Randal Howard "Rand" Paul (born January 7, 1963) is the junior United States Senator for Kentucky. He is a member of the Republican Party. A member of the Tea Party movement, he describes himself as a "constitutional conservative" and a libertarian. He is the son of Congressman and 2012 Republican presidential candidate Ron Paul of Texas. Paul first received national attention in 2008 when making political speeches on behalf of his father. Rand Paul is the first United States Senator in history to serve simultaneously with a parent in the United States House of Representatives.
A graduate of the Duke University School of Medicine, Paul has been a practicing ophthalmologist in Bowling Green, Kentucky, since 1993, and established his own clinic in December 2007. In 1994, he founded Kentucky Taxpayers United, of which he is still the chairman.
In 2010, Paul ran as the Republican candidate for the United States Senate seat being vacated by retiring Senator Jim Bunning of Kentucky, beating Kentucky Secretary of State Trey Grayson in the primary. Despite the fact that he had never previously held political office, Paul defeated Kentucky Attorney General Jack Conway. As a supporter of the Tea Party movement, Paul has been vocal in advocating for term limits, a balanced budget amendment, and the Read the Bills Act, in addition to the widespread reduction of federal spending and taxation. He has gained prominence for his independent positions on many political issues, often clashing with both Republicans and Democrats.
Early life and education
Randal Howard Paul was born on January 7, 1963, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, to Carol (Wells) Paul and Ron Paul. Paul's father is a physician and U.S. Representative of Texas's 14th congressional district. The middle child of five, his siblings are Ronald "Ronnie" Paul Jr., Lori Paul Pyeatt, Robert Paul and Joy Paul-LeBlanc. Paul was baptized in the Episcopal Church and identified as a practicing Christian as a teenager. Despite his father's libertarian views and strong support for individual rights, the novelist Ayn Rand was not the inspiration for Paul's first name; he went by "Randy" while growing up. His wife shortened his name to "Rand".
The Paul family moved to Lake Jackson, Texas, in 1968, where Rand was raised and his father began his medical practice and for an extent of time was the only obstetrician in Brazoria County. When Paul was 13, his father was elected to the United States House of Representatives. In his teenage years, Paul studied the Austrian economists that his father respected, as well as Ayn Rand. Paul went to Brazoswood High School and was on the swimming team and played defensive back on the football team. Paul attended Baylor University from fall 1981 to summer 1984. Paul was enrolled in the honors program at Baylor, and had scored approximately in the 90th percentile on the Medical College Admission Test. During Paul's time at Baylor, he was involved in the swim team and Young Conservatives of Texas and was a member of a secret organization known as the NoZe Brotherhood. Paul left Baylor early when he was accepted into the Duke University School of Medicine, where he earned his Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) degree in 1988 and completed his residency in 1993.
In Atlanta, Paul met Kelley Ashby, a Rhodes College English major. Paul and Ashby were married on October 20, 1990, and moved to Bowling Green, Kentucky, less than 30 miles (48 km) from her hometown of Russellville, Kentucky, in 1993.
Kelley Paul is a freelance writer, and she manages payroll and marketing communications for Paul's surgical practice. The couple have three sons: William, Duncan and Robert.
Paul has held a state-issued medical license since moving to Bowling Green in 1993. He received his first job from Dr. John Downing of Downing McPeak Vision Centers, which brought him to Bowling Green after completing his residency. Paul worked for Downing for about five years before parting ways. Afterwards, he went to work at the Graves-Gilbert Clinic, a private medical group in Bowling Green, for 10 years before creating his own practice in a converted one-story house across the street from Downing's office. After his election to the U.S. Senate, Paul merged his practice with Downing's medical practice. Paul has had two malpractice lawsuits filed against him since 1993. Paul was cleared in one case and the other was settled for $50,000. Regardless, his medical work has been praised by Downing and Paul has medical privileges at two Bowling Green hospitals. Paul specializes in cataract and glaucoma surgeries, LASIK procedures, and corneal transplants.
As a member of the Bowling Green Noon Lions Club, Paul founded the Southern Kentucky Lions Eye Clinic to help provide eye surgery and exams for those who cannot afford to pay. He is a regular presenter at the annual Men's Health and Safety Day conference held by The Medical Center of Bowling Green since 1998. In 1999 Paul founded the Non-profit organization National Board of Ophthalmology (NBO).
