Preakness Stakes

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Preakness Stakes
Grade I race
2011 Preakness Stakes starting gate.jpg
"The Second Jewel of the Triple Crown"
"The Run for the Black-Eyed Susans"
LocationPimlico Race Course
Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Inaugurated1873
Race typeThoroughbred
WebsitePreakness Stakes
Race information
Distance1 316 miles (9.5 furlongs)
Record1:53.00, Secretariat (1973)
SurfaceDirt
TrackLeft-handed
Qualification3-year-old
WeightColt/Gelding: 126 pounds (57 kg)
Filly: 121 pounds (55 kg)
PurseUS$1,500,000
 
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For the 2014 race, see 2014 Preakness Stakes.
Preakness Stakes
Grade I race
2011 Preakness Stakes starting gate.jpg
"The Second Jewel of the Triple Crown"
"The Run for the Black-Eyed Susans"
LocationPimlico Race Course
Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Inaugurated1873
Race typeThoroughbred
WebsitePreakness Stakes
Race information
Distance1 316 miles (9.5 furlongs)
Record1:53.00, Secretariat (1973)
SurfaceDirt
TrackLeft-handed
Qualification3-year-old
WeightColt/Gelding: 126 pounds (57 kg)
Filly: 121 pounds (55 kg)
PurseUS$1,500,000

The Preakness Stakes is an American flat thoroughbred horse race held on the third Saturday in May each year at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore, Maryland. It is a Grade I race run over a distance of 9.5 furlongs (1 3/16 miles) on dirt. Colts and geldings carry 126 pounds (57 kg); fillies 121 lb (55 kg). It is the second leg of the Triple Crown, held after the Kentucky Derby and before the Belmont Stakes.

First run in 1873, the Preakness Stakes was named by a former Maryland governor after a winning colt at Pimlico. The race has been termed "The Run for the Black-Eyed Susans" because a blanket of yellow flowers altered to resemble Maryland's state flower is placed around the winner's neck. Attendance at the Preakness Stakes ranks second in North America only trailing the Kentucky Derby.

History[edit]

Two years before the Preakness was run for the first time, Pimlico introduced its new stakes race for three-year-olds, the Preakness, during its first-ever spring race meet in 1873. Former Maryland governor Oden Bowie named the then mile and one-half (2.41 km) race in honor of the colt Preakness from Milton Holbrook Sanford's Preakness Stables in Preakness, Wayne Township, New Jersey, who won the Dinner Party Stakes on the day Pimlico opened (October 25, 1870). The New Jersey name was said to have come from the Native American name Pra-qua-les ("Quail Woods") for the area.[1] After Preakness won the Dinner Party Stakes, his jockey, Billy Hayward, untied a silk bag of gold coins that hung from a wire stretched across the track from the judges’ stand. This was the supposed way that the “wire” at the finish line was introduced and how the awarding of “purse” money came to be.[2] In reality, the term "purse", meaning prize money, had been in use for well over a century.[3]

The first Preakness, held on May 27, 1873, drew seven starters. John Chamberlain's three-year-old, Survivor, collected the $2,050 winning purse by galloping home easily by 10 lengths. This was the largest margin of victory until 2004, when Smarty Jones won by 11 1/2 lengths.[4]

In 1890 Morris Park Racecourse in the Bronx, New York hosted the Preakness Stakes after which there was no race run for three years. For the 15 years from 1894 through 1908, the race was held at Gravesend Race Track on Coney Island, New York. In 1909 it returned to Pimlico.[5]

In March 2009 Magna Entertainment Corp., which owns Pimlico, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy thus throwing open the possibility the Stakes could move again. On April 13, 2009, the Maryland Legislature approved a plan to buy the Stakes and the Pimlico course if Magna Entertainment cannot find a buyer.[6]

Attendance at the Preakness Stakes ranks second in North America and usually surpasses the attendance of all other stakes races including the Belmont Stakes, the Breeders' Cup and the Kentucky Oaks. The attendance of the Preakness Stakes typically only trails the Kentucky Derby, for more information see American Thoroughbred Racing top Attended Events.

