R160 (New York City Subway car)

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R160 (New York City Subway car)

An R160A NYCS J train enters 104th Street

Interior of an R160A in NYCS E service on the IND Eighth Avenue Line.
In service2006-present
ManufacturerAlstom, Kawasaki Heavy Industries
ReplacedR32, R38, R40, R40A, R42, and R44
Constructed2005-2010
Entered service2006-2010
Number in service1662 (1474 in revenue service during rush hours)
Formation93 four-car sets (two B cars)
(J, L, M, and Z)
258 five-car sets (three B cars)
(E, F, N, and Q)
Fleet numbersR160A
Base Order: 8313-8712
First Option Order: 9233-9592
Second Option Order: 9593-9802; 9943-9974

R160B
Base Order: 8713-8972
First Option Order: 8973-9232
Second Option Order: 9803-9942
Capacity42 seating 198 standing (A car)
44 seating 202 standing (B car)
OperatorNew York City Subway
Depot(s)Coney Island Yard
East New York Yard
Jamaica Yard
Line(s) served4 Car Sets: NYCS J NYCS L NYCS M NYCS Z
5 Car Sets: NYCS E NYCS F NYCS N NYCS Q
Specifications
Car body constructionStainless steel with fiberglass ends and rear bonnets
Car length60.21 feet (18.35 m)
Width9.77 feet (2,978 mm)
Height12.13 feet (3,697 mm)
Floor height3.76 ft (1.15 m)
Platform height3.76 ft (1.15 m)
Entry3.76 ft (1.15 m)
Doors8 per car
Maximum speed55 mph (89 km/h)
Weight85,200 lb (38,600 kg)
Traction systemAlstom Onix AC traction model: 4LCA1640A (8313-8842, 9103-9974)
Siemens SITRAC AC traction motor (cars 8843-9102)
Power output147.5 hp (110 kW) to
150 hp (112 kW) per axle
All axles motorized[1][2]
Acceleration2.5 mph/s (4.0 km/(h·s))
Deceleration2.5 mph/s (4.0 km/(h·s))
(full service),
3.2 mph/s (5.1 km/(h·s))
(emergency)
AuxiliariesSAFT 250AH battery (B car)
Electric system(s)600 V DC Third rail
Current collection methodContact shoe
Braking system(s)Dynamic braking propulsion system; WABCO RT-5 tread brake system
Safety system(s)Dead Man's Handle, Signal-based Tripcock System
Gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) Standard gauge
 
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R160 (New York City Subway car)

An R160A NYCS J train enters 104th Street

Interior of an R160A in NYCS E service on the IND Eighth Avenue Line.
In service2006-present
ManufacturerAlstom, Kawasaki Heavy Industries
ReplacedR32, R38, R40, R40A, R42, and R44
Constructed2005-2010
Entered service2006-2010
Number in service1662 (1474 in revenue service during rush hours)
Formation93 four-car sets (two B cars)
(J, L, M, and Z)
258 five-car sets (three B cars)
(E, F, N, and Q)
Fleet numbersR160A
Base Order: 8313-8712
First Option Order: 9233-9592
Second Option Order: 9593-9802; 9943-9974

R160B
Base Order: 8713-8972
First Option Order: 8973-9232
Second Option Order: 9803-9942
Capacity42 seating 198 standing (A car)
44 seating 202 standing (B car)
OperatorNew York City Subway
Depot(s)Coney Island Yard
East New York Yard
Jamaica Yard
Line(s) served4 Car Sets: NYCS J NYCS L NYCS M NYCS Z
5 Car Sets: NYCS E NYCS F NYCS N NYCS Q
Specifications
Car body constructionStainless steel with fiberglass ends and rear bonnets
Car length60.21 feet (18.35 m)
Width9.77 feet (2,978 mm)
Height12.13 feet (3,697 mm)
Floor height3.76 ft (1.15 m)
Platform height3.76 ft (1.15 m)
Entry3.76 ft (1.15 m)
Doors8 per car
Maximum speed55 mph (89 km/h)
Weight85,200 lb (38,600 kg)
Traction systemAlstom Onix AC traction model: 4LCA1640A (8313-8842, 9103-9974)
Siemens SITRAC AC traction motor (cars 8843-9102)
Power output147.5 hp (110 kW) to
150 hp (112 kW) per axle
All axles motorized[1][2]
Acceleration2.5 mph/s (4.0 km/(h·s))
Deceleration2.5 mph/s (4.0 km/(h·s))
(full service),
3.2 mph/s (5.1 km/(h·s))
(emergency)
AuxiliariesSAFT 250AH battery (B car)
Electric system(s)600 V DC Third rail
Current collection methodContact shoe
Braking system(s)Dynamic braking propulsion system; WABCO RT-5 tread brake system
Safety system(s)Dead Man's Handle, Signal-based Tripcock System
Gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) Standard gauge

The R160 is a class of 1,662 New York City Subway cars built by two different companies: Alstom Transportation and Kawasaki Heavy Industries. The class was built by two manufacturers, so they are designated as "R160A" (Alstom) and "R160B" (Kawasaki). However, since the two car types are almost identical, they can be discussed collectively.

