Ravioli

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Ravioli
Ravioli 2.jpg
Different types of ravioli and other filled pasta
Origin
Place of originItaly
Details
TypePasta
Main ingredient(s)Flour, eggs, water
 
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Ravioli
Ravioli 2.jpg
Different types of ravioli and other filled pasta
Origin
Place of originItaly
Details
TypePasta
Main ingredient(s)Flour, eggs, water

Ravioli (plural; singular: raviolo) are a traditional type of Italian filled pasta. They are composed of a filling sealed between two layers of thin egg pasta dough and are served either in broth or with a pasta sauce. The word may be a diminutive of Italian dialectal rava, or turnip.

Contents

History

The earliest mention of ravioli appears in the writings of Francesco di Marco, a merchant of Venice in the 14th century.[1] In Venice, the mid-14th century manuscript Libro per cuoco offers ravioli of green herbs blanched and minced, mixed with beaten egg and fresh cheese, simmered in broth, a recipe that would be familiar today save for its medieval powdering of "sweet and strong spices".[2] In Tuscany, some of the earliest mentions of the dish come from the personal letters of Francesco di Marco Datini, a merchant of Prato in the 14th century. In Rome, ravioli were already well-known when Bartolomeo Scappi served them with boiled chicken to the papal conclave of 1549.[3] Ravioli were already known in 14th century England, appearing in the Anglo-Norman vellum manuscript Forme of Cury under the name of rauioles.[4][5] Sicilian ravioli and Malta's ravjul may thus be older than North Italian ones. Maltese ravjul are stuffed with rikotta, the locally produced sheep's-milk ricotta, or with gbejna, the traditional fresh sheep's-milk cheese.

Preparation of home-made ravioli with ricotta

Overview

Making of ravioli

Ravioli are traditionally made at home. The filling varies according to the area where they are prepared. In Rome and Latium the filling is made with ricotta, spinach, nutmeg, and black pepper. In Sardinia ravioli are filled with ricotta and grated lemon rind.

Today, ravioli are also made in worldwide industrial lines supplied by Italian companies such as Arienti & Cattaneo, Ima, Ostoni, and Zamboni.

Around the world

"Fresh" packed ravioli has in Europe, the UK and USA several weeks of shelf life. Tinned ravioli was pioneered by the Italian Army in the First World War and was popularised by Heinz and Buitoni in the UK and Europe, and Chef Boyardee in the USA. This type of ravioli is filled with either beef or processed cheese and served in a tomato, tomato-meat, or tomato-cheese sauce. Canned ravioli has more in common with other canned pastas than with traditional ravioli dishes. Toasted ravioli, ravioli that have been breaded and deep fried, is an American dish which was first developed in St. Louis, Missouri, and is a popular appetizer or snack food.[6]

Ravioli are commonly encountered in the cooking of Nice, the broader Côte d'Azur, and the surrounding regions in the south of France. The contents of these vary enormously, but most idiosyncratic to the region is the use of leftover daube meat.[7] Miniaturized ravioli, called "ravioles" locally, are a speciality of the Drôme department in the Rhône-Alpes region, particularly the commune of Romans-sur-Isère; these are frequently served au gratin.

In other cultures

Jewish cuisine has a similar dish called Kreplach, a pocket of meat or other filling, with an egg pasta based covering. It is simmered in chicken soup. Claudia Roden argues it originated in the Venetian Ghetto at about the same time Ravioli was developed, and in time became a mainstay of Jewish Cuisine. In India, a popular dish called Gujiya is similar to ravioli however it is prepared sweet, with a filing of dry fruits, sugar and a mixture of sweet spices, then deep fried in vegetable oil. Different stuffings are used in different parts of India. The dish is a popular food prepared during festivals all over India. Also Asian snack Samosa is similar to ravioli and is stuffed with potato, meat, peas, or paneer, and often served with sweet and sour sauce.

Similar dishes in other cultures include the Chinese jiaozi or wonton. A similar middle-eastern dish called shishbarak contains pasta filled with minced beef meat and cooked in hot yogurt.

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ The Oxford Companion to Food, Alan Davidson [Oxford University Press:Oxford] 1999 (p. 655)
  2. ^ Dickie 2008, p. 55.
  3. ^ Dickie 2008, p. 11
  4. ^ The Oxford Companion to Food, Alan Davidson [Oxford University Press:Oxford] 1999 (p. 655)
  5. ^ Regional Cuisines... pg. 25
  6. ^ Andrew F. Smith (1 May 2007). The Oxford Companion to American Food and Drink. Oxford University Press. pp. 413–. ISBN 978-0-19-530796-2. http://books.google.com/books?id=AoWlCmNDA3QC&pg=PT413. Retrieved 5 September 2012.
  7. ^ Wolfert, Paula (2009). Mediterranean Clay Pot Cooking : traditional and modern recipes to savor and share. Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley & Sons. p. 176. ISBN 9780764576331.

Sources

External links