Raven (comics)

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Raven
Art by Ed Benes.
Publication information
PublisherDC Comics
First appearanceDC Comics Presents #26 (October 1980)
Created byMarv Wolfman
George Pérez
In-story information
Alter egoRachel Roth
SpeciesHalf-demon and Half-human
AbilitiesDemonic Transformation
Astral projection
Teleportation
Dimension Traveling
Healing
Flight
Levitation
Sorcery
Psionic abilities
Empathy
Telepathy
Telekinesis
Clairvoyance
Energy Manipulation
Time Manipulation
Emotion Manipulation
Darkness Manipulation
Memory Alteration
Inducing and amplifying the Seven Deadly Sins
Multilingualism
Experienced Hand-to-Hand Combatant
Expert Martial Artist
 
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For other Ravens in comics, see Raven (disambiguation).
Raven
Art by Ed Benes.
Publication information
PublisherDC Comics
First appearanceDC Comics Presents #26 (October 1980)
Created byMarv Wolfman
George Pérez
In-story information
Alter egoRachel Roth
SpeciesHalf-demon and Half-human
AbilitiesDemonic Transformation
Astral projection
Teleportation
Dimension Traveling
Healing
Flight
Levitation
Sorcery
Psionic abilities
Empathy
Telepathy
Telekinesis
Clairvoyance
Energy Manipulation
Time Manipulation
Emotion Manipulation
Darkness Manipulation
Memory Alteration
Inducing and amplifying the Seven Deadly Sins
Multilingualism
Experienced Hand-to-Hand Combatant
Expert Martial Artist

Raven is a fictional comic book superheroine who appears in stories published by DC Comics. The character first appeared in a special insert in DC Comics Presents #26 (October 1980), and was created by writer Marv Wolfman and artist George Pérez. Raven is an empath who can teleport and control her "soul-self," which can fight physically, as well as act as Raven's eyes and ears away from her body.

Fictional character biography[edit]

First life of Raven[edit]

Raven is the half-breed daughter of a human mother named Arella and the interdimensional demon Trigon. Raven was conceived as the result of Trigon's rape of Arella. Raven grew up in an alternate dimension called Azarath, with pacifistic inhabitants whose spiritual leader was the mystic Azar. She was taught to "control her emotions" by Azar, in order to suppress her inherited demonic powers. Initially it was feared that if Raven were ever to feel any strong emotion, she could then become possessed by her father's evil energy inside of her.

During this time, Raven rarely saw her mother and grew detached from her. Upon Azar's death, Arella began the task of raising and teaching Raven. Around this same time, she met her father face to face for the first time. Soon after her 16th birthday, Raven learned that Trigon planned to come to her dimension; she vowed to stop him.

Cover of Tales of the New Teen Titans #2 (July 1982). Art by George Pérez.

Raven initially approached the Justice League for help, but they refused her on the advice of Zatanna, who sensed her demonic parentage.[1] In desperation, she reformed the Titans as the New Teen Titans to fight her father. The team consisted of Robin, Wonder Girl, Kid Flash, Starfire, Cyborg, and Beast Boy. Raven and her new friends later came to think of one another as family.

Trigon soon kidnapped Raven to his home dimension. The team defeated Trigon and sealed him in an interdimensional prison with the help of Arella, who stayed at the interdimensional door as Trigon's Guardian.[2] However, Raven continued to fight her father's influence, as he was not completely destroyed. For a period of time, Raven lost control several times in stressful situations, but managed to regain control before Trigon could assert himself.

Eventually, Trigon escaped his prison, came to Earth, and took control of Raven, destroying Azarath in the process. The Titans were manipulated to kill Raven, thereby allowing the souls of Azarath contained inside the ring of Azar to possess her and use her as a channel to kill Trigon. After this battle, Raven rose from the ashes, purged of Trigon's evil, and vanished.[3]

White Raven[edit]

After Raven's disappearance, Arella went around the world in search of Raven. She tracked her down but both of them were kidnapped by Brother Blood. The minions of Brother Blood used Raven to control Nightwing (the former Robin) as part of Blood's plans. The Titans rescued them both and prevented Brother Blood from returning to power.[4]