Evolution of the Triple Crown series[edit]

The Preakness is the second leg in American thoroughbred racing's Triple Crown series and almost always attracts the Kentucky Derby winner, some of the other horses that ran in the Derby, and often a few horses that did not start in the Derby. The Preakness is 1 316 miles, or 9 12 furlongs, compared to the Kentucky Derby, which is 1 14 miles / 10 furlongs. It is followed by the third leg, the Belmont Stakes, which is 1 12 miles / 12 furlongs.

Since 1932, the order of Triple Crown races has the Kentucky Derby first, followed by the Preakness Stakes and then the Belmont Stakes. Prior to 1932, the Preakness was run before the Derby eleven times. On May 12, 1917 and again on May 13, 1922, the Preakness and the Derby were run on the same day.[7]

Today, the Preakness is run on the third Saturday in May, two weeks after the Kentucky Derby, and three weeks before the Belmont Stakes.

Running the race[edit]

Sir Barton, winner in 1919

Just after the horses for the Preakness are called to the post, the audience is invited to sing "Maryland, My Maryland", the official state song of Maryland. Traditionally, the Baltimore Colts' Marching Band led the song from the infield.[8] Today, the United States Naval Academy Glee Club leads the song.[9]

As soon as the Preakness winner has been declared official, a painter climbs a ladder to the top of a replica of the Old Clubhouse cupola. The colors of the victorious owner's silks are applied on the jockey and horse that are part of the weather vane atop the infield structure. The practice began in 1909 when a horse and rider weather vane sat atop the old Members' Clubhouse, which was constructed when Pimlico opened in 1870. The Victorian building was destroyed by fire in June 1966. A replica of the old building's cupola was built to stand in the Preakness winner's circle in the infield.[10]

A blanket of yellow flowers daubed with black lacquer to recreate the appearance of a black-eyed Susan[11] (see Winning) is placed around the winning horse's neck at this time,[12] and a replica of the Woodlawn Vase is given to the winning horse's owner. Should that horse have also won the Kentucky Derby, speculation and excitement immediately begin to mount as to whether that horse will go on to win the Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing at the Belmont Stakes in June.

Winning the race[edit]

In 1917, the first Woodlawn Vase was awarded to the Preakness winner, who was not allowed to keep it. Eventually a half-size reproduction of the trophy was given to winners to keep permanently. The original trophy is kept at the Baltimore Museum of Art and brought to the race each year under guard, for the winner's presentation ceremony.[13]

In 1940, it was proposed to drape the winning horse in a garland of the Maryland State flower, Rudbeckia hirta, commonly called black-eyed Susans. This posed a problem, as the race is run nearly two months before the flowers come into bloom in late June or July. At first, yellow Viking daisies were painted to resemble black-eyed Susans. Painted flowers have been discontinued since the first decade of the current millennium and viking poms, a member of the chrysanthemum family, are now used.[14] Although the Preakness is sometimes referred to as "the race for the black-eyed Susans", no black-eyed Susan is ever used.[15][16]

In 1918, 26 horses entered the race, and it was run in two divisions, providing for two winners that year. Currently, the race is limited to 14 horses.

In 1948, the Preakness was televised for the first time by CBS.

The Preakness has been run at seven different distances:

Purse Money[edit]

On December 12, 2013 the Maryland Jockey Club announced for the 2014 running of the Preakness the purse would be moved from $1,000,000 to $1,500,000[17] The $1M USD amount had been in place since the 1998 edition of the race.

At its inauguration in 1873, the Preakness carried a value of $1,000. The first major increase occurred in 1919 when the race had a $25,000 value. It climbed to $100,000 in 1946 and in 1959 was raised to $150,000. Subsequent increases occurred from 1979 to 1989, when the purse rose four times from $200,000 to $500,000, before going to $1 million in 1997.[18]

InfieldFest[edit]

The race has had something of a party atmosphere in the past, especially in the infield, which is general admission.[19] The course had a bring your own booze policy until 2009, formerly including kegs of beer but in the 2000s restricted to all the beer cans a person could carry in a cooler.[19] However, despite crowds in excess of 100,000, the BYOB policy was canceled in 2009 after videos of intoxicated people running along the tops of lines of portable toilets while being pelted by beer cans reached a large audience.[20][21]