In 2010 the Louisville Courier-Journal reported that Paul, who described himself as a "board-certified" ophthalmologist, was not certified by the American Board of Ophthalmology (ABO). In 1995, Paul passed the American Board of Ophthalmology boards earning his certification under the ABO for a term of one decade. In 1997, after a dispute with the American Board of Ophthalmology over recertification requirements, Paul, along with 200 ophthalmologists formed the National Board of Ophthalmology (NBO). A spokesperson for the American Board of Medical Specialties stated: "He [Paul] is not board-certified."
Paul's ABO certification lapsed on December 31, 2005, and Paul has since been certified by the NBO. ABO administrator Beth Ann Slembarski says that over 95 percent of the nation’s practicing ophthalmologists have American Board of Ophthalmology certification. Regardless of his additional certifications, Paul has been licensed by the state to practice medicine in Kentucky since 1993, and his license is in good standing with no history of disciplinary action. The Courier-Journal reported: "There is no indication that Paul isn't qualified to practice ophthalmology."
Rand Paul in 2011 speaking at the Night of the Rising Stars.
As founder and chairman of the anti-tax organization Kentucky Taxpayers United (KTU) since 1994, Paul regularly presents "taxpayers' friend" awards to state legislators. KTU, which regards itself as nonpartisan, but is criticized for being ideologically conservative, examines legislator records on taxation and spending to inform voters where their own lawmakers stand on the issues. Paul's editorial commentary on behalf of KTU has been published and recognized in the Kentucky Post.
KTU sponsors the Taxpayer's Pledge of Americans for Tax Reform, encouraging politicians to pledge publicly to vote uniformly against tax raises. Nine of fifteen Northern Kentucky legislators signed the pledge, such as Senator Dick Roeding and Representative Royce Adams in 1996. In 2000, these legislators considered a hotel room tax hike (favored by Governor Paul Patton for helping expand the Dr. Albert B. Sabin Convention Center in nearby Cincinnati), even though the increase might "incur the wrath of Paul's group," as two newspapers put it.
Paul stated that Patton's argument for "revenue recovery" was merely a euphemism for taxes and said that KTU would fight reelection of any pledge-breakers; Adams requested in writing that Paul's group release him from his pledge, stating that it only applied to his first term. By the close of session in April, the tax increase had failed, although Patton had achieved most of his intended budget; Paul stated legislators were pressured to finalize the budget by deadline rather than to "face accusations of shutting down government."
Paul often speaks on his father's behalf, and he and his son William attended the third Republican presidential debate of 2007 in New Hampshire, as well as campaigned door-to-door in the state for his father. At a New Hampshire rally with 250 in attendance (plus 30 members of his own family), Paul repeated a campaign meme by pretending to take a call from Rudy Giuliani during his remarks, and joking that Giuliani needed campaigners and wanted to borrow the Paul family.
On December 16, 2007, the 234th anniversary of the Boston Tea Party, Paul spoke at Faneuil Hall in favor of small government principles, calling for what CNN termed a "modern day revolution." He continued campaigning across the country for his father in 2008, traveling as far as Montana.
Paul has co-authored a book entitled The Tea Party Goes to Washington with Jack Hunter, released on February 22, 2011. It defends the Tea Party movement.
Paul in Louisville, November 2009
In the beginning of 2009, Paul was the focus of an online grassroots movement to draft him in a bid to replace beleaguered Republican Kentucky senator Jim Bunning. The news of his potential candidacy became a topic of national interest and was discussed in the Los Angeles Times and locally in the Kentucky press. Commenting on Paul's possible candidacy, Congressman Ron Paul noted that "Should Senator Bunning decide not to run, I think Rand would make a great U.S. Senator."
On May 1, 2009, Paul officially confirmed that if Bunning, whose fundraising in 2009 has matched his poor numbers in opinion polling for the 2010 election, declined to seek a third term, he would almost certainly run in the Republican Party primary to succeed him, and formed an exploratory committee soon after, while still promising to stay out of the race if Bunning had ultimately decided to run for re-election. Paul made this announcement on MSNBC's The Rachel Maddow Show, though the news was first broken by a local Kentucky news site.
On July 28, 2009, Bunning announced that he would not run for re-election, after facing insufficient fundraising. This announcement left only Paul and Secretary of State Trey Grayson as the remaining candidates for the Republican nomination, with Paul announcing on August 5, 2009 that he would officially run for the U.S. Senate as a Republican. The announcement was made through a series of national TV events, radio, and other programs, as well as through newspapers in Kentucky.
Early fundraising success
On August 20, 2009, Paul's grassroots planned a moneybomb to kick off his campaign for United States Senate. The official campaign took in $433,509 in 24 hours. According to Paul, This set a new record in Kentucky's political fundraising history in a 24-hour period.