As a result of the defeat of Trigon, Raven was free to experience emotions for the first time in her life. Raven found she was able to not only sense, but control others' emotions.[5] She learned to handle this power only after unintentionally making Nightwing believe that he loved her when she thought that she was in love with him. Raven also fostered a relationship with technopath Eric Forrester, who was using the life force of women he seduced to regain some of his lost humanity. Forrester knew that Raven's soul-self could help him to permanently retain his humanity. This attempt was cut short by the intervention of Joseph Wilson (Jericho), who helped Raven overcome her love for Forrester by destroying Forrester and saving Raven.[6]

Evil Raven makes her appearance in the "Terror of Trigon" storyline, which began The New Teen Titans (vol. 2). Art by George Pérez

Raven was later kidnapped by the Wildebeest Society during the "Titans Hunt" storyline.[7] The Wildbeest, led by the Trigon-possessed souls of Azarath, were going to use several Titans to bring about the return of Trigon. During a massive battle, Raven was possessed by the evil souls and once again became the evil doppelgänger of her father. Arella, along with Danny Chase, used the power of Azar's soul to cleanse Raven; in the result, her body was destroyed, and Arella and Danny sacrificed themselves and joined the cleansed souls of Azarath to become Phantasm.[8]

Evil Raven[edit]

Raven appeared possessed by her evil conscience and attempted to implant Trigon's seed into new bodies. She interrupted Nightwing and Starfire's wedding, and implanted a seed of Trigon into Starfire. Instead of corrupting her, she actually implanted the soul of the good Raven. This caused Starfire to leave Earth in order to escape from the evil Raven. The Titans were able to defeat her only because of the help they received from Phantasm.[9]

Raven later returned, still evil, in order to destroy the good version of herself implanted in Starfire. With the help of the Titans, Evil Raven was reduced to ashes, and the good part of Raven was given a new, golden spirit body, which was completely free of her father's demonic influence. In New Tamaran, Starfire and the golden spirit form of Raven revealed that implanting Raven's soul in Starfire was actually her plan to get rid of her demonic soul. [10]

Spirit[edit]

In her bodiless spirit form Raven returned to earth to help extract Cyborg's soul and consciousness from the Technis planet's computer mind.[11] Still later, she was instrumental in defeating Imperiex by aiding Wonder Woman and Tempest in re-powering Darkseid. [12] As a spirit, Raven wandered the earth, looking for her place in the world.

Rebirth[edit]

While the spirit of Raven was looking for her place in the world, Brother Blood came to claim her. Her spirit was instilled into the body of a teenage girl by the Church of Blood. The Teen Titans (reformed again), discovered that the Church of Blood were worshipers of Raven's father, Trigon. They also found a prophecy which told of the marriage between Brother Blood and Raven that would result in Armageddon. The new team interrupted the wedding, and Raven forced the cult to escape. She then joined the new Teen Titans and enrolled at a high school as Rachel Roth, using her mother Arella's original last name.[volume & issue needed]

After her rebirth, Raven began developing romantic feelings for her teammate, Garfield Logan (a.k.a. Beast Boy), and the two became romantically attached.

52[edit]

In 52, after the death of Superboy, the Titans are beginning to fall apart. Robin joins Batman and Wonder Girl leaves the team. Beast Boy struggles to maintain the team, but new members join who are only interested in seeking fame and honor through joining the team, rather than actually looking to fulfill justice. So when Beast Boy decides to help Steel on a mission, most of the members leave, leaving only Raven and Zatara. Later, Beast Boy, Raven, Offspring and Aquagirl aid Steel in launching an attack on Lexcorp. Raven also participated in World War III. Eventually, Robin, Wonder Girl, and a few new members join the Titans, making the team whole again. Beast Boy and Raven are among the only members that remained in the team during this period.

"One Year Later"[edit]

Main article: One Year Later
Raven's new look in "One Year Later"

Raven quits the team after she and Beast Boy end their relationship.[13] Letting the others think she is leaving because of Garfield, Raven actually leaves because she has uncovered a secret of one of the other Titans.

Raven takes advantage of this power with a book of unclear significance.[14] Raven has a diskette containing Jericho's soul. She performs a cleansing ritual over his soul and transfers it into a new body[15] before returning to the team as a full member.[16]

Without warning, the Titans are captured by the villainous Titans East and transported to the original Titans Island in New York, where Raven is placed in the "care" of Enigma and Duela Dent, who took to torturing her psychologically. Raven manages her escape. After beating the Titans East, she gives hints that she still loves Garfield, but he refuses to dwell on the matter, leaving their relationship uncertain.[17]

Following the death of Bart Allen, Raven, along with the other adult Titans, decides to leave the team. Raven decides to pursue her chance at attending high school, having never had the opportunity before.[volume & issue needed]

Raven stars in a five-issue miniseries written by Marv Wolfman, with art by Damion Scott. It takes place during the missing year, following Raven's attempts at living as a normal teenage girl and attending high school. Unfortunately, she gets inadvertently drawn into a mystical fight involving the Medusa Mask and has to battle for the lives of her classmates. In the Wizard #177 magazine, Wolfman briefly described the series, saying, "She needs to be on her own and in charge of herself for the first time in her life. This is more than just a 'tale of Raven'; it sets up her new life."