In 2009, with the alcohol ban, race attendance dropped to 77,850 after topping 100,000 for eight consecutive years. In 2010, and the Maryland Jockey Club responded with a new event called "InfieldFest" with performances by musical acts, the "Mug Club", which included an infield ticket and an unlimited-refill beer mug, and a mascot named "Kegasus," a play on keg and pegasus (though actually a centaur).[20] The much-derided Kegasus was retired in 2013.[22] In 2010, ticket sales had recovered to 95,760 and have since stayed high.[21]

Aside from InfieldFest, the race is known for its fancy hats and official cocktail, the Black-eyed Susan, made with vodka, St. Germain liqueur and pineapple, lime and orange juices.[23]

Records[edit]

Speed record:

Secretariat, the 1973 winner, was originally credited with a running time of 1:55. Two Daily Racing Form clockers, however, timed Secretariat's Preakness in 1:53 2/5, a new stakes record. A hearing was held over the time discrepancy, where a video replay proved Secretariat reached the wire before Canonero II, the then-current record holder. But instead of giving Secretariat the record, the Maryland Jockey Club decided to split the difference and make its official time that of Pimlico's clocker, who timed the race in 1:54 2/5. The matter was finally resolved in a June 2012 meeting of the Maryland Racing Commission, which unanimously ruled to change Secretariat's final time to 1:53 based on testimony and analysis of the race replays.[24]

Margin of Victory

Most wins by a jockey:

Most wins by a trainer:

Most wins by an owner:

Fillies in the Preakness[edit]

Five fillies have won the Preakness in 136 races:

(Three fillies have won the Kentucky Derby in 138 races, and three fillies have won the Belmont Stakes in 143 races. On average, fillies have won between 2% and 3% of the Triple Crown races, with similar numbers for geldings; while about 95% of these high-stakes races have been won by colts.)

Winners of The Preakness Stakes since 1873[edit]