A second "moneybomb" was held on September 23, 2009, to counter a D.C. fundraiser being held for primary opponent Trey Grayson, by 23 Republican United States Senators, 17 of whom voted for the bank bailout. The theme was a UFC "fight" between Paul and "We the People" vs. Trey Grayson and the "D.C. Insiders." The money bomb ended up raising $186,276 for Paul in 24 hours on September 23; bringing Paul's Senate campaign's total raised to over one million. Later in the campaign, Paul claimed his pledge to not take money from lobbyists and Senators who had voted for the bailout was only a "primary pledge"; he subsequently held a DC fundraiser with the same Senators who had been the target of the September 23, 2009 "moneybomb." Paul ended up raising some $3 million during the primary period.
Although Grayson was considered the frontrunner in July 2009, Paul found success characterizing Grayson as a "career politician" and challenging Grayson's conservatism. Paul ran an ad in February that made an issue out of Grayson's September 2008 admission that he voted for Bill Clinton when he was 20 years old. Although the Paul campaign later removed the video from YouTube, Paul's Democratic general election competitor put it back up on October 20 after Paul had taken exception to the Democrat making an issue out of Paul's own college-age actions. James Dobson, a Christian evangelical figure, endorsed Grayson on April 26 based on the advice of what Dobson described as "senior members of the GOP", but on May 3 the Paul campaign announced that Dobson had changed his endorsement to Paul after Paul and some Paul supporters had lobbied Dobson insisting on Paul's social conservative bona fides.
On May 18 Paul won the Republican Senatorial primary by a 23.4% margin, meaning he would face the Kentucky Attorney General Jack Conway, in the November 2 general election.
On June 28, 2010, Rand Paul supporters held their first post-primary online fundraising drive, this time promoted as a "money blast."
On May 21, 2010, Paul generated some controversy by characterizing statements made by Obama administration officials regarding the BP oil spill cleanup as sounding "un-American". Paul said:
|“||What I don't like from the president's administration is this sort of, 'I'll put my boot heel on the throat of BP.' I think that sounds really un-American in his criticism of business. I've heard nothing from BP about not paying for the spill. And I think it's part of this sort of blame-game society in the sense that it's always got to be someone's fault instead of the fact that sometimes accidents happen.||”|
Paul may have been referring to a statement by Interior Secretary Ken Salazar, who said "our job is basically to keep the boot on the neck of British Petroleum to carry out the responsibilities that they have, both under the law and contractually to move forward and to stop this spill." Salazar's remark was later slightly misquoted as "boot on the throat" by Press Secretary Robert Gibbs. Gibbs clarified at the same press conference, when asked if this metaphor did not imply hostility to BP, "I think the President accurately conveyed in his remarks yesterday that we are going to do everything humanly possible, and ensure that BP is doing everything humanly possible, to deal with this as comprehensively and as quickly as they can."
Private property and civil rights
Paul criticized the Bowling Green Daily News on May 30, 2002 for supporting the Fair Housing Act. He explained that "a free society will abide unofficial, private discrimination, even when that means allowing hate-filled groups to exclude people based on the color of their skin." On May 19, 2010, Paul stated that he favors 9 out of 10 titles of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, but had he been a senator during 1960s, he would have raised some questions on the constitutionality of Title II of the Act, which prohibits private businesses who provide public accommodations from discriminating on the basis of race, religion, or national origin against their customers, arguing that it infringes upon constitutional freedoms. Paul stated on National Public Radio, "I'm in favor of everything with regards to ending institutional racism". Paul favors community and neighborhood pressure to persuade private businesses, rather than federal laws that he argued might violate the constitution. Paul said he abhors racism, and he would have marched with Martin Luther King Jr. to repeal Jim Crow Laws. Paul's comments on Title II of Civil Rights Act of 1964 stirred controversy and brought concern among Republican party insiders about his viability in the general election. Paul later released a statement declaring that he would have voted for the Act and stated "unequivocally ... that I will not support any efforts to repeal the Civil Rights Act of 1964". Paul stating that while he "abhors racism," he doesn't like the idea of the federal government determining who a business may serve. Amid a flurry of controversy, Paul became the first American politician to cancel an appearance on Meet the Press in their 64-year history. Additionally, RNC Chairman Michael Steele, publicly denounced him, saying that Paul's opposition to the Civil Rights Act is a "misplaced" philosophy for the 21st Century.
