Prime Minister of Latvia

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Prime Minister of the Republic of Latvia
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia
Laimdota Straujuma 2014.jpg
Incumbent
Laimdota Straujuma

since 22 January 2014
AppointerPresident of Latvia
Term lengthGeneral elections to the Saeima are held every four years at most. The Prime Minister is by convention the leader of the victorious party. No term limits are imposed on the office.
Inaugural holderKārlis Ulmanis
Formation19 November 1918
 
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Prime Minister of the Republic of Latvia
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia
Laimdota Straujuma 2014.jpg
Incumbent
Laimdota Straujuma

since 22 January 2014
AppointerPresident of Latvia
Term lengthGeneral elections to the Saeima are held every four years at most. The Prime Minister is by convention the leader of the victorious party. No term limits are imposed on the office.
Inaugural holderKārlis Ulmanis
Formation19 November 1918

The Minister-President of Latvia (Latvian: Ministru prezidents is the most powerful member of the Government of the Republic of Latvia, and presides over the Latvian Cabinet of Ministers. The Prime Minister is nominated by the President of Latvia, but must be able to obtain the support of a majority of Saeima (parliament).

The tables below display all Latvian Prime Ministers for both the first period when Latvia was independent (1918–1940) and since the country regained its independence (1990–present). From 1990 to 6 July 1993, the office was known as Chairman of the Council of Ministers, but is generally considered to have been the same role.

Republic of Latvia (1918-1940)[edit]

Political Party:       LZS       Independent       MP       DC       PA       LJSP

No.PortraitName
(Born-Died)
Term of OfficePolitical PartyCabinetSaeima
Took OfficeLeft OfficeDays
1
(1 of 4)
[1]
Karlis Ulmanis.jpgKārlis Ulmanis
(1877–1942)
18 November 191813 July 1919944Centre Party LATVIAN FARMERS' UNION
(LZS)
ILZS – LNP – DC – DSPC
14 July 19198 December 1919IILZS – LŽNP
DC joined later
PC
( ···· )
9 December 191911 June 1920IIILZS – LŽNP
DS joined later
PC
( ···· )
12 June 192018 June 1921IVLZS – DS – LDP
DS exited later
CA (1920)
2
(1 of 2)
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svgZigfrīds Anna Meierovics
(1887–1925)
19 June 192126 January 1923587Centre Party LATVIAN FARMERS' UNION
(LZS)
ILZS – DC – MP – LTP
LTP exited later
CA
( ···· )
3Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svgJānis Pauļuks
(1865–1937)
27 January 192327 June 1923152IndependentILZSLSPDS – DC – LJS – MP1 (1922)