Titans[edit]

Raven discovers that Trigon had more than one child, and that a trio of children devoted to her father are behind the attacks. She is affected along with many of the other Titans by these three beings. Raven's three half-brothers use her and Beast Boy as keys to open a portal to Trigon's realm. Raven uses her own power to influence greed in others to make her half-brothers steal what little power Trigon had left. The portal is closed and Trigon's sons, believing they have gained great power, leave.

Raven's half-brothers later return and provoke her demonic side, causing her to leave the Titans and join them. However, the team was able to track them down and convince Raven to join the side of good once more. She later provided a number of other artifacts, all capable of killing her, to the Titans as terms for her staying with the team.[18]

Wyld[edit]

With the Titans in a state of disarray in the wake of Justice League: Cry For Justice, Raven left the team and was promptly attacked by a demonic being calling itself Wyld.[19] Battered and dazed, Raven arrived at Titans Tower, where she was rescued by the newest roster of Teen Titans. While she was recovering, Beast Boy stated that he was still in love with her and would remain so, despite whatever difficulties were involved.[20]

Raven decided to stay with the Teen Titans, now acting as a mentor to the younger members. When the Teen Titans attempted to return home, Raven was kidnapped and taken to another dimension by Wyld.[21] Wyld reveals that Raven was the one who created him. When Raven was traveling dimensions looking for her father, her soul self caused all of the animals she visited to merge into one being: The Wyld. The Titans enter the Wyld World to rescue Raven. The Wyld is eventually destroyed by Static.

Raven decides to embrace her love for Beast Boy and they share a passionate kiss

In the final issue of this incarnation of the Titans, Superboy-Prime and his Legion of Doom attack Titan's Tower. Raven stops Kid Flash just before he can kill Inertia. Then she reveals her soul-self to Headcase, terrifying and in so defeating him. After the Legion of Doom is defeated and Superboy-Prime is bound to the Source Wall, Beast Boy and Raven have a talk about her difficulty in reading Solstice's emotions, and their encounter with Headcase. Eventually, Raven starts to open up about her true feelings. While it was her inner darkness that scarred her entire life, she was even more frightened of what her love for Beast Boy might cause her to do. Beast Boy makes it clear he doesn't want to escape from any part of her. Touched, Raven decides that she needs to embrace the positive feelings inside her rather than just her negative ones. Beast Boy assures her this is part of being human, and points out, "I think you've worried enough about the bad....so why don't we focus on the good for a change?" With that, they share a heartfelt kiss to renew their relationship and ultimately embrace their love for each other.[22]

The New 52[edit]

Raven in Teen Titans #16

After the events of Flashpoint, the history of the DC Universe was altered, resulting in The New 52. Raven makes her New 52 debut in the first issue of the Phantom Stranger. There she is shown as a girl in a black and white striped sweater freaking out in a funeral over the level of overwhelming emotion that is emanating from the people there. The Phantom Stranger takes Raven to Stonehenge, the portal between Earth and the realm of Trigon. Being told by a "higher power" what must be done, the reluctant Stranger unwillingly hands her over to Trigon.

Teen Titans[edit]

Raven makes her first Teen Titans appearance in Teen Titans #16. Raven, sporting a new costume, is introduced by Trigon as his "Black Bird of Terror" to his minions. It is strongly suggested that Raven has been controlling Red Robin's emotions. During Trigon's invasion on Earth, she approaches a near dead Beast Boy who had been assaulted by Deathstroke earlier in the remains of the Ravagers facility.[23] After being touched by Raven, Beast Boy awakens and when he asks if Harvest has sent her, she apologizes stating that she brought him into the fray much sooner than she expected and says: "Hush. We are birds of a feather now... You are mine to control" as Raven mind-controls him and teleports them to New York where Trigon and the Teen Titans are in battle.[24]

Raven's origin revisited[edit]

Lately Trigon revealed more of Raven's origins. He has a son from each world he's conquered, but Raven is his only daughter. Trigon let Raven's mother, Arella, live because he considered that Raven needed to be raised by humans so she could recreate the seven under realms in her own image. Arella fled with her daughter to Azarath where the monks taught her how to control her dark side and avoid Trigon's influence on her. Years later, she escaped from Azarath in order to protect her mentors and planet from Trigon and fled to the Earth where Phantom Stranger captured her for Trigon.