Paul addressed his feelings about intentions of the legislation relating to public offices, stating that he "overwhelmingly agrees with the intent of the [Civil Rights Act] which was to stop discrimination in the public sphere and halt the abhorrent practice of segregation and Jim Crow laws," and that Constitutional challenges to the law have been settled by the courts.
Paul has secured endorsements from several public figures and political organizations. They include the Downsize DC Foundation, Concerned Women for America, Gun Owners of America, Steve Forbes, FreedomWorks, Club for Growth, James Dobson, Sarah Palin, Jim DeMint, Cathy Bailey, Jim Bunning, Erick Erickson, National Federation of Independent Business, Council for Citizens Against Government Waste, National Right to Life, US Chamber of Commerce, National Vietnam and Gulf War Veterans Coalition, Mike Huckabee, and Tony Perkins/FRC Action PAC.
U.S. Senate career
Paul was sworn in on January 5, 2011 along with his father, marking the first time in congressional history that a son or daughter served in the Senate while the parent simultaneously served in the House of Representatives. He was assigned to serve on the Energy and Natural Resources, Health, Education, Labor and Pensions, Homeland Security and Government Affairs, and Small Business committees. Paul also formed the Senate Tea Party Caucus with Jim DeMint and Mike Lee as its inaugural members. Paul’s first legislative proposal was to cut $500 billion from federal spending in one year. This proposal includes cutting the Department of Education by 83 percent and the Department of Homeland Security by 43 percent, as well as folding the Department of Energy into the Department of Defense and eliminating the Department of Housing and Urban Development. Seven independent agencies would be eliminated and food stamps would be cut by 30 percent. Under Paul’s proposal, defense spending would be reduced by 6.5 percent and international aid would be eliminated. He later proposed a five-year budget plan that he believed would balance the budget.
In February, Paul was one of two Republicans to vote against extending three key provisions of the USA PATRIOT Act (roving wiretaps, searches of business records, and conducting surveillance of "lone wolves" — individuals not linked to terrorist groups). In May, he remained the last senator opposing the PATRIOT Act, and was ultimately defeated on May 26.
On March 2, Paul was one of nine senators to vote against a stopgap bill that cut $4 billion from the budget and temporarily prevent a government shutdown, citing that it did not cut enough from the budget. One week later, Paul voted against the Democratic and Republican budget proposals to keep funding the federal government, citing that both bills did not cut enough spending. Both bills failed to pass the senate. He later voted against stopgap measures on March 17 and April 8, both of which passed the senate. On April 14, Paul was one of 19 senators to vote against a budget that cut $38.5 billion from the budget and fund the government for the remainder of the fiscal year. Paul voiced opposition to U.S. intervention in the Libyan civil war and has criticized President Obama for not gaining congressional consent for Operation Odyssey Dawn. During the debt ceiling crisis, Paul stated that he would only support raising the debt ceiling if a balanced budget amendment was enacted. Paul was a supporter of the Cut, Cap and Balance Act, which was tabled by the Democrats. On August 3, Paul voted against a bill that would raise the debt ceiling.
On September 7, Paul called for a vote of no confidence in Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner. Later that month, Paul blocked legislation that would strengthen safety rules for oil and gas pipelines because he felt the bill was not strong enough. In October, Paul blocked a bill that would provide $36 million in benefits for elderly and disabled refugees, saying that he was concerned that it could be used to aid domestic terrorists. This was in response to two alleged terrorists, who came to the United States through a refugee program and were receiving welfare benefits, were arrested in 2011 in Paul’s hometown of Bowling Green. Paul lifted his hold on the bill after Democratic leaders promised to hold a congressional hearing into how individuals are selected for refugee status and request an investigation on how the two suspects were admitted in the country through a refugee program.
Paul supports term limits, a balanced budget amendment, and the Read the Bills Act, in addition to the widespread reduction of federal spending and taxation. He has gained prominence for his independent positions on many political issues, often clashing with both Republicans and Democrats.
Abortion and bioethics
Paul is opposed to abortion and supports a Human Life Amendment and a Life at Conception Act. He also opposes abortion in cases of rape and incest, but supports use of the morning-after pill. He opposes federal funding for abortion. He takes a states' rights position, favoring the overturn of Roe v. Wade and allowing states to decide on the legality of abortions without federal involvement.
According to the Paul campaign, Paul received a 100% pro-life score on a Kentucky Right to Life survey and indicated on the survey that he opposed human cloning. This was disputed by Kentucky Right to Life, however, who endorsed Paul's primary opponent instead and claimed that Paul did not, in fact, answer the cloning question.