Preakness Stakes winners
YearWinner's NameAgeJockeyTrainerOwnerDist.
(miles)
Time*PurseGr.
2014PSCalifornia Chrome3Victor EspinozaArt ShermanSteve Coburn & Perry Martin1-3/161:54.84$1,500,000I
2013PSOxbow3Gary StevensD. Wayne LukasCalumet Farm1-3/161:57.54$1,000,000I
2012PSI'll Have Another3Mario GutierrezDoug O'NeillJ. Paul Reddam1-3/161:55.94$1,000,000I
2011PSShackleford3Jesus CastanonDale RomansMike Lauffer &
W.D. Cubbedge
1-3/161:56.47$1,550,000I
2010PSLookin At Lucky3Martin GarciaBob BaffertMichael Pegram1-3/161:55.47$1,000,000I
2009PSRachel Alexandra3Calvin BorelSteve AsmussenStonestreet Stables/
H. T. McCormick
1-3/161:55.08$1,100,000I
2008PSBig Brown3Kent DesormeauxRichard DutrowIEAH Stables &
Paul Pompa, Jr.
1-3/161:54.86$1,000,000I
2007PSCurlin3Robby AlbaradoSteve AsmussenStonestreet Stables1-3/161:53.46$1,000,000I
2006PSBernardini3Javier CastellanoTom AlbertraniDarley Stables1-3/161:54.65$1,000,000I
2005PSAfleet Alex3Jeremy RoseTimothy RitcheyCash Is King Stable1-3/161:55.04$1,000,000I
2004PSSmarty Jones3Stewart ElliottJohn ServisSomeday Farm1-3/161:55.59$1,000,000I
2003PSFunny Cide3Jose SantosBarclay TaggSackatoga Stable1-3/161:55.61$1,000,000I
2002PSWar Emblem3Victor EspinozaBob BaffertThe Thoroughbred Corp.1-3/161:56.40$1,000,000I
2001PSPoint Given3Gary StevensBob BaffertThe Thoroughbred Corp.1-3/161:55.40$1,000,000I
2000PSRed Bullet3Jerry BaileyJoe OrsenoStronach Stables1-3/161:56.00$1,000,000I
1999PSCharismatic3Chris AntleyD. Wayne LukasBob & Beverly Lewis1-3/161:55.20$1,000,000I
1998PSReal Quiet3Kent DesormeauxBob BaffertMichael Pegram1-3/161:54.60$1,000,000I
1997PSSilver Charm3Gary StevensBob BaffertBob & Beverly Lewis1-3/161:54.80$1,000,000I
1996PSLouis Quatorze3Pat DayNick ZitoCondren/Cornacchia/
Hofmann
1-3/161:53.40$800,000I
1995PSTimber Country3Pat DayD. Wayne LukasOverbrook/Gainesway/
Robert B. Lewis
1-3/161:54.40$750,000I
1994PSTabasco Cat3Pat DayD. Wayne LukasD. P. Reynolds & Overbrook1-3/161:56.40$750,000I
1993PSPrairie Bayou3Mike SmithTom BohannanLoblolly Stable1-3/161:56.60$750,000I
1992PSPine Bluff3Chris McCarronTom BohannanLoblolly Stable1-3/161:55.60$750,000I
1991PSHansel3Jerry BaileyFrank L. BrothersLazy Lane Farms1-3/161:54.00$750,000I
1990PSSummer Squall3Pat DayNeil J. HowardDogwood Stable1-3/161:53.60$750,000I
1989PSSunday Silence3Pat ValenzuelaChar.WhittinghamH-G-W Partners1-3/161:53.80$750,000I
1988PSRisen Star3Ed DelahoussayeLouie RousselLouie J. Roussel III &
R. Lamarque
1-3/161:56.20$700,000I
1987PSAlysheba3Chris McCarronJack Van BergDorothy Scharbauer1-3/161:55.80$700,000I
1986PSSnow Chief3Alex SolisMelvin F. StuteCarl Grinstead1-3/161:54.80$700,000I
1985PSTank's Prospect3Pat DayD. Wayne LukasEugene V. Klein1-3/161:53.40$700,000I
1984PSGate Dancer3Angel CorderoJack Van BergKenneth Opstein1-3/161:53.60$400,000I
1983PSDeputed Testamony3Donald Miller, Jr.J. William BonifaceBonita Farm1-3/161:55.40$400,000I
1982PSAloma's Ruler3Jack KaenelJohn J. Lenzini, Jr.Nathan Scherr1-3/161:55.40$350,000I
1981PSPleasant Colony3Jorge VelasquezJohn P. CampoBuckland Farm1-3/161:54.60$350,000I
1980PSCodex3Angel CorderoD. Wayne LukasTartan Stable1-3/161:54.20$300,000I
1979PSSpectacular Bid3Ronnie FranklinBud DelpHawksworth Farm1-3/161:54.20$300,000I
1978PSAffirmed3Steve CauthenLaz BarreraHarbor View Farm1-3/161:54.40$250,000I
1977PSSeattle Slew3Jean CruguetBill TurnerKaren L. Taylor1-3/161:54.40$250,000I
1976PSElocutionist3John LivelyPaul T. AdwellEugene C. Cashman1-3/161:55.00$250,000I
1975PSMaster Derby3Darrel McHargueSmiley AdamsGolden Chance Farm1-3/161:56.40$250,000I
1974PSLittle Current3Miguel A. RiveraLou RondinelloDarby Dan Farm1-3/161:54.60$250,000I
1973PSSecretariat3Ron TurcotteLucien LaurinMeadow Stable1-3/161:53.00$250,000I
1972PSBee Bee Bee3Eldon NelsonDel W. CarrollWilliam S. Farish III1-3/161:55.60$250,000
