President of Chile

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President of
the Republic of Chile
Flag of the President of Chile.svg
Standard of the President of Chile
Incumbent
Sebastián Piñera

since 11 March 2010
ResidenceNone; seat of government at La Moneda Palace
Term lengthFour years, not eligible for re-election immediately
Inaugural holderManuel Blanco Encalada
Formation9 July 1826
Websitewww.gobiernodechile.cl/
 
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President of
the Republic of Chile
Flag of the President of Chile.svg
Standard of the President of Chile
Incumbent
Sebastián Piñera

since 11 March 2010
ResidenceNone; seat of government at La Moneda Palace
Term lengthFour years, not eligible for re-election immediately
Inaugural holderManuel Blanco Encalada
Formation9 July 1826
Websitewww.gobiernodechile.cl/
This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Chile

The President of the Republic of Chile is both the head of state and the head of government of the Republic of Chile. The President is responsible of the government and state administration.[1] Although its role and significance has changed over the history of Chile, as well as its position and relations with other actors in the national political organization, it is one of the most prominent political figures. It is also considered one of the institutions that make up the "Historic Constitution of Chile", and it is essential to the country's political stability.[2]

Under the current Constitution (adopted in 1980), the President is elected to serve for a period of four years, with immediate re-election being prohibited. The shorter period (previously the term was six years) allows for parliamentary and presidential elections to be synchronized. The official seat of the President of Chile is the La Moneda Palace in the capital Santiago.

Contents

List of heads of state of Chile (1810–present)

