Psychometry (from Greek: ψυχή, psukhē, "spirit, soul" and μέτρον, metron, "measure"), also known as token-object reading, or psychoscopy, is a form of extra-sensory perception characterized by the claimed ability to make relevant associations from an object of unknown history by making physical contact with that object. Supporters assert that an object may have an energy field that transfers knowledge regarding that object's history.
Although the majority of police departments polled do not use psychics and do not consider them credible or useful on cases, some authors write that psychometry and psychic detectives were used by law enforcement agencies on specific cases.
The Past is entombed in the Present! The world is its own enduring monument; and that which is true of its physical, is likewise true of its mental career. The discoveries of Psychometry will enable us to explore the history of man, as those of geology enable us to explore the history of the earth. There are mental fossils for psychologists as well as mineral fossils for the geologists; and I believe that hereafter the psychologist and the geologist will go hand in hand — the one portraying the earth, its animals and its vegetation, while the other portrays the human beings who have roamed over its surface in the shadows, and the darkness of primeval barbarism! Aye, the mental telescope is now discovered which may pierce the depths of the past and bring us in full view of the grand and tragic passages of ancient history!
Buchanan asserted that his particular psychism would supersede empiric science. He wrote a comprehensive treatise, Manual of Psychometry: the Dawn of a New Civilization (1885), detailing how the direct knowledge of psychometry would be applied to and affect the many various branches of science. It also would elevate the various schools of philosophy and arts thereby affecting wide social change and ultimately an enlightenment of humanity:
The thermometer measures caloric (thermo temperature). The barometer measures the weight (baro, weight) of the atmosphere; the electrometer measures electric conditions; the psychometer measures the soul (psyche). In the case of Psychometry, however, the measuring assumes a new character, as the object measured and the measuring instrument are the same psychic element, and its measuring power is not limited to the psychic as it was developed in the first experiments, but has appeared by successive investigation to manifest a wider and wider area of power, until it became apparent that this psychic capacity was really the measure of all things in the Universe.
Buchanan continued to promote psychometry throughout his life and his followers believed that it would revolutionize science in a comprehensive way as "the dawn of a new civilization". Other spiritualism-based scientists built upon Buchanan's theories such as Stephen Pearl Andrews who promoted Psychometry along with his own new science of Universology. As a lecturer Andrews asserted that such inquiries, as paraphrased by a 1878 New York Times article, "demonstrated that the sympathy between the mind and body is an exact science".
In the later nineteenth century demonstrations of psychometry became a popular part of stage acts and séances; with participants providing a personal object for "reading" by a medium or psychic.
The Goth series by Katie Maxwell features a psychometrist as the main character, Fran.
In the Maximum Ride book series, the character Nudge has psychometric abilities.
In the Matt Turner series (The Dig, 2011, The Opal, 2012) by Michael Siemsen, the protagonist is a troubled psychometrist.
In the touch series, Deadly Little Lies, a novel by Laurie Stolarz, Ben is a psychometrist.
In the Fingerprints series of youth novels (2001–2002) by Melinda Metz, the character Rachel "Rae" Voight can receive the thoughts and emotions of others by touching the fingerprints left on an object handled by them.
In the 2013 South Korean movie, The Gifted Hands, Kim Bum plays a character who withholds the ability to see the past by being in contact with objects which helps the police department solve cases of child kidnapping.
In the 2003 HBO television series Carnivàle, Professor Lodz can read thoughts and dreams through contact with a person or object.
Creating visions by touching objects is also displayed in Charmed and Medium.
In the television series Chuck (2007- ), the main character has the ability to flash, or have a memory blast when coming into contact with or sighting something.
On the superhero comedy-drama The Greatest American Hero (1981–1983), the lead character possesses psychometric powers when wearing his super-suit.
In the six-hour Stephen King television mini-series Rose Red, the character of Pam Asbury was a psychometrist or "touch-know;" one of a group of six psychics brought in by parapsychologist Dr. Joyce Reardon to awaken the sleeping haunted Seattle manor known as Rose Red.
In the Canadian pilot Movie and Television show My Babysitter's a Vampire (TV series) the main character, Ethan Morgan, is a Seer, and possess Psychometry. Through touch he has the power, to see the past, present or future of an object/person, or their uses, intentions or true form.
It was also mentioned in show Beyond Belief: Fact or Fiction, in "The Secret of the Coins."
In the BBC television series Doctor Who: In the Episode "The Rings Of Akhaten" Psychometry is used to assess sentimental objects (and their value) as currency in the marketplace.
Comics and anime
Kaos, the son of mad scientist Desty Nova in Yukito Kishiro's Battle Angel Alita appears as a very unusual psychometrist in that not only can he read the memories of objects but he can also absorb the talents and skills necessary for their creation.
The Mass Effect franchise includes an alien race called Protheans, who possess the ability to communicate and learn things about a being through touch.
In Psychometrer Eiji created by Masashi Asaki and Yuma Ando - The main character, Asuma Eiji has the ability to 'read' pieces of information left from any object or person that he touch or in contact with.
In Toyko Babylon
Dark Horse Comics Jedi Master Quinlan Vos has this power as a member of the Kiffar species.
In BIONICLE, a Toa of Water called Helryx has a Kanohi mask called Mask of Psychometry.
^Beloff, p.29, "After that would come tests provided by members of the audience involving 'billet reading', 'token object reading' leading up, finally, to a test of travelling clairvoyance where the person's private home would constitute the target area."