1971PSCanonero II3Gustavo AvilaJuan AriasEdgar Caibett1-3/161:54.00$250,000
1970PSPersonality3Eddie BelmonteJohn W. JacobsEthel D. Jacobs1-3/161:56.20$200,000
1969PSMajestic Prince3Bill HartackJohnny LongdenFrank M. McMahon1-3/161:55.60$200,000
1968PSForward Pass3Ismael ValenzuelaHenry ForrestCalumet Farm1-3/161:56.80$200,000
1967PSDamascus3Bill ShoemakerFrank WhiteleyEdith W. Bancroft1-3/161:55.20$200,000
1966PSKauai King3Don BrumfieldHenry ForrestFord Stable1-3/161:55.40$200,000
1965PSTom Rolfe3Ron TurcotteFrank WhiteleyPowhatan Stable1-3/161:56.20$200,000
1964PSNorthern Dancer3Bill HartackHoratio LuroWindfields Farm1-3/161:56.80$200,000
1963PSCandy Spots3Bill ShoemakerMesh TenneyRex C. Ellsworth1-3/161:56.20$200,000
1962PSGreek Money3John L. RotzVirgil W. RainesBrandywine Stable1-3/161:56.20$200,000
1961PSCarry Back3Johnny SellersJack A. PriceKatherine Price1-3/161:57.60$200,000
1960PSBally Ache3Bobby UsseryJimmy PittTurfland1-3/161:57.60$250,000
1959PSRoyal Orbit3William HarmatzReggie CornellHalina Gregory Braunstein1-3/161:57.00$250,000
1958PSTim Tam3Ismael ValenzuelaHorace A. JonesCalumet Farm1-3/161:57.20$165,000
1957PSBold Ruler3Eddie ArcaroJim FitzsimmonsWheatley Stable1-3/161:56.20$110,000
1956PSFabius3Bill HartackHorace A. JonesCalumet Farm1-3/161:58.40$150,000
1955PSNashua3Eddie ArcaroJim FitzsimmonsBelair Stud1-3/161:54.60$110,000
1954PSHasty Road3John H. AdamsHarry TrotsekHasty House Farm1-3/161:57.40$150,000
1953PSNative Dancer3Eric GuerinBill WinfreyAlfred G. Vanderbilt II1-3/161:57.80$110,000
1952Blue Man3Conn McCrearyWoody StephensWhite Oak Stable1-3/161:57.40$150,000
1951Bold3Eddie ArcaroPreston M. BurchBrookmeade Stable1-3/161:56.40$150,000
1950Hill Prince3Eddie ArcaroCasey HayesChristopher Chenery1-3/161:59.20$100,000
1949Capot3Ted AtkinsonJohn M. Gaver, Sr.Greentree Stable1-3/161:56.00$150,000
1948Citation3Eddie ArcaroHorace A. JonesCalumet Farm1-3/162:02.40$160,000
1947Faultless3Douglas DodsonHorace A. JonesCalumet Farm1-3/161:59.00$160,000
1946Assault3Warren MehrtensMax HirschKing Ranch1-3/162:01.40$160,000
1945Polynesian3Wayne D. WrightMorris H. DixonGertrude T. Widener1-3/161:58.80$110,000
1944Pensive3Conn McCrearyBen A. JonesCalumet Farm1-3/161:59.20$100,000
1943Count Fleet3Johnny LongdenDon CameronFannie Hertz1-3/161:57.40$75,000
1942Alsab3Basil JamesSarge SwenkeMrs. Albert Sabath1-3/161:57.00$100,000
1941Whirlaway3Eddie ArcaroBen A. JonesCalumet Farm1-3/161:58.80$75,000
1940Bimelech3Fred A. SmithWilliam A. HurleyEdward R. Bradley1-3/161:58.60$75,000
1939Challedon3George SeaboLouis J. SchaeferWilliam L. Brann1-3/161:59.80$75,000
1938Dauber3Maurice PetersRichard E. HandlenFoxcatcher Farms1-3/161:59.80$75,000
1937War Admiral3Charley KurtsingerGeorge ConwayGlen Riddle Farm1-3/161:58.40$75,000
1936Bold Venture3George WoolfMax HirschMorton L. Schwartz1-3/161:59.00$50,000
1935Omaha3Willie SaundersJim FitzsimmonsBelair Stud1-3/161:58.40$50,000
1934High Quest3Robert JonesRobert A. SmithBrookmeade Stable1-3/161:58.20$50,000
1933Head Play3Charley KurtsingerThomas P. HayesSilas B. Mason1-3/162:02.00$50,000
1932Burgoo King3Eugene JamesH. J. ThompsonEdward R. Bradley1-3/161:59.80$90,000
1931Mate3George EllisJames W. HealyAlbert C. Bostwick, Jr.1-3/161:59.00$90,000
1930Gallant Fox3Earl SandeJim FitzsimmonsBelair Stud1-3/162:00.60$90,000
1929Dr. Freeland3Louis SchaeferThomas J. HealeyWalter J. Salmon, Sr.1-3/162:01.60$90,000
1928Victorian3Raymond WorkmanJames G. Rowe, Jr.Harry P. Whitney1-3/162:00.20$90,000
1927Bostonian3Whitey AbelFred HopkinsHarry P. Whitney1-3/162:01.60$100,000
1926Display3John MaibenThomas J. HealeyWalter J. Salmon, Sr.1-3/161:59.80$90,000
1925Coventry3Clarence KummerWilliam B. DukeGifford A. Cochran1-3/161:59.00$90,000
1924Nellie Morse3John MerimeeAlbert B. GordonBud Fisher1 181:57.20$90,000
1923Vigil3Benny MarinelliThomas J. HealeyWalter J. Salmon, Sr.1 181:53.60$90,000
