Provideniya

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Provideniya (English)
Провидения (Russian)
-  Urban-type settlement[1]  -
Provideniya from sea.jpg
View of Provideniya from Komsomolskaya Bay
Map of Russia - Chukotka Autonomous Okrug (2008-03).svg
Location of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug in Russia
Provideniya is located in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
Provideniya
Location of Provideniya in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
Coordinates: 64°25′24″N 173°13′33″W / 64.42333°N 173.22583°W / 64.42333; -173.22583Coordinates: 64°25′24″N 173°13′33″W / 64.42333°N 173.22583°W / 64.42333; -173.22583
Administrative status (as of June 2012)
CountryRussia
Federal subjectChukotka Autonomous Okrug[2]
Administrative districtProvidensky District[1]
Municipal status (as of October 2010)
Municipal districtProvidensky Municipal District[3]
Urban settlementProvideniya Urban Settlement[3]
Administrative center ofProvidensky Municipal District[3]
Head of Administration[4]Yevgeny Danilyuk[4]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census)1,970 inhabitants[5]
Time zoneMAGT (UTC+12:00)[6]
Postal code(s)[4]689250
Dialing code(s)+7 42735[4]
 
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Provideniya (English)
Провидения (Russian)
-  Urban-type settlement[1]  -
Provideniya from sea.jpg
View of Provideniya from Komsomolskaya Bay
Map of Russia - Chukotka Autonomous Okrug (2008-03).svg
Location of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug in Russia
Provideniya is located in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
Provideniya
Location of Provideniya in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
Coordinates: 64°25′24″N 173°13′33″W / 64.42333°N 173.22583°W / 64.42333; -173.22583Coordinates: 64°25′24″N 173°13′33″W / 64.42333°N 173.22583°W / 64.42333; -173.22583
Administrative status (as of June 2012)
CountryRussia
Federal subjectChukotka Autonomous Okrug[2]
Administrative districtProvidensky District[1]
Municipal status (as of October 2010)
Municipal districtProvidensky Municipal District[3]
Urban settlementProvideniya Urban Settlement[3]
Administrative center ofProvidensky Municipal District[3]
Head of Administration[4]Yevgeny Danilyuk[4]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census)1,970 inhabitants[5]
Time zoneMAGT (UTC+12:00)[6]
Postal code(s)[4]689250
Dialing code(s)+7 42735[4]

Provideniya (Russian: Провиде́ния, lit. of providence) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) and the administrative center of Providensky District of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Russia, located on Komsomolskaya Bay (part of Provideniya Bay) in the northeastern part of the autonomous okrug, across the Bering Strait from Alaska, and very close to the International Date Line. Population: 1,970 (2010 Census);[5] 2,723 (2002 Census);[7] 5,432 (1989 Census).[8]

It is served by Provideniya Bay Airport, the closest Russian airport to the United States. There is a technical school, one functioning cinema, a post office, a museum of Chukotka history and culture, one of the only two ski slopes in Chukotka, a bakery complex and port facilities.

History[edit]

Provideniya, Provideniya Bay, and surrounding area

Provideniya is a former Soviet military port, sited on a fjord sheltered from the Bering Sea. The largest settlement east of Anadyr, it was established in the 1930s as the port to serve the eastern end of the Northern Sea Route.[4] The port is found in Komsomolskaya Bay (named after the Soviet Komsomol youth organization), a branch of the much larger Provideniya Bay, providing a suitable deep water harbor for Russian ships, close to the southern limits of the winter ice fields.

Despite the religious significance of its name (it is Russian for Providence), the town's name was never changed during the Soviet era, although a large statue of Vladimir Lenin (which still stands) was erected there.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of municipal divisions, Provideniya is subordinated to Providensky Municipal District and is municipally incorporated within it as Provideniya Urban Settlement.[3]

Inhabitants[edit]

A significant proportion of the settlement's current residents are Yupik, reflecting the high percentage of indigenous peoples in both Providensky and Chukotsky Districts.

