Ra'ivāvae

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Ra'ivāvae
Austral isl Raivavae.PNG
Map of Austral Islands, showing location of Ra'ivāvae
Geography
LocationPacific Ocean
Coordinates23°52′09″S 147°39′49″W / 23.86917°S 147.66361°W / -23.86917; -147.66361Coordinates: 23°52′09″S 147°39′49″W / 23.86917°S 147.66361°W / -23.86917; -147.66361
ArchipelagoAustral Islands
Area16 km2 (6.2 sq mi)
Highest elevation437 m (1,434 ft)
Country
France
Overseas collectivityFrench Polynesia
Demographics
Population940 (as of 2012)
Density58.75 /km2 (152.16 /sq mi)
 
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Ra'ivāvae
Austral isl Raivavae.PNG
Map of Austral Islands, showing location of Ra'ivāvae
Geography
LocationPacific Ocean
Coordinates23°52′09″S 147°39′49″W / 23.86917°S 147.66361°W / -23.86917; -147.66361Coordinates: 23°52′09″S 147°39′49″W / 23.86917°S 147.66361°W / -23.86917; -147.66361
ArchipelagoAustral Islands
Area16 km2 (6.2 sq mi)
Highest elevation437 m (1,434 ft)
Country
France
Overseas collectivityFrench Polynesia
Demographics
Population940 (as of 2012)
Density58.75 /km2 (152.16 /sq mi)
Flag of Raivavae

Ra'ivāvae is an island that is part of the Austral Islands in French Polynesia.

It sustains a population of 940 people (as of 2012 census) on 16 km2 (6.2 sq mi) of land. Its highest point is the top of a dead volcano which is 437 meters high.

History[edit]

First sighting by Europeans was recorded by the Spanish naval officer Tomás Gayangos on board of the frigate "El Aguila" on 5 February 1775. Gayangos had taken over the command of the expedition of Domingo de Bonechea of 1774 after his death in Tahiti and was returning to the Viceroyalty of Peru. Main source describing this sighting is that of José Andía y Varela, pilot of the packet boat "Jupiter" that accompanied "El Aguila" in this return trip. On 6 February a boat was sent in, and made contact with the inhabitants at the shore edge, but landing was not made. Ra'ivāvae was charted as Santa Rosa by the Spaniards. The inhabitants said the name of their island was Oraibaba.[1][2][3]

It was annexed by France in 1880.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Andía y Varela, José Relación del viaje hecho a la isla de Amat, por otro nombre Otahiti, y descubrimiento de las islas adyacentes en los años 1774 y 1775, Barcelona, 1947, p.83
  2. ^ Sharp, Andrew The discovery of the Pacific Islands Oxford, 1960, p.126,127
  3. ^ Corney, Bolton Granvill The quest and occupation of Tahiti by emissaries of Spain during the years 1772-1776, London, 1913, Vol I, p.XLVII