Prime Minister of Malaysia

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Prime Minister of Malaysia
Perdana Menteri
Dato Sri Mohd Najib Tun Razak.JPG
Incumbent
Najib Razak

since 3 April 2009
Government of Malaysia
Prime Minister's Department
StyleYang Amat Berhormat (The Most Honourable)
Member ofHouse of Representatives, Cabinet, National Finance Council
Reports toParliament
ResidenceSeri Perdana
SeatCentral Main Block of Perdana Putra, Putrajaya
AppointerAbdul Halim
as Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia
Term lengthWhile commanding the confidence of the House of Representatives
Constituting instrumentFederal Constitution of Malaysia
Inaugural holderTunku Abdul Rahman
Formation31 August 1957; 56 years ago (1957-08-31)
DeputyDeputy Prime Minister of Malaysia
SalaryMYR 22,826.65 monthly [1]
WebsitePM's official website
 
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Prime Minister of Malaysia
Perdana Menteri
Dato Sri Mohd Najib Tun Razak.JPG
Incumbent
Najib Razak

since 3 April 2009
Government of Malaysia
Prime Minister's Department
StyleYang Amat Berhormat (The Most Honourable)
Member ofHouse of Representatives, Cabinet, National Finance Council
Reports toParliament
ResidenceSeri Perdana
SeatCentral Main Block of Perdana Putra, Putrajaya
AppointerAbdul Halim
as Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia
Term lengthWhile commanding the confidence of the House of Representatives
Constituting instrumentFederal Constitution of Malaysia
Inaugural holderTunku Abdul Rahman
Formation31 August 1957; 56 years ago (1957-08-31)
DeputyDeputy Prime Minister of Malaysia
SalaryMYR 22,826.65 monthly [1]
WebsitePM's official website
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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Malaysia

The Prime Minister of Malaysia (Malay: Perdana Menteri Malaysia) is the indirectly elected head of government (executive) of Malaysia. He is officially appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, the head of state, who in HM's judgment is likely to command the confidence of the majority of the members of that House of Representatives (Dewan Rakyat), the elected lower house of Parliament. He heads the Cabinet, whose members are appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong on the prime minister's advice. The Prime Minister and his Cabinet shall be collectively responsible to Parliament. The Prime Minister's Department (sometimes referred to as the Prime Minister's Office) is the body and ministry in which the Prime Minister exercises its functions and powers.

The current prime minister is Najib Razak.

History[edit]

The prime minister has been from the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) since independence. It is the largest component party of the Barisan Nasional (National Front), which was known as the Perikatan (Alliance Party) until the 1969 general election.

Tunku Abdul Rahman was the Chief Minister of the Federation of Malaya, restyled to Prime Minister of Malaysia in 16 September 1963 after the formation of Malaysia. Federation of Malaya became independent on 31 August 1957.[2]

The 6th prime minister, Mohd Najib bin Abdul Razak is the eldest son of the second prime minister of Malaysia, Tun Abdul Razak bin Hussein.[3]

Requirements for taking office[edit]

According to the constitution, the Prime Minister must be a member of the House of Representatives and command the confidence of the majority members of Dewan Rakyat; citizen of Malaysia but not by naturalization.

The Prime Minister and his cabinet ministers shall take and subscribe in the presence of Yang di-Pertuan Agong the oath of office and allegiance and the oath of secrecy before exercise the functions of the office. The Cabinet shall be collectively responsible to Parliament.

Although statutory states that the Yang di-Pertuan Agong has discretion in the appointment of the prime minister, the appointment is invariably given to the chief of the dominant party which commanding the most seats in lower house of parliament.

If the Prime Minister ceases to command the confidence of the majority of the members of the House of Representatives, then, unless at his request the Yang di-Pertuan Agong dissolves Parliament, the Prime Minister shall tender the resignation of the Cabinet.