Raven spent time in the under-realms where time flows faster or was compressed. Trigon thought he only needed to liberate her and not control her to make Raven have her own image. Apparently impressed, Trigon handed her the Throne of the Under-realms to rule the place as Queen.

Return of Trigon[edit]

Back in New York, Trigon's three sons, Belial, Ruskoff, and Suge, assault the Teen Titans to take Raven back. Raven, Beast Boy, and the Titans defeat them, but Trigon himself appears again and takes control of the Titans save for Red Robin, Raven and Beast Boy. The manipulated Titans attack, and while Raven and Beast Boy distract them and Trigon, Tim cuts through Trigon's eyes with his inertrite wings. Trigon, pulling out the wings from his eyes, compliments Tim before suddenly disappearing. Soon after, a woman and a group of suited men come through a portal, informing that they will take Psimon into custody and make the incident appear as if it had never happened. When questioned about the police officers Psimon has killed, the woman reveals it has been an hallucination by Trigon, so therefore it has never happened.

Raven and Beast Boy are re-accepted into the Teen Titans. Raven brings controversy to the team by revealing the flirtatious relationships Tim had when under Trigon's control. Raven goes into her room, leaving the awkward situation behind. There, she summons her father, saying, "Father, I am one of them. Your plan worked perfectly," leaving questions on what side she is really playing for.

Meanwhile, Tim calls Raven aside, telling that if something happens to him, the team will look up to her to lead them.

Forever Evil[edit]

After the events of Trinity War, the Earth's greatest heroes are gone and the Crime Syndicate has taken over the world. The Teen Titans challenge the Crime Syndicate, but are easily overpowered by Johnny Quick and Atomica and then flung into the time stream. While the Titans are constantly flung through time', Raven is sent a few thousand years back in time. There she is challenged by Etrigan, who recognizes her as Trigon's daughter and tries to kill her. Raven is saved by Wonder Girl, who suggests that the way to stop Raven's powers, since she was born and raised in a world between worlds, is to manipulate the energy within the time stream. Raven succeeds in anchoring the Titans with her soul-self, teleporting them through time.

The Titans arrive 20 years into the future, where the Son of Superman has massacred most of Earth's superheroes, leaving only a few including Animal Man(Gar Logan) and Rose Wilson. Superboy Kon-El and Jon battle, and Kon triumphs. But Kon is sent elsewhere by an unknown power, and a severely injured Jon is swapped unknowingly as Superboy by Logan and Wilson. The Titans depart again, now to an alien planet the 31st century, where Kid Flash is actually a rebel leader and war criminal, Bar Torr. While the Titans stay to witness the Trial of Kid Flash, Raven deduces Superboy is actually Jon, and helps send him back to the present time so that he can find a cure for his deteriorating body condition.

Leaving Kid Flash and Solstice in the future, the Titans return to their original time and is united with Bunker, Beast Boy, and Skitter. Raven finds out that their journey has severed Trigon's control over her. Followed by an attack by the villain Grimm, the Titans plan a final attack on Harvest's new colony. Raven is reluctant to join because of her past actions, but Bunker tells her that everybody deserves a second chance, and Raven changes her mind. In the colony, they are surprised to find that everyone is returned to normal, and even the victims of the Culling has been restored to life. Raven plays a crucial role by finding out Harvest's scheme to extract all the metagenes to create a massive DNA strand for his usage. This is destroyed by Raven's soul self and Harvest is finally defeated. After this event, Raven is shown living with Cassie.

Powers and abilities[edit]

Raven can empathically absorb the pain of injured people to ease their suffering, and induce rapid healing. She has the ability to heal herself and others. This has limits, though, since she cannot heal grave injuries. She almost died trying to accomplish such a feat. Her most prominent ability is to manifest her soul-self through a form of astral projection. Through the use of her soul-self, Raven can project her consciousness into the mind, for therapeutic purposes. It also serves as a way to travel into other dimensions. In many instances, her soul-self has also functioned as a shield and a method of attack, like absorbing objects and energy and regurgitating them moments later. Using her soul-self, she can convert her physical body into her soul-self and carry or teleport herself and others over vast distances in form of a giant black raven. Her soul-self can stay outside her body for five minutes, without risking any psychic pain.

