of 11.2% from 2000.[1] Along with the neighboring coastal city of Lewes, Rehoboth Beach is one of the principal cities of Delaware's rapidly growing Cape Region. Rehoboth Beach lies within the Salisbury, Maryland-Delaware Metropolitan Statistical Area.

A popular regional vacation destination, Rehoboth Beach's seasonal population expands to over 25,000 within the city limits and thousands more in the surrounding area in the summer.[2]

In 2011, the NRDC awarded Rehoboth Beach with a 5-Star rating in water quality. This award was given only to 12 other locations, one being neighboring Dewey Beach.[3] Out of the 30 states with coastline, the Delaware Beaches ranked number one in water quality in 2011.[4]

Timeline[edit]

Historical marker displaying brief history of Rehoboth Beach

Human beings probably inhabited the area of Rehoboth Beach as long ago as 10,000 BC; little is known about them because much of the evidence of their existence has been destroyed by development. At that time, sea levels were lower, and the Atlantic Coast lay about 30 miles (48 km) farther east than it does today. At the time, the area would have resembled inland portions of southern Delaware today. By the time the first Europeans arrived in the area in the 17th century, the coastline was at its present location and several Native American tribes lived in the area, including the Lenape (or Delaware), the Sikkonese, the Assateagues, and the Nanticoke. Pressure from English and Dutch settlers radiating outward from Delaware forced the Lenape to migrate to upper New York state, Canada, and Oklahoma, while the Sikkonese and Assateagues were extirpated; the Nanticoke, however, still exist in the general area today. The land later came under the control of the Duke of York, who granted it to various landholders in the 18th century. By the mid-19th century, the descendants of these landholders were farmers attempting to make a living off the relatively poor land.[5]

The city was founded in 1873 as the Rehoboth Beach Camp Meeting Association by the Rev. Robert W. Todd, of St. Paul's Methodist Episcopal Church of Wilmington, Delaware, as a site for Methodist camp meetings in the spirit of similar resorts on the New Jersey shore, such as Ocean Grove. The Camp Meeting Association disbanded in 1881, and in 1891, the location was incorporated by the Delaware General Assembly as "Henlopen City", shortly after which it was renamed to Rehoboth Beach.

Rehoboth (Hebrew: רְחוֹבוֹת) means "broad spaces." It appears three times in the Old Testament as a place name: a well dug by Isaac (at modern Wadi er-Ruheibeh) (Gen. 26:22), a city on the Euphrates River (Gen. 36:37; 1 Chr. 1:48), and one of the cities of Asshur (Gen. 10:11). Hence the name may have had a special appeal for the religious founders of the city, although the adjacent bay had already borne the name Rehoboth for at least a century before the town was founded.[6]

Modern resort town[edit]

Rehoboth Beach boardwalk, looking south

The town often bills itself as "The Nation's Summer Capital" due to the fact that it is a frequent summer vacation destination for Washington, D.C., residents as well as visitors from Maryland, Virginia, and Pennsylvania. Vacationers are drawn for many reasons, including the town's charm and tax free shopping.

Still famous for its beaches, wooden boardwalk, eclectic shops, amusements, and sporting activities, today's Rehoboth Beach is also known as one of the mid-Atlantic coast's popular gay-friendly getaways because of the large number of gay-owned and operated businesses and because of the gay-frequented stretch of beach near Queen Street, known as Poodle Beach.[7][8][9]

Rehoboth Beach has a seasonal beach patrol who are in charge of lifeguarding the one and a half miles that make up the town's beach front. They operate from Memorial Day weekend into the following fall season.[10]

Rehoboth Beach looking north

Rehoboth Beach serves as a relaxing alternative to nearby and much more developed Ocean City, Maryland. Reader's Digest named the Rehoboth Beach Boardwalk as "Best of America". This celebration of the quirky, amazing and truly extraordinary was featured in the May 2006 issue. Additionally, AARP has named Rehoboth Beach as one of five dream towns as "Best Places to Retire".[11]

The town has several festivals including the Sea Witch Festival, the Rehoboth Beach Independent Film Festival,[12] and the Rehoboth Beach Autumn Jazz Festival[13] every year.

The Clear Space Theatre Company, a professional theater company, offers a year-round schedule of musical and dramatic productions in the Rehoboth Theatre of the Arts.

Dogfish Head Brewery's original brewpub is located on the town's main strip Rehoboth Avenue. The location has grown in years as a popular destination for American craft beer enthusiasts.[14]

In 2011, the city passed a smoking ban covering parks and playgrounds, but sparing the beach and boardwalk.[15]

The Avery's Rest Site, Dodd Homestead, Peter Marsh House, Thompson's Loss and Gain Site, Thompsons Island Site, Warrington Site, and Woman's Christian Temperance Union Fountain are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[16]

Geography[edit]

A view of the beach at Delaware Avenue.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2), of which, 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2) of it is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2) of it (28.48%) is water. Rehoboth Beach is bordered on the east by the Atlantic Ocean, on the north by the development of Henlopen Acres, and on the west and south by unincorporated portions of Sussex County. Cape Henlopen State Park lies just to the north of Rehoboth Beach, and Dewey Beach is just to its south.[17]

Climate[edit]

Situated on the Atlantic Coastal Plain, Rehoboth Beach's weather is moderated by the Atlantic Ocean and the Rehoboth Bay. Rehoboth Beach has a mild subtropical climate consisting of hot, humid summers and mild winters. The average daytime high in July is 87 °F (30.6 °C) and a low of 70 °F (21 °C); in January, the average high is 45 °F (7 °C) with an average low of 30 °F (-1 °C) [18] The month of highest average rainfall is July with 4.78 inches of rain, while February is historically the driest month, receiving an average of only 3.23 inches (80.5 mm) of rain.[18]

The highest official temperature ever recorded in Rehoboth Beach was 102 °F (38.8 °C) in 1997. The lowest official temperature ever recorded in Rehoboth Beach was -11 °F (-28.8 °C) in 1982.