Campaign finance reform
Paul opposes the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002 and has called it a "dangerous piece of legislation". Instead, he supports regulating the contracts given out by Congress and placing limits on corporations receiving government contracts. Paul opposes legislation limiting the amount of money individuals, corporations, and organizations can give to candidates. Additionally, Paul has proposed "mandating a clause in all federal contracts over $1 million that requires the recipient to pledge not to lobby government or contribute to campaigns during the terms of the contract."
Paul opposes the USA PATRIOT Act, including warrantless searches and breach of individual privacy. He has also proposed that the TSA be eliminated.
Economics and tax cuts
Paul has been a longtime opponent of the bank and auto industry bailouts.
He also opposes the Federal Reserve Act of 1913 and the Federal Reserve's control of the money supply and interest rates. He has advocated allowing the free market to regulate interest rates, and supports Congress' constitutional role in controlling the money supply. Paul endorses H.R. 1207, the Federal Reserve Transparency Act, a bill, introduced by his father, mandating an audit of the Federal Reserve. Although Paul does not support abolishing the Federal Reserve, he supports transparency and accountability of the semi-private institution. Additionally, Paul opposes inflation and supports "restoring the value of the dollar that has devalued by approximately 95% since the Federal Reserve's inception in 1913".
Paul supports tax cuts and a balanced budget amendment, and has criticized both Republicans and Democrats on deficit spending.
Paul supports returning control of education to local communities and parents and thus eliminating the federal Department of Education, but he says that some functions of the Department of Education, such as disbursing student loans and Pell Grants, should be transferred to other departments instead of being eliminated. Paul opposes federal regulation of homeschooling.
Paul supports allowing the free market to compete and dictate which forms of energy to use. He opposes subsidizing energy companies, and would support allowing tax breaks for companies that produce alternative energy such as wind, solar, or geothermal. He has said that subsidizing the energy industry will only add incentive for companies to lobby the federal government.
Paul opposes federal government involvement in health care. He has stated that he would repeal the HMO Act of 1973 that "drives a wedge between the patient and [one's] doctor". He believes that government has driven up the cost of health care and causes the quality and coverage to decrease. Paul would support a free market approach to health care, including tax deductions for medical expenses. He opposes federal regulations discouraging businesses from providing coverage. He supports Health Savings Accounts (HSAs). On Medicare, Paul has suggested higher deductibles as well as changes to premiums or eligibility rules as ways to address what he sees as the program's looming financial problems, saying "You want to have more participation by the person who's receiving the entitlement... by that I mean that they need to be more involved with some sort of economic transaction every time they use their entitlement, and that means they have to bear more of the burden." Paul also stated that he does not support such changes for current retirees or people nearing retirement. Following the Supreme Court decision upholding the Affordable Care Act, Senator Paul released a statement saying, "Just because a couple people on the Supreme Court declare something to be 'constitutional' does not make it so. The whole thing remains unconstitutional."
Paul has proposed adding security to the border by installing an electronic fence and helicopter stations to respond to breaches. He opposes birthright citizenship for children of illegal immigrants. Paul has said that courts should review the 14th Amendment, which guarantees citizenship to "all persons born or naturalized in the United States," to conclude whether or not it should apply to the children of illegal immigrants. If court challenges fail, Paul would support a constitutional amendment that would deny citizenship to children of illegal immigrants who are born in the United States.
Paul believes the issue of medical marijuana is a states' rights issue and that the federal government should not interfere. In August, the Associated Press reported that Paul said he was opposed to the legalization of marijuana for medicinal purposes, but the Paul campaign says he was misquoted. Though Paul describes himself as a "social conservative," he was nonetheless described by the AP reporter as holding "libertarian leanings on drugs" and believing some drug sentences were too harsh.
Foreign policy and national defense
Paul holds that the primary Constitutional function of the federal government is national defense, and that the greatest national security threat is the lack of border security. He supports eliminating issuance of visas to people from “about ten rogue nations.” He supports trying terrorists caught on the battlefield in military tribunals at Guantanamo Bay detention camp. Paul believes that when the United States goes to war, Congress must declare war as mandated by the United States Constitution.
During his 2010 Senate campaign Paul questioned the idea that U.S. Middle East policy is "killing more terrorists than it creates." He supported the war in Afghanistan and opposed rapid withdrawal from Iraq. He says he would have voted against the invasion of Iraq and questioned whether the intelligence was manipulated."
He also spoke against U.S. overseas military bases.
