Privation

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In psychology and philosophy, privation is the absence or lack of basic necessities.[1] The term can be used in a psychological context, often referring to a lack of relationships, or a philosophical context, where vital concepts are absent.

Privation in psychology

In psychology, privation occurs when a child has no opportunity to form a relationship with a parent figure, or when such relationship is distorted, due to their treatment.[2] It is different to deprivation, which occurs when an established relationship is severed.[3] It is understood that privation can produce social, emotional and intellectual problems for children; however, how inevitable such problems become as a result of privation, and the extent to which the can be reversed, remains an issue of debate among psychologists.[4]

Privation in philosophy

In philosophy, privation may refer to the absence of a necessary quality in the universe.[citation needed]

For example, as part of his theodicy, Augustine denied the existence of evil as its own entity; rather, he described evil as a privation, or going wrong, of good, privatio boni.[5]

Jewish philosopher Maimonides argued that privation is not necessarily a bad thing: it would be trivial to regard the privation of hair - baldness - an evil.

References

  1. ^ "The Free Dictionary - Privation". http://www.thefreedictionary.com/privation. Retrieved 10 September 2011. 
  2. ^ Russell, Julia; Jarvis, Matt (2003). Angles on Applied Psychology. Nelson Thornes. pp. 219. ISBN 978-0-7487-7259-9. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=dbdQf0P05ZkC&lpg=PA219&dq=privation%20psychology&pg=PA219#v=onepage&q=privation%20psychology&f=false. 
  3. ^ Brain, Christine; Mukherji, Penny (7 June 2005). Understanding child psychology (New edition ed.). Nelson Thornes. pp. 44–45. ISBN 978-0-7487-9084-5. http://books.google.com/books?id=jhhYHW1ieQEC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Understanding+Child+Psychology&hl=en&ei=ztJrTvv_Cono-gaJttm4DQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCkQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false. 
  4. ^ Jarvis, Matt; Chandler, Emma (2001). Angles on Child Psychology. Nelson Thornes. pp. 53. ISBN 978-0-7487-5975-0. 
  5. ^ Menn, Stephen (2002). Descartes and Augustine. Cambridge University Press. p. 170. ISBN 978-0-521-01284-3.