Qasim ibn Hasan

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Al Qasim(as) ibn Al Hasan(as)
BornSha'aban 7, 47 AH /October 2, 667 CE[1]
BirthplaceMedina
DiedMuharram 10, 61 AH / October 10, 680 CE[1]
Place of deathKarbala, Iraq
BuriedImam Hussain Mosque
FatherHasan ibn Ali
MotherUmm Farwa
 
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Al Qasim(as) ibn Al Hasan(as)
BornSha'aban 7, 47 AH /October 2, 667 CE[1]
BirthplaceMedina
DiedMuharram 10, 61 AH / October 10, 680 CE[1]
Place of deathKarbala, Iraq
BuriedImam Hussain Mosque
FatherHasan ibn Ali
MotherUmm Farwa

Al-Qasim ibn Hasan (Arabic: القاسم بن الحسن‎) ( Sha'aban 7, 47 AH /September 19, 668 CE[1] – Muharram 10, 61 AH /October 10, 680 CE[1]), was the son of the Imām, Hasan ibn Ali from his wife Umm Farwa, and grandson of Ali ibn Abi Talib. He took part in the battle of Karbala, in which he was martyred.[2]

Childhood[edit]

He was born three years before the death of his father. Qasim, like his cousins, Aun and Muhammad, who were his aunt Zaynab's sons, learnt fencing from his uncle Abbas and his cousin Ali Akbar.[2]

Travel to Karbala[edit]

When Imam Hasan's brother Imam Husayn(as) prepared to leave Medina in 680, Qasim's(as) mother Umm Farwa(as) asked Husayn to take her and Al-Qasim with him, he agreed.[2]

Wedding[edit]

Al-Qasim was married to Husayn ibn Ali's eldest daughter, Sakinah (Fatima al-Kubra) bint Husayn, who was 11 at the time. It is said that Husayn made a promise to his brother Hasan that he will marry his daughter to his son. Therefore, knowing that he was going to die, he arranged the marriage on night of seventh of Muharram, three days before the day of Ashura to keep his promise.[2] It is quoted in Madinat-ul-Ma'ajiz and Wafiyat Al-Aaimmah,

Then Imam Husain (as) grasped the hand of Qasim (as) and entered him into the tent, and called Own (as) and Abbas (as). And said to Qasim's (as) mother: "Don't we have for Qasim (as) any new clothes?" She said: No.

Then Imam Husain (as) told his sister Zaynab (sa), "Bring me the case. Then took it and opened it and brought Imam Hassan's (as) cloth out of it, and dressed it on Qasim (as) , and wrapped the Amamah of Imam Hasan (as) on Qasim's (as) head. And took the hand of that daughter of his who was named for Qasim (to be married to Qasim), then performed her Aqd to him, and emptied the tent from others and put the hand of his daughter in hand of Qasim (as) and he went out himself.[3][4]

Day of Ashura[edit]

On the day of Ashura, Al-Qasim, like other cousins before him, was eager to fight for his uncle whom he loved dearly, so he went to his uncle to ask for permission. Husayn would not permit him because he was so young and could not bear the thought of anything happening to him, so he did not permit him. This went on for many times until Al-Qasim gave up and went to the tent his mother was in. His mother was very upset to see her son like this so she gave him a letter that Hasan had written for his son before he died. She gave Al-Qasim the letter. In the letter it was written,

"My son Qasim, a day will come when my brother Husayn will be facing an enemy army of tens of thousands. That will be the day when Islam will need to be saved by sacrifice. You must represent me on that day."

Al-Qasim read the letter and rushed to his uncle and gave him the letter. After reading the letter Husayn said,

"O my brother's son, how can I stop you from doing what your father wanted you to do? In the Name of Allah, go! Allah be with you!"

When he got up on the horse he looked like a shining moon. Al-Qasim was a very handsome boy. When he went to the battle field, he fought with all of his strength and killed a lot of the enemies. But, he was only a boy and was thirsty for three days due the blockage of the river by Yazid's army. A man came from behind and hit Al-Qasim with his sword to which he fell and cried aloud, "O, dear uncle, peace be upon you" Husayn rode out upon hearing this. The soldiers tried to stop him, when finally he came to where Al-Qasim had fallen. He saw Al-Qasim's body trampled to pieces by the horses of the soldiers who had tried to stop them from reaching to their nephew. When the time came for Imam Husayn to take his nephew's body back to the tents he took off his aba, spread it on the ground and picked the pieces of the body up as one would collect flowers from a garden.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Calendar Converter
  2. ^ a b c d e http://hubeali.co.uk/articles/Masomeen/Hazrat-Shahzada-Qasim-Ibn-e-Hassan-asws.pdf
  3. ^ Madinat-ul-Ma'ajiz, Vol.3, Pg. 368
  4. ^ Wafiyat Al-Aaimmah Pg. 128

External links[edit]