President of South Africa

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President of the
Republic of South Africa
Seal of the President of South Africa.png
Seal of the President of South Africa
Jacob G. Zuma - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting Davos 2010.jpg
Incumbent
Jacob Zuma

since 9 May 2009
ResidenceMahlamba Ndlopfu (Pretoria)
Genadendal (Cape Town)
AppointerNational Assembly of South Africa
Term length5 years
renewable once
Inaugural holderNelson Mandela
Formation10 May 1994
DeputyDeputy President of South Africa
Websitewww.thepresidency.gov.za
 
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President of the
Republic of South Africa
Seal of the President of South Africa.png
Seal of the President of South Africa
Jacob G. Zuma - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting Davos 2010.jpg
Incumbent
Jacob Zuma

since 9 May 2009
ResidenceMahlamba Ndlopfu (Pretoria)
Genadendal (Cape Town)
AppointerNational Assembly of South Africa
Term length5 years
renewable once
Inaugural holderNelson Mandela
Formation10 May 1994
DeputyDeputy President of South Africa
Websitewww.thepresidency.gov.za
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
South Africa
Government

The President of the Republic of South Africa is the head of state and head of government under the Constitution of South Africa. From 1961 to 1994, the head of state was called the State President.

The President is elected by the National Assembly, the lower house of Parliament, and is usually the leader of the largest party, which has been the African National Congress since the first non-racial elections were held on 27 April 1994. The role was originally founded to be distinct from the now defunct role of prime minister, but the two roles were merged in the 1983 constitution which specified a four-year term of office. The 1993 and later constitutions limits the president's time in office to two five-year terms.[1] The first President to be elected under the new constitution was Nelson Mandela, and the incumbent president is Jacob Zuma.

Under the interim Constitution (valid from 1994 to 1996), there was a Government of National Unity, in which an MP from the largest opposition party was entitled to a position as Deputy President. Along with Thabo Mbeki, the last State President, F.W. De Klerk also served as Deputy President, in his capacity as the leader of the National Party which was the second-largest party in the new Parliament. But De Klerk later resigned and went into opposition with his party. A voluntary coalition government continues to exist under the new constitution (adopted in 1996), although there have been no appointments of opposition politicians to the post of Deputy President.

The President is required to be a member of the National Assembly at the time of his election. Upon his election, he immediately resigns his seat for the duration of his term.

Electoral system[edit]

South Africa has a unique system for the election of its president. Unlike other former British colonies and dominions who have adopted a parliamentary republican form of government and those that follow the Westminster system, South Africa's President is both head of state and head of government and Commander-in-Chief of the South African National Defence Force (SANDF). Contrary to presidential systems around the world, the President of South Africa is elected by the Parliament of South Africa[2] rather than by the people directly or an Electoral College, thus answerable to it in theory and able to influence legislation in practice as head of the majority party (presently the ANC). The Constitution has thus prescribed a system combining both parliamentary and presidential systems in a unique manner.

Although the presidency is the key institution, it is hedged about with numerous checks and balances that prevent its total dominance over the government, as was the case in many African countries. The presidential term is five years, and he is limited to two consecutive terms. Thus the electoral system attempts (at least on paper) to prevent the accumulation of power in the president as was during Apartheid or in many other African countries.[3]

Presidential powers[edit]

The President is addressed as "Your Excellency" or "Mr/Madam President" and referred to as "The Honourable (name)".

The official seat of the President are the Union Buildings in Pretoria and the Tuynhuys in Cape Town. His living residences are Mahlamba Ndlopfu in Pretoria and Genadendal in Cape Town.

List of Presidents of South Africa since 1994[edit]

Parties

      African National Congress

#Name
(Born–Died)
PictureTook officeLeft officeElected
(Parliament)
Political Party
1Nelson Mandela
(1918–2013)
Nelson Mandela.jpg10 May 199416 June 19991994 (22nd)African National Congress
2Thabo Mbeki
(1942–)
SthAfrica.ThaboMbeki.01.jpg16 June 199924 September 2008
(Resigned)
1999 (23rd)
2004 (24th)
African National Congress
3Kgalema Motlanthe
(1949–)
GeorgeBushKgalemaMotlanthe crop.jpg25 September 20089 May 2009[4]2008 (24th)African National Congress
4Jacob Zuma
(1942–)
Jacob G. Zuma - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting Davos 2010.jpg9 May 2009[4]Incumbent2009 (25th)African National Congress

Latest election[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]