Raven has also displayed the ability to control, manipulate and or generate pure shadows and darkness. Raven can also manipulate energy, time, and emotions. This latter ability manifests in different variations, from causing supremely destructive pain, inducing tension, fear-based illusions, and stealing emotions from others. In a number of instances, Raven has also displayed sorcerous abilities, such as inducing unconsciousness on Tim Drake with a touch, releasing balls of fire "within the folds of her cloak"(as in The New Teen Titans Annual #4 (1988)), or hurling electric blasts strong enough to take down all her brothers and all of the adult Titans. Recently, she was seen to completely annihilate the demon army of Rankor numbering more than three thousand individuals and which contained powerful individual demons that had taken the Titans down in ambushes previously. In her third body, Raven has acquired the ability to fly. Raven is shown to be able to fly unaided in space.

Raven has very powerful telepathic and telekinetic abilities which are fueled by her emotions. Because of the enormous power she can generate with her emotions she keeps them contained. Raven has shown in a number of instances that exercising her emotions increases her power dramatically, which also tends to cause her to assume a semi-demonic form.

Like her brothers, Raven can induce and amplify one of the seven deadly sins (in her case, pride) in any living being, however doing so will cause her to suffer spells of nausea and vomiting for several days afterward as side effects.

Raven also has limited precognition which allows her to predict future events that are about to happen. But she cannot control this ability, which is why it is only limited, as it only happens randomly. She has also been shown to be an excellent hand-to-hand combatant, despite the fact that she rarely uses these abilities.

Other Versions[edit]

Books of Magic[edit]

In The Books of Magic Annual #3, a version of the Teen Titans can be seen in Timothy Hunter's alternative reality. Raven's counterpart is named 'Moonchild', and is a sidekick to the Phantom Stranger.

Titans Tomorrow[edit]

In the Titans Tomorrow storyline, Dark Raven, a future image of Raven is a member of the Titans Tomorrow. She is referred to the "Wicked Witch of the West" because she consumed the emotions of most of the American continent in order to maintain peace.

Amalgam Comics[edit]

In Amalgam Comics, an amalgamation of Raven and Marvel's Aliya Dayspring is called Raveniya Dayspring.

DC/Wildstorm: Dreamwar[edit]

Raven appeared along with the rest of the Wolfman/Perez-era Teen Titans as part of Chimera's dream fuelled plot to make Wildstorms, wherein normally very brutal heroes act like his dream heroes from the DC Universe. Initial appearance had the original Titans Tower appear out of nowhere on top of the Riker's Island prison facility. Mr. Majestic is sent in to investigate but is brought low by a Starbolt and a single touch from Raven before most of the Titans make their escape. She next appears along the other Teen Titans as they engage the members of Gen 13. As the heroes of DC, animated as they are, realize they are being used by Chimera and cease fighting and revert to a more cautious approach to the world around them, Chimera decides to dream up villains such as Doomsday to continue with his wishes before resorting to hatching a Sun-Eater inside the moon. While most of the heroes capable travel to the moon to prevent the Sun-Eater destroying it, Raven along with the Midnighter, independently of each other, deducts where Chimera was hiding through Edgar Allan Poe's Purloined Letter, both deducting that Chimera was hiding in plain sight. After a brief fight with the Shadow-Thief, brought low by a glimpse into Raven's mind, they eventually find the shrunken Chimera before waking him up, causing all of the DC characters to disappear, but leaving the damage behind.

Tiny Titans[edit]

Raven is a major character in Tiny Titans where she lives at home with her father Trigon, who substitutes as a teacher at her school.

Booster Gold[edit]

Black Beetle has moved back in time to corrupt history. In battle between the Teen Titans against Deathstroke and the Ravager, Black Beetle kills the Titans save for Raven, who had shown up a moment after. Booster Gold, Skeets, and Rip Hunter arrive at the scene and tell Raven that history has been rampaged, and ask her to help them track down Black Beetle. Raven accompanies them to an alternate future where the New Teen Titans never existed and Trigon had taken over the earth. They track down Black Beetle but he escapes into the timestream.

