Prime Minister of Vanuatu

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Prime Minister of Vanuatu
Coat of Arms of Vanuatu.svg
Coat of Arms of Vanuatu
Incumbent
Moana Carcasses Kalosil

since March 23, 2013 (2013-03-23)
Inaugural holderWalter Lini
July 30, 1980
FormationConstitution of Vanuatu
July 30, 1980
 
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Prime Minister of Vanuatu
Coat of Arms of Vanuatu.svg
Coat of Arms of Vanuatu
Incumbent
Moana Carcasses Kalosil

since March 23, 2013 (2013-03-23)
Inaugural holderWalter Lini
July 30, 1980
FormationConstitution of Vanuatu
July 30, 1980
Coat of Arms of Vanuatu.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Vanuatu

The Prime Minister of Vanuatu is the head of government of the Republic of Vanuatu.

The office of Prime Minister was created under the Constitution of Vanuatu upon the country's independence in 1980, with independence campaigner Walter Lini becoming the first office-holder. The position is sometimes seen as a continuation of the older office of Chief Minister, which existed before Vanuatu obtained its independence. The Prime Minister is required by the Constitution to be a member of Parliament, which also directly elects him or her into office. The Prime Minister directly appoints or dismisses members of the Council of Ministers (cabinet ministers).

So far, eight people have served as Prime Minister of Vanuatu, some on multiple occasions.

In November 2009, Prime Minister Edward Natapei was briefly declared by the Speaker to have lost his seat over a procedural technicality. The courts invalidated the ruling, and Natapei regained his seat, and thus the premiership.[1][2]

Serge Vohor's fourth term in office, from April to May 2011, is included in the list below, although his election to the premiership was voided as unconstitutional by the Court of Appeal on 13 May, on the grounds that he had been elected only by a majority of Members of Parliament (26 out of 52)[clarification needed], not by an absolute majority. Ralph Regenvanu, who regained his position as Minister for Justice after the annulment of Vohor's premiership, stated: "Prime Minister Serge Vohor and his cabinet are illegal, null and void and were never the government of the country."[3]

Similarly, Sato Kilman's term is included although it was also voided, by a ruling from Chief Justice Vincent Lunabek on 16 June 2011, finding that Kilman's election in December 2010 had not been in conformity with the requirements for a secret parliamentary ballot set out in article 41 of the Constitution. Thus, following Edward Natapei's ousting in a valid motion of no confidence in December 2010, Vanuatu had no lawfully constituted government until Natapei was restored in June with instructions from the court to convene Parliament for the election of a Prime Minister.[4][5] This was done on 26 June, resulting in Sato Kilman's election to the premiership by Parliament - his first legally recognised term as Prime Minister.[6]

List of Prime Ministers[edit]

PortraitNameElectionTermAffiliation
1Coat of Arms of Vanuatu.svgWalter Lini130 July 1980 – 6 September 1991Vanua'aku Pati
21983
31987
2Coat of Arms of Vanuatu.svgDonald Kalpokas16 September 1991 – 16 December 1991Vanua'aku Pati
3Coat of Arms of Vanuatu.svgMaxime Carlot Korman1199116 December 1991 – 21 December 1995Union of Moderate Parties
4Coat of Arms of Vanuatu.svgSerge Vohor1199521 December 1995 – 23 February 1996Union of Moderate Parties
(3)Coat of Arms of Vanuatu.svgMaxime Carlot Korman223 February 1996 – 30 September 1996Union of Moderate Parties
(4)Coat of Arms of Vanuatu.svgSerge Vohor230 September 1996 – 30 March 1998Union of Moderate Parties
(2)Coat of Arms of Vanuatu.svgDonald Kalpokas2199830 March 1998 – 25 November 1999Vanua'aku Pati
5Coat of Arms of Vanuatu.svgBarak Sopé25 November 1999 – 13 April 2001Melanesian Progressive Party
6Edward Natapei 2009.jpgEdward Natapei113 April 2001 – 29 July 2004Vanua'aku Pati
22002
(2)Coat of Arms of Vanuatu.svgSerge Vohor329 July 2004 – 11 December 2004Union of Moderate Parties
7Ham Lini.jpgHam Lini11 December 2004 – 22 September 2008National United Party
(6)Edward Natapei 2009.jpgEdward Natapei3200822 September 2008 – 27 November 2009Vanua'aku Pati
Coat of Arms of Vanuatu.svgSerge Vohor27 November 2009 – 5 December 2009
Acting
Union of Moderate Parties
(6)Edward Natapei 2009.jpgEdward Natapei45 December 2009 – 2 December 2010Vanua'aku Pati
8Sato Kilman (cropped).jpgSato Kilman12 December 2010 – 24 April 2011People’s Progress Party
(4)Coat of Arms of Vanuatu.svgSerge Vohor424 April 2011 – 13 May 2011Union of Moderate Parties
(8)Sato Kilman (cropped).jpgSato Kilman213 May 2011 – 16 June 2011People’s Progress Party
Edward Natapei 2009.jpgEdward Natapei16 June 2011 – 26 June 2011
Acting
Vanua'aku Pati
(8)Sato Kilman (cropped).jpgSato Kilman326 June 2011 – 23 March 2013People’s Progress Party
42012
9Coat of Arms of Vanuatu.svgMoana Carcasses Kalosil23 March 2013 – IncumbentGreen Confederation

See also[edit]

References[edit]