Contents

About

The R160A base order was part of a $961,687,121 contract funded in part by a grant from the Federal Transit Administration. The R160 is designed to operate on the New York City Transit Authority's lettered lines (B Division), and intended to replace older subway cars. Some of these older subway cars have been in service since 1964. The primary base order of the R160 class consisted of 660 cars, 400 R160As to be built by Alstom, and the remaining 260 R160Bs to be built by Kawasaki. The contract included options for further orders, which, if exercised, would have brought total business with NYCT to about US$2.4 billion, for 1,700 subway cars, and Kawasaki would have manufactured 40% (680 cars) of the 1,700 cars. Each R160A and R160B car is being purchased for $1.28 million USD.

The R160A base order of 400 cars (8313-8712) is further broken down into two different sets. 372 cars were built in 4-car sets and are running on the BMT's Eastern Division (J, L, M, and Z services) because the platform lengths where these services operate cannot accommodate longer trains. 630 cars were built in five-car sets for use on IND and BMT main line services.

Kawasaki and Alstom organized a joint venture for project management, engineering and equipment purchasing to pursue the contract. The two companies built and delivered the rolling stock through the joint venture. Kawasaki not only manufactured 260 cars for the base contract, but was also the engineering leader for the whole project and provided the trucks for all cars.

Alstom assembled 1,002 R160A cars at its manufacturing plant in Hornell, New York, while Kawasaki assembled 660 R160B cars at its plant in Yonkers, New York.[3] Shells for the Alstom-built cars were built in their Lapa, Brazil plant, and shells for the Kawasaki-built cars were built in their Lincoln, Nebraska plant.

Features

Front route display on an R160 in the former NYCS W service
FIND system of the R160 in NYCS N service

The R160 subway cars are equipped with the latest control system, HVAC and public address system to guarantee the utmost safety and passenger comfort.

One of the major changes and highlights of the new cars is the addition of an electronic "FIND" (Flexible Information and Notice Display) system, which includes an LCD screen displaying the route, route information and advertisements, and a tri-color (red, yellow, green) LED strip map which displays the next ten stations, plus five consecutive "further stops" to riders. There are three of these in every car. The display updates the stations at every stop, also giving the number of stops to each station listed, and replaces a plastic card which had a set route and stations printed on, which was used on the R142, R142A/S, and R143 cars. This allows for instant route or line changes with the correct information, which includes, but is not limited to, omitting of certain stops.

The R160A also feature unique door motors, which are not featured on the R160B. When the doors are opening and closing, they emit a whirring sound, similar to the M7 / M7A railcar units found on the Long Island Rail Road and Metro-North.

Cars 8313-8376 have been retrofitted with CBTC equipment for operation in L service alongside trains of CBTC equipped R143 cars.[4]

Differences

Between the R160A and R160B cars

While the two models are almost identical to each other, there are some slight differences between the two car models.

Between the R143 and R160 cars

The R160s are almost identical to the R143s. However, there are differences between the two car models:

Delivery and train assignments

As of June 2010, R160A cars #8313-8652 and #9943-9974 are maintained at East New York Yard and run in service on the J, L, M, and Z trains (making up the BMT Eastern Division), while R160A cars #8653-8712 are maintained at the Coney Island Yard and are assigned to the Q train. R160A cars #9233-9802 are maintained at Jamaica Yard and run in service on the E and F trains.

The R160Bs are numbered #8713-9232 and #9803-9942. Cars #8713-9192 are currently maintained at the Coney Island Yard and run on the N and Q trains. 9193-9232, and #9803-9942 run on the E and F trains, being maintained at Jamaica Yard.

On November 10, 2008, the MTA exercised options for 140 R160B cars (#9803-9942), and 242 R160A cars, broken down into 32 cars arranged as 4-car sets (9943-9974) and 210 cars arranged in 5-car sets (#9593-9802). These cars all feature Alstom traction.[6] As of June 2010, all R160 cars are in active revenue service.

Production problems

Early on in the order, Alstom encountered significant production problems since being awarded the base contract. In July 2005, Alstom missed its contractual deadline to deliver a 10-car test train, which arrived five months late in December, to the New York City Transit Authority. Alstom requested three additional months to deliver the test train. In addition, the Transit Authority rejected several car shells made in a plant in Lapa, Brazil, near São Paulo, after discovering welding defects.[7] Since then, these problems have been fixed.

Delivery problems

Early on in the order, Alstom was also behind on its delivery schedule. Alstom was to have delivered 200 out of the 400 car base order by September 2007. However, by that month, Alstom had only delivered 80 cars.[8] Under the base contract, Alstom agreed to pay damages of $800 a day for late deliveries of four-car trains, and $1,000 a day for five-car trains. However, the Transit Authority had not yet fined Alstom for its late deliveries and was negotiating with Alstom to accelerate their delivery schedule. The 200 cars were delivered 7 months late in early April.

See also

References

External links