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There are 11 official public holidays in France. The Alsace region and the Moselle department observe 2 additional days. Contrary to most countries, these holidays do not shift when they fall during a week-end, which means that the average number of observed public holidays is 8.6 and ranges from 7 to 10, one of the lowest in the world.
Public holidays in France are:
|Date||English name||Local name||Remarks|
|1 January||New Year's Day||Nouvel an / Jour de l'an / Premier de l'an|
|moveable||Good Friday||Vendredi saint||Friday before Easter Sunday (observed only in Alsace and Moselle)|
|moveable||Easter Monday||Lundi de Pâques||Monday after Easter Sunday (one day after Easter Sunday)|
|1 May||May Day/Labour Day||Fête du Travail / Fête des Travailleurs|
|8 May||Victory in Europe Day||Fête de la Victoire||End of hostilities in Europe in World War II|
|moveable||Ascension Day||Ascension||Thursday, 39 days after Easter Sunday|
|moveable||Whit Monday||Lundi de Pentecôte||Monday after Pentecost (50 days after Easter Sunday)|
|14 July||Bastille Day||Fête nationale||French National Day, commemorating the 1789 Storming of the Bastille during the French revolution|
|15 August||Assumption of Mary to Heaven||Assomption|
|1 November||All Saints' Day||Toussaint|
|11 November||Armistice Day||Armistice de 1918||End of World War I|
|25 December||Christmas Day||Noël|
|26 December||St. Stephen's Day||Saint-Étienne||Observed only in Alsace and Moselle|
See here, to have all the dates (French Overseas Departments (DOM) added).
Note: French law dictates that work should stop, but be paid, only for the Fête du Travail (May Day, May 1), except in industries where it is infeasible to stop working. The rest of the public holidays are listed in statute law, but law does not dictate that work should stop; however a leave from work may be granted by the employer or by convention collective (agreement between employers' and employees’ unions).
In 2005, French prime minister Jean-Pierre Raffarin removed Whit Monday's status as a public holiday. The decision was eventually overruled by French courts in 2008.