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This is one of the oldest urbanised centres found to date in South Asia. Dated about 4000 BC, the site is situated 22 kilometres (14 mi) north of Dera Ismail Khan. Since the earliest occupation, except for the extension outside the city in the south, the entire habitation area was enclosed by a massive wall, built from dressed blocks made from clay slabs.  The low mound of this fortified town is visible from Bannu Road. This rectangular mound is covering about 22 hectares and standing 4.5 m above the surrounding field. The fortified town of about ten to fifteen thousand inhabitants shows sign of town planning. Pottery, and stone and metal tools were found.
No seals were found and no writing was discovered, though some forms of engraving or scraping on the pottery were observed.