Paul personally opposes same-sex marriage, but believes the issue should be left to the States to decide.
Paul would oppose all gun control legislation, a position he says is supported by the Second Amendment to the United States Constitution.
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- ^ "56 Honored by Taxpayers Group". Lexington Herald-Leader: p. C4. April 16, 1996. http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=LH&s_site=kentucky&p_multi=LH&p_theme=realcities&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=0EB7405EA721DDBE&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D&s_trackval=GooglePM. Retrieved April 4, 2009.
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- ^ a b c Paul, Rand (March 29, 2000). "Not One Cent More". Kentucky Post. http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-63443974.html. Retrieved April 4, 2009.
- ^ a b Collins, Michael (January 21, 2000). "Pledge May Kill Hotel Tax". Cincinnati Post. http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-63432685.html. Retrieved April 4, 2009. "Any legislator who breaks the pledge can expect to incur the wrath of Paul's group."
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- ^ Jack Brammer Some conservatives wary of Grayson Lexington Herald Leader July 28, 2009
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- ^ "More raw video: Rand Paul sits down with Joe Arnold to address recent controversial statements". Whas11.com. http://www.whas11.com/community/blogs/political-blog/Rand-Paul-sits-down-with-Joe-Arnold-to-address-recent-controversial-statements-94665159.html. Retrieved November 3, 2010.
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- ^ "Erick Erickson on Twitter", December 14, 2009
- ^ "National Federation of Independent Business Endorses Dr. Rand Paul", 2010-9-23
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- ^ Trish Turner (October 21, 2010). "Religious Attack Ad Rallies Conservatives to Rand Paul's Side". FoxNews.com. http://politics.blogs.foxnews.com/2010/10/21/religious-attack-ad-rallies-conservatives-rand-pauls-side. Retrieved October 23, 2010.
- ^ "FRC Action PAC Endorses Rand Paul for U.S. Senate" (Press release). FRC Action PAC. October 22, 2010. http://www.frcaction.org/frcapacinternal/frc-action-pac-endorses-rand-paul-for-us-senate. Retrieved October 24, 2010.
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- ^ Straub, Bill (January 28, 2011). "Kentucky Sen. Rand Paul rolls out budget ax". Evansville Courier & Press. http://www.courierpress.com/news/2011/jan/27/sen-paul-rolls-out-budget-ax/. Retrieved January 29, 2011.
- ^ Bruce, Mary (March 17, 2011). "Sen. Paul Unveils 5-Year Budget Plan: Eliminates Four Federal Agencies". ABC News. http://blogs.abcnews.com/thenote/2011/03/sen-paul-unveils-5-year-budget-plan-eliminates-four-federal-agencies.html. Retrieved March 24, 2011.
- ^ Sonmez, Felicia (February 15, 2011). "Senate passes short-term extension of Patriot Act provisions". The Washington Post. http://voices.washingtonpost.com/44/2011/02/senate-to-vote-tuesday-on-shor.html. Retrieved February 17, 2011.
- ^ Belenky, Alexander (May 26, 2011). "Patriot Act Extension Passes Senate, Rand Paul Amendments Fail". Huffington Post. Archived from the original on May 26, 2011. http://www.webcitation.org/5yz8uVD4V. Retrieved May 26, 2011.
- ^ Middleton, Neil (March 2, 2011). "Yarmuth and Paul vote no on stopgap spending bill". WYMT-TV. http://www.wkyt.com/blogs/neilsnotebook/Yarmuth_and_Paul_vote_no_on_stopgap_GOP_spending_bill_117271378.html. Retrieved March 4, 2011.
- ^ Ferrechio, Susan (March 9, 2011). "Senate rejects budget plans 9 days before deadline". The Washington Examiner. http://washingtonexaminer.com/politics/congress/2011/03/senate-rejects-budget-plans-9-days-deadline. Retrieved March 10, 2011.
- ^ Jaffe, Matthew (March 17, 2011). "Kickin' the Can: Senate Passes Stop-Gap Spending Plan, Buys Lawmakers Three More Weeks To Solve Funding Mess". ABC News. http://blogs.abcnews.com/thenote/2011/03/kickin-the-can-senate-passes-stop-gap-spending-plan-buys-lawmakers-three-more-weeks-to-solve-funding.html. Retrieved April 9, 2011.
- ^ Bowman, Quinn (April 14, 2011). "House, Senate Pass Bipartisan Budget Deal to Fund Government". Public Broadcasting Service. http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/2011/04/house-passes-385-budget-deal-to-fund-government.html. Retrieved May 26, 2011.