1922Pillory3Louis MorrisThomas J. HealeyRichard T. Wilson, Jr.1 181:51.60$90,000
1921Broomspun3Frank ColtilettiJames G. Rowe, Sr.Harry P. Whitney1 181:54.20$75,000
1920Man o' War3Clarence KummerLouis FeustelGlen Riddle Farm1 181:51.60$40,000
1919Sir Barton3Johnny LoftusH. Guy BedwellJ. K. L. Ross1 181:53.00$40,000
1918War Cloud3Johnny LoftusWalter B. JenningsA. Kingsley Macomber1 181:53.60$20,000
1918Jack Hare, Jr.3Charles PeakFrank D. WeirW. E. Applegate1 181:53.40$20,000
1917Kalitan3Everett HaynesBill HurleyEdward R. Bradley1 181:54.40$7,500
1916Damrosch3Linus McAteeAlbert G. WestonJ. K. L. Ross1 181:54.80$2,000
1915Rhine Maiden3Douglas HoffmanFrank DeversEdward F. Whitney1 181:58.00$2,000
1914Holiday3Andy SchuttingerJ. Simon HealyMrs. A. Barklie1 181:53.80$2,000
1913Buskin3James ButwellJohn WhalenJohn Whalen1 181:53.40$3,000
1912Colonel Holloway3Clarence TurnerDave WoodfordBeverwyck Stable1 181:56.60$2,500
1911Watervale3Eddie DuganJohn WhalenAugust Belmont, Jr.1 181:51.00$4,500
1910Layminster3Roy EstepJ. Simon HealyEdward B. Cassatt1 mile1:40.60$5,500
1909Effendi3Willie DoyleFrank C. FrisbieW. T. Ryan1 mile1:39.80$5,500
1908Royal Tourist3Eddie DuganA. Jack JoynerHarry P. Whitney1-1/161:46.40$4,000
1907Don Enrique3George MountainJohn WhalenAugust Belmont, Jr.1-1/161:45.40$3,800
1906Whimsical3Walter MillerTim J. GaynorTim J. Gaynor1-1/161:45.00$3,800
1905Cairngorm3Willie DavisA. Jack JoynerSydney Paget1-1/161:45.80$3,600
1904Bryn Mawr3Gene HildebrandW. Fred PresgraveGoughacres Stable1-1/161:44.20$3,800
1903Flocarline3William GannonH. C. RiddleM. H. Tichenor1-1/161:44.80$3,000
1902Old England3L. JacksonGreen B. MorrisGreen B. Morris1-1/161:45.80$3,750
1901The Parader3F. LandryThomas J. HealeyRichard T. Wilson, Jr.1-1/161:47.20$2,650
1900Hindus3Henry SpencerJohn H. MorrisGeorge J. Long1-1/161:48.40$3,000
1899Half Time3Richard ClawsonFrank McCabePhilip J. Dwyer1-1/161:47.00$2,500
1898Sly Fox3Willie SimmsHardy Campbell, Jr.Charles F. Dwyer1-1/161:49.75$2,400
1897Paul Kauvar3T. ThorpeThomas P. HayesThomas P. Hayes1-1/161:51.25$2,400
1896Margrave3Henry GriffinByron McClellandAugust Belmont, Jr.1-1/161:51.00$2,250
1895Belmar3Fred TaralEdward FeakesPreakness Stables1-1/161:50.50$2,250
1894Assignee3Fred TaralWilliam LakelandJames & Foxhall Keene1-1/161:49.25$3,000
1893No Race3No RaceNo RaceNo Raceno race0:00.00no race
1892No Race3No RaceNo RaceNo Raceno race0:00.00no race
1891No Race3No RaceNo RaceNo Raceno race0:00.00no race
1890Montague3Willie MartinEdward FeakesPreakness Stables1 122:36.75$2,000
1889Buddhist3George AndersonJohn W. RogersSamuel S. Brown1 142:17.50$2,000
1888Refund3Fred LittlefieldR. W. WaldenR. W. Walden1 122:49.00$2,000
1887Dunboyne3William DonohueWilliam JenningsWilliam Jennings1 122:39.50$2,500
1886The Bard3S. FisherJohn HugginsA. J. Cassatt1 122:45.00$3,000
1885Tecumseh3Jim McLaughlinCharles LittlefieldW. Donohue1 122:49.00$3,000
1884Knight of Ellerslie3S. FisherThomas DoswellR. Hancock & T. Doswell1 122:39.50$3,000
1883Jacobus3George BarbeeR. DwyerJames E. Kelley1 122:42.50$2,500
1882Vanguard3Tom CostelloR. W. WaldenGeorge L. Lorillard1 122:44.50$2,000
1881Saunterer3Tom CostelloR. W. WaldenGeorge L. Lorillard1 122:40.50$3,000
1880Grenada3Lloyd HughesR. W. WaldenGeorge L. Lorillard1 122:40.50$3,000
1879Harold3Lloyd HughesR. W. WaldenGeorge L. Lorillard1 122:40.50$4,000
1878Duke of Magenta3C. HollowayR. W. WaldenGeorge L. Lorillard1 122:41.75$3,500
1877Cloverbrook3C. HollowayJeter WaldenE. A. Clabaugh1 122:45.50$2,500
1876Shirley3George BarbeeW. BrownPierre Lorillard IV1 122:44.75$3,000
1875Tom Ochiltree3Lloyd HughesR. W. WaldenJohn F. Chamberlain1 122:43.50$3,000
1874Culpepper3William DonohueHugh GaffneyHugh Gaffney1 122:56.50$3,000
1873Survivor3George BarbeeA. Davis PryorJohn F. Chamberlain1 122:43.00$3,000