#PictureNameTook officeLeft officeTitle(s)
FirstJuntaChile.jpgFirst Junta18 September 181011 August 1811President:
Mateo de Toro Zambrano y Ureta
Vice President:
José Martínez de Aldunate
Members:
Fernando Márquez de la Plata y Orozco
Juan Martínez de Rozas Correa
Ignacio de la Carrera y Cuevas
Juan Enrique Rosales Fuentes
Francisco Javier de Reina
Secretary:
José Gregorio Argomedo Montero del Águila
José Gaspar Marín
Coat of arms of Chile.svgSecond Junta (Provisional Executive Authority11 August 18114 September 1811Members:
Martín Calvo de Encalada y Recabarren
Juan José Aldunate Larrain
Francisco Javier del Solar
Juan Miguel Benavente
José Antonio Astorga Torres
Manuel Joaquín de Valdivieso
Coat of arms of Chile.svgThird Junta (Executive Tribunal)4 September 181115 November 1811Members:
Juan Martínez de Rozas
Martín Calvo de Encalada y Recabarren
Juan Enrique Rosales Fuentes
John Mackenna O'Reilly
José Gaspar Marín y Esquivel
Coat of arms of Chile.svgFourth Junta15 November 18112 December 1811Members:
Juan Martínez de Rozas
José Miguel de la Carrera y Verdugo
José Gaspar Marín y Esquivel
Bernardo O'Higgins Riquelme (Alternate Member)
Coat of arms of Chile.svgFifth Junta2 December 18117 March 1814Members:
José Miguel de la Carrera y Verdugo
Juan José Aldunate Larrain
José Antonio De la Cerda De Santiago Concha
Manuel Rodríguez Erdoyza
Antonio de Irisarri.jpgAntonio José De Irisarri Alonso7 March 181414 March 1814Interim Supreme Director
1Fco. de la Lastra.JPGFrancisco de la Lastra y de la Sotta14 March 181423 July 1814Supreme Director
Coat of arms of Chile.svgSixth Junta23 July 18142 October 1814Members:
José Miguel de la Carrera y Verdugo
Julián Urivi Ribas
Manuel Muñoz y Urzúa
From 1814 until 1817, Chile was reconquered by Spanish forces.
MarianoOsorio.JPGMariano Osorio2 October 181426 December 1815Royal Governor of Chile
CasimiroMarcoDelPont.JPGFrancisco Casimiro Marcó del Pont Díaz Ángel y Méndez26 December 181512 February 1817Royal Governor of Chile
Chilean patriots defeat the Spanish Empire in Maipu.
2Ohiggins.jpgBernardo O'Higgins Riquelme16 February 181728 January 1823Supreme Director
Coat of arms of Chile.svgGovernment Junta28 January 18234 April 1823Members:
Agustín De Eyzaguirre Arechavala (President)
José Miguel Infante y Rojas
Fernando De Errázuriz y Martínez de Aldunate
3RamonFreire.jpgRamón Freire Serrano4 April 18239 July 1826Supreme Director
1ManuelBlancoEncalada01.jpgManuel Blanco Encalada9 July 18269 September 1826Provisional President
AgustinEyzaguirre.jpgAgustín De Eyzaguirre Arechavala9 September 182625 January 1827Provisional President
2RamonFreire.jpgRamón Freire Serrano25 January 18278 May 1827President
FranciscoAntonioPinto.jpgFrancisco Antonio Pinto Díaz8 May 182716 July 1829Accidental President
Fcoramonvicuna.jpgFrancisco Ramón Vicuña y Larraín16 July 182919 October 1829President Delegate
3FranciscoAntonioPinto.jpgFrancisco Antonio Pinto Díaz19 October 18292 November 1829President
Fcoramonvicuna.jpgFrancisco Ramón Vicuña y Larraín2 November 18297 December 1829Acting President
Coat of arms of Chile.svgGovernment Junta24 December 182918 February 1830Members:
José Tomás Ovalle y Bezanilla (President)
Isidoro de Errázuriz Aldunate
José María Guzmán Ibáñez
FRuizTagle.jpgFrancisco Ruiz-Tagle Portales18 February 183031 March 1830Provisional President
JTOvalle.jpgJosé Tomás Ovalle y Bezanilla1 April 18308 March 1831Provisional President
FernandoErrazurizAldunate.pngFernando Errázuriz Aldunate8 March 183118 September 1831Provisional President
4JJPrieto.JPGJosé Joaquín Prieto Vial18 September 183118 September 1841President
5ManuelBulnes.JPGManuel Bulnes Prieto18 September 184118 September 1851President
6Manuel Montt presidente-2.jpgManuel Montt Torres18 September 185118 September 1861President
7JoseJoaqPerez.JPGJosé Joaquín Pérez Mascayano18 September 186118 September 1871President
8Federico Errázuriz Zañartu.jpgFederico Errázuriz Zañartu18 September 187118 September 1876President
9AnibalPintoGarmendia.jpgAníbal Pinto Garmendia18 September 187618 September 1881President
10DomingoSantaMaria.JPGDomingo Santa María González18 September 188118 September 1886President
11JoseManuelBalmaceda.JPGJosé Manuel Balmaceda Fernández18 September 188629 August 1891President
General Baquedano.jpgManuel Baquedano González29 August 189131 August 1891Chief of Government
1891 junta.JPGGovernment Junta31 August 189126 December 1891Members:
Jorge Montt (President)
Waldo Silva Algüe
Ramón Barros Luco
12Jorge Montt Alvarez(3).jpgJorge Montt Álvarez26 December 189118 September 1896President