- ^ Straub, Bill (March 30, 2011). "Kentucky Senator Paul berates Obama for 'cavalierly taking us to war'". Evansville Courier & Press. http://www.courierpress.com/news/2011/mar/30/kentucky-senator-paul-berates-obama-cavalierly-tak/. Retrieved April 14, 2011.
- ^ Klein, Rick (June 30, 2011). "Sen. Rand Paul: No Debt Ceiling Increase Without Balanced Budget Amendment". ABC News. http://blogs.abcnews.com/thenote/2011/06/sen-rand-paul-no-debt-ceiling-increase-without-balanced-budget-amendment.html. Retrieved August 3, 2011.
- ^ Hayward, John (July 22, 2011). "Cut, Cap, and Balance Killed". Human Events. http://www.humanevents.com/article.php?id=45039. Retrieved August 3, 2011.
- ^ Marchmon, Jay (August 2, 2011). "Rand Paul reacts to passage of debt ceiling bill". WPSD-TV. http://www.wpsdlocal6.com/news/local/Rand-Paul-reacts-to-passage-of-debt-ceiling-bill-126594128.html. Retrieved August 3, 2011.
- ^ Hughes, Siobhan (September 8, 2011). "Rand Paul Calls for No Confidence on Geithner". Wall Street Journal. http://blogs.wsj.com/washwire/2011/09/07/rand-paul-calls-for-no-confidence-vote-on-geithner/. Retrieved September 8, 2011.
- ^ Simon, Richard (October 5, 2011). "Rand Paul blocks pipeline-safety bill, frustrating Californians". Los Angeles Times. http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/nationnow/2011/10/fight-erupts-in-congress-over-pipeline-safety-legislation-.html. Retrieved October 28, 2011.
- ^ Wong, Scott (October 5, 2011). "Rand Paul blocking refugee funds". Politico. http://www.politico.com/news/stories/1011/65142.html. Retrieved October 4, 2011.
- ^ Wong, Scott (October 17, 2011). "Rand Paul ends hold on SSI benefits". Politico. http://www.politico.com/news/stories/1011/65142.html. Retrieved October 28, 2011.
- ^ Primary Election Candidate Questionnaire Kentucky Right to Life Association PAC
- ^ a b "Abortion | Rand Paul 2010 | U.S. Senate". Rand Paul 2010. Archived from the original on November 4, 2010. http://web.archive.org/web/20101104201920/http://www.randpaul2010.com/issues/a-g/abortion-2/. Retrieved November 3, 2010.
- ^ a b In Kentucky, a Senate Candidate With a Pedigree for Agitation
- ^ "KY Right To Life – Rand Paul 100% Pro Life – See for yourself". Rand Paul 2010. April 21, 2010. http://www.randpaul2010.com/2010/04/ky-right-to-life-%E2%80%93-rand-paul-100-pro-life-%E2%80%93-see-for-yourself/. Retrieved September 10, 2010.
- ^ "Kentucky Politics » Paul, Grayson spar on abortion, earmarks". Election 2010. Cincinnati.com. April 23, 2010. http://cincinnati.com/blogs/nkypolitics/2010/04/23/paul-grayson-spar-on-abortion-earmarks/. Retrieved September 10, 2010.
- ^ "Abortion". Rand Paul 2010. http://www.randpaul2010.com/issues/a-g/abortion-2/. Retrieved September 10, 2010.
- ^ KY Right To Life – Rand Paul 100% Pro Life – See for yourself RandPaul2010.com April 22, 2010
- ^ Amanda Van Benschoten Ky. Right to Life disputes Paul NKY.com (The Cincinnati Enquirer) April 21, 2010
- ^ a b Paul, Rand. The Public Trough. The American Conservative. August 1, 2009.
- ^ "Campaign Finance Reform". Rand Paul 2010. Archived from the original on October 1, 2010. http://web.archive.org/web/20101001001256/http://www.randpaul2010.com/issues/a-g/campaign-finance-reform/. Retrieved September 10, 2010.
- ^ "Privacy & Liberty | Rand Paul 2010 | U.S. Senate". Rand Paul 2010. Archived from the original on November 4, 2010. http://web.archive.org/web/20101104202615/http://www.randpaul2010.com/issues/h-p/privacy-liberty/. Retrieved November 3, 2010.
- ^ "Rand Paul has a quick fix for TSA: Pull the plug". http://politi.co/IHzbve.
