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Raleigh is a suburban community in northcentral Memphis, Tennessee named for a formerly incorporated town that used to be at its center. Today the boundaries of Raleigh are designated by the 38128 ZIP Code. Raleigh is bordered on the west by the community of Frayser (the boundary being the north-south Illinois Central Railroad tracks, which formed the Memphis city limits until 1975), on the east by the incorporated suburb of Bartlett, on the south by the Wolf River and the northern loop of I-240, and on the north by the Memphis city limits.
Situated along a high bluff on the Wolf River, Raleigh is one of the highest points in the Memphis area. The old town's center, which was located around the intersection of today's James Road/Stage Road and Old Austin Peay Highway, had a commanding view of the river. Mary Winslow Chapman, in her 1977 memoir I Remember Raleigh, provided these vivid descriptions of the Wolf River in its natural state (before channelization):
Formerly an incorporated city, Raleigh was the county seat of Shelby County from 1824 to 1866, when the county courts were moved to Memphis, which had outstripped Raleigh in growth. In 1912, the town surrendered its charter and returned to unincorporated status. The town was named by Joseph Graham, the first circuit clerk of the county, who was from the Raleigh, North Carolina area. The stone courthouse was situated between James Road and Fayette Road, where a warehouse now stands at 4216 Fayette Road. After the town lost its status as county seat in 1866, the courthouse was dismantled and the stone was used to construct the courthouse in nearby Bartlett, Tennessee, which had incorporated that same year. Raleigh Cemetery, on Old Raleigh-Lagrange Road, is the final resting place of many of the area's namesakes, such as Coleman, Burrow, Isaac Rawlings, the second mayor of Memphis, relatives of Isaac Shelby, the county's namesake, and Wilson Sanderlin. This cemetery has been in existence since the 1840s.
With the exception of a large Nike distribution center on New Frayser-Raleigh Road, Raleigh's business community is almost exclusively retail. There are two main commercial corridors, Covington Pike and Austin Peay Highway. The southern section of Covington Pike comprises Memphis's largest collection of automobile dealerships and related businesses, while the area around Stage Road offers fast food and casual restaurants, shopping centers, and major retailers such as Home Depot. Austin Peay Highway likewise is crowded with fast food and casual restaurants, shopping centers, grocery stores, and the Raleigh Springs Mall, which was the community's commercial center from its opening in 1971 into the 1990s, but which has struggled to retain tenants since then. Austin Peay and Covington Pike meet at a major intersection that includes Methodist North Healthcare Hospital on one corner and a Wal-Mart Supercenter and other businesses on the other.
Raleigh's public elementary schools include Scenic Hills, Coleman, Spring Hill, Egypt-Central, Keystone, and the STAR Academy public charter school. Its two high schools, both of which include middle schools, are Raleigh-Egypt High School, which has one of the best basketball programs in the state, and Craigmont High School, not only home to the city's only International Studies Program, but it also has one of the better basketball programs in the state as well.
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