They return to the time of the battle with the Ravager and to correct the timestream. Booster knocks Deathstroke out, suits up in his armor, and replicates the scene. Before departing with Ravager's body, Booster tells Robin to 'Embrace your heritage and guide Damian.' Meanwhile, Raven plants false memories into Deathstroke's mind, so that he will forever blame the Titans for his son's death and will become the greatest adversary of the Teen Titans.[25]

Flashpoint: Secret Seven[edit]

In the alternate timeline of the Flashpoint event, Raven is a member of the Secret Seven, a group of powerful sorcerers of Earth. Raven, Zatanna, and Mindwarp are killed by Enchantress, who turns out to be a spy for the Amazon and has been ordered to infiltrate the Secret Seven. Enchantress is eventually killed by Superman. Curiously Raven and Zatanna's relations to their fathers appear to have changed in this reality, with Zatanna hating hers and Raven striving to live up to be the hero Trigon had been.

Smallville: Harbinger[edit]

In the four-issue mini series Smallville: Harbinger, A young girl is kidnapped by Brother Blood to be used as an offering to summon the Sons of Trigon, the Seven Deadly Sins. The ritual is interrupted by Zatanna and Constantine. Zatanna frees the girl but Constantine runs away with the artifact he had been looking for; the Book of Magick. Brother Blood succeeds in summoning the Seven Sins using himself as a sacrifice, and the Sins chase after Zatanna and the girl. Constantine, seeing the spirits of those who have been killed because of him, changes his mind and uses Brother Blood's heart to defeat them. Later, Zatanna places the girl under Jay Garrick's care. When Speedy asks what to call her, she tells her name, 'Rachel Roth', but concludes, "...but you can call me Raven."

In other media[edit]

Television[edit]

Raven in the Teen Titans animated series
Raven's appearance in Teen Titans Go!

Film[edit]

Video games[edit]

Music[edit]

In the electro-house song, "Metrion", by Miqz featuring Veela, the lyrics are sung from Raven's point of view:

     Please keep your distance from my heart,     Though I insist I'm made of two parts,     Oh, and I've been taking care of myself for so long,     I miss my mother and my home, they're all gone,     And it's because of me and my father,     My so-called father, he's not my father! 
     Are you listening? You can always unleash Trigon from me,     That's why I'm hidden, it's best for all of us if I feel silently,     There's got to be another way out, there's got to be another way out,     There's got to be another way out, there's got to be another way! 
     Gar, I am feeling your heartbeat in mine,     I know exactly what you feel inside,     I will bend the shadows around you in time,     Till then, I'm so better off alone. 
     Maybe I'm not cut out for this life,     Too unstable to be asked to fight,     I can feel evil still in my skin,     Boiling quietly within,     Every night I hover alone, close my eyes,     Practice control to save our lives,     Remembering red symbols as tattoos,     Horrid betrayals, regret too! 
     Am I pleasing the ancient prophecies put on me?     Why aren't you leaving? You will all get enslaved and never be free!     There's got to be another way out, help me find another way out,     You all need another way out, I am no longer safe! 
     Gar, I am feeling your heartbeat in mine,     I know exactly what you feel inside,     I will bend the shadows around you in time,     Till then, I'm so better off alone. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ New Teen Titans (vol. 1) #4
  2. ^ New Teen Titans (vol. 1) #6
  3. ^ New Teen Titans (vol. 2) #1-5
  4. ^ New Teen Titans (vol. 2) #31
  5. ^ New Teen Titans (vol. 2) #32
  6. ^ New Titans #67
  7. ^ New Titans #71
  8. ^ New Titans #84
  9. ^ New Titans #121
  10. ^ New Titans #130
  11. ^ JLA vs Titans #1-3
  12. ^ Wonder Woman (vol. 2 #173
  13. ^ Teen Titans (vol. 3) #37
  14. ^ Teen Titans (vol. 3) #38
  15. ^ Teen Titans (vol. 3) #40
  16. ^ Teen Titans (vol. 3) #41
  17. ^ Teen Titans (vol. 3) #47
  18. ^ Titans (vol. 2) #6
  19. ^ Teen Titans (vol. 3) #75
  20. ^ Teen Titans (vol. 3) #76
  21. ^ Teen Titans (vol. 3) #82
  22. ^ Teen Titans (vol. 3) #100
  23. ^ The Ravagers #12
  24. ^ Teen Titans #19
  25. ^ Booster Gold Vol. 2 #23~24
  26. ^ Raven revealed for Injustice: Gods Among Us, battles Catwoman in new clip

External links[edit]