A designates a Triple Crown Winner.
A designates a filly.

Note: D. Wayne Lukas swept the 1995 Triple Crown with two different horses.[citation needed]

Special Bonus[edit]

MI Developments Inc. announced August 27, 2010 a special bonus program involving tracks owned by the company that could result in a $5.5 million bonus for the winner of the 2011 Preakness Stakes. MID also announced that purses of the Florida Derby and Santa Anita Derby would both be increased to $1 million. MID said the "historic and unique bonus program" called "Preakness 5.5" is designed to "allow both east and west coast based 3-year-olds to qualify by having the preliminary races at Gulfstream Park, Santa Anita Park and Golden Gate Fields."

In addition to the purses earned in the qualifying races and the Preakness on May 21, 2011, the owner of a horse winning the bonus would receive $5 million and the trainer would get $500,000. "The purpose of this grand prize is to provide a spectacular event for the fans and to create a potential life changing experience for the stakeholders of the racing industry," Frank Stronach, chairman of MID, said in a statement.

To qualify for the Preakness 5.5 at Gulfstream Park, a horse must win either the Holy Bull Stakes or the Fountain of Youth Stakes and then go on to win the Florida Derby on April 3, 2011. To qualify for the Preakness 5.5 at Santa Anita Park, a horse must win either the Robert B. Lewis Stakes or San Felipe Stakes and then go on to win the Santa Anita Derby. The winner of the El Camino Real Derby, which is scheduled to be run on Feb. 12, 2011 at Golden Gate Fields, will also qualify for the Preakness 5.5 if it goes on to win the Santa Anita Derby.

MID also announced that XpressBet will sponsor the XpressBet.55, a consolation prize of $550,000 ($500,000 to the owner and $50,000 to the trainer) to be awarded to the winner of the 2011 Preakness if that horse was not eligible for the Preakness $5.5 million bonus but was a runner in one of the initial qualifying races and finished first, second, or third at the Santa Anita Derby or Florida Derby.