2
(2 of 2)
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svgZigfrīds Anna Meierovics
(1887–1925)
28 January 192326 January 1924213Centre Party LATVIAN FARMERS' UNION
(LZS)
ILZSLSPDS – DC – LJS – MP1 ( ···· )
4Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svgVoldemārs Zāmuēls
(1872–1948)
27 January 192418 December 1924327IndependentIBNC – DC – LJS1 ( ···· )
5
(1 of 2)
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svgHugo Celmiņš
(1877–1941)
19 December 192423 December 1925370Centre Party LATVIAN FARMERS' UNION
(LZS)
ILZS – DC
MP and LJS joined later
1 ( ···· )
1
(2 of 4)
Karlis Ulmanis.jpgKārlis Ulmanis
(1877–1942)
24 December 19256 May 1926134Centre Party LATVIAN FARMERS' UNION
(LZS)
VLZS – LJSP – LJS – LZP
NA joined later
2 (1925)
6Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svgArturs Alberings
(1877–1934)
7 May 192618 December 1926226Centre Party LATVIAN FARMERS' UNION
(LZS)
ILZS – DC – LJSP – LJS – LZP2 ( ···· )
7
(1 of 2)
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svgMarģers Skujenieks
(1886–1941)
19 December 192623 January 1928401Mensheviks Party
(MP)
ILSDSP – MP – LPP – DC – LJS
DC exited cabinet
2 ( ···· )
8Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svgPēteris Juraševskis
(1872–1945)
24 January 192830 November 1928312Democratic Centre
(DC)
ILZS – DC – LZP – VRP / DbRP2 ( ···· )
5
(2 of 2)
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svgHugo Celmiņš
(1877–1941)
1 December 192826 March 1931846Centre Party LATVIAN FARMERS' UNION
(LZS)
IILZS – DC – LJSP – LDZA – LA – KNP – VRP / DbRP
DC, KNP, VRP / DbRP exited cabinet
3 (1928)
1
(3 of 4)
Karlis Ulmanis.jpgKārlis Ulmanis
(1877–1942)
27 March 19315 December 1931254Centre Party LATVIAN FARMERS' UNION
(LZS)
VILZS – LJSP – LDZA – NA – MKRA – LKZP – LPP3 ( ···· )
7
(2 of 2)
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svgMarģers Skujenieks
(1886–1941)
6 December 193123 March 1933474Progressive Association of New Farmers
(PA)
IIPA – DC – LZS – LZPA
LJSP joined later
4 (1931)
9Adolfs Blodnieks.jpgĀdolfs Bļodnieks
(1889–1962)
24 March 193316 March 1934358Party of New Farmers and Smallholders
(LJSP)
ILJSP – LZS – DC – LZPA – PA – LKKP – KDP
DC, PA exited cabinet
4 ( ···· )
1
(4 of 4)
[2]
Karlis Ulmanis.jpgKārlis Ulmanis
(1877–1942)
17 March 193415 May 19402287Centre Party LATVIAN FARMERS' UNION
(LZS)
VIILZS – KA – LKKP – LPP – KDP4 ( ···· )
15 May 193419 June 1940IndependentVIIINo partyDis.
[3]Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svgAugusts Kirhenšteins
(1872–1963)
20 June 194025 August 194066IndependentINo partyDis.
Notes