- ^ "Inflation". Rand Paul 2010. Archived from the original on October 1, 2010. http://web.archive.org/web/20101001001723/http://www.randpaul2010.com/issues/h-p/inflation/. Retrieved September 10, 2010.
- ^ "Taxes & Debt | Rand Paul 2010 | U.S. Senate". Rand Paul 2010. Archived from the original on November 4, 2010. http://web.archive.org/web/20101104202744/http://www.randpaul2010.com/issues/q-z/taxes-debt/. Retrieved November 3, 2010.
- ^ Joseph Gerth; Stephanie Steitzer (October 25, 2010). "Charges fly in Jack Conway, Rand Paul debate finale". Courier-Journal. http://www.courier-journal.com/article/2010310250066. Retrieved October 31, 2010.
- ^ Kentucky Senate Debate. C-SPAN Video Library. October 25, 2010. Event occurs at 48:02 to 49:25. http://www.c-spanvideo.org/program/id/236168.
- ^ "Home Schooling | Rand Paul 2010 | U.S. Senate". Rand Paul 2010. Archived from the original on November 4, 2010. http://web.archive.org/web/20101104202350/http://www.randpaul2010.com/issues/h-p/home-schooling/. Retrieved November 3, 2010.
- ^ "Energy Innovation". Rand Paul 2010. Archived from the original on October 1, 2010. http://web.archive.org/web/20101001001331/http://www.randpaul2010.com/issues/a-g/energy-innovation/. Retrieved September 10, 2010.
- ^ a b "Health Care | Rand Paul 2010 | U.S. Senate". Rand Paul 2010. Archived from the original on November 4, 2010. http://web.archive.org/web/20101104202313/http://www.randpaul2010.com/issues/h-p/health-care/. Retrieved November 3, 2010.
- ^ a b Schreiner, Bruce (September 23, 2010). "Business group endorses Ky. Senate hopeful Paul". Bloomberg BusinessWeek. http://www.businessweek.com/ap/financialnews/D9IDSOL81.htm. Retrieved October 3, 2010
- ^ Wong, Scott (June 28, 2012). "Rand Paul: 'Obamacare' is still unconstitutional". Politico. http://www.politico.com/blogs/on-congress/2012/06/rand-paul-obamacare-is-still-unconstitutional-127574.html. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- ^ "Illegal Immigration". Rand Paul 2010. http://www.randpaul2010.com/issues/h-p/illegal-immigration/. Retrieved September 10, 2010.
- ^ Estep, Bill (May 28, 2010). "Rand Paul: No citizenship for children of illegal immigrants". Lexington Herald-Leader. http://www.kentucky.com/2010/05/29/1284694/paul-opposes-citizenship-for-babies.html. Retrieved May 29, 2010.
- ^ O'Brien, Michael (June 24, 2010). "Rand Paul supports amendment to deny citizenship to children of illegals". The Hill. http://thehill.com/blogs/blog-briefing-room/news/105287-rand-paul-favors-amendment-to-deny-citizenship-to-children-of-illegals-born-in-us. Retrieved June 27, 2010.
- ^ a b Mike Meno (August 20, 2010). "Paul Campaign Clarifies Medical Marijuana Stance". MPP blog. http://blog.mpp.org/medical-marijuana/paul-campaign-clarifies-medical-marijuana-stance/08202010/. Retrieved October 26, 2010.
- ^ a b Roger Alford Rand Paul says drug use not 'pressing issue' in eastern Kentucky Associated Press August 13, 2010
- ^ "National Defense". RandPaul2010.com. Archived from the original on September 14, 2010. http://web.archive.org/web/20100914005735/http://www.randpaul2010.com/issues/h-p/national-defense/. Retrieved September 10, 2010.
- ^ Rob Nagle, Healy: Rand Paul victory in Kentucky could be best outcome for GOP, San Francisco Examiner, May 17, 2010.
- ^ Cooper, Charles (February 1, 2010). "Sarah Palin: Big Tent Republican?". CBS News. http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-504365_162-6164016-504365.html. Retrieved May 25, 2010.
- ^ Howard LaFranchi, After 'shellacking,' can foreign policy be a bright spot for Obama, Christian Science Monitor, November 4, 2010.
- ^ "Guns & Politicians | Rand Paul 2010 | U.S. Senate". Rand Paul 2010. Archived from the original on November 4, 2010. http://web.archive.org/web/20101104202218/http://www.randpaul2010.com/issues/a-g/guns-politicians/. Retrieved November 3, 2010.
Current statewide elected officials and legislative leaders of Kentucky