Climate[edit]

Provideniya has an Arctic climate, although winters are not as severe due to the coastal location, and colorful flowers help bring the tundra to life during the summer. Winter temperatures are significantly higher than at other places within Chukotka such as Uelen and Ushakovskoye, because it is a more southerly settlement with greater maritime influence from the Bering Sea, as with nearby Nome which has similar winter moderation. Summers are generally cool and the settlement receives heavy rainfall, especially when low pressure systems move northwards from the Pacific Ocean.

Climate data for Provideniya
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)7.2
(45)
2.8
(37)
2.2
(36)
5.0
(41)
15.0
(59)
18.9
(66)
22.2
(72)
22.2
(72)
15.0
(59)
12.2
(54)
3.9
(39)
2.8
(37)
22.2
(72)
Average high °C (°F)−10
(14)
−12.8
(9)
−9.4
(15.1)
−5.6
(21.9)
2.2
(36)
8.3
(46.9)
11.7
(53.1)
11.1
(52)
6.7
(44.1)
0.0
(32)
−3.3
(26.1)
−11.1
(12)
−1.2
(29.8)
Average low °C (°F)−15
(5)
−18.3
(−0.9)
−16.7
(1.9)
−12.8
(9)
−3.3
(26.1)
2.2
(36)
6.1
(43)
6.1
(43)
2.2
(36)
−3.3
(26.1)
−8.3
(17.1)
−15.6
(3.9)
−6.4
(20.5)
Record low °C (°F)−35
(−31)
−35
(−31)
−37.8
(−36)
−28.9
(−20)
−17.8
(0)
−3.9
(25)
0.0
(32)
0.0
(32)
−11.1
(12)
−13.9
(7)
−28.9
(−20)
−32.8
(−27)
−37.8
(−36)
Precipitation mm (inches)95.8
(3.772)
57.9
(2.28)
55.9
(2.201)
53.6
(2.11)
51.6
(2.031)
39.1
(1.539)
74.4
(2.929)
90.2
(3.551)
84.3
(3.319)
82.6
(3.252)
77.2
(3.039)
64.3
(2.531)
826.9
(32.554)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)9.75.37.17.17.25.28.311.110.06.39.19.195.5
Mean monthly sunshine hours12.484.7173.6204.0189.1216.0182.9130.2114.071.327.03.11,408.3
Source #1: Sistema de Clasificación Bioclimática Mundial[9]
Source #2: allmetsat.com (sunshine hours)[10]

Transportation[edit]

The town is sometimes referred to as the Doorway to the Arctic, and since the breakup of the Soviet Union, tourism from nearby Alaska has given the local economy a significant boost. Bering Air, an Alaskan airline, offers charter services to Provideniya Bay Airport from both Nome and Anchorage. Alaska Airlines made a Friendship Flight to Provideniya in July 1988[11] when it became the first American airline to serve a Soviet location. Chukotavia provides flights to Anadyr.[12]

High-sprung transports connect the town's concrete slabbed main street with outlying settlements along the fjord and coast.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Directive #517-rp
  2. ^ Law #33-OZ, Article 12.2
  3. ^ a b c d Law #45-OZ
  4. ^ a b c d e Providensky District - Official Chukotka Website
  5. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  9. ^ "Russia - Bukhta Provideni" (in eng). Centro de Investigaciones Fitosociológicas. Retrieved November 2, 2010. 
  10. ^ "Provideniya, Russia" (in eng). allmetsat.com. Retrieved November 2, 2010. 
  11. ^ Signed photo of Alaska Airlines jet in Provideniya
  12. ^ (Russian) Federal State Unitary Enterprise "State Air Traffic Management Corporation", Summer Air Traffic Schedule 25.03.2007 - 27.10.2007 (Airports - Russian domestic), 29 May 2007, p. 57

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]