1 During the 1918-1920 Independence War, Latvia was contested by two other governments: the government of Soviet Latvia, led by Pēteris Stučka, and the government of Andrievs Niedra, backed by Baltic Germans. Some sources may list Stučka and Niedra as prime ministers for periods when their governments controlled most of Latvia.

2 On 15 May 1934, prime minister Ulmanis dissolved parliament and banned all political parties (including his own Farmer's Union), establishing authoritarian rule.

3 Puppet leader appointed by Soviet authorities. Not recognized as such by the Latvian government.

Coat of arms of Latvia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
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Foreign relations

Republic of Latvia (1990-Present)[edit]

From 4 May 1990 after adopting the Declaration of the Restoration of Independence of the Republic.

Political Party:       LTF       LC       Independent       TB/LNNK       TP       JL       LZP       LPP/LC       V

No.PortraitName
(Born-Died)
Term of OfficePolitical PartyCabinetSaeima
Took OfficeLeft OfficeDays
1
(1 of 2)
Ivars Godmanis saeima.jpgIvars Godmanis
(born 1951)
7 May 19903 August 19931136Popular Front of Latvia
(LTF)
ILTF
LC joined later
SC (1990)
2Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svgValdis Birkavs
(born 1942)
3 August 199315 September 1994408Latvian Way
(LC)
ILCLZSLZP5 (1993)
3Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svgMāris Gailis
(born 1951)
15 September 199421 December 1995462Latvian Way
(LC)
ILCTPALZSLZP
TB joined later and exited cabinet
5 ( ···· )
4
(1 of 2)
Andris Šķēle, 10. Saeimas portrets.jpgAndris Šķēle
(born 1958)
21 December 199513 February 1997595IndependentIDP‘S’TBLCLNNKLZSLZPLVP6 (1995)
13 February 19977 August 1997IIDP‘S’TBLCLNNKLZSLZP
KDS joined later
6 ( ···· )
5Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svgGuntars Krasts
(born 1957)
7 August 199726 November 1998476For Fatherland and Freedom/LNNK
(TB/LNNK)
ITB/LNNKLCLZSLZPDPS – KTP
DPS and KTP exited cabinet
6 ( ···· )
6Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svgVilis Krištopans
(born 1954)
26 November 199816 July 1999232Latvian Way
(LC)
ILCTB/LNNKJP
LSDSP joined later
7 (1998)
4
(2 of 2)
Andris Šķēle, 10. Saeimas portrets.jpgAndris Šķēle
(born 1958)
16 July 19995 May 2000294People's Party
(TP)
IIITPLCTB/LNNK7 ( ···· )
7Flickr - Saeima - 9.Saeimas deputāts Andris Bērziņš (LPP-LC).jpgAndris Bērziņš
(born 1951)
5 May 20007 November 2002916Latvian Way
(LC)
ILCTPTB/LNNKJP7 ( ···· )
8Einars Repse.jpegEinars Repše
(born 1961)
7 November 20029 March 2004488New Era Party
(JL)
IJLTB/LNNKLZSLPPLZP
LPP exited cabinet
8 (2002)
9Flickr - Saeima - 9.Saeimas deputāts Indulis Emsis.jpgIndulis Emsis
(born 1952)
9 March 20042 December 2004268Latvian Green Party
(LZP)
ITPLPPLZSLZP8 ( ···· )
10Flickr - Saeima - 9.Saeimas deputāts Aigars Kalvītis.jpgAigars Kalvītis
(born 1966)
2 December 20047 November 20061113People's Party
(TP)
ITPJLLZSLPPLZP
JL exited cabinet
8 ( ···· )
7 November 200620 December 2007IITPLZSLPPTB/LNNKLZPLC9 (2006)
1
(2 of 2)
Ivars Godmanis saeima.jpgIvars Godmanis
(born 1951)
20 December 200712 March 2009448Latvia's First Party/Latvian Way
(LPP/LC)
IILPP/LCTPLZSTB/LNNKLZP9 ( ···· )
11Valdis Dombrovskis 2009.jpgValdis Dombrovskis
(born 1971)
12 March 20093 November 20101777New Era Party
(JL)
JL later replaced by V
IJLTPTB/LNNKLZSLZPPS9 ( ···· )
3 November 201025 October 2011IIJLPSSCPLZSLZP – LP
JL, PS, SCP, LP later replaced by V
10 (2010)
25 October 201122 January 2014Party "UNITY"
(V)
IIIVZRPNA11 (2011)
12Laimdota Straujuma 2014.jpgLaimdota Straujuma
(born 1951)
22 January 2014Incumbent243Party "UNITY"
(V)
IVRPNA - LZSLZP11 ( ···· )

Statistics[edit]

