Prime Minister of Latvia

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Latvia

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The Prime Minister of Latvia is the most powerful member of the Government of the Republic of Latvia, and presides over the Latvian Cabinet of Ministers. The Prime Minister is nominated by the President of Latvia, but must be able to obtain the support of a majority of Saeima (parliament).

The tables below display all Latvian Prime Ministers for both the first period when Latvia was independent (1918–1940) and since the country regained its independence (1990–present). From 1990 to 6 July 1993, the office was known as Chairman of the Council of Ministers, but is generally considered to have been the same role.

Contents

List of Prime Ministers (1918–1940)

Parties

      LZS       LSDSP       DC       LJS       None

NamePortraitTerm of officePolitical partyCabinet
1Kārlis Ulmanis[1]Karlis Ulmanis.jpg19 November 191811 June 1920Latvian Farmers' UnionProvisional Govt.
20 June 192018 June 1921Ulmanis I
2Zigfrīds Anna Meierovics
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg
19 June 192126 January 1923Latvian Farmers' UnionMeierovics I
3Jānis Pauļuks
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg
27 January 192327 June 1923No partyPauļuks
(2)Zigfrīds Anna Meierovics
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg
28 June 192326 January 1924Latvian Farmers' UnionMeierovics II
4Voldemārs Zāmuēls
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg
27 January 192418 December 1924No partyZāmuēls
5Hugo Celmiņš
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg
19 December 192423 December 1925Latvian Farmers' UnionCelmiņš I
(1)Kārlis UlmanisKarlis Ulmanis.jpg24 December 19256 May 1926Latvian Farmers' UnionUlmanis II
6Arturs Alberings
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg
7 May 192618 December 1926Latvian Farmers' UnionAlberings
7Marģers Skujenieks
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg
19 December 192623 January 1928Latvian Social Democratic Workers' PartySkujenieks I
8Pēteris Juraševskis
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg
24 January 192830 November 1928Democratic CentreJuraševskis
(5)Hugo Celmiņš
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg
1 December 192826 March 1931Latvian Farmers' UnionCelmiņš II
(1)Kārlis UlmanisKarlis Ulmanis.jpg27 March 19315 December 1931Latvian Farmers' UnionUlmanis III
(7)Marģers Skujenieks
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg
6 December 193123 March 1933Latvian Social Democratic Workers' PartySkujenieks II
9Ādolfs BļodnieksAdolfs Blodnieks.jpg24 March 193316 March 1934New Farmers' PartyBļodnieks
(1)Kārlis UlmanisKarlis Ulmanis.jpg17 March 193415 May 1934Latvian Farmers' UnionUlmanis IV
(1)16 May 193420 June 1940No party[2]Ulmanis V
10Augusts Kirhenšteins[3]
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg
20 June 194021 July 1940No partyKirhenšteins
Notes

1 During the 1918-1920 Independence War, Latvia was contested by two other governments: the government of Soviet Latvia, led by Pēteris Stučka, and the government of Andrievs Niedra, backed by Baltic Germans. Some sources may list Stučka and Niedra as prime ministers for periods when their governments controlled most of Latvia.

2 On 15 May 1934, prime minister Ulmanis dissolved parliament and banned all political parties (including his own Farmer's Union), becoming a dictator.

3 Puppet leader appointed by Soviet authorities.

List of Prime Ministers (1990–present)

Prime Minister's Flag
Parties

      LTF       LC       TB/LNNK       TP       JL       LZP       LPP/LC       None

NamePortraitTerm of officePolitical partyCabinetSaeima
(Election)
1Ivars Godmanis
Ivars Godmanis saeima.jpg
7 May 19903 August 1993Popular Front of LatviaGodmanis I
LTFLC
SC (1990)
2Valdis Birkavs
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg
3 August 199315 September 1994Latvian WayBirkavs
LCLZSLZP
5 (1993)
3Māris Gailis
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg
15 September 199421 December 1995Latvian WayGailis
LCLZSLZPTPATB
4Andris Šķēle
Andris Šķēle, 10. Saeimas portrets.jpg
21 December 199513 February 1997No partyŠķēle I
DP‘S’TBLCLNNKLZSLZPLVP
6 (1995)
13 February 19977 August 1997Šķēle II
DP‘S’TBLCLNNKLZSLZPKDS
5Guntars Krasts
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg
7 August 199726 November 1998For Fatherland and Freedom/LNNKKrasts
TB/LNNKLCLZSLZPDP‘S’
6Vilis Krištopans
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg
26 November 199816 July 1999Latvian WayKrištopans
LCTB/LNNKJPLSDSP
7 (1998)
(4)Andris Šķēle
Andris Šķēle, 10. Saeimas portrets.jpg
16 July 19995 May 2000People's PartyŠķēle III
TPLCTB/LNNK
7Andris Bērziņš
Andris Bērziņš, 2010-08-02.png
5 May 20007 November 2002Latvian WayBērziņš
LCTPTB/LNNKJP
8Einars Repše
Einars Repse saeima.jpg
7 November 20029 March 2004New Era PartyRepše
JLLPPTB/LNNKZZS
8 (2002)
9Indulis Emsis
IndulisEmsis2007.jpg
9 March 20042 December 2004Latvian Green Party
(within Union of Greens and Farmers)
Emsis
ZZSTPLPP
10Aigars Kalvītis
Kalvitis2.jpg
2 December 20047 November 2006People's PartyKalvītis I
TPZZSLPPJL
7 November 200620 December 2007Kalvītis II
TPZZSLPP/LCTB/LNNK
9 (2006)
(1)Ivars Godmanis
Ivars Godmanis saeima.jpg
20 December 200712 March 2009Latvia's First Party/Latvian WayGodmanis II
LPP/LCTPZZSTB/LNNK
11Valdis Dombrovskis
Valdis Dombrovskis 2011.jpg
12 March 20093 November 2010New Era Party until 2011
Unity from 2011
Dombrovskis I
JLPSTPZZSTB/LNNK
3 November 201025 October 2011Dombrovskis II
V(JLPSSCP)–ZZS
10 (2010)
25 October 2011IncumbentDombrovskis III
VZRPNA
11 (2011)

See also

External links