Caretaker Prime Minister[edit]

Under Article 55(3) of Constitution of Malaysia, the lower house of Parliament unless sooner dissolved by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong with HM's own discretion on the advice of the prime minister shall continue for five years from the date of its first meeting. Article 55(4) of the Constitution permits a delay of 60 days of general election to be held from the date of dissolution and Parliament shall be summoned to meet on a date not later than 120 days from the date of dissolution. Conventionally, between the dissolution of one Parliament and the convening of the next,the prime minister and the cabinet remain in office in a caretaker capacity.

Acting Prime Minister[edit]

V. T. Sambanthan was acting prime minister for one day when both the prime minister and his deputy were out of the country at the same time.[4]

Tun Dr. Ismail occasionally act as acting Prime Minister when Tunku Abdul Rahman and Tun Abdul Razak was on leave or overseas.[5]

Dato' Seri Anwar Ibrahim act as an acting Prime Minister for two months started from May 19, 1997 as Tun Dr. Mahthir Mohammad was on vacation.[6]

List of Prime Ministers of Malaysia[edit]

Coalition:       Alliance Party (AP)       National Front (BN)

Party:       United Malays National Organisation (UMNO)

GE
Term
No.Name
Constituency
(Birth–Death)
PictureTook OfficeLeft OfficePartyCoalitionHonorific title
001Tunku Abdul Rahman
MP for Kuala Muda
(1903–1990)
Tunku abd rahman.jpg31 August 195727 June 1959UMNOAPFather of Independence
(Bapa Kemerdekaan)
or
Father of Malaysia
(Bapa Malaysia)
0119 August 19591 March 1964
0221 March 196420 March 1969
0310 May 196922 September 1970
2Abdul Razak Hussein
MP for Pekan
(1922–1976)
Tun Abdul Razak (MY 2nd PM).jpg22 September 197031 July 1974UMNOAPFather of Development
(Bapa Pembangunan)
0424 August 197414 January 1976BN
3Hussein Onn
MP for Johor Timur
(1922–1990)
Tun Hussein Onn (MY 3rd PM).jpg14 January 197612 June 1978UMNOBNFather of Unity
(Bapa Perpaduan)
058 July 197816 July 1981
4Mahathir Mohamad
MP for Kubang Pasu
(b. 1925)
Mahathir 2007.jpg16 July 198129 March 1982UMNOBNFather of Modernization
(Bapa Pemodenan)
0622 April 198219 July 1986
073 August 19864 October 1990
0821 October 19906 April 1995
0925 April 199510 November 1999
1029 November 199931 October 2003
5Abdullah Ahmad Badawi
MP for Kepala Batas
(b. 1939)
AB April 2008.jpg31 October 20032 March 2004UMNOBNFather of Human Capital Development
(Bapa Pembangunan Modal Insan)
1121 March 200413 February 2008
128 March 20083 April 2009
6Najib Razak
MP for Pekan
(b. 1953)
Dato Sri Mohd Najib Tun Razak.JPG3 April 20093 April 2013UMNOBNFather of Transformation
(Bapa Transformasi)
136 May 2013Incumbent

Living former Prime Ministers[edit]

No.NameTerm of officeDate of birthPolitical party
1Mahathir Mohamad1981-2003(1925-07-10) 10 July 1925 (age 88)UMNO-BN
2Abdullah Ahmad Badawi2003-2009(1939-11-26) 26 November 1939 (age 74)UMNO-BN

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ PM and his cabinet ministers salary
  2. ^ The UK Statute Law Database: Federation of Malaya Independence Act 1957 (c. 60)
  3. ^ Prime Ministers of Malaysia
  4. ^ "We should not forget Sambanthan’s contributions - Opinion | The Star Online". Thestar.com.my. Retrieved 2012-09-07. 
  5. ^ Tokoh Negara. Malaysiamerdeka.gov.my. Retrieved on 2013-09-27.
  6. ^ Kronologi membawa kepada pelucutan semua jawatan. arkibcmk.blogspot.com. Retrieved on 2013-09-27.