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Anti-abortion movements are involved in the abortion debate and advocate against the practice of abortion, both through seeking legal bans and by attempting to influence public opinion. Modern anti-abortion movements generally began as countermovements in response to the decriminalization and legalization of elective abortion in various countries.
Many of the terms used in the debate are seen as political framing: terms used to validate one's own stance while invalidating the opposition's. For example, the labels "pro-choice" and "pro-life" imply endorsement of widely held values such as liberty and freedom, while suggesting that the opposition must be "anti-choice" or "anti-life" (alternatively "pro-coercion" or "pro-death"). The Associated Press favors the terms "abortion rights" and "anti-abortion" instead.
Anti-abortion advocacy in the United States is centered around the United States pro-life movement which started in the 1960s and '70s. A smaller movement is the consistent life ethic which started in 1983 and opposes any form of killing including abortion.
In Europe, abortion has been legalized through parliamentary acts. In Western Europe this has had the effect at once of both more closely regulating the use of abortion, and at the same time mediating and reducing the impact anti-abortion campaigns have had on the law.
In Israel, the major anti-abortion organization is Efrat. Efrat activists primarily raise funds to relieve the "financial and social pressures" on pregnant women so that they will not terminate their pregnancies. Efrat is not known to do any other kind of activism.