Ravenglass

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Ravenglass
Ravenglass Main street.jpg
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Ravenglass is located in Cumbria
Ravenglass

 Ravenglass shown within Cumbria
OS grid referenceSD0896
Civil parishMuncaster
DistrictCopeland (borough)
Shire countyCumbria
RegionNorth West
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townRavenglass
Postcode districtCA18
Dialling code01229
PoliceCumbria
FireCumbria
AmbulanceNorth West
EU ParliamentNorth West England
UK ParliamentCopeland
List of places: UK • England • Cumbria
 
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Coordinates: 54°21′14″N 3°24′40″W / 54.354°N 3.411°W / 54.354; -3.411

Ravenglass
Ravenglass Main street.jpg
View up Main Street
Ravenglass is located in Cumbria
Ravenglass

 Ravenglass shown within Cumbria
OS grid referenceSD0896
Civil parishMuncaster
DistrictCopeland (borough)
Shire countyCumbria
RegionNorth West
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townRavenglass
Postcode districtCA18
Dialling code01229
PoliceCumbria
FireCumbria
AmbulanceNorth West
EU ParliamentNorth West England
UK ParliamentCopeland
List of places: UK • England • Cumbria

Ravenglass is a small coastal village and natural harbour in Cumbria, England. It is the only coastal town within the Lake District National Park. It is located at the estuary of three rivers: the Esk, Mite and Irt. Traditionally, it is located in the historic county of Cumberland.

Contents

History

Walls Castle, Ravenglass

The town dates back to at least the 2nd century, when it was an important naval base for the Romans now believed by experts to have been 'Tunnocellum' although it is often popularly named Glannoventa. It occupied the most southerly point of the Cumbrian coastal defence system, an extension of Hadrian's Wall, connected by a continuous chain of milefortlets and watchtowers. Ravenglass was occupied by the Romans for over 300 years and had a garrison (castra) of 500 soldiers. The town was a regional supply point for much of north-western Roman Britain, with a Roman road from Ravenglass over the Hardknott Pass to the Roman fort at Ambleside. The location is featured in The Fort at River's Bend, a book in Jack Whyte's A Dream of Eagles (Camulod Chronicles) series, and is also mentioned briefly in Mary Stewart's Merlin trilogy under the name Clannoventa. Today, there are few Roman remains, with the notable exception of a bath-house, known locally as Walls Castle. This is one of the largest remaining Roman structures in England, covering an area of 90 feet by 40 feet and with walls up to 12 feet high. The property is now maintained by English Heritage and form the western extremity of the Roman frontier World Heritage Site.

'Renglas' appears in charters and other records of the late 12th century. In 1208 King John granted Richard de Lucy, Earl of Egremont a Charter for a Market at Ravenglass on Saturdays and a yearly fair on the festival of St. James, August 5.

Attractions

Famous attractions include Muncaster Castle and the Ravenglass and Eskdale Railway.

Access

Today, the town is served by the A595 trunk road and Ravenglass railway station on the Cumbrian Coast railway line. It is also a terminus for the Ravenglass and Eskdale Railway, a popular tourist attraction.


External links