Transportation[edit]

Delaware Route 1 (Coastal Highway) does not enter Rehoboth Beach, instead skirting the town to the south and west. Delaware Route 1A crosses through Rehoboth Beach in an L shape, running from Coastal Highway along Rehoboth Avenue to 2nd Street, then south along 2nd Street, Bayard Avenue, and Silver Lake Drive to another junction with Coastal Highway in Dewey Beach.[17]

The Delaware Department of Transportation operates a Park and Ride just outside the city limits, along Route 1.[19] During the peak summer months, DART First State operates a fleet of "Beach Buses" that provide frequent service in and out of the city and to the rest of the Delaware Beaches area from the Park and Ride lot.[20] On summer weekends, DART First State operates the Route 305 service, which runs from Wilmington to the Park and Ride outside Rehoboth Beach, with intermediate stops in Smyrna, Dover, and Milford.[21] DART First State also operates the year-round Route 206 service running between Rehoboth Beach and Georgetown via Lewes.[22]

The Jolly Trolley is a private shuttle service that provides frequent transport between Rehoboth and neighboring Dewey Beach.[23] The Jolly Trolley also provides services to Bethany Beach.

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
CensusPop.
19401,247
19501,79443.9%
19601,507−16.0%
19701,6147.1%
19801,7307.2%
19901,234−28.7%
20001,49521.2%
20101,327−11.2%

As of the census[24] of 2000, there were 1,495 people, 847 households, and 343 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,266.5 people per square mile (489.2/km²). There were 3,167 housing units at an average density of 2,682.9 per square mile (1,036.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.13% White, 0.27% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.67% Asian, 0.54% from other races, and 0.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.94% of the population.

There were 847 households out of which 6.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.8% were married couples living together, 3.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 59.4% were non-families. 47.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 23.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.71 and the average family size was 2.35.

In the city the population was spread out with 7.0% under the age of 18, 3.7% from 18 to 24, 18.5% from 25 to 44, 33.3% from 45 to 64, and 37.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 57 years. For every 100 females there were 92.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $51,429, and the median income for a family was $66,844. Males had a median income of $56,250 versus $28,295 for females. The per capita income for the city was $67,715. About 3.1% of families and 5.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.9% of those under age 18 and 4.5% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Delaware Census State Data Center". Stateplanning.delaware.gov. Retrieved 2013-04-29. 
  2. ^ Rehoboth Beach.
  3. ^ "Testing The Waters: Ratings for a Selection of U. S. Popular Beaches". NRDC. Retrieved 2013-04-29. 
  4. ^ "Testing The Waters, Prevent Beach Pollution - Delaware". NRDC. Retrieved 2013-04-29. 
  5. ^ Meehan, p. 19
  6. ^ Leiste, Christian (1778). Beschreibung des Brittischen Amerika zur Ersparung der englischen Karten, p. 312; retrieved through Google Books
  7. ^ Fun Maps: Gay Rehoboth Beach
  8. ^ Rehoboth Beach: What to See and Do - Queer Lesbian Gay Travel - Gay.com
  9. ^ Katy Rice, 'Across the Pond', in Sussex Society, September 2011, p. 29
  10. ^ "Rehoboth Beach- Lifeguard Beach Patrol". Rehobothbeachpatrol.com. Retrieved 2013-04-29. 
  11. ^ Sarah Mahoney. Dream Towns. 8 August 2006. AARP.
  12. ^ Rehoboth Beach Independent Film Festival
  13. ^ Rehoboth Beach Autumn Jazz Festival
  14. ^ "Dogfish Head Brewings & Eats - Rehoboth Beach, DE - Beers". BeerAdvocate. Retrieved 2013-04-29. 
  15. ^ Molly Murray (16 April 2011). "Delaware cities: Smoking still legal on Rehoboth Beach". The News Journal (Gannett). DelawareOnline. Retrieved 16 April 2011. 
  16. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  17. ^ a b ADC Sussex County, Delaware Street Map Book, 1st Edition.
  18. ^ a b Average Weather for Rehoboth Beach, DE - Temperature and Precipitation
  19. ^ "Park & Ride / Park & Pool". DART First State. Retrieved 2013-04-29. 
  20. ^ "Beach Bus". DART First State. Retrieved 2013-04-29. 
  21. ^ "Beach Connection Route 305". DART First State. Retrieved 2013-08-17. 
  22. ^ "Routes and Schedules". DART First State. Retrieved 2013-08-16. 
  23. ^ "Jolly Trolley of Rehoboth Beach - Rehoboth Beach's original Mass Transit System!". Jollytrolley.com. Retrieved 2013-04-29. 
  24. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]