Queens Quay (Toronto)

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Queens Quay Street Sign.jpg

Queens Quay

Looking west down Queens Quay, west of Lower Simcoe.
Major junctions
East end:Stadium Road
West end:Parliament St
Location
Major cities:Toronto
Nearby arterial roads
← Lake OntarioQueens QuayLake Shore Boulevard →
 
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Queens Quay Street Sign.jpg

Queens Quay

Looking west down Queens Quay, west of Lower Simcoe.
Major junctions
East end:Stadium Road
West end:Parliament St
Location
Major cities:Toronto
Nearby arterial roads
← Lake OntarioQueens QuayLake Shore Boulevard →

Queens Quay (sometimes unofficially spelled Queen's Quay) is a prominent street in the Harbourfront neighbourhood of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The street was originally commercial in nature due to the many working piers along the waterfront; it has been extensively rebuilt in since the 1970s with parks, condominiums, retail, and institutional and cultural development.

History[edit]

The road supplanted both Front Street and Lake Shore Boulevard as the most southerly east-west corridor in the city when it was created on reclaimed land in the inner harbour. Sometime after 1919 to the early 1920s the inner harbour was filled in and new slips were created.

Queens Quay in 1910

Queens Quay continues to go through a significant transformation. Originally, it served as an access road for the various ports and slips in the inner harbour. The street between Yonge Street and Parliament Street was home to storage buildings devoted to trade on the Saint Lawrence Seaway, major industries such as the Redpath Sugar Refinery and Victory Mills, as well as small commercial enterprises.[1] However, the mainly industrial uses along Queens Quay were slowly replaced by commercial and residential uses, mainly high-rise condominiums. Between 1975 and 1979, a cluster of large, concrete towers were erected at the foot of Bay Street, south of Queens Quay; these included the Westin Harbour Castle and Harbour Square. In 1990, the 40-storey York Quay towers were built and remain the tallest buildings on Queens Quay.[2] The scale and density of these and subsequent high-rise development along Queens Quay were criticized for blocking the lake and failing to provide a welcoming realm for visitors. In 1999, the Toronto Transit Commission opened a dedicated streetcar right-of-way in the median from Bay Street to Bathurst Street.

In 2001, the city planners set out to improve Queens Quay by reclaiming public space for pedestrians and cyclists. This resulted in the Waterfront Toronto Central Waterfront Public Realm International Design Competition, which was completed in 2006. In August 2006, the city closed the two eastbound lanes, replacing them with bike lanes as part of the Martin Goodman Trail and additional pedestrian space. The experiment resulted in an improved public realm and more visitors to the overall waterfront area.[3]

In 2009, Waterfront Toronto announced its plans to turn Queens Quay into a grand lakefront boulevard by placing streetcar lanes in the centre, traffic only on the north side and a pedestrian-focused space on the south side.[4] The plan will restrict Queen's Quay to two traffic lanes, on the north side of the streetcar tracks, similar to the design of the 2006 experiment. Additionally, the plan calls for the beautification and extension of the Harbourfront streetcar line along Queen's Quay East between Yonge and Cherry Street. The transit right-of-way will be grass-covered.[5][6]

In 2013 two open spaces opens, Ontario Square and Canada Square. The former is an open public space and the latter a green area. Both replace the former parking lot, which is now underground.[7]

Transportation[edit]

Queens Quay is served by two streetcar lines, operating on a dedicated right-of-way. The 509 Harbourfront and 510 Spadina both terminate at Union Station and run along Queens Quay from Bay Street, westward. At Spadina Avenue, the 510 heads north to Spadina Station, and the 509 continues west, bound for the Exhibition Loop.[8][9]

Originally there was to have been an underground station in front of the Westin Harbour Castle Hotel and the Toronto Island Ferry Docks,[10] with underground access to the hotel. This plan was cancelled when the hotel management became unwilling to share in the cost, and a smaller station was built around the corner under Bay Street.

Plans to add a Queens Quay East light rail line are the subject of a class environmental assessment.[11] Various bus routes currently serve portions of the eastern portion of Queens Quay: the 6 Bay operates from Bay Street to Jarvis Street, the 75 Sherbourne operates from Jarvis Street to Sherbourne Street, and the 97 Yonge and 320 Yonge Blue Night buses operate from Bay Street to Yonge Street.

Landmarks[edit]

LandmarkCross streetNotesImage
Little Norway ParkBathurstLittle Norway Park.jpg
Canada Malting SilosBathurstAbandoned storage silosCanada Malting Silos.JPG
Toronto Music GardenSpadinaToronto - ON - Toronto Music Garden.jpg
Walter Carsen CentreSpadinaheadquarters of the National Ballet of CanadaWalter Carson Centre.JPG
Empire SandySpadinaEmpire Sandy.jpg
HTO ParkSpadinaHto Park Urban Beach 2.jpg
Toronto Waterfront WaveDecksSpadina, Rees, Lower SimcoeSimcoeWavedeck2.jpg
Harbourfront CentreLower Simcoea cultural centre built by the federal government as part of the Harbourfront Park developmentHarbourfront-Centre.jpg
Queen's Quay TerminalYorka cold storage warehouse facility turned into condosTorontoWaterFront10.jpg
Queens Quay StationBayUnderground LRT stationQueens Quay TTC on east side.JPG
Westin Harbour Castle HotelBayHarbour Castle Westin.JPG
World Trade CentreYongeWTC Toronto.JPG
Captain John's Harbour Boat RestaurantYongeRestaurant on a permanently docked boatCaptainJohnsSeafood2.jpg
One Yonge StreetYongeToronto Star headquartersOne Yonge Street.jpg
Redpath Sugar RefineryJarvisLast active industrial site along the quayRedpathSugarRefinery.jpg
The GuvernmentJarvisnight clubThe Guvernment.jpg
Sugar BeachJarvisSugarBeach P1050763.JPG
Corus QuayJarvisHome of Corus Entertainment and first major development in the East Bayfront DistrictCorus Quay under construction.JPG
Victory Soya Mills SilosParliamentAbandoned industrial silosVictory Silos.JPG

Quays/Slips along Queens Quay[edit]

Listed from west to east

References[edit]

  1. ^ Filey, Mike (13 March 2010). "History on the waterfront". Toronto Sun. Retrieved 8 February 2011. 
  2. ^ Development
  3. ^ Experiment
  4. ^ "City Council approves plan to transform Queens Quay." Canada NewsWire. Oct 1, 2009.
  5. ^ Master Plan
  6. ^ John Spears (September 11, 2009). "Slow start for a new Queens Quay". The Star. Retrieved February 7, 2011. 
  7. ^ http://www.thestar.com/news/gta/2013/06/21/new_on_torontos_waterfront_ontario_square_canada_square.html
  8. ^ James Bow. "Route 509 - The New Harbourfront Streetcar." Transit Toronto. July 26, 2009
  9. ^ James Bow. "Route 510 - The Spadina Streetcar." Transit Toronto. November 10, 2006
  10. ^ Peter Howell (1990-03-12). "TTC fighting on two fronts Province, Toronto give it rough ride". Toronto Star. p. A.15. Retrieved 2012-03-13. "The constant bickering between the TTC and Toronto over serving the ferry dock led to the recent decision by the owners of the Harbour Castle Westin to withdraw their $2.5 million share of the $4 million cost. The TTC now plans to build a smaller stop on the north side of Queens Quay, which means thousands of people will have to cross the busy street to take the ferries." 
  11. ^ www.ene.gov.on.ca