Paths to $5,500,000 Preakness Bonus:
1) win Holy Bull Stakes + win the Florida Derby + win The Preakness Stakes
2) win Fountain of Youth Stakes + win the Florida Derby + win The Preakness Stakes
3) win Robert B. Lewis Stakes + win the Santa Anita Derby + win The Preakness Stakes
4) win San Felipe Stakes + win the Santa Anita Derby + win The Preakness Stakes
5) win El Camino Real Derby + win the Santa Anita Derby + win The Preakness Stakes

Paths to $550,000 XpressBet Bonus:
1) run in Holy Bull Stakes + win, place or show in the Florida Derby or win, place or show in the Santa Anita Derby + win The Preakness Stakes
2) run in Fountain of Youth Stakes + win, place or show in the Florida Derby or win, place or show in the Santa Anita Derby + win The Preakness Stakes
3) run in Robert B. Lewis Stakes + win, place or show in the Florida Derby or win, place or show in the Santa Anita Derby + win The Preakness Stakes
4) run in San Felipe Stakes + win, place or show in the Florida Derby or win, place or show in the Santa Anita Derby + win The Preakness Stakes
5) run in El Camino Real Derby + win, place or show in the Florida Derby or win, place or show in the Santa Anita Derby + win The Preakness Stakes

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Origin of the "Preakness" preakness-stakes.info - Retrieved May 17, 2009
  2. ^ Dandrea, Phil (2010). www.ShamHorse.com. Acanthus Publishing. ISBN 978-0-9842173-3-5. 
  3. ^ Pick, William; Johnson, R. (1803). The Turf Register (Volume I). A. Bartholoman, High-Ousegate. 
  4. ^ Rogers, Mike. "History Fills Old Hilltop," PressBox (Baltimore), April 2009.
  5. ^ Early History - preakness-stakes.info - Retrieved May 12, 2009
  6. ^ Md. legislators OK billon buying Preakness Stakes - courier-journal.com - April 14, 2009
  7. ^ Turf'n'Sport, Retrieved on 2009-05-04.
  8. ^ Rodricks, Dan. "Just one serse of state song to be aired". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 05/01/2012. 
  9. ^ Brunelli, Laureen Miles. "Maryland, My Maryland". Retrieved 05/01/2012. 
  10. ^ Painting the Weather Vane – Preakness Stakes.
  11. ^ Human Flower Project, Retrieved on 2009-05-04./
  12. ^ Black-eyed Susan Blanket – Preakness Stakes.
  13. ^ Woodlawn Vase – Preakness Stakes.
  14. ^ Reimer, Susan. "Neither Susans nor daisies," The Baltimore Sun, Friday, May 16, 2014.
  15. ^ David Klatt, The Secret Behind the Preakness' Black-Eyed Susan Blanket May 14, 2009.
  16. ^ The Black-Eyed Susan Blanket. Accessed 2009.05.14.
  17. ^ http://www.brisnet.com/cgi-bin/editorial/news/article.cgi?id=41710
  18. ^ http://www.brisnet.com/cgi-bin/editorial/news/article.cgi?id=41710
  19. ^ a b Elbow Room in the Infield New York Times, May 16, 2009
  20. ^ a b "At Preakness, Not Everybody’s Idea of Fun", New York Times, May 17, 2011
  21. ^ a b Mihoces, Gary."Preakness Stakes mascot Kegasus defends image". USA Today, May 16, 2011. Retrieved on May 18, 2011.
  22. ^ "Kegasus, the beer-guzzling Preakness mascot, unlikely to return in 2013", Baltimore Business Journal, Feb. 25, 2013
  23. ^ "A guide to attending the 139th Preakness" Washington Post, May 13, 2014.
  24. ^ Hegarty, Matt (June 19, 2012). "Secretariat awarded Preakness record at 1:53 after review". Daily Racing Form. Retrieved June 19, 2012. 
  25. ^ "Site Index". CBSSports.com. 2008-06-11. Retrieved 2012-05-08. 

External links[edit]