13Federico Errázuriz Echaurren.jpgFederico Errázuriz Echaurren18 September 189612 July 1901President
Anibal Zanartu .jpgAníbal Zañartu12 July 190118 September 1901Acting President
14German Riesco.jpgGermán Riesco18 September 190118 September 1906President
15Retrato de Pedro Montt.JPGPedro Montt Montt18 September 190616 August 1910President
Elías Fernandez Albano cropped.jpgElías Fernández Albano16 August 19106 September 1910Acting President
Efigueroa.PNGEmiliano Figueroa Larraín6 September 191023 December 1910Acting President
16RamonBarrosLuco.jpgRamón Barros Luco23 December 191023 December 1915President
17Jlsanfuentes.PNGJuan Luis Sanfuentes Andonaegui23 December 191523 December 1920President
18Arturo Alessandri Palma.jpgArturo Alessandri Palma23 December 192011 September 1924President
Altamirano.jpgLuis Altamirano Talavera11 September 192423 January 1925Chairman of the Government Junta
Pedro Pablo Dartnell 2.jpgPedro Dartnell Encina23 January 192527 January 1925Chairman of the Government Junta
Arturo Alessandri Palma.jpgArturo Alessandri Palma27 January 19251 October 1925President
Luis Barros Borgoño Vicepresidente.jpgLuis Barros Borgoño1 October 192523 December 1925Acting President
19Efigueroa.PNGEmiliano Figueroa Larraín23 December 192510 May 1927President
20Carlos Ibañez del Campo 1927.jpgCarlos Ibáñez del Campo10 May 192726 July 1931President
Pedro Opazo.jpgPedro Opazo Letelier26 July 193127 July 1931Provisional President
JEMontero.jpgJuan Esteban Montero Rodríguez27 July 193120 August 1931Vice-President
Manuel Trucco.jpgManuel Trucco20 August 193111 November 1931Vice-President
21JEMontero.jpgJuan Esteban Montero Rodríguez11 November 19314 June 1932President
APuga.jpgArturo Puga Osorio4 June 193216 June 1932Chairman of the Government Junta
CDavila.jpgCarlos Dávila Espinoza16 June 193213 September 1932Chairman of the Government Junta (16 June 1932 – 8 July 1932)
Provisional President (8 July 1932 – 13 September 1932)
Bartolomé Blanche.jpegBartolomé Blanche Espejo13 September 19322 October 1932Provisional President
Coat of arms of Chile.svgAbraham Oyanedel Urrutia2 October 193224 December 1932Acting President
22Alessandri Ulk (1932).jpgArturo Alessandri Palma24 December 193224 December 1938President
23Pedro Aguirre Cerda.jpgPedro Aguirre Cerda24 December 193825 November 1941President
Jerónimo Méndez Arancibia.jpgJerónimo Méndez Arancibia25 November 19412 April 1942Provisional President
24Retrato del Presidente Juan Antonio Ríos.jpgJuan Antonio Ríos Morales2 April 194227 June 1946President
Alfredo Duhalde Vásquez.jpgAlfredo Duhalde Vásquez27 June 19463 August 1946Acting President
Coat of arms of Chile.svgVicente Merino Bielich3 August 194613 August 1946Acting President
Alfredo Duhalde Vásquez.jpgAlfredo Duhalde Vásquez13 August 194617 October 1946Acting President
Juan Antonio Iribarren.JPGJuan Antonio Iribarren Cabezas17 October 19463 November 1946Acting President
25Gabriel Gonzalez Videla.jpgGabriel González Videla3 November 19463 November 1952President
26Carlos Ibanez.jpgCarlos Ibáñez del Campo3 November 19523 November 1958President
27Jorge Alessandri.jpgJorge Alessandri Rodríguez3 November 19583 November 1964President
28Fotografia Eduardo Frei Montalva.jpgEduardo Frei Montalva3 November 19643 November 1970President
29S.Allende 7 dias ilustrados.JPGSalvador Allende Gossens3 November 197011 September 1973President
Junta Militar Chile.jpgGovernment Junta11 September 197327 June 1974Members:
Augusto Pinochet
José Toribio Merino
Gustavo Leigh
César Mendoza
30Augusto Pinochet - 1995.jpgAugusto Pinochet Ugarte27 June 197411 March 1990Supreme Head of the Nation (27 June 1974 – 17 December 1974)
President (17 December 1974 – 11 March 1990)
31Patricio Aylwin (1990).jpgPatricio Aylwin Azócar11 March 199011 March 1994President
32Edo.Frei.jpgEduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle11 March 199411 March 2000President
33Ricardo Lagos despedida (cropped).jpgRicardo Lagos Escobar11 March 200011 March 2006President
34Michele Bachelet (2009).jpgMichelle Bachelet Jeria11 March 200611 March 2010President
35Fotografía oficial del Presidente Sebastián Piñera - 2.jpgSebastián Piñera Echenique11 March 2010IncumbentPresident

See also

References

  1. ^ See Sentencia Rol 78-1989 of the Constitutional Court of Chile, relapsed on the Central Bank of Chile's Constitutional Act project (declarations Nº 7 to 13).
  2. ^ Bravo Lira, Bernardino (1996). "Introducción. Raíz y razón del Estado de derecho en Chile". El Estado de Derecho en la Historia de Chile. Santiago, Chile: Ediciones Universidad Católica de Chile.

External links