Prehnite

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Prehnite

Prehnite, Epidote
General
CategorySilicate mineral
Chemical formulaCa2Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Identification
ColorColorless to gray to yellow, yellow-green or white
Crystal habitGlobular, reniform to stalactitic
Crystal systemOrthorhombic - Pyramidal (mm2)
TwinningFine lamellar
CleavageDistinct on [001]
TenacityBrittle
Mohs scale hardness6 - 6.5
LusterVitreous - pearly
DiaphaneitySemi-transparent to translucent
Specific gravity2.8 - 2.95
Optical propertiesBiaxial (+)
Refractive indexnα = 1.611 - 1.632 nβ = 1.615 - 1.642 nγ = 1.632 - 1.665
Birefringenceδ = 0.021 - 0.033
Dispersionweak r > v
Ultraviolet fluorescenceFluorescent, Short UV=blue white mild peach, Long UV=yellow.
References[1][2][3][4]
 
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Prehnite

Prehnite, Epidote
General
CategorySilicate mineral
Chemical formulaCa2Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Identification
ColorColorless to gray to yellow, yellow-green or white
Crystal habitGlobular, reniform to stalactitic
Crystal systemOrthorhombic - Pyramidal (mm2)
TwinningFine lamellar
CleavageDistinct on [001]
TenacityBrittle
Mohs scale hardness6 - 6.5
LusterVitreous - pearly
DiaphaneitySemi-transparent to translucent
Specific gravity2.8 - 2.95
Optical propertiesBiaxial (+)
Refractive indexnα = 1.611 - 1.632 nβ = 1.615 - 1.642 nγ = 1.632 - 1.665
Birefringenceδ = 0.021 - 0.033
Dispersionweak r > v
Ultraviolet fluorescenceFluorescent, Short UV=blue white mild peach, Long UV=yellow.
References[1][2][3][4]

Prehnite is a phyllosilicate of calcium and aluminium with the formula: Ca2Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)2. Limited Fe3+ substitutes for aluminium in the structure. Prehnite crystallizes in the orthorhombic crystal system, and most oftens forms as stalactitic or botryoidal aggregates, with only just the crests of small crystals showing any faces, which are almost always curved or composite. Very rarely will it form distinct, well individualized crystals showing a square-like cross-section, like those found at the Jeffrey Mine in Asbestos, Quebec, Canada. It is brittle with an uneven fracture and a vitreous to pearly lustre. Its hardness is 6-6.5, its specific gravity is 2.80-2.90 and its color varies from light green to yellow, but also colorless, blue or white. In April 2000, a rare orange Prehnite was discovered at the famous Kalahari Manganese Fields in South Africa. It is mostly translucent, and rarely transparent.

Though not a zeolite, it is found associated with minerals such as datolite, calcite, apophyllite, stilbite, laumontite, heulandite etc. in veins and cavities of basaltic rocks, sometimes in granites, syenites, or gneisses. It is an indicator mineral of the prehnite-pumpellyite metamorphic facies. It is the first mineral to be named after someone, and was first described in 1789 for an occurrence in Haslach, Harzburg and Oberstein, Germany, and named for Colonel Hendrik Von Prehn (1733–1785),[1] commander of the military forces of the Dutch colony at the Cape of Good Hope from 1768 to 1780. Extensive deposits of gem quality Prehnite occur in the basalt tableland surrounding Wave Hill Station in the central Northern Territory, of Australia.

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ a b http://webmineral.com/data/Prehnite.shtml Webmineral data
  2. ^ http://www.mindat.org/min-3277.html Mindat
  3. ^ Hurlbut, Cornelius S.; Klein, Cornelis, 1985, Manual of Mineralogy, 20th ed., ISBN 0-471-80580-7
  4. ^ http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/prehnite.pdf Handbook of Mineralogy