Puerto Rican Day Parade

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Frankie Cutlass at the Puerto Rican Day Parade 2006

The Puerto Rican Day Parade (also known as the National Puerto Rican Day Parade) takes place annually along Fifth Avenue in New York City, on the second Sunday in June, in honor of the nearly 4 million inhabitants of Puerto Rico and all people of Puerto Rican birth or heritage residing in the mainland U.S.

The parade always attracts many celebrities, both Puerto Rican and of Puerto Rican heritage, and many politicians from the Tri-State area.

The parade marches along Fifth Avenue from 44th Street to 86th Street and has grown to become one of the largest parades in New York City, with nearly two million spectators annually making it one of the largest outdoor events in the United States.[1]

History[edit]

Ricky Martin as the parade's King in 2007

The first Puerto Rican Day Parade was held on Sunday, April 13, 1958, in Manhattan, replacing the former Hispanic Day Parade. In 1995, the parade became incorporated as the National Puerto Rican Day Parade and expanded beyond the parade itself. The parade now hosts over seven major events throughout the city.

There are dozens of other events that also take place the weekend of the parade that are not sponsored by the National Parade's corporation. One of the longest running is the street fair held one day prior to the parade though the size has changed over the years the heart of the parade has always been at 116th street between Lexington and Second Avenues. In addition to the parade in New York, there are currently over fifty smaller parades that take place throughout the United States.

The parade attracts many New York politicians, such as mayor Michael Bloomberg, former mayor Rudy Giuliani and also many political candidates running for office and looking for voters in local, state and national elections. In recent years, the parade has honored several Puerto Rican celebrities by naming them "International Grand Marshal" of the parade including singer Marc Anthony, who participated in the parade with along his ex-wife Jennifer Lopez, and Ricky Martin in 2007 and 2010.[2]

In 2009, organizers selected internationally recognized telenovela actor Osvaldo Ríos, as the parade's "Special Guest Star".

In addition to a National Grand Marshal, a variety of honorees are named for the parade, with titles such as "King", "National Ambassador of La Salsa", and "National Godmother."[3] In June 2004, Puerto Rican rapper Ivy Queen was "designated as the Puerto Rico Youth God Mother of the parade.[4] Others to be given such titles include Wisin & Yandel and Willie Colón.[2]

In popular culture[edit]

Scene from the 2011 parade

The parade itself has been featured in an episode of the NBC situation comedy Seinfeld titled "The Puerto Rican Day." In it, Jerry Seinfeld, George Costanza, Elaine Benes, and Cosmo Kramer get stuck in a traffic jam as a result of the parade. Due to controversy relating to a scene in which Kramer accidentally burns and then stomps on a Puerto Rican flag and is chased by a mob of angry Puerto Ricans, NBC refused to air the episode again.[5] The episode was also withheld from syndication as a result, but has been shown sparingly in syndicated repeats since 2002 and has been released on DVD along with all of the sitcom's episodes.

The parade was portrayed in a negative aspect following the controversial 2000 parade in an 2001 episode of the long-running NBC crime series Law & Order titled "Sunday in the Park with Jorge". Before the National Puerto Rican Coalition protested the episode, network executives issued an apology. The company also made a pledge to "improve our procedures regarding sensitive programming issues."[6]

The 1994 Latin American literary classic "Empire of Dreams" by Giannina Braschi stages a revolution on the Puerto Rican Day Parade."[7]

Controversies[edit]

In 2001, over 50 women came forward to report having been attacked in the wake of the parade.[8] Eventually, 30 people were charged for the assaults, 18 pled guilty or were convicted, one was acquitted, and 11 had their charges dismissed.[9] Mayor Giuliani banned alcohol at the parade the following year.[10]

In 2007, the presence of gangs such as the Latin Kings and the Bloods have been recorded at the event.[11]

Many confirmed participants such as U.S. Representative Luis Guiterrez and corporate sponsors such as Verizon withdrew their participation and endorsements due to his controversial past. After mounting pressure from both the media, politicians, public officials, and domestic violence organizations, Rios decided to not attend the parade after discussing the matter with his children and U.S. Congresswoman Nydia Velasquez. He was replaced at the last minute by singer Marc Anthony, who was accompanied by his wife Jennifer Lopez.[12]

In past interviews, actor and comedian John Leguizamo had always claimed Puerto Rican ancestry via his father's side, which was one of the reasons that he was selected as the 2011 "Puerto Rican Day Parade Global Ambassador of the Arts". On June 10, 2011, Leguizamo's father, Albert, declared in an interview published in El Diario La Prensa, a Spanish-language newspaper published in New York, that he was not Puerto Rican, but of Colombian ancestry, contradicting his son's past claims of his Puerto Rican ancestry. In response to his father's allegations, Leguizamo stated in an interview, that his grandfather was of Puerto Rican descent.[13] A spokesman for the National Puerto Rican Day Parade stated that Leguizamo would not be stripped of his ambassadorship, allowing him to participate in the June 2011 parade.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2007 National Puerto Rican Day Parade in New York - Schedule of National & NY Events". Latin Rapper. Retrieved 2013-04-10. 
  2. ^ a b Santos, Fernanda (2006-06-12). "Swaying, and Marching, to a Latin Beat". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved 2013-04-10. 
  3. ^ National Puerto Rican Day Parade Honorees
  4. ^ Lopez, Danixa (2004-06-03). "Reggeton Diva Ivy Queen announces her tour calendar for the month of June". PR Web. Vocus PRW Holdings, LLC. Retrieved 2013-04-09. 
  5. ^ Hogarty, Dave (2007-06-09). "Puerto Rican Day Parade This Sunday". The Gothamist. Gothamist, LLC. Retrieved 2013-04-10. 
  6. ^ Andreeva, Nellie (2001-01-30). "'Law' producer says NBC caved: Criticizes apology over Puerto Rican episode". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 2013-04-10. 
  7. ^ Remeseira, Claudio (2012-06-10). "'Puerto Rican Day Parade'". Hispanic New York, the news source. Retrieved 2013-10-10. 
  8. ^ "Guilty Plea in N.Y. Post-Parade Park Riot". The Washington Post. October 18, 2000. 
  9. ^ "Man handed five years in Central Park attacks". The Free Lance-Star. May 19, 2001. 
  10. ^ Celona, Larry; William J. Gorta (June 8, 2001). "Hell of a lot more cops for PR parade". The New York Post. 
  11. ^ Hartocollis, Anemona (2007-06-12). "208 Arrested at Puerto Rican Day Parade, an Increase". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved 2013-04-10. 
  12. ^ Junco, Maite (2010-06-08). "Soap star Osvaldo Rios quits as Puerto Rican parade 'Godfather' over his history of violence". New York Daily News. Retrieved 2013-04-10. 
  13. ^ Gratereaux, Alexandra (2011-10-09). "Leguizamo's Dad: John's Not Puerto Rican!". Fox News Latino. Fox News Network, LLC. Retrieved 2011-08-09. 
  14. ^ "Huge crowd for Puerto Rican parade". ABC News. ABC Inc. 2011-06-13. Retrieved 2013-04-10. 

External links[edit]