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Rabigh (Arabic:رابغ) is an ancient town on the western coast of Saudi Arabia (Red Sea). It is in Makkah Province. It used to be named "Al-Johfa" until the early years of the 17th century. In some ancient stories the town had been completely destroyed through a sea water. When it was rebuilt it was renamed as "Rabigh".
The town of Rabigh on the east coast of the Red Sea between latitudes 22/23 north of the equator which it lies on the Tropic of Cancer. Thus, it is extreme heat on the summer and also the temperature rises somewhat in winter. The temperatures begin to rise in month of April depicted study recorded a maximum temperature in July and August and September is 36, 37.5 or 38 Celsius and often beyond the ends of the maximum temperature degree in 45 Celsius. The climate is characterized by high relative humidity, especially in the summer and also can not say that there is a special season for falling rains in Rabigh. Congratulated the rain phenomenal occur suddenly and stay for a short period.
Its population is around 180,352 according to the most recent government census.
Rabigh has one state-run hospital (named "Rabigh Hospital") that offers a wide arrange of health-care services but does not have the ability to perform major surgeries. There are also four small general private healthcare centres (Al Nakheel National Clinic- Al Amal PolyClinic- Al Bishri PolyClinic- Dr. Kh. Idris Polyclinic) and a dental clinic called "Rabigh Dental Clinic."
Rabigh has many schools for both boys and girls at all levels and private schools. There is a branch of King Abdul Aziz University which headquartered in Jeddah and another college that has many departments, such as language, computer science, engineering and medical.
Rabigh has several industries such as a factory of Arabian Cement, an electricity station that supports Makkah & Madinah and a large refinery belonging to Saudi Aramco.
The refining operations in Rabigh have increased significantly as Aramco, in joint venture with Sumitomo Chemical of Japan, has built a new petro-chemical plant, Petro Rabigh. Once this 3,000-acre (12 km2) refinery is completed, it will be the world's largest petro-chemical plant.
Also about 40 km from Rabigh a new city named King Abdullah Economic City is under construction under the leadership of “The custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud”. While the planned city, first announced in 2005, would be fairly small (168 km², 50 km in length) it will be an important landmark in Saudi Arabia. The project cost is estimated at about 100 Billion SAR (US$26.67 Billion). "The project is part of the Kingdom's US$500-billion investment program to build six new cities that double as housing and commercial hubs for the country's young and growing population. The hope is the new centres will be home to five million people by 2020 and create one million jobs".