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The Eisenbahnmuseum Bochum-Dahlhausen is a railway museum situated south of the city of Bochum in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
A railway museum is a museum that explores the history of all aspects of rail related transportation, including: locomotives (steam, diesel, and electric), railway cars, trams, and railway signalling equipment.
Railway museums in Europe
- Austrian Railway Museum at Vienna
Chemin de fer à vapeur des Trois Vallées (fr/nl) 
- Augsburg Railway Park, Augsburg, Bavaria
- Bahnbetriebswerk Hermeskeil, Hermeskeil, Rhineland-Palatinate
- Bavarian Localbahn Society, Bayerisch Eisenstein, Bavaria
- Bavarian Railway Museum, Nördlingen, Bavaria
- Bochum Dahlhausen Railway Museum, Bochum, North Rhine-Westphalia
- Dampfbahn Fränkische Schweiz, Ebermannstadt, Bavaria
- Darmstadt-Kranichstein Railway Museum, Darmstadt, Hesse
- DB Museum, Nuremberg, Bavaria
- DBK Historic Railway, Crailsheim, Baden-Württemberg
- Deutsches Museum, Munich, Bavaria
- Dieringhausen Railway Museum, Dieringhausen, North Rhine-Westphalia
- Dresden Transport Museum, Dresden, Saxony
- Eisenbahnfreunde Zollernbahn, Rottweil, Baden-Württemberg
- Franconian Museum Railway, Nuremberg, Bavaria
- Frankfurt City Junction Line, Frankfurt, Hesse
- Freilassing Locomotive World, Freilassing, Bavaria
- German Museum of Technology (Berlin)
- German Railway Society, Bruchhausen-Vilsen, Lower Saxony
- German Steam Locomotive Museum, Neuenmarkt-Wirsberg, Bavaria
- Hannoversches Straßenbahn-Museum, Hanover, Lower Saxony
- Historic Railway, Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Hesse
- Mellrichstadt-Fladungen railway, Fladungen, Bavaria
- Munich Steam Locomotive Company, Munich, Bavaria
- Neustadt/Weinstraße Railway Museum, Neustadt an der Weinstrasse, Rhineland-Palatinate
- Nuremberg Transport Museum, Nuremberg, Bavaria
- Railway Vehicle Preservation Society, Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg
- Rügen Railway & Technology Museum, Prora, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
- Saxon Railway Museum, Chemnitz, Saxony
- Sinsheim Auto & Technik Museum, Sinsheim, Baden-Württemberg
- South German Railway Museum, Heilbronn, Baden-Württemberg
- Stuttgart Straßenbahn Museum Zuffenhausen, Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg
- Technik Museum Speyer, Speyer, Rhineland Palatinate
- Traditionsbetriebswerk Staßfurt, Stassfurt, Saxony-Anhalt
- Ulmer Eisenbahnfreunde, Ulm, Baden-Württemberg
- Narrow Gauge Railway Museum in Wenecja
- Narrow Gauge Railway Museum in Sochaczew
- Railway Museum in Chabówka village, near Rabka,a southern Polish town in the Nowy Targ County
- Railway Museum in Kościerzyna is a Polish railway museum located in a now defunct locomotive depot in Kościerzyna, Pomeranian Voivodeship.
- Railway Museum in Warsaw (Muzeum Kolejnictwa w Warszawie) is located in the former Warsaw Główna PKP railway terminus.
- Railway and Industry Museum in Jaworzyna Śląska (Muzeum Przemysłu i Kolejnictwa w Jaworzynie Śląskiej) is located in a former steam locomotive depot in Jaworzyna Śląska,Lower Silesian voievodship.
- Wolsztyn Steam Locomotive Roundhouse is the only depot in Europe with everyday scheduled passenger trains driven by steam locomotives.
Railway museums in North America
Guatemala City railway museum
Railroad museums in South America
Railway museums in Asia
- National Rail Museum, Chanakyapuri, New Delhi, India.
- Mysore Rail Museum, Mysore, Karnataka, India.
- Ghum Railway Museum, Ghum, West Bengal, India.
- Eastern Railway Museum, Howrah, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
- Kanpur Railway Museum, Old Kanpur, Kanpur, India.
Steam Locomotive B-5112 in Ambarawa Railway Museum - Indonesia
Usui Pass Railway Heritage Park, Japan
- Korea Railroad Museum
- Sumjingang Railroad Village in Gokseung County
- National Railway Museum, Colombo
Railway museums in Australasia
- Archer Park Railway Station
- Australian Railway Historical Society Victorian Division Museum, Champion Road, North Williamstown (currently closed)
- Canberra Railway Museum
- Dorrigo Steam Railway and Museum
- Lachlan Valley Railway
- New South Wales Rail Transport Museum, Thirlmere and Valley Heights
- National Railway Museum (Port Adelaide), Port Dock, Adelaide
- Rail Motor Society, Paterson, New South Wales
- Steamtown, Peterborough
- The Workshops Rail Museum, Ipswich, Queensland 
- Valley Heights Locomotive Depot Heritage Museum
Railway museums in Africa
- Egypt's Railway Museum (Cairo)