#Prime MinisterDate of birthAge at ascension
(first term)
Time in office
(total)
Age at retirement
(last term)
Date of deathLongevity
1Ulmanis, KārlisKārlis Ulmanis18770904September 4, 1877(September 4, 1877)41 07541 years, 75 days09 3349 years, 334 days62 28762 years, 287 days19420920September 20, 194223,75665 years, 16 days
2Meierovics, ZigfrīdsZigfrīds Meierovics18870206February 6, 1887(February 6, 1887)34 13334 years, 133 days02 0702 years, 70 days36 35436 years, 354 days19250822August 22, 192514,07638 years, 197 days
3Pauļuks, JānisJānis Pauļuks18651112November 12, 1865(November 12, 1865)57 07657 years, 76 days00 1520 years, 152 days57 22857 years, 228 days19370621June 21, 193726,15371 years, 221 days
4Zāmuēls, VoldemārsVoldemārs Zāmuēls18720522May 22, 1872(May 22, 1872)51 25051 years, 250 days00 3270 years, 327 days52 21052 years, 210 days19480116September 25, 194427,63175 years, 239 days
5Celmiņš, HugoHugo Celmiņš18771030October 30, 1877(October 30, 1877)47 05047 years, 50 days03 1213 years, 121 days53 14753 years, 147 days19410730July 30, 194123,28363 years, 273 days
6Alberings, ArtursArturs Alberings18760108January 8, 1876(January 8, 1876)50 11950 years, 119 days00 2260 years, 226 days50 34550 years, 345 days19340426April 26, 193421,29258 years, 108 days
7Skujenieks, MarģersMarģers Skujenieks18860622June 22, 1886(June 22, 1886)40 18040 years, 180 days02 1452 years, 145 days46 27446 years, 274 days19410712July 12, 194120,10855 years, 20 days
8Juraševskis, PēterisPēteris Juraševskis18720323March 23, 1872(March 23, 1872)55 30755 years, 307 days00 3120 years, 312 days56 25256 years, 252 days19450110January 10, 194526,59072 years, 293 days
9Blzodnieks, AzdolfsĀdolfs Bļodnieks18890724July 24, 1889(July 24, 1889)43 24343 years, 243 days00 3580 years, 358 days44 23544 years, 235 days19620321March 21, 196226,53772 years, 240 day
10Kirhenšteins, AugustsAugusts Kirhenšteins18720918September 18, 1872(September 18, 1872)67 27667 years, 276 days00 0660 years, 66 days67 34267 years, 342 days19631103November 11, 196333,28291 years, 46 days
11Godmanis, IvarsIvars Godmanis19511127November 27, 1951(November 27, 1951)38 16138 years, 161 days04 1244 years, 124 days57 10557 years, 105 daysLiving22,94562 years, 299 days (Living)
12Birkavs, ValdisValdis Birkavs19420728July 28, 1942(July 28, 1942)51 00651 years, 6 days01 0431 year, 43 days52 04952 years, 49 daysLiving26,35472 years, 56 days (Living)
13Gailis, MārisMāris Gailis19510709July 9, 1951(July 9, 1951)43 03743 years, 37 days01 0971 year, 97 days44 16544 years, 165 daysLiving23,08663 years, 75 days (Living)
14Szkzēle, AndrisAndris Šķēle19580116January 16, 1958(January 16, 1958)37 33937 years, 339 days02 1592 years, 159 days42 11042 years, 110 daysLiving20,70356 years, 249 days (Living)
15Krasts, GuntarsGuntars Krasts19571016October 16, 1957(October 16, 1957)39 29539 years, 295 days01 1111 year, 111 days41 04141 years, 51 daysLiving20,79556 years, 341 days (Living)
16Krisztopans, VilisVilis Krištopans19540613June 13, 1954(June 13, 1954)44 16644 years, 166 days00 2320 years, 232 days45 03345 years, 33 daysLiving22,01660 years, 101 days (Living)
17Bērziņš, AndrisAndris Bērziņš19510804August 4, 1951(August 4, 1951)48 27548 years, 275 days02 1862 years, 186 days51 09551 years, 95 daysLiving23,06063 years, 49 days (Living)
18Repše, EinarsEinars Repše19611209December 9, 1961(December 9, 1961)40 33340 years, 333 days01 1231 year, 123 days42 09142 years, 91 daysLiving19,28052 years, 287 days (Living)
19Emsis, IndulisIndulis Emsis19520102January 2, 1952(January 2, 1952)52 06752 years, 67 days00 2680 years, 268 days52 33552 years, 335 daysLiving22,90962 years, 263 days (Living)
20Kalvītis, AigarsAigars Kalvītis19660627June 27, 1966(June 27, 1966)38 15838 years, 158 days03 0183 years, 18 days41 17642 years, 91 daysLiving17,61948 years, 87 days (Living)
21Dombrovskis, ValdisValdis Dombrovskis19710805August 5, 1971(August 5, 1971)37 21937 years, 219 days04 3164 years, 316 days42 17042 years, 170 daysLiving15,75443 years, 48 days (Living)
22Straujuma, LaimdotaLaimdota Straujuma19510224February 24, 1951(February 24, 1951)62 33262 years, 332 days00 240 6080 years, 243 days (Ongoing)IncumbentLiving23,22163